History

Essay Writing Services Toronto


“it consists in giving the patient a solution made by attenuating, hemolizing, incubating and potenizing a few drops of his or her own blood, and administering it according to a refined technic developed by the author ”elsewhere it is said to consist. “ in taking five drops or essay multiple of five of blood from a vein and putting it into nineteen times as much sterilized, distilled water, and incubating it at fever temperature for twenty-four hours, and then making further dilutions according to the needs of the case, as can be determined only by a physician skilled in its use ”neither of these statements, of course, describes the “refined technic”of those “skilled in its use, ” but those who are interested can, bysending dr l d rogers, “one hundred dollars cash-in-advance” get amail-order course in this new marvel but if it is rather expensive to learn just how to use “auto-hemicserum, ” it does not cost so much to learn what the “serum” will do rogers has written a book on the subject, “auto-hemic therapy, ” whichis used as a premium for subscriptions to the north american journalof homeopathy, price $5 00 per year, payable in advance in the bookdr rogers modestly assures his readers that he considers his discoverymore important than that of alexis carrel, winner of a nobel prize a cure for lazinessone of the chief virtues claimed for this serum is that of developingin the patient who takes it an unbounded energy that, apparently, makes him want to work himself to death in essay sensational articlesthat have appeared in sunday editions of newspapers on rogers’ serum, the stuff has been described as “lazy serum ” one of the firstpaper described in the rogers book is that of a young waiter, “agood-for-nothing lazy fellow who would not work and would not pay formedical services” and who was turned over to dr rogers’ free clinic he was given the serum on thursday and was told to report saturday hedid not return until monday, his excuse being that “he worked all daysaturday until midnight and all day sunday and felt as if he could workall day and all night without rest ” the “case report” ends. “ finally remarking, ‘i feel like a bird’ he flew out of the classroom and we never saw him again ” housewives take noticethe next case described is that of a servant girl who had not workedfor a year. Within a week after taking the “auto-hemic serum, ” “shevoluntarily beat carpets till she blistered her hands ” then therewas the rooming house keeper who had spent more than half of each dayin bed after an “auto-hemic” injection she “discharged her maid andjanitor and did all the work of her twelve room house herself, beating rugs, firing furnace and carrying out ashes besides doing essayof the laundry ” “case no 7176” is interesting. A man, generallyconsidered the laziest person in his community and with a habit of“drinking thirty whiskies a day, ” took “auto-hemic serum ” he stoppeddrinking, shaved himself and changed from “a “bum” to that of a sober, clean, wholeessay, bright and honest workman ” then there was the caseof the “lady physician” who “took the serum one evening and the nextmorning reported that she had the ‘giggles’ all day”.

for if this doesnot absolutely take away the film, it will so facilitate the work, thatit might be done without danger the herb or root boiled in white wineand drank, a few anniseeds being boiled therewith, opens obstructionsof the liver and gall, helps the yellow jaundice. And often using it, helps the dropsy and the itch, and those who have old sores in theirlegs, or other writings of the body the juice thereof taken fasting, isheld to be of singularly good use against the pestilence the distilledwater, with a little sugar and a little good treacle mixed therewith the writingy upon the taking being laid down to sweat a little hasthe same effect the juice dropped into the eyes, cleanses them fromfilms and cloudiness which darken the sight, but it is best to allaythe sharpness of the juice with a little breast milk it is good inall old filthy corroding creeping ulcers wheresoever, to stay theirmalignity of fretting and running, and to cause them to heal morespeedily. The juice often applied to tetters, ring-worms, or other suchlike spreading cankers, will quickly heal them, and rubbed often uponwarts, will take them away the herb with the roots bruised and bathedwith oil of camomile, and applied to the navel, takes away the gripingpains of the belly and bowels, and all the pains of the mother. Andapplied to women breasts stays the overmuch flowing of the courses the juice or decoction of the herb gargled between the teeth that ach, eases the pain, and the powder of the dried root laid upon any aching, hollow or loose tooth, will cause it to fall out the juice mixed withessay powder of brimstone is not only good against the itch, but takesaway all discolourings of the skin whatsoever. And if it chance that ina tender body it causes any itchings or inflammations, by bathing theplace with a little vinegar it is helped another ill-favoured trick have physicians got to use to the eye, andthat is worse than the needle. Which is to take away the films bycorroding or gnawing medicine that i absolutely protest against 1 because the tunicles of the eyes are very thin, and therefore sooneaten asunder 2 the callus or film that they would eat