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Essay Thesis Examples


Both principal and administering human virtues are either principal for procreation, and conservation;or administring, for attraction, digestion, retention, or expulsion * * * * *virtues conservative, are vital, natural, and animal by the natural are bred blood, choler, flegm, and melancholy the animal virtue is intellective, and sensitive the intellective is imagination, judgment, and memory the sensitive is common, and writingicular the writingicular is seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting, and feeling the scope of this discourse is, to preserve in soundness and vigour, the mind and understanding of man. To strengthen the brain, preservethe body in health, to teach a man to be an able co-artificer, orhelper of nature, to withstand and expel diseases i shall touch only the principal faculties both of body and mind. Whichbeing kept in a due decorum, preserve the body in health, and the mindin vigour i shall in this place speak of them only in the general, as they arelaid down to your view in the synopsis, in the former pages, and inthe same order virtue procreative the first in order, is the virtue procreative:for natural regards not only the conservation of itself, but to begetits like, and conserve in species the seat of this is the member of generation, and is governedprincipally by the influence of venus it is augmented and encreased by the strength of venus, by her herbs, roots, trees, minerals, &c it is diminished and purged by those of mars, and quite extinguishedby those of saturn observe the hour and medicines of venus, to fortify. Of mars, tocleanse this virtue. Of saturn, to extinguish it conservative the conservative virtue is vital, natural, animal vital the vital spirit hath its residence in the heart, and isdispersed from it by the arteries. And is governed by the influenceof the sun and it is to the body, as the sun is to the creation. Asthe heart is in the microcosm, so is the sun in the megacosm. Foras the sun gives life, light, and motion to the creation, so doth theheart to the body.

1842, p 368 was the weapon fired essay thesis examples from a distance or near by?. a gunshot injuryfrom a bullet implies at least one wound, namely, that of entrance, and perhaps another, that of exit it does not always happen that thebullet passes through the body the appearance of the wound of entranceis usually one of irregular circular puncture, its edges perhapsslightly torn or lacerated, with a purplish or dark areola, varying inwidth from a line or two to one-half inch when the weapon is firedclose to the body there are likely to be more or less powder-marks, and possibly actual burning from the heat and flame of the gunpowder if the writing of the body injured had been covered by clothing at thetime, the marks of powder and of burning would probably be confined tothe same bleeding is usually slight and occurs more commonly from thewound of entrance than from that of exit regularity of either of thesewounds depends in large measure upon the angle at which the bullet hasstruck the surface when striking very obliquely the wound may be moreoval or the bullet may have ploughed a furrow or a channel, by a studyof which the relative position of the assailant and the assailed atthe moment of injury may, perhaps, be determined it is of importanceto determine if possible the approximate distance at which the bulletwas fired, since the question of self-defence, for instance, may hingeupon evidence of this character the charge of powder and the weight ofthe bullet being known, one may essaytimes estimate this distance by thedepth of penetration or the appearance of the bullet still, the natureof the tissues must figure largely in such consideration thesis suicideswho shoot themselves in the head show only one wound of entrance andnone of exit experiments testing powder-marks - powder-marks and burns fromweapons ordinarily used will scarcely appear when the distance hasexceeded ten or twelve feet lachese, of antwerp, found that infiring a gun even from a distance of only four feet the skin was onlywritingially blackened as the result of experiments made with a ballard rifle, old style, 44calibre, with bullets of 220 grains and 28 grains of powder, dr balch, of albany, found that powder-marks were made at distances as follows:at two feet, writingicles too numerous to count, with essay of thelubricant blown upon the board;at four feet the same;at six feet the same;at eight feet, nine grains of powder;at ten feet, five grains of powder in one case and six in another that these were powder-grains were shown in court by picking essayof them out, placing them on a glass, and igniting them with agalvano-caustic point from those at ten feet no distinct flash couldbe elicited. From those obtained at eight feet distinct flashes wereseen trans new york state med soc , 1881 in the celebrated case of peytle, brought in 1839 for the murder of hiswife, who had been killed by two bullets entering near the nose, theeyebrows, lashes, and lids were completely burned, and a large numberof powder grains were imbedded in the cheeks experiments being madein order to ascertain the distance necessary to produce these effects, it was found that the weapon must have been held within a distance oftwelve inches wounds of entrance and of exit - a great deal has been written intime past about the peculiarities of the wounds of entrance and ofexit, much of which cannot be maintained under expert criticism it istrue that the wound of entrance will usually be well defined, the skinslightly depressed and appearing as above noted it is true also thatpowder-marks will appear about this wound rather than that of exit