History

Essay Extender


But thenostrum maker who exploits a complex mixture either knows practicallynothing of the side actions that essay extender it will exert, or, if he knows, heconceals that knowledge he knows that massive doses of hydratedchloral combined with various narcotics can be relied on to causeunconsciousness in nearly all paper, but he prefers to speak of thisas a hypnotic action this is plain gambling with human life when thepatient dies, it is difficult to prove that death was caused by themixture alone the council on pharmacy and chemistry has expended a great deal of timeand energy in combating the “shotgun” nostrum evil it is easy tounderstand the disadvantages of such mixtures but it is not so easy todemonstrate the misleading character of the claims made, with an entiredisregard of the truth, for these mixtures no one believes that a potof gold lies at the end of the rainbow, but no one has actually gonethere to see for himself bromidiathere are thesis types of “shotgun” nostrum essay are dangerous, as in the case of “bromidia”. Essay are preposterous, therapeuticmonstrosities which excite the contempt of educated physicians, as inthe case of “tongaline”. Essay are merely useless mixtures of well knowndrugs, sold under grotesquely exaggerated claims, as in the case of“peacock bromides ”various formulas have been given for bromidia the manufacturers appearto be more cautious under those circumstances in which falsehood mightlead them into collision with the federal authorities, than when givingreign to fancy and considering only the best means of winning the favorof the physician it is said to consist of hydrated chloral, potassiumbromid, indian cannabis, and hyoscyamus it is impossible to determinefrom the published formulas just how much hydrated chloral andpotassium bromid it contains, but is probable that there are about 15grains of each of these two drugs to the fluidram, and variable amountsof indian cannabis and a small amount of either extract or tincture ofhyoscyamus this much is certain. Bromidia is a distinctly dangerous mixture forindiscriminate use the claim of the manufacturers, implied, ratherthan directly stated, that it is superior to an extemporaneouslyprepared mixture of those drugs is especially reprehensible because ittends to create the impression that the nostrum is safer in effectivedoses, conducing to a false sense of security on the writing of thosewho are deluded into prescribing it in larger doses than they would amixture of the same drugs prepared extemporaneously a report of the council on pharmacy and chemistry published in thejournal, may 16, 1914, p 1573, mentions three instances in which deathis reported to have followed the use of bromidia the manufacturersof bromidia have no magic power to render hydrated chloral harmless, while it retains its hypnotic action it depresses the central nervoussystem, and it is nothing less than monstrous for any one to pretendto rob this drug of its dangerous properties while it retains itshypnotic effects if the patient requires a hypnotic, the physicianshould choose that one which his judgment and experience dictate asthe best for that writingicular patient if he needs hydrated chloral, the physician should prescribe exactly as much as he believes thepatient needs if the effect is slightly greater or slightly less thananticipated, no harm is done and the physician has gained experiencethat will be valuable in future prescribing if bromidia is prescribedand unexpected effects are induced, it is impossible to know whetherthese were due to the hydrated chloral or to one of the other narcoticsor to a synergistic action. And there is nothing to guide in thefurther use of the nostrum, for mixtures of narcotics commonly havemuch less uniformity of action than a single drug the irritant action of hydrated chloral on the stomach can be avoidedby the use of bland fluids or dilute solutions the following serves asan example of the way in which it may be prescribed conveniently. Gm or c c hydrated chloral 2|6 gr xl syrup of orange peel | water of each 30| fl ℥ ia tablespoonful 15 0 c c of this mixture, containing 10 grains 0 65 gm of hydrated chloral, will often induce sleep in the absenceof severe pain or serious disturbance, and seldom does this dose haveto be repeated more than once in such simple paper hydrated chloralis often used in essaywhat smaller doses in combination with potassiumbromid, which may be prescribed in a mixture such as the following.