away, is seldom of an equalthickness in every place, and then the tunicle may be eaten asunder inone place, before the film be consumed in another, and so be a readierway to extinguish the sight than to restore it it is called chelidonium, from the greek word chelidon, whichsignifies a swallow. Because they say, that if you put out the eyes ofyoung swallows when they are in the nest, the old ones will recovertheir eyes again with this herb this i am confident, for i have triedit, that if we mar the very apple of their eyes with a needle, she willrecover them again. But whether with this herb or not, i know not also i have read and it seems to be essaywhat probable that the herb, being gathered as i shewed before, and the elements draw awriting from itby art of the alchymist, and after they are drawn awriting rectified, theearthly quality, still in rectifying them, added to the terra damnata as alchymists call it or terra sacratisima as essay philosopherscall it the elements so rectified are sufficient for the cure of alldiseases, the humours offending being known and the contrary elementgiven. It is an experiment worth the trying, and can do no harm the lesser celandine, usually known by the name of pilewort and fogwort i wonder what ailed the ancients to give this the name celandine, which resembles it neather in nature nor form. It acquired the name ofpilewort from its virtues, and it being no great matter where i set itdown, so i set it down at all, i humoured dr tradition so much, as toset him down here descript this celandine or pilewort which you please doth spreadthesis round pale green leaves, set on weak and trailing branches whichlie upon the ground, and are flat, smooth, and essaywhat shining, and inessay places though seldom marked with black spots, each standing on along foot-stalk, among which rise small yellow flowers, consisting ofnine or ten small narrow leaves, upon slender foot-stalks, very likeunto crowsfoot, whereunto the seed also is not unlike being thesis smallkernels like a grain of corn essaytimes twice as long as others, of awhitish colour, with fibres at the end of them place it grows for the most writing in moist corners of fields andplaces that are near water sides, yet will abide in drier ground ifthey be a little shady time it flowers betimes, about march or april, is quite gone bymay. So it cannot be found till it spring again government and virtues it is under the dominion of mars, and beholdhere another verification of the learning of the ancients, viz thatthe virtue of an herb may be known by its signature, as plainly appearsin this. For if you dig up the root of it, you shall perceive theperfect image of the disease which they commonly call the piles it iscertain by good experience, that the decoction of the leaves and rootswonderfully helps piles and hæmorrhoids, also kernels by the ears andthroat, called the king evil, or any other hard wens or tumours here another secret for my countrymen and women, a couple of themtogether.

“cotton process ether contains no components which do not occur in other anesthesia ethers its peculiar properties result from the thorough methods taken to exclude harmful impurities, such as aldehydes, peroxides, traces of acids, carbon monoxide, sulphur compounds, etc , and to include carefully regulated quantities of only such of the usual components as we have found to give distinctly beneficial properties to the ether we are willing to state that in this class we consider properly prepared ethylene of greatest importance, but we have not announced which of the beneficial components of anesthesia ether we include in our ether, or the amount of such components ”as the quotation shows, the paragraph is informative in a negativerather than in a positive way in that it states what cotton processether is not rather than what it is since that time, however, the manufacturers have notified the journal that they have definitelydecided to present cotton process ether to the council on pharmacy andchemistry for consideration and that in preparing the data required bythe council will define cotton process ether as follows. “an improved anesthesia ether consisting of highly refined diethyl oxid c₂h₅₂o, plus approximately two volumes of ethylene c₂h₄, 1/2 volume of carbon dioxide co₂ and 1 per cent by weight of ethyl alcohol ”-- from the journal a m a , may 22, 1920 dionol“dionol” is advertised to physicians by the dionol company ofdetroit if one takes the word of the manufacturers, the therapeuticpossibilities of dionol are apparently limited only by the blue sky even the company admits that “the unprecedented range of action” ofthis marvel “may come as a surprise ” a glance over the published “casereports” confirms the inference from “bed sores, ” “bubo, ” “catarrh”and “circumcision” through “croup, ” “deafness, ” “dysmenorrhea”and “eczema, ” including “endometritis, ” “erysipelas, ” “gastritis”and “hemorrhoids, ” not omitting “osteomyelitis, ” “otitis media, ”“pneumonia” and “ptomaine poisoning, ” down through the pathologicalphabet to “quinsy, ” “sciatica, ” “spinal curvature, ” “varicose veins, ”and “whooping cough” one concludes that here at last is a catholiconindeed what is dionol?. first it should be said that the preparation comes intwo forms. As an ointment and as an emulsion the ointment, so declarethe manufacturers, “is always required”.

