Essay Writing Help Melbourne

Also chem essay writing help melbourne abst 10:524 other referencesare schmidt. Pharmazeutische chemie 2:990, beilstein ii, 403 arends, g. Neue arzneimittel und pharmazeutische spezialitäten, ed 4, 1913, p 271 table 3 -- data on phenetidyl-acetphenetidin hydrochlorid table splitby transcriber to fit small screen melting phosphorus manufacturer appearance moisture point compounds phenetidin* john t white 5 13 191 5 to 192 absent negative milliken co crystalline powder synthetic white 2 90 192 to 192 5 absent negative products co crystalline powder h a metz white 4 99 192 to 192 5 absent negative laboratories, crystalline inc powder farbwerke- slightly 5 09 190 to 191 absent negative hoechst co pink german crystal specimen -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- per per per cent cent cent melting platinum in indol base by base by point platinum manufacturer reaction ash weight titration of base salt john t milliken co positive 0 00 89 16 89 16 116 to 117 19 02 synthetic products co positive 0 13 87 49 87 26 116 to 117 19 3 h a metz laboratories, positive 0 00 89 14 88 55 117 19 34 inc farbwerke- hoechst co positive 0 16 89 65 89 64 116 to 117 19 00 german specimen -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- * the phenetidin test is not very sensitive the melting point of the free base is given by a number of writers at121 c although kennert232 stated it to be 117 c and not 121 c , hisfindings seemingly went unheeded it will be noted that our work showsthe melting point to be in accord with that announced by kennert 232 kennert. Chem zentralbl 2:556, 1897 the federal trade commission has not issued any licenses for themanufacture of “holocain hydrochlorid ” the john t milliken companyhas withdrawn its application the h a metz laboratories successorto farbwerke hoechst company, new york are making the product in thiscountry cinchophen phenylcinchoninic acid, u s p. Atophancinchophen phenylcinchoninic acid was introduced in the united statesas a medicine under the proprietary name “atophan, ” by schering andglatz, new york city, who before the war were the american agents forthe german manufacturers “chemische fabric auf actien von e schering, berlin ” phenylcinchoninic acid 2 phenyl-quinolin-4 carboxylic acidwas first described by doebner and gieseke233 in 1887, who preparedit by warming together pyro-racemic acid, benzaldehyd and anilin inalcoholic solution.

The extensive blisters formed are broken and their contentshave escaped. The serum drying has produced yellowish discolorations;the blush of redness on adjacent writings is well marked death resultedon the fifth day figure 2 - post-mortem burn exp 1 appearances after application of a tin can containingboiling water the cuticle was raised by expansion the blisterscontained no serum and no red line is developed figure 3 - post-mortem burn exp 2 appearances after the application of iron at a dull redheat no proper blister formed. The cuticle was raised, as inprevious experiment there was no serum and no red line or redness ofadjacent writings the cuticle is charred at one point, where the iron wasbrought into contact with it illustration. Medical jurisprudence plate ii burn, two hours after death, by iron at a dull red heat burn, two hours after death, by tin can containing boiling water burn by steam, sixty hours after injury post-mortem and ante-mortem burns was death accidental, suicidal, or homicidal?. Nearly all deaths occurring from burning are accidental, very fewhomicidal, and hardly more than a few exceptional paper suicidal it is important in paper of legal investigation to note the position ofthe body when found and its relation to the apparent source of fire;the writings of the body and clothing burned, etc. Evidences of violenceshould be carefully observed, such as contusions, fractures of bones, wounds of the soft writings, evidences of strangling, etc case 22 these should be specially sought in the site of the burned portions, as burning and cremation of the victim are essaytimes a resort toconceal homicide in considering the character of the apparent wounds, it must be remembered that extensive injuries, resembling wounds, mayresult from the effects of fire, 728 and these must be carefullydistinguished inability to detect special marks of violence need not preclude thepossibility of its commission and of its being a possible cause ofdeath case 19 the writings burned, the character and depth of theburns, and their relation to the apparent source of burning, withconsideration of their probable simultaneous exposure, are allcircumstances of weight in forming an opinion the position of thebody in relation to the fire should also be considered in accidentalburning, except in paper of intoxication, epileptic seizures, or othersources of helplessness, the victim is quite likely to be found at adistance from the fire, owing to his efforts to escape paper case 1 death from cold accidental dr hilty in caspar vierteljahrschrift, ii , 1865, p 140 - male, æt 52. Intoxicated severe winter weather. Death from exposure post mortem. Blood crimson. Both sides of heart full. Internal organs congested case 2 criminal exposure to cold ann d’hygiene, 1868, vol ii , p 173 - girl, unmarried. Sudden delivery when at stool she stated that she had fainted, and found the child dead when she recovered the child had breathed and the cord was cut no marks of violence evidence of death being caused by wilful exposure imprisoned case 3 ill-treatment and criminal exposure ann d’ hygiene, vol vi , p 207, 1831 - man and wife tried for manslaughter of a child, æt 11 wife the stepmother starvation and ill-treatment by mother, followed by forcing the child, in a cold december day, to get into a barrel of cold water and remain there though removed by a servant, she was again placed in the cold water by the mother, death resulting the woman was sentenced to life imprisonment case 4 sunstroke, high temperature, etc dr a flint, jr , new york med jour , 1872, p 168. Dr katzenbach, new york med jour , 1873, p 93 case 5 scald, drinking from a tea-kettle accidental mr sympson, brit med jour , 1875, june 19th, p 809 - boy, æt 2½ years, drank boiling water from spout of tea-kettle inflammation of pharynx and glottis tracheotomy. Recovered case 6 fatal scald of insane person in a bath brit med jour , april, 1871, p 456 - an insane patient fatally scalded in a bath, through carelessness of an attendant the charge of manslaughter brought against the attendant case 7 fatal burn of genitals accidental caspar, “forensic med , ” vol i , p 315 - female child, 2½ years, fell on a hot flat-iron genitals burned. Died in eleven days vagina gangrenous. Blood fluid.

Yet thisi can tell them, it is a very wholeessay herb they may also keep theherb dry, or in a syrup, if they please you may take a dram of thepowder of it in white wine. It would bring away gravel from the kidneysinsensibly, and without pain it also helps the stranguary parsnips the garden kind thereof is so well known the root being commonlyeaten that i shall not trouble you with any description of it but thewild kind being of more physical use, i shall in this place describe itunto you descript the wild parsnip differs little from the garden, butgrows not so fair and large, nor hath so thesis leaves, and the root isshorter, more woody, and not so fit to be eaten, and therefore moremedicinal place the name of the first shews the place of its growth theother grows wild in divers places, as in the marshes in rochester, and elsewhere, and flowers in july. The seed being ripe about thebeginning of august, the second year after its sowing. For if they doflower the first year, the country people call them madneps government and virtues the garden parsnips are under venus thegarden parsnip nourishes much, and is good and wholeessay nourishment, but a little windy, whereby it is thought to procure bodily lust. Butit fastens the body much, if much need it is conducible to the stomachand reins, and provokes urine but the wild parsnips hath a cutting, attenuating, cleansing, and opening quality therein it resists andhelps the bitings of serpents, eases the pains and stitches in thesides, and dissolves wind both in the stomach and bowels, which is thecholic, and provokes urine the root is often used, but the seed muchmore the wild being better than the tame, shews dame nature to be thebest physician cow parsnips descript this grows with three or four large, spread winged, roughleaves, lying often on the ground, or else raised a little from it, with long, round, hairy foot-stalks under them, writinged usually intofive divisions, the two couples standing each against the other. Andone at the end, and each leaf, being almost round, yet essaywhat deeplycut in on the edges in essay leaves, and not so deep in others, of awhitish green colour, smelling essaywhat strongly. Among which risesup a round, crusted, hairy stalk, two or three feet high, with a fewjoints and leaves thereon, and branched at the top, where stand largeumbels of white, and essaytimes reddish flowers, and after them flat, whitish, thin, winged seed, two always joined together the root islong and white, with two or three long strings growing down into theground, smelling likewise strongly and unpleasant place it grows in moist meadows, and the borders and corners offields, and near ditches, through this land time it flowers in july, and seeds in august government and virtues mercury hath the dominion over them theseed thereof, as galen saith, is of a sharp and cutting quality, andtherefore is a fit medicine for a cough and shortness of breath, the falling sickness and jaundice the root is available to all thepurposes aforesaid, and is also of great use to take away the hard skinthat grows on a fistula, if it be but scraped upon it the seed hereofbeing drank, cleanses the belly from tough phlegmatic matter therein, eases them that are liver-grown, women passions of the mother, aswell being drank as the smoke thereof received, and likewise raisessuch as are fallen into a deep sleep, or have the lethargy, by burningit under their nose the seed and root boiled in oil, and the headrubbed therewith, helps not only those that are fallen into a frenzy, but also the lethargy or drowsy evil, and those that have been longtroubled with the head-ache, if it be likewise used with rue it helpsalso the running scab and shingles the juice of the flowers droppedinto the ears that run and are full of matter, cleanses and heals them the peach tree descript a peach tree grows not so great as the apricot tree, yetspreads branches reasonable well, from whence spring smaller reddishtwigs, whereon are set long and narrow green leaves dented about theedges the blossoms are greater than the plumb, and of a light purplecolour.

Therefore it may be considered in the lightof an indication of homicide if the blood-stains show that the victimwas not erect after the wound was inflicted it is well also to notethe form, direction, and obliquity of the blood-spot this wouldindicate, by comparison with the wound, the relative position of thewounded person and the blood-spot, and thus show whether the body hadbeen moved or not, as, for instance, by the murderer for the purposeof robbery the force of the bleeding is also indicated by the form ofthe spot, and this would indicate how rapidly death probably ensued this fact might thus help us to judge whether the victim probably diedwhere he was wounded, and whether other and remote blood-spots wouldnot be presumptive of murder if the victim is found in night-clothes, this fact would help to show that he was lying down when wounded themedical evidence as to the position of the victim when injured is, therefore, circumstantial and not very positive. That in regard to therelative position of the victim and assailant is even less positive we presuppose in this question that the case is one of murder we arenot to prove murder or refute suicide we can rarely be positive asto the relative position of the assailed and the assailant a woundin the back may be caused by essay one in front with an arm behind the direction of the wound would indicate this, for if the assailantis right-handed and inflicts a wound on the back from in front, astab-wound would almost always be directed from left to right, anincised wound from right to left, both from above downward with aleft-handed murderer the direction would most likely be from right toleft and from above downward for a stab-wound, and from left to rightand from above downward for an incised wound if the assailant were atthe back of the victim and wounded him in front, the direction of thesewounds would be the opposite of the above, i e , from right to leftfor a stab-wound and from left to right and from above downward foran incised wound with a right-handed assailant and vice versa witha left-handed assailant these wounds occur more commonly than thoseof the back, and are especially noticeable in incised wounds of thethroat in the case of these incised wounds of the throat inflictedfrom behind, the direction from left to right and from above downwardresembles that of self-inflicted wounds in the same situation asa general rule, wounds are on the same side of the victim that theassailant was. The facts given above help to show us the exceptions thus a wound on one side is presumptive that the murderer was on thatside, or possibly at the front or back and only exceptionally on theopposite side the presence of wounds on one side only may help toconfirm the testimony of a witness that the victim was against a wallor essay other obstacle which protected the other side the question ofthe relative position of the combatants in duels and the nature of theweapons used as shown by the wounds has essaytimes come up, especiallyin other countries, to determine whether the combat was regular andfair in all paper of suspected suicide, but where a doubt exists betweensuicide and murder, or even accident, hereditary disposition andorganic affections of the body, such as alcoholism, incurable orpainful diseases, chronic inflammation of the brain and meninges or ofthe genito-urinary organs all such and hereditary predisposition maysupport the idea of suicide imputed or self-inflicted wounds closely allied with the question of the suicidal or homicidal originof wounds is the question whether a wound imputed to another isself-inflicted or inflicted by another these wounds are seldom fatal in discussing the question whether a wound is self-inflicted orinflicted by another, we have referred occasionally to suicidal woundswhere the circumstances were such as apparently purposely to implymurder and impute the cause of death to essay one else this happensmore often in paper of unsuccessful suicide here we have recourse tothe same evidence that we have gone over in the present section whichhelps to distinguish between a suicidal and a homicidal wound thecase may be essaywhat more difficult, as the unsuccessful suicide maymanufacture evidence against the accused and hide to essay extent theevidence of suicide these paper can usually be decided, however, inconnection with the circumstantial and other evidence the majorityof paper of imputed but self-inflicted wounds are very superficial, often not below the true skin being self-inflicted they have thesisof the characters of suicidal wounds thus they are usually situatedin front and on the left or right according as the wounded person isright or left handed, and the direction is usually similar to that insuicidal wounds such wounds are generally incised or punctured wounds, seldom contused wounds, and in this respect they resemble suicidalwounds as exceptions to this rule, bergeret650 mentions essay paperwhere females in attacks of hysteria have inflicted severe contusionson themselves, and have preferred charges of attempted murder againstinnocent persons like suicides also the hands are seldom injured, though they may be much so in resisting homicide in other respects, however, these wounds differ from suicidal wounds thus they are not usually situated over a “mortal” spot, and they areoften numerous and scattered, essaytimes parallel and essaytimes not the wounds in the dress do not correspond even as often as in suicide in comparing cuts in clothing with those on the body, it is importantto find what articles were worn at the time the assault was alleged tohave taken place, and to make sure that the clothes examined were thoseworn or alleged to have been worn it may not be necessary that theclothes examined should have been really worn, for if they were allegedto have been worn and were not, the examination of them will almostalways show the deception or the self-inflicted nature of the wounds then take careful note of the position, direction, form, and sizeof the cut and the apparent sharpness of the weapon in the severallayers, and see if they correspond with one another and with the woundson the body in those various writingiculars in imputed wounds the clothesare generally cut when off the body and can seldom be done so as todeceive a careful examiner several wounds cannot exist in the sameregion of the body without essay being bloody and showing the marks ofit on the clothes even a single wound of the clothes generally showsblood on the inner surface if there is a corresponding wound of thebody underneath in simulated and imputed injuries the blood-stain maybe on the outside of the clothing instead of on the inside, showingthat it was artificial and not natural an impostor may either do toomuch or too little, and the medical witness should be on guard againstboth alternatives taylor651 mentions a case which occurred inlondon essay time ago, in which there were two cuts in the shirt neartogether exactly alike in size, form, and direction, making it evidentthat the weapon had gone through a fold of the shirt this proved thatthe shirt could not have been worn at the time it was cut, for if theshirt was folded while on the body the weapon must have gone throughthe fold and then through another layer of shirt, making three cutsinstead of two, or five instead of four, before it could have reachedthe body this and other facts made self-infliction of the slight woundon the chest probable the same author cites another case showing theimperfect manner in which the cuts in the clothes are made in imputedwounds, the clothes being off the body at the time the case occurredin nottingham in 1872, the accused being charged with wounding theplaintiff on the highway by stabbing him in the arm, though there wasno robbery or other motive for the act the coat and shirt sleeve werefound cut, but there was no corresponding cut in the lining of the coatsleeve the charge was clearly false, and was trumped up by the youthwho was the plaintiff because he wished to leave the place where he hadbeen sent for private study in examining a case where the self-inflicted nature of imputed woundsis in question, the following are essay of the thesis points to keep inmind in the examination and to be ascertained by the examination. 1 the relative position of the plaintiff and the assailant at thetime of the alleged attack this can be compared with the positionas stated by the plaintiff or other witnesses 2 the situation, direction, depth, nature, and number of the wounds 3 the situationand direction of blood-marks or wounds on the dress or person of eitheror both 4 the marks of blood and the quantity of it at the spot ofthe alleged struggle 5 the signs of a struggle and the various otherpoints of circumstantial evidence gone over in considering suicidal andhomicidal wounds though a severe blow may cause a slight mark, it does not follow thata slight mark implies a severe injury, else the exception is made therule the inconsistency of the story of the plaintiff is generally sopalpable that imposture is evident, but prejudice and unjust suspicionare often excited against those accused thus taylor652 states that“a strong suspicion was raised against the then duke of cumberland, in1810, in reference to the death of sellis, when a skilful examinationof the wounds on the deceased would have shown that they might havebeen self-inflicted ” the same author also cites the case of m armand, a merchant of montpelier, who at aix in march, 1864, was tried for analleged murderous assault on, or imputed murderous strangulation of, his servant the excoriation on the back of the neck was so slight asto escape the observation of essay medical men, and it was evidentlyself-inflicted, either accidentally or purposely, as the facts showed the assertions of a number of medical men were taken by the court tosupport the servant story to the effect that his master had struckhim a severe blow on the back of his neck, rendering him insensible forthesis hours from concussion of the brain the evidence given chiefly bytardieu for the defence showed the story of the complainant to be afabrication, and the accused was justly acquitted was a wound accidental?. In answering this question we must distinguish accidental wounds fromthose self-inflicted and those inflicted by another these threeclasses comprise all wounds in case of a trial for murder it may bealleged by the defence that the wound was caused by accident or thatit was due to suicide from a fall, falls being a common class ofaccidental wounds so we have to judge between accident on the onehand and homicide and suicide on the other hand the question arisesespecially in paper where the injury causing death is one commonly dueto accident as to the question between accidental and suicidal wounds, they areoften easily distinguished, especially if the body has not beendisturbed in suicide there is clear evidence of design, and thecircumstantial evidence helps to make the case clear it may not alwaysbe possible to decide, however, as an accidental wound may essaytimesresemble a suicidal or homicidal one accident is often shown by thenature of the wound thus it is rare for an accidental mortal woundto be caused by a knife or similar weapon held in the hand and forcedinto the body by a fall, the blow of an opening door, etc but suchexceptional paper have been reported incised and punctured woundsare, therefore, very rarely accidental, and most accidental wounds arecontused wounds or contusions again, accident is often shown by the situation of the wound, whichshould be on an exposed writing of the body unless the accident is due toa fall from a height, when the wound may be almost anywhere but suchinjuries are easily shown to be due to falls the fall, of course, may be accidental, suicidal, or homicidal essay wounds in exposedwritings forbid accident on account of their nature, i e , deep incisedwounds of the throat if the deceased has a life insurance, suicideis less probable, as the insurance is not paid in case of suicide infine, accidental wounds are distinguished from suicidal by 1 theirnature. Accidental wounds are almost always contused, suicidal veryrarely so, only in paper of lunatics and delirious persons and wheresuicide is accomplished by a fall 2 the situation of the wound orwounds indicates their origin we have already studied the situationof suicidal wounds and have also seen that accidental wounds are onlyon exposed writings, except when the injury clearly indicates a fall froma height the evidence from the direction of wounds rarely applies, asthis is valuable only in incised and punctured wounds, which are seldomaccidental both kinds of wounds are usually few in number except incase of a fall from a height or a crush, though essaytimes suicidalwounds are multiple the evidence from weapons, if there be any, points strongly to suicide the signs of a struggle are hardly consistent with either suicide oraccident the only case in which they might occur would be where astruggle occurred to prevent a suicide from throwing himself off aheight or before a vehicle or railway train in such a case accidentwould be excluded by the signs of a struggle, and the question wouldlie between homicide and suicide the examination of the clothes ofthe deceased would furnish no evidence unless essay letter or paperwere found stating the purpose of committing suicide little or noevidence would be furnished by the position of the body when foundin paper which might otherwise be doubtful organic lesions or otherfacts predisposing to suicide would furnish presumptive evidenceagainst the wounds being accidental of all these various points thefirst, as to the nature of the wounds, is by itself the most valuableand conclusive but this gives us no assistance in clearing up a casewhere it is doubtful whether a fall from a height or a crush by avehicle or railway train was accidental or suicidal essay of the otherpoints mentioned may aid us in such a case, and also the fact that suchinjuries are far more often accidental than suicidal but in thesepaper, also, certain circumstances may show that the fall was not theresult of accident accidental wounds are generally caused by a fall or a crush, andthe fact of their accidental character is generally established bythe circumstances of the event certain accidental wounds presentcharacteristics which allow the true nature of the wounds to bedetermined but in essay paper a suspicion may arise and the questionmay be asked as to whether the wound was accidental or homicidal forinstance, if a person receives fatal homicidal injuries, and justbefore or after death the body is thrown from a height or is runover and crushed, it may be hard to determine the murderous elementamong the thesis wounds this is the case if the homicidal wounds werecontusions or were caused by blunt instruments, but rarely, if everso, if they are incised or punctured wounds or both but even in theformer instance, a close examination of the lesions and of the localityof the injury can often clear up the case thus in a case mentionedby vibert, 653 as cited by hofmann after taylor, a woman was founddead at the foot of essay stairs in a cave she had died of a fractureof the skull and of the spine, produced by the fall but about four orfive feet above the level of the top step there was found on the wallthe fresh marks of an arterial jet of blood examination showed a woundin the right temporal region which had opened the temporal artery, andit was therefore thought that the woman was wounded at the top of thestairway and then thrown down, which was afterward proved to be true in another case, reported by m tourdes, a man knocked down and killedby an axe, which crushed his skull and caused the brain to exude, wasplaced in a road frequented at night by heavy wagons the head wasplaced in the rut, but the coagulated blood and brain formed a puddlewhich did not appear on the wheels or their track, and no bloody furrowwas caused by their passage the same author mentions the case of awoman plainly strangulated by the hands and then thrown into the ditchof the fortifications of paris it is especially with regard to fractures of the skull that thequestion often comes up as to the accidental or homicidal nature ofthe injury, as to whether it is due to a fall or a wound essaytimes adepressed fracture may show the form of the instrument an extensivecomminuted fracture of the skull may indicate greater violence thanwould be received from a fall from the little height which thecircumstances may allow as to the slighter degrees of fracture, the disposition of the fracture itself often shows less than theform and site of the ecchymosis, the lesion of the scalp, and theplace and position of the body when found in such paper the tracesof a struggle, the existence of other wounds, etc , may be of greatimportance in distinguishing between homicide and accident, as indistinguishing between the latter and suicide, the most obscure anddifficult paper are those where the injury has been caused by a fallfrom a height or by a crush this is illustrated by the case of madame de tourville, which isquoted by taylor 654 she was killed in july, 1876, by a fall from aprecipice her husband, a lawyer, was accused of murder committed bypushing her over a precipice in the stelvio pass the place where herdead body was found was at a considerable depth below, and the injurywas chiefly in the head, which had been crushed by the fall the bodyshowed no evidence of intentional violence the prisoner guilt wasestablished on the following points. 1 the false and inconsistentstatements made as to the occurrence. 2 the marks of the body havingbeen dragged essay distance so that a writing of the dress was found, ina bloody condition, essay way from the body. 3 there were marks ofblood on the prisoner hands and clothing after a long trial he wasconvicted, though the sentence was afterward commuted to imprisonmentfor life of course, as we have already stated, if a person isresponsible for a fall he is also responsible for the results of thefall this applies to thesis of the contused injuries and deaths fromfalls in prize-fights and drunken brawls we may sum up the points of evidence which help us to distinguishbetween an accidental and a homicidal injury much as we did when thequestion lay between accident and suicide 1 the evidence from thenature of the wound is not quite so conclusive as when the questionlies between suicide and accident for contusions and contused woundsare far more often homicidal than suicidal, and accidental woundsare almost always of this class if, however, the wounds are incisedor punctured, this fact points almost certainly to homicide 2 asto situation, a homicidal wound may be situated almost anywhere. Anaccidental wound, except in falls from a height, only on an exposedplace 3 the direction of the wound can seldom help us in the caseof contused wounds which, practically, are the only ones in question, though it may possibly be incompatible with accident 4 as to thenumber of wounds, homicidal wounds are far more apt to be multipleeither in a small area or scattered in such a way that an accidentcould hardly account for them all 5 a weapon may give evidence moreoften here than when suicide is in question, for a weapon may be usedto inflict contused wounds which may resemble those received in a fall the evidence furnished by a weapon or blood, hair, etc , on the weapon, etc , is strongly in favor of murder 6 the evidence from a struggleis also more important because it is more often found a struggle mayoccur in homicide, and only in homicide, as a rule, so that signsof a struggle are strong evidence of murder and against the idea ofaccident 7 the examination of the clothes and body of the deceasedmay give valuable evidence, showing, as it may, signs of a struggle orother marks of an assailant and indicating murder 8 examination ofthe position and attitude of the body and of the spot where it lay andthe ground around may furnish more or less proof of murder, as in thecase quoted above thus the track of the murderer may be discoveredor the body may have been interfered with and moved or robbed, allindicating homicide in any case, whether it is desired to distinguish accidental fromsuicidal or homicidal wounds, those paper present the most difficultywhich result from falls from a height or crushes but, as the case ofmadame de tourville shows, the above given and other circumstances mayoften show even then that the fall or the crush was not the result ofaccident falls from a height may, therefore, be the result of suicide, homicide, or accident the injuries are similar in all three paper a fall of sixto eight metres causes, as a rule, numerous lesions, and shows sucha traumatism that the case usually excludes the possibility or, atleast, the probability that the wounds resulted from blows essaytimes, however, the gravity of the lesion is not proportional to the heightof the fall thus vibert655 relates the case of a man, afterwardemployed for several years in the école de médicine, who jumped fromthe top of the column of the bastile, a height of fifty metres herebounded on to essay canvas stretched at the foot of the monument, thenfell to the ground, and was able to get up and walk away curiouslyenough, he killed himself later by jumping from the top of an omnibusin motion in the case of falls from a height, it is especially truethat with grave lesions internally the skin may be intact or onlyslightly ecchymosed or eroded, or the ecchymosis may be only deeplyseated so as not to appear superficially in the latter case, if lifehad continued the ecchymosis might have shown itself at essay spot onthe surface in a few days, but these falls from a height are fatal asa rule in falls from a height, besides ecchymoses, which may occurwhere there are no other injuries or may fail where there are thesisinjuries, the lesions consist of fractures of bones and ruptures ofinternal organs, with or without surface wounds the fractures maybe of a number of bones, and especially of those which first touchedthe ground, though the skull may be fractured at essay writing whether ornot it was struck in the fall these fractures are often comminuted, especially fractures of the skull and pelvis, and when the fall is froma great height ruptures of muscles may occur with the fractures ruptures of internal organs are not rare in such paper accordingto vibert, 656 the order of frequency of rupture of the variousorgans is as follows.

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Skin mottled. Small ecchymosisjust above line of cord right side right sterno-mastoid muscle torn hyoid bone fractured. Spine not injured no seminal discharge ninetyminutes, pulsation in right subclavian vein. Heart-beat, eighty perminute. Thorax opened, heart exposed. Right auricle showed full andregular contractions and dilatations the spinal cord was then divided one hundred and twenty minutes, heart-beats forty per minute thesepulsations of right auricle continued at intervals for three and a halfhours longer. Readily excited by point of scalpel heart normal. Leftventricle contracted.