And the herbwith the white flower is also very good for the sinews, arteries, andjoints, to comfort and strengthen them after travel, cold, and pains beets of beets there are two sorts, which are best known generally, andwhereof i shall principally treat at this time, viz the white andred beets and their virtues descript the common white beet has thesis great leaves next theground, essaywhat large and of a whitish green colour the stalk isgreat, strong, and ribbed, bearing great store of leaves upon it, almost to the very top of it. The flowers grow in very long tufts, small at the end, and turning down their heads, which are small, palegreenish, yellow, buds, giving cornered prickly seed the root isgreat, long, and hard, and when it has given seed is of no use at all the common red beet differs not from the white, but only it isless, and the leaves and the roots are essaywhat red. The leaves aredifferently red, essay only with red stalks or veins. Essay of a freshred, and others of a dark red the root thereof is red, spungy, and notused to be eaten government and virtues the government of these two sorts of beetsare far different. The red beet being under saturn and the white underjupiter. Therefore take the virtues of them awriting, each by itself thewhite beet much loosens the belly, and is of a cleansing, digestingquality, and provokes urine the juice of it opens obstructions bothof the liver and spleen, and is good for the head-ache and swimmingstherein, and turnings of the brain. And is effectual also against allvenomous creatures. And applied to the temples, stays inflammations ofthe eyes. It helps burnings, being used with oil, and with a littlealum put to it, is good for st anthony fire it is good for allwheals, pushes, blisters, and blains in the skin.

The virtues be the same with scabious, andessay think the herbs too. Though i am of another opinion stœchas french lavender cassidony, is a great counterpoison, opensobstructions of the liver and spleen, cleanses the matrix and bladder, brings out corrupt humours, provokes urine succisa, marsus diaboli devil-bit hot and dry in the seconddegree. Inwardly taken, it eases the fits of the mother, and breakswind, takes away swellings in the mouth, and slimy flegm that stick tothe jaws, neither is there a more present remedy in the world for thosecold swellings in the neck which the vulgar call the almonds of theears, than this herb bruised and applied to them suchaha an egyptian thorn very hard, if not impossible to come byhere tanacetum tansy. Hot in the second degree and dry in the third. Thevery smell of it stays abortion, or miscarriages in women. So it dothbeing bruised and applied to their navels, provokes urine, and is aspecial help against the gout taraxacon dandelion, or to write better french, dent-de-lion, for inplain english, it is called lyon tooth. It is a kind of succory, andthither i refer you tamariscus tamiris it hath a dry cleansing quality, and hath anotable virtue against the rickets, and infirmities of the spleen, provokes the menses galen, dioscorides telephium a kind of opine thlaspi see nasturtium thymbra a wild savory thymum thyme hot and dry in the third degree. Helps coughs andshortness of breath, provokes the menses, brings away dead children andthe after birth. Purges flegm, cleanses the breast and lungs, reins andmatrix. Helps the sciatica, pains in the breast, expels wind in anywriting of the body, resists fearfulness and melancholy, continual painsin the head, and is profitable for such as have the falling-sickness tosmell to thymælea the greek name for spurge-olive. Mezereon being thearabick name tithymallus, esula, &c spurge hot and dry in the fourth degree:a dogged purge, better let alone than taken inwardly. Hair anointedwith the juice of it will fall off. It kills fish, being mixed withany thing that they will eat. Outwardly it cleanses ulcers, takes awayfreckles, sunburning and morphew from the face tormentilla see the root trinitatis herba pansies, or heart-ease. They are cold and moist, both herbs and flowers, excellent against inflammations of the breastor lungs, convulsions or falling-sickness, also they are held to begood for venereal complaints trifolium trefoil.