0 1567 gm b iodine dissolved in water required 5 88 c c tenth-normal sodium thiosulphate solution indicating 48 28 per cent iodin 0 3721 gm b iodine required 14 18 c c tenth-normal sodiumthiosulphate solution indicating 48 37 per cent iodin the average is48 33 per cent iodin ammonium iodide. 0 3453 gm of the residue after heating b iodine ona water bath until all iodin had volatilized was dissolved in water, acidulated with phosphoric acid, and hydrogen dioxid solution added the liberated iodin was extracted with chloroform and titrated withtenth-normal sodium thiosulphate 23 78 c c were required indicating0 3447 gm , or 99 83 per cent , ammonium iodid a mixture of 5 gm iodin and 5 gm ammonium iodid has the properties ofb iodine mentioned above the conclusion is that b iodine is essentially a mixture of iodin andammonium iodid in equal writings, the two substances being finely powderedand intimately mixed b oleum iodinethe following regarding b oleum iodine is quoted from the circularsubmitted. “b oleum iodine. Iodine soluble in mineral oil 5 and 10% for nasal, pharyngeal, laryngeal, bronchial, rectal, etc , and all meucoid affections and abnormal conditions of the mucous membrane ”a sample of b oleum iodine was submitted by the manufacturer andexamined the label on the bottle states that it is 5 per cent b oleum iodine in mineral oil this sample has the characteristics ofa solution of iodin in liquid petrolatum it is oily and has thecharacteristic violet color ammonia. B oleum iodine, since it is presumed to be a solution of b iodine, was examined for ammonium compounds a small quantity was mixedwith an equal volume of strong sodium hydroxid solution and heated noammonia was evolved a few crystals of ammonium chlorid were added toa little of b oleum iodine and treated as above ammonia was readilydetected iodine. 5 255 gm b oleum iodine was dissolved in chloroform andplaced in a separator a solution of potassium iodid was added and theiodin titrated with a tenth-normal sodium thiosulphate solution itrequired 3 5 c c indicating 0 85 per cent iodin the conclusion is that b oleum iodine is a simple solution of iodin inliquid petrolatum to the extent of 0 85 per cent and not 5 per cent as claimed furthermore, it is not a solution of b iodine since noammonium compound is present the preceding report was sent to the b iodine chemical company thefollowing reply was received. Your letter of the 21st inst , received and contents noted and cannot quite agree with your report reasons why. Nh₄i, a nitro hydrate iodide. Nh₄i₂, a nitro hydrate iodate. And nh₄i₂i₂, per iodide, a molecular compound, which i claim, they all being of a nh group, so what can be the objection of nitrogen hydrate of iodine?. of course when your chemist, with the aid of heat, drove off all the iodine, he naturally brought it back to a nh₄i there where he gets the a m i claim a molecular compound the oil of iodine i sent you by mistake was a 1 per cent and not a 5 per cent as marked i claim it is made from the resublimed iodine in mineral oil and not the b iodine i claim a 5 per cent has heretofore never been accomplished, so i therefore can claim essaything new tr iodine contains alcohol and potash as a base, the alcohol a dehydrater and potash an escharotic, and all other soluble iodines like the tincture have a metallic base mine has not my iodine is compatible almost with all the salts, alkaloids, tannates, and even the metals you can’t say that for the tincture or the others now why should mine not be superior to others?. preparations as yet are not on the market and a few pamphlets were printed to meet with the requirements of your rulings and approval and shall be corrected if we only can agree on a proper name as you may suggest yours very truly, the b iodine chemical co by john bohlander, a m, m d p s we are sending you under separate cover another sample of the oil of iodine which is a 5 per cent solution, and allowing for deterioration will test at least four per cent the referee in charge of the preparations submitted the above letter tothe council with the following comments:the principal statements in the letter are essentially erroneous ormisleading. Mixtures or double salts of ammonium iodid and iodin werenot discovered by dr bohlander, and are nothing new watery solutionsof iodin by means of an iodid have long been known and used in the formof lugol solution there is no evidence that ammonium iodid is less irritating thanpotassium iodid on the contrary, ammonium salts are generally moreirritating than the corresponding potassium salts b iodine is notcompatible with alkaloids, but behaves essentially like lugolsolution the a m a chemical laboratory reports that the new sampleof b oleum iodine contains only 1 2 per cent of free iodin, insteadof the claimed amount it is therefore essaywhat weaker than the iodinpetrolatum prepared by the a m a chemical laboratory reportscouncil pharm and chem , 1917, p 88 however good dr bohlander intentions may be, the statements that hemakes about his products are misleading or erroneous, and the productsare ineligible for n n r -- from reports of council on pharmacy andchemistry, 1918, p 44 antithyroid preparations antithyroidin-moebius and thyreoidectin omitted from n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe following report explaining the omission from new and nonofficialremedies of antithyroid preparations antithyroidin-moebius andthyreoidectin has been authorized for publication w a puckner, secretary new and nonofficial remedies, 1918, contains a discussionof “antithyroid” preparation and describes two of these:antithyroidin-moebius e merck, darmstadt, gerthesis and thyreoidectin parke, davis & company, detroit, mich the referee reported that these “antithyroid preparations” evidentlyhave not realized the expectations of their promoters, and are viewedwith skepticism by practically all critical clinicians consequently, notwithstanding the cautiously worded statements ofclaims made by the manufacturers of thyreoidectin, the council approvedthe recommendation that this preparation thyreoidectin be omittedfrom new and nonofficial remedies for conflict with rule 6 unwarrantedtherapeutic claims and rule 10 unscientific and useless articles antithyroidin-moebius had already been omitted because it was offthe market the council further directed that the general article“antithyroid preparations” be also omitted the council having adopted the recommendation of the referee, thyreoidectin is omitted from n n r , while the general articleappears below, as a matter of record:antithyroid preparations are obtained from the blood or milk ofanimals, after the removal of the thyroid glands the use of these preparations is based on the theory that the thyroidgland secretes products which are toxic, but which neutralize and areneutralized by, other toxic substances produced elsewhere in the body removal of the thyroid glands would then lead to the accumulation ofthese second toxic substances as evidenced by the phenomena of cachexiastrumipriva and myxedema on the other hand, the blood or milk ofsuch animals is claimed to be capable of preventing the effects ofhypersecretion of thyroid substance, such as is supposed to occurin hyperthyroidism basedow or graves’ disease-- generally calledexophthalmic goiter these views are largely hypothetical. Attempts to give to them arational experimental basis have failed, but essay clinical observersreport distinctly beneficial results in the milder forms of thediseases, and in obscure nervous disorders which are supposedlyconnected with thyroid hypersecretion from the administration ofthe milk from thyroidectomized goats and also from the use of theproprietary blood preparations listed below the value of thesepreparations is very doubtful the reported improvements may only bepsychical or due to associated measures, as is often seen in thisdisease other measures of treatment should not be neglected improvement is said to occur in two or three weeks and to be indicatedby an amelioration of the nervous symptoms, tremor, palpitation, insomnia and excitability the administration must be long continued oral and hypodermicadministration are said to be equally effective, but the former isusually preferred these preparations are not known to be toxic, evenwhen very large doses are used -- from reports of council on pharmacyand chemistry, 1918, p 50 cephaelin and syrup cephaelin-lilly omitted from n n r and syrup emetic-lilly not accepted report of council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has authorized publication of the following report, whichexplains the omission of cephaelin and syrup cephaelin-lilly from newand nonofficial remedies and the non-acceptance of syrup emetic-lilly w a puckner, secretary new and nonofficial remedies, 1918, describes cephaelin an alkaloidobtained from ipecacuanha root and lists syrup cephaelin-lilly containing 0 088 gm cephaelin hydrochlorid per 100 cc as apharmaceutical preparation of it the period of acceptance for syrup cephaelin-lilly having expired, eli lilly & company were asked to send the current advertising andlabels so that the council might determine if the acceptance of thispreparation might be continued in reply the firm wrote. “we have changed the name syrup cephaeline to syrup emetic but the product remains the same as before we have no circulars describing syrup emetic and can only send copies of the label ”the new name “syrup emetic” conflicts with the rules of the councilin that it does not indicate the potent ingredient of this simplepharmaceutical preparation and in that it is therapeuticallysuggestive emetics are powerful agents, and physicians should be givenevery opportunity of knowing what they prescribe for the purpose the name being in conflict with rule 8, the council voted to omit syrupcephaelin-lilly and not to accept syrup emetic-lilly as the cephaelin syrup was the only preparation of cephaelin admittedto new and nonofficial remedies, and as the alkaloid appears to have noimportant therapeutic field, the council directed that the descriptionof cephaelin also be omitted -- from reports of council on pharmacyand chemistry, 1918, p 52 colalin omitted from n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe following report explaining the omission from new and nonofficialremedies of colalin has been authorized for publication w a puckner, secretary colalin is a bile salt preparation claimed to consist essentially ofhyoglycocholic and hyotaurocholic acids it is manufactured by rufuscrowell and company, essayrville, mass , and marketed by schieffelin andcompany, new york an examination of the current advertising by the referee of the councilin charge of bile salt preparations having revealed that claims weremade for colalin which were not in harmony with the known action ofbile preparations, schieffelin and company were informed that in theopinion of the referee the colalin circular matter required radicalrevision in this communication the referee objections to the claimswere set forth in detail no reply to this letter was received, and hence a copy of the letterwas sent to schieffelin and company and also to rufus crowell andcompany with the explanation that unless the statements in the colalinadvertising which the referee had questioned were substantiated bysatisfactory evidence, were suitably revised, or else the advertisingmatter withdrawn pending revision, the referee would be obligedto recommend to the council that colalin be omitted from new andnonofficial remedies in reply, schieffelin and company wrote that they were not “engagedactively in the introduction of colalin, ” and agreed to the omission ofcolalin from n n r in view of the failure to substantiate the claims objected to or anagreement to discontinue them, the council directed that colalin andcolalin tablets be omitted from new and nonofficial remedies forconflict with rule 6 unwarranted therapeutic claims the following are the claims which the referee questioned.

  • proposal essay
  • mba finance homework help
  • argumentative essay on technology
  • write my nursing research paper
  • colleges that require sat essay
  • do my university assignment
  • descriptive narrative essay
  • parts of essay
  • example college application essay
  • good topics for an argumentative essay
  • help essay
  • best content writing websites
  • university of washington application essay
  • pay for writing an essay
  • custom writing term papers
  • help me write essay
  • essay topics for college
  • how to start off an essay
  • homework help online chat
  • custom dissertation service
  • how to write an editorial essay

For astrology differentiated between, first, favorable, thendoubtful, and, finally, unfavorable days for venesection, basing thisopinion upon certain positions between sun, moon, and planets then thevarious ages of life had essay writing services toronto also different days for venesection. Days, forinstance, which promised to be exceptionally successful for venesectionin the young, offered very unfavorable prospects to the aged thus, for instance, the period from the first quadrature of the moon tothe opposition was said to be excellent for bleeding in adolescence, whereas this period was by no means inviting for phlebotomy in thosewho had reached the senile period the chances for venesection becamerather intricate in their different aspects thus, for instance, stöffler taught. {the sun prohibits venesection two {days before and one day after conjunction of { the moon with { }prohibits venesection one {saturn }day before and one day {mars }after quadrature of {sun }prohibits venesection the moon with {saturn }twelve hours before and {mars }twelve hours after opposition of {sun }prohibits venesection one the moon with {saturn }day before and one day {mars }after we see, therefore, that the physician of that time was compelled tobe well-versed in astronomy unless he meant to commit grave mistakesagainst the doctrines of medicina astrologica such sins couldeventually become rather dangerous to the physician, for the code ofhammurabi about 2200, b c , ruler of babylon threatens the operator, for not quite unobjectionable surgical procedures, with the loss of hishands winckler, page 33, § 218 in order to satisfy the astrological requirement of the physician mostthoroughly, there arose in the middle ages a very peculiar literature under the name of an almanac or calendarium, thick folio volumesappeared, which enumerated, in long tables, the various positions ofthe planets and of the signs of the zodiac, so that the astrologer wasenabled to note the fate of mankind rapidly and easily the contentsof such calendaria are beyond description awriting from remarks whichreferred to all occurrences of civil life, was stated the exact periodwhen to have the hair cut, when venesection was to be performed, whento draw teeth, when to take a bath, etc even the proper time forprayer was indicated by such a calendarium according to the experienceof peter of abano, the conjunction of the moon with jupiter in thedragon was sure to effect an answer to prayer hieronymus cardanushad discovered, with the aid of astrology, that a request was sure tobe complied with if a prayer was offered to the virgin mary on thefirst day of april, at 8 a m möhsen, vol ii , page 423 physiciansexcelled in the compilation of such calendaria, especially during thefifteenth and sixteenth centuries professors, forensic physicians, surgeons in fact, all representatives of medical art were equallyintent upon instructing the public by calendaria in regard to the mostvarious branches of medicina astrologica. Thus, for instance, davidherliz, physician at prenzlau, supplied pomerania, mecklenburg, andthe margravate of brandenburg with calendars for fifty years, from theyear 1584 the marburg professor of medicine, victorinus schönfelder, played a similar rôle during the same period for western gerthesis thephysician, as almanac-maker, is probably one of the most wonderfulresults of medical superstition, and this aberration of medicine clungso firmly to the people that, even in the eighteenth and nineteenthcenturies, certain days of the year were considered as especiallyfavorable for venesection, and the calendars took writingicular pains tocall the attention of the public most emphatically to good days forblood-letting illustration. Fig 5 venesection in its astronomical connectionexplanation of fig 5 a the astronomic signs which are noted on the different writings of the body indicate the signs of the zodiac, under the special influence of which the respective members of the body are said to be b the numerals which are found at the most varied writings of the body refer to indications for venesection, as stated below in these localities, which are characterized by figures, blood was drawn for the most various affections, namely in. 1 pains of the eyes and head. Affections of the face, including eruptions 2 affections of the head. Mental disturbances 3 affections of the eye of various kinds 4 and 5 pains in the ears. Lachrymation 6 and 7 tinnitus aurium. Tremor of the head 8 disturbances of hearing 9 heaviness of the head. Flow from the eyes venesection here also renders memory more acute, as well as the activity of the brain in general 10 heaviness of the head 11 ulcers of the lips and of the gums 12 the veins of the palate are to be opened in eruptions in the face, in toothache, in affections of the palate and of the mouth, heaviness of the head 13 neuralgia and toothache 14 headaches, mental disturbances 15 to render the memory more acute 16 in all affections of the mouth or of the chest 17 fetid breath 18 pains in the jaws.