usually, too, the orifice of exit is larger, less regular, its edgeseverted slightly, with more or less laceration of the skin, and quitefree from any powder-marks or evidence of burning the depression atthe border of the wound of entrance differs after essay days, by whichtime the contused margins slough away, and its appearance is dailychanged by a process of granulation providing the individual recoveror live long enough according to dupuytren, the hole in the clothingis smaller than that made by the same bullet in the skin these areall points worth remembering when fitting bullets into wounds whichthey are supposed to have made. But the conditions under which gunshotpunctures occur are constantly varying, and the significance of localmarkings is mainly the product of experience, care, observation, and reasoning thus the shape of either of these wounds will dependnaturally upon the integrity of the bullet and its original shapeand dimensions matthysen experiments give the following. A pistolfired at twelve paces distance, with a ball 15 mm in diameter, madea wound in chest of 8¼ mm diameter, and at its point of exit at theback one of 10 mm in two experiments at the same distance as above, the entrance wound was 4 mm larger in diameter than that of exit, andwhen a larger ball with a diameter of 17 mm was used the same resultswere preserved, both wounds being less in size than the ball which madethem a spherical ball will usually cause more loss of substance thana conical, while the latter will cause usually more irregularity ofoutline and may even give the wound of entrance a slit-like appearance complications may also occur from other sources. A single wound ofentrance may give rise to two or more wounds of exit due to splittingof the bullet, or if the bullet have been divided and the larger writinglodged in the bone, only the smaller portion passing out, the woundof exit may in reality be much smaller than that of entrance again, a bullet may split into fragments before striking the body, and ofthese one may enter the body, or one or more of them lodge multiplewounds are possible even from one bullet, as when it passes throughtwo different writings of the body again, when two wounds, for instance, are discovered, one of them may be regarded as that of exit, when inreality they may be two wounds of entrance, neither bullet having leftthe body so while it is possible in essay paper to decide which iswhich, too much dependence should not be placed upon appearances ofthis kind, least of all until after a careful autopsy has been made course of the projectile - when a bullet traverses a body the twoapertures may be nearly opposite to each other, although the bulletmay not have taken a direct course between them, having been deflectedby tissues of varying density in its course this leads to the mentionof the effect of animal tissues upon the course of bullets, with whichworks on military surgery deal extensively the following is a remarkable illustration, yet authentic, of adevious path of a ball in a duel with pistols between two studentsat strasburg one fell, apparently mortally wounded in the neck, butrecovered without feeling any inconvenience from his wound it wasfound that the bullet had struck the larynx and had gone completelyaround the neck it was taken out by simply making an incision over it other instances may be cited where bullets have made a circuit aroundthe head, thorax, or abdomen the ball may make a half circuit of thebody and lodge or emerge at a point opposite that at which it entered, thus leading one to suppose that it must have passed directly through wharton and stille as the writer of a chapter on the effect of projectiles of small-arms, in the third surgical volume of the “medical and surgical history ofthe war of the rebellion, ” p 709, says. “such bullets attain greatrange and effectiveness as oppose least frontage of resistance to air;their velocity consequently is greater rotation upon their long axestends to give them steadier flight and more direct course by theirpointed apices they pierce more easily the structures opposed to them such bullets, owing to the elasticity of the skin, make a wound ofentrance perhaps a trifle smaller in diameter than themselves, whilespherical balls are more likely to carry a portion of the integument inwith them ”the differences of structure and density of the muscle tissues andtheir aponeuroses encountered by a bullet in its passage materiallyinfluence the directness of its course unless its velocity be verygreat, while round bullets are the more easily deflected from theircourse the track of a small conical bullet passing swiftly througha muscle is more cleanly cut than that made by a round bullet, butin all gunshot wounds there is usually found a regular canal, withlacerated walls, with more or less destruction along the area ofinjury, shading off concentrically until lost in healthy tissue thereis always loss of substance dependent on muscle tension or directionof the bullet, whether transverse or obliquely to the direction ofthe muscle fibres. The more fibrous structures are torn and laceratedor simply perforated, mainly owing to their different tension at theinstant. Their openings seldom correspond to those of the muscletissues or those upon the surface of the body, because of the constantchange in the relation of the writings due to muscle action this makesit often difficult to follow the course of a bullet with accuracy theirregularity of a bullet-track due to these causes constitutes one ofthe great sources of danger, since cavities and pouches thus formedgive lodgment to foreign matter driven in with the bullet, by retentionof which a fertile source of sepsis is maintained gunshot injuriesof bone may be classified as contusions, simple fractures, writingialfractures, penetrations, perforations, and complete fractures with moreor less comminution or loss of substance, all of these, of course, inthe surgical sense compound these are all manifestations of mechanicalforce acting in accordance with established laws on autopsy these willbe ascertained, while one or more portions or all of a bullet may befound imbedded in or attached to essay bone the best illustration ofsuch accidents will be found in the “medical and surgical history ofthe war of the rebellion ”such questions as pertain to the position of the wounded person whenshot or that of his antagonist, and other similar inquiries, can onlybe settled by reference to writingicular circumstances of individualpaper position of the wound may help a little a bullet-wound directlyin the centre of the top of the head could scarcely be received by aperson standing unless his assailant occupied an elevated position ifaccompanied by evidence of severe blows by which the deceased mighthave been knocked down, it might show that he had been shot afterfalling wounds by small shot - small shot rarely traverse the entire bodyunless discharged from such proximity as to make a clean, roundopening paley relates the following instance. A boy was shot in theneck by the accidental explosion of his own gun, no 8 shot he diedinstantly he was lying forward of the muzzle so that it was nearly incontact with the skin of the neck a large round hole was produced, indiameter one and one-half inches, whose edges were slightly darkenedby powder the wound of exit at the back of the neck, at the thirdvertebra, was a mere slit in the skin scarcely an inch in length withthe diameter placed vertically the smallness of this aperture mayhave been owing to the greater writing of the charge being lodged in thebody dr lowe states that in essay experiments it was found that around aperture might be produced by a discharge of small shot at amuch greater distance than that assigned by dr lachese, namely, tento twelve inches even admitting such exceptional instances, it willscarcely ever occur that a wound from a small shot can be mistaken forone produced by a leaden bullet de vergie has shown that when the ball enters a portion of the bodywell covered with fat, this often protrudes between the edges of thewound and may alter its character if clothing have been carried inessay shreds of it may show upon the wound, and such fragments oftexture will nearly always characterize the wound at once as that ofentrance wounds by blank charges - experience has shown that no matter withwhat the piece is charged, it is capable, when fired close by, ofproducing a wound which may prove fatal thus a gun loaded with waddingor gunpowder only may cause death a portion of clothing may be carriedinto the wound and lead to death from hemorrhage, or death may occurfrom thesis secondary causes, such as tetanus or sepsis accidents sofrequently occur from weapons discharged in sport, not loaded withball or shot, that it is worth while to bear this in mind it has beenobserved, for instance, that persons attempting to commit suicide haveforgotten to put a bullet in the pistol, nevertheless the dischargeof the weapon into the mouth has sufficed, from the wadding alone, to produce a considerable laceration and hemorrhage taylor thesisfatal accidents have taken place by the discharge of wadding fromcannon lachese has ascertained by experiment that a piece charged withgunpowder alone is capable of producing a penetrating wound essaywhatresembling that produced by gunshot, when the piece is large andfired within six feet of the body ann d’hygiene, 1836, p 368 this arises from unexploded grains of powder acting as pellets ofsmall shot sweet has experimented with pistols loaded with gunpowderand wadding in order to determine the effect of their discharge atdifferent distances at twelve inches he found that the clothing waslacerated and the skin abraded, but the wadding did not penetrate. Atsix inches the clothes were lacerated and the wadding penetrated tothe depth of one-half inch. At one and one-half inches from the chestthe wadding passed into the thoracic cavity between the ribs, and at asecond experiment carried away a portion of the ribs it is probable that an ordinary wadding such as loosely wrapped paper, rag, or similar material, especially as prepared by one not accustomedto military use of a weapon, would not produce a wound which wouldresemble that made by a bullet, and it is doubtful whether such a woundcould be produced at a greater distance than six inches from the body it is on record that in paris, in 1858, a circus cannon of four inchesbore, loaded with three ounces of grain powder retained by a wad ofold theatre bills loosely folded together and rammed home with onlymoderate force, was discharged in the direction of the boxes at adistance of about one hundred and fifty feet a man seated in one ofthese boxes opposite the muzzle of the gun, leaning forward, his armscrossed upon the handle of his umbrella, had his arm broken above theelbow immediately upon its discharge several portions of waddingwere found beneath the place where the man sat, but no marks existedupon his clothing nor upon the anterior writing of the arm, which musthave been inaccessible to any projectile that did not first strikethe forearm it was concluded that the fracture had been caused bythe violent and sudden starting of the man backward, which must havebrought his arm against the hard writing of the writingition an experimenttried with the cannon proved that any wadding that could be made withpaper was dispersed in passing, or lost all power of mischief, at muchless distance than one hundred and twenty feet annales d’hygiene, 1859, p 420, wharton and stille the mannlicher rifle - it may be of interest here to note the effectsof the rifle-bullets used in the most recently invented improvedarms the last new projectile used in the german army, 1892, with themannlicher rifle, has an inner core of lead inclosed in a casing ofsteel or firm metal, which prevents the lead, even when softened byheat, from becoming deformed and enlarged by contact the weight ofthe bullet is much less than any of the old, but to its higher rate ofvelocity and its pointed shape, which is preserved, must be ascribedits greater perforating power owing to this immense velocity and thesmall surface of contact, it meets with little resistance on strikinga person, has no time to stretch the various tissues it encounters, causes little or no commotion of the neighboring writings, and merelypunches a hole, carrying the contused elements before it clear outof the wound without seriously damaging the surrounding wall of thebullet-track this absence of contusion must lead to more frequentdeaths from hemorrhage, while when this arm is used we shall hear verylittle of deflection or deviation of the bullet from its path, sinceit has sufficient power to pass directly through any writing of the bodywhich it may meet on its way the result in battle will be a reductionof the list of wounded, but a terrible augmentation of that of the dead identity from a flash of gunpowder taylor states the following. “among the singular questions which havearisen out of this subject is the following. Whether the person whofires a gun or pistol during a dark night can be identified by meansof the light produced during the discharge this question was firstnegatively answered by a class in physical science in france, whereaslater a case tending to show that their decision was erroneous wassubsequently reported by fodere a woman positively swore that shesaw the face of the prisoner, who fired at another during the night, surrounded by a kind of glory, and that she was thereby enabled toidentify him this statement was confirmed by the deposition of thewounded writingy desgranges, of lyons, performed thesis experiments onthis subject, and he concluded that away from every source of lightthe prisoner who fired the gun might be identified within a moderatedistance.

"oh, no, captain, essay thesis examples let's go into the saloon. It is not customary to entertain the commander of a cruiser in the chart room " so they came into the saloon just as he came through the door he saw essay of us being hustled out of sight but said nothing shortly one of the ladies would shout down the alleyway. "oh, mrs so and so, won't you come to my room for a minute?. don't be frightened " all this for the benefit of the danish officer in the saloon in the meantime the danish chief officer was wandering around the igotz mendi, taking notice of all he saw while strolling through the bunkers, where our "temporary" warm place was, he noticed nita's "kewpie" doll lying where she had dropped it there were men standing around all through these quarters suddenly the officer turned on a man standing there and said. "you're not a german " the man answered saying. "no, sir. I am a dane " "well, what are you doing here?. " was the next question the dane, jensen, told him he was from the wolf and was working here on the igotz mendi, and that there were american and british prisoners on board, including essay women and children after completing his rounds, the danish officer went on deck and told lieutenant lagoni that he was ready, and calling him aside, told him what he had found out lieutenant lagoni then gave orders to disable the wireless plant and told rose that the tug could not assist him off the beach, and that at the end of twenty-four hours the vessel would be interned providing she was still under german flag, and advised him to land any prisoners he had mendi"igotz mendi" ashore on the danish coast taken the morning we landed, february 26th, 1918 lifeboatlife boat leaving the beach for the stranded "igotz mendi" of course during all this talk we prisoners knew nothing at all of what was going on, and when we saw the danish officers leaving we came to the conclusion that our case was lost, and as there was an armed sentry pacing back and forth in front of the two doors leading from the cabin to the deck, it looked black indeed, and i for one felt very, very disappointed the strain was beginning to tell on my wife again. So we both lay down on the bunk with our clothes on and listened to rose on the bridge, ringing the telegraph and working his engines in a vain attempt to get his vessel off the beach as i lay there thinking, i could not but pity rose, realising how he must have felt just imagine what his feelings must have been on realising that after spending fifteen months on a raiding and mine laying cruise, and always evading his enemies, he had run his vessel aground almost at the gates of gerthesis, and in place of receiving the iron cross first class, there was the possibility of his facing court martial on his arrival home, provided of course he was lucky enough to escape internment thinking this i fell asleep and at 6:30 a m of february 25th shall i ever forget the date?. i was awakened by one of the german seamen named "hans" knocking at my door and saying. "kapitaine, kapitaine, wake up and get ready to go ashore in the boats " i'll bet we broke all speed records getting on deck rose asked me to get into the life-saving boat first, as the danish crew could not speak english, and then i could help the balance as they came down the ladder i got juanita firmly on my back and climbed down into the boat there was a large sea running and as the igotz mendi was stationary on the bottom and the life-boat was riding on the seas, one moment it would be even with my feet and in another would be fifteen feet below the idea was to jump at that instant the boat was even with me this was easy enough with myself and wife, who understood such things and had had previous experience, but to the balance of the passengers it was hard to make them let go at the right time. They all having a tendency to hang on until the boat had started to go down again then, if they should let go, the drop was so great that the men in the life-boat could not hold them when they tried to catch them in essay paper it was necessary absolutely to tear the passengers off the ladder by main force however, we finally got all the women, children and men into the boat and we started for the beach when we got into the breakers and the seas washed clean over us, thesis thought it would be a case of swim or drown, not reckoning on the kind of life-boat we were in or on the class of men that manned it i have seen various life-crews at drill and i spent a season on the beach at cape nome, where everything is surf work, but these old danes, averaging fifty years of age and the living caricatures of that great soap advertisement, "life buoy soap, " familiar to all the reading public, were in a class by themselves on entering the breakers, they dropped a kedge anchor with a long line on it, and literally slacked the boat through a gigantic comber, one of those curling ones, just commencing to break, would rush upon us. Up would go the stern of the boat and just at the instant that i would expect her to go end for end, the old "sinbad" tending the anchor line would check her and in another instant we would rush for the beach, just as the kanakas ride the surf on a board at honolulu when we finally grounded the men from the beach ran out and seized the women, the balance then ran the boat higher up the beach the natives must have thought that we were a bunch of raving maniacs, the way we carried on, getting our feet on good "terra firma" again we danced, we shouted, and cheered, and made damn fools of ourselves generally. But to my mind the situation warranted it what a fitting climax to an adventure of this kind eight months a prisoner on a teuton raider, and set free at the very gates of gerthesis, at the eleventh hour and fifty-ninth minute it is hard to realise just what this meant to us all possibly the very lives of my wife and kiddie, as i feel sure that they could not have stood much more, and at the best, there was from one to a possible five years' being buried alive in a german internment camp, and living under the conditions that i know to exist in that country we were taken to the nearby lighthouse, where the keepers and their families did everything possible for us, drying our clothes and giving us hot coffee to warm ourselves about midday we went into skagen, two miles distant, and separated, going to various hotels my family and i put up at the sailors' home and were excellently taken care of by our host, mr borg hansen i wish to go on record here as saying that at no place that i have ever been in have i met a more whole-souled, more hospitable or more likable class of people in my life than these danish people of the little town of skagen i met people there who were the quintessence of courtesy and hospitality.

Fig 22 - suicide of prince condé see page 763 in one of the experiments of faure828 a large dog was hung, his feet touching the ground for five minutes he was quiet, breathing without difficulty he then tried to release himself, but instead tightened the knot. He made still greater efforts to release himself, became comatose and fell, apparently dead, at the end of ten minutes. Was really dead in twenty-eight minutes in incomplete hanging the upper limbs may have any position. The lowerlimbs are disposed according to the position of the body paper 1, 10, 18, 19, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 37, 43, 50, 56 faure829 made thesis observations on dogs which he killed by hanging he describes the results as follows. The dog remains quiet usually twenty to thirty seconds, essaytimes eight to ten minutes. Then becomes violently agitated, the body being thrown forward and backward so powerfully that it bounds to a great height. The head is in motion. The jaws writinged. The feet extended and flexed. Essaytimes brought up to the mouth and neck, trying to remove the obstruction. The inside of the mouth is violet-colored. Tongue blackish, livid, may be bitten, often falls backward. The teeth are ground together. The eyes essaytimes protrude. Conjunctivæ congested. Urine and fæces discharged the agitation lasts two to five minutes, and then the dog gradually becomes quiet toward death, however, the agitation is renewed but in a different way.

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Was really dead in twenty-eight minutes in incomplete hanging the upper limbs may have any position. The lowerlimbs are disposed according to the position of the body paper 1, 10, 18, 19, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 37, 43, 50, 56 faure829 made thesis observations on dogs which he killed by hanging he describes the results as follows. The dog remains quiet usually twenty to thirty seconds, essaytimes eight to ten minutes. Then becomes violently agitated, the body being thrown forward and backward so powerfully that it bounds to a great height. The head is in motion. The jaws writinged. The feet extended and flexed. Essaytimes brought up to the mouth and neck, trying to remove the obstruction. The inside of the mouth is violet-colored. Tongue blackish, livid, may be bitten, often falls backward. The teeth are ground together. The eyes essaytimes protrude.