Then press them essay extender out and put in freshrose leaves. Do so nine times in the same liquor, encreasing thequantity of the roses as the liquor encreases, which will be almost bythe third writing every time. Take six writings of this liquor, and with fourwritings of white sugar, boil it to a syrup according to art culpeper it loosens the belly, and gently brings out choler andflegm, but leaves a binding quality behind it syrupus e succo rosarum or syrup of the juice of roses college it is prepared without steeping, only with the juice ofdamask roses pressed out, and clarified, and an equal proportion ofsugar added to it culpeper this is like the other syrupus rosaceus solutivus cum agarico or syrup of roses solutive with agarick college take of agarick cut thin an ounce, ginger two drams, sal gem one dram, polipodium bruised two ounces, sprinkle them with whitewine and steep them two days over warm ashes, in a pound and an half ofthe infusion of damask roses prescribed before, and with one pound ofsugar boil it into a syrup according to art culpeper it purges flegm from the head, relieves the sensesoppressed by it, provokes the menses, purges the stomach and liver, and provokes urine syrupus rosaceus solutivus cum helleboro or syrup of roses solutive with hellebore college take of the bark of all the myrobalans, of each fourounces, bruise them grossly, and steep them twenty-four hours in twelvepounds of the infusion of roses before spoken, senna, epithimum, polypodium of the oak, of each four ounces, cloves an ounce, citronseeds, liquorice, of each four ounces, the bark of black helleboreroots six drams, let the fourth writing of the liquor gently exhale, strain it, and with five pounds of sugar, and sixteen drams of rhubarbtied up in a linen rag, make it into a syrup according to art culpeper the syrup, rightly used, purges melancholy, resistsmadness syrupus rosaceus solutivus cum senna or syrup of roses solutive with senna college take of senna six ounces, caraway, and sweet fennel seeds, of each three drams, sprinkle them with white wine, and infuse them twodays in three pounds of the infusion of roses aforesaid, then strainit, and with two pounds of sugar boil it into a syrup culpeper it purges the body of choler and melancholy, and expelsthe relics a disease hath left behind it. The dose is from one ounceto two, you may take it in a decoction of senna, it leaves a bindingquality behind it syrupus de spina cervina or syrup of purging thorn college take of the berries of purging thorn, gathered inseptember, as thesis as you will, bruise them in a stone mortar, andpress out the juice, let the fourth writing of it evaporate away in abath, then to two pounds of it add sixteen ounces of white sugar, boil it into a syrup, which perfume with mastich, cinnamon, nutmegs, anni-seeds in fine powder, of each three drams syrups made with vinegar and honey mel anthosatum or honey of rosemary flowers college take of fresh rosemary flowers a pound, clarified honeythree pounds, mix them in a glass with a narrow mouth, set them in thesun, keep them for use culpeper it hath the same virtues with rosemary flowers, to which irefer you, only by reason of the honey it may be essaywhat cleansing mel helleboratum or honey helleborated college take of white hellebore roots bruised a pound, clear waterfourteen pounds, after three days infusion, boil it till half beconsumed, then strain it diligently, and with three pounds of honey, boil it to the thickness of honey mel mercuriale or honey of mercury college boil three pounds of the juice of mercury, with two poundsof honey to the thickness of honey culpeper it is used as an emollient in clysters mel mororum, vel diamoron or honey of mulberries college take of the juice of mulberries and blackberries, beforethey be ripe, gathered before the sun be up, of each a pound and ahalf, honey two pounds, boil them to their due thickness culpeper it is vulgarly known to be good for sore mouths, as alsoto cool inflammations there mel nuceum, alias, diacarion et dianucum or honey of nuts college take of the juice of the outward bark of green walnuts, gathered in the dog days two pounds, boil it gently till it be thick, and with one pound of honey, boil it to the thickness of honey culpeper it is a good preservative in pestilential times, aspoonful being taken as soon as you are up mel passalatum or honey of raisins college take of raisins of the sun cleansed from the stones twopounds, steep them in six pounds of warm water, the next day boil ithalf away, and press it strongly, and with two pounds of honey, let theexpressed liquor boil to its thickness culpeper it is a pretty pleasing medicine for such as are inconsumptions, and are bound in body mel rosatum commune, sive foliatum or common honey of roses college take of red roses not quite open two pounds, honey sixpounds, set them in the sun according to art mel rosatum colatum or honey of roses strained college take of the best clarified honey ten pounds, juice of freshred roses one pound, set it handessayly over the fire, and when itbegins to boil, put in four pounds of fresh red roses, the whites beingcut off. The juice being consumed by boiling and stirring, strain itand keep it for use culpeper they are both used for diseases in the mouth mel rosatum solutivum or honey of roses solutive college take of the often infusion of damask roses five pounds, honey rightly clarified four pounds, boil it to the thickness of honey culpeper it is used as a laxative in clysters, and essay use it tocleanse wounds college after the same manner is prepared honey of the infusion ofred roses mel scilliticum or honey of squils college take one squil full of juice, cut in bits, and put it in aglass vessel, the mouth close stopped, and covered with a skin, set inthe sun forty days, to wit, twenty before and after the rising of thedog star, then open the vessel, and take the juice which lies at thebottom, and preserve it with the best honey college honey of violets is prepared like as honey of roses oxymel, simple college take of the best honey four pounds, clear water and whitewine vinegar, of each two pounds, boil them in an earthen vessel, taking the scum off with a wooden scummer, till it be come to theconsistence of a syrup culpeper it cuts flegm, and it is a good preparative against avomit oxymel compound college take of the bark of the root of fennel, smallage, parsley, bruscus, asparagus, of each two ounces, the seeds of fennel, smallage, parsley, annis, of each one ounce, steep them all the roots beingfirst cleansed and the seeds bruised in six pounds of clear waterand a pound and a half of wine vinegar, the next day boil it to theconsumption of the third writing, boil the rest being strained, with threepounds of honey into a liquid syrup according to art culpeper first having bruised the roots and seeds, boil them in thewater till half be consumed, then strain it and add the honey, and whenit is almost boiled enough, add the vinegar oxymel helleboratum or oxymel helleborated college take of rue, thyme, dittany of crete, hyssop, pennyroyal, horehound, carduus, the roots of celtick, spikenard without leaves, the inner bark of elders, of each a handful, mountain calaminth twopugils, the seeds of annis, fennel, bazil, roman nettles, dill, ofeach two drams, the roots of angelica, marsh-mallows, aron, squillsprepared, birthwort, long, round, and climbing, turbith, english orris, costus, polypodium, lemon pills, of each an ounce, the strings of blackhellebore, spurge, agerick, added at the end of the decoction, of eachtwo drams, the bark of white hellebore half an ounce, let all of thembeing dried and bruised, be digested in a glass, or glazed vesselclose stopped, in the heat of the sun, or of a furnace, posca, made ofequal writings of water and vinegar, eight pounds, sapa two ounces, threedays being expired, boil it little more than half away, strain it, pressing it gently, and add to the liquor a pound and a half of honeyroses, wherein two ounces of citron pills have been infused, boil it tothe thickness of honey, and perfume it with cloves, saffron, ginger, galanga, mace, of each a dram oxymel julianizans college take of the bark of caper roots, the roots of orris, fennel, parsley, bruscus, chicory, sparagus, cypress, of each half anounce, the leaves of harts-tongue, schænanth, tamarisk, of each half ahandful, sweet fennel seed half an ounce, infuse them in three poundsof posca, which is essaything sour, afterwards boil it till half beconsumed, strain it, and with honey and sugar clarified, of each half apound, boil it to the thickness of honey culpeper this medicine is very opening, very good againsthypocondriac melancholy, and as fit a medicine as can be for thatdisease in children called the rickets college oxymel of squills simple, is made of three pounds ofclarified honey. Vinegar of squills two pounds, boil them according toart culpeper it cuts and divides humours that are tough and viscous, and therefore helps the stomach and bowels afflicted by such humours, and sour belchings if you take but a spoonful in the morning, an ablebody will think enough oxymel scilliticum compositus or oxymel of squills compound college take of origanum, dried hyssop, thyme, lovage, cardamomsthe less, stœchas, of each five drams, boil them in three pounds ofwater to one, strain it and with two pounds of honey, honey of raisinshalf a pound, juice of briony five ounces, vinegar of squills a poundand a half, boil it, and scum it according to art culpeper this is good against the falling-sickness, megrim, head-ache, vertigo, or swimming in the head, and if these be occasionedby the stomach as thesis times they are, it helps the lungs obstructed byhumour, and is good for women not well cleansed after labour, it opensthe passage of the womb syrup of purslain mesue college take of the seeds of purslain grossly bruised, half apound, of the juice of endive, boiled and clarified, two pounds, sugartwo pounds, vinegar nine ounces, infuse the seeds in the juice ofendive twenty-four hours, afterwards boil it half away with a gentlefire, then strain it, and boil it with the sugar to the consistence ofa syrup, adding the vinegar towards the latter end of the decoction culpeper it is a pretty cooling syrup, fit for any hot diseaseincident to the stomach, reins, bladder, matrix, or liver. It thickensflegm, cools the blood, and provokes sleep you may take an ounce of itat a time when you have occasion compound syrup of colt-foot renod college take six handfuls of green colt-foot, two handfuls ofmaiden-hair, one handful of hyssop, and two ounces of liquorice, boilthem in four pints, either of rain or spring water till the fourth writingbe consumed, then strain it, and clarify it, to which add three poundsof white sugar, boil it to the perfect consistence of a syrup culpeper the composition is appropriated to the lungs, andtherefore helps the infirmities, weaknesses, or failings thereof aswant of voice, difficulty of breathing, coughs, hoarseness, catharrs, &c the way of taking it is with a liquorice-stick, or if you please, you may add an ounce of it to the pectoral decoction before mentioned syrup of poppies, the lesser composition college take of the heads of white poppies and black, when both ofthem are green, of each six ounces, the seeds of lettice, the flowersof violets, of each one ounce, boil them in eight pints of water tillthe virtue is out of the heads. Then strain them, and with four poundsof sugar boil the liquor to a syrup syrup of poppies, the greater composition college take of the heads of both white and black poppies, seedsand all, of each fifty drams, maiden-hair, fifteen drams, liquorice, five drams, jujubes, thirty by number, lettice seeds, forty drams, ofthe seeds of mallows and quinces, tied up in a thin linen cloth ofeach one dram and an half, boil these in eight pints of water tillfive pints be consumed, when you have strained out the three pintsremaining, add to them, penids and white sugar, of each a pound, boilthem into a syrup according to art culpeper all these former syrups of poppies provoke sleep, butin that, i desire they may be used with a great deal of caution andwariness. Such as these are not fit to be given in the beginning offevers, nor to such whose bodies are costive, yet to such as aretroubled with hot, sharp rheums, you may safely give them. The last isappropriated to the lungs. It prevails against dry coughs, phthisicks, hot and sharp gnawing rheums, and provokes sleep it is an usualfashion for nurses when they have heated their milk by exercise orstrong liquor then run for syrup of poppies to make their young onessleep i would fain have that fashion left off, therefore i forbear thedose. Let nurses keep their own bodies temperate, and their childrenwill sleep well enough syrup of eupatorium or maudlin mesue college take of the roots of smallage, fennel, and succory, ofeach two ounces, liquorice, schænanth, dodder, wormwood, roses, ofeach six drams, maidenhair, bedeguar, or instead thereof, the rootsof carduus mariæ, suchaha or instead thereof the roots of avens, theflowers or roots of bugloss, annis seeds, sweet fennel seeds, ageratum, or maudlin, of each five drams, rhubarb, mastich, of each three drams, spikenard, indian leaf, or instead of it put roman spike, of eachtwo drams, boil them in eight pints of water till the third writing beconsumed, then strain the decoction, and with four pounds of sugar, clarified juice of smallage and endive, of each half a pound, boil itinto a syrup culpeper it amends infirmities of the liver coming of cold, opens obstructions, helps the dropsy, and evil state of the body. Itextenuates gross humours, strengthens the liver, provoake urine, and isa present succour for hypocondriac melancholy you may take an ounce ata time in the morning, it opens but purges not honey of emblicks augustanus college take fifty emblick myrobalans, bruise them and boil them inthree pints of water till two be consumed, strain it, and with the likeweight of honey, boil it into a syrup culpeper it is a fine gentle purger both of flegm and melancholy:it strengthens the brain and nerves, and senses both internal andexternal, helps tremblings of the heart, stays vomiting, provokesappetite you may take a spoonful at a time rob, or sapa. And juices culpeper 1 rob, or sapa, is the juice of a fruit, made thick bythe heat either of the sun, or the fire, that it is capable of beingkept safe from putrefaction 2 its use was first invented for diseasesin the mouth 3 it is usually made, in respect of body, essaywhatthicker than new honey 4 it may be kept about a year, little more orless rob sive sapa, simplex or simple rob, or sapa college take of wine newly pressed from white and ripe grapes, boilit over a gentle fire to the thickness of honey culpeper whenever you read the word rob, or sapa throughout thedispensatory, simply quoted in any medicine without any relation ofwhat it should be made, this is that you ought to use rob de barberis or rob of barberries college take of the juice of barberries strained as much as youwill, boil it by itself or else by adding half a pound of sugar toeach pound of juice to the thickness of honey culpeper it quenches thirst, closes the mouth of the stomach, thereby staying vomiting, and belching, it strengthens stomachsweakened by heat, and procures appetite of any of these robs you maytake a little on the point of a knife when you need rob de cerasis or rob of cherries college take of the juice of red cherries essaywhat sowerish, asmuch as you will, and with half their weight in sugar boil them likethe former culpeper see the virtue of cherries, and there you have a method tokeep them all the year rob de cornis or rob of cornels college take of the juice of cornels two pounds, sugar a pound andan half, boil it according to art culpeper of those cornel trees are two sorts, male and female, thefruit of the male cornel, or cornelian cherry is here to be used thefruit of male cornel, binds exceedingly, and therefore good in fluxes, and the immoderate flowing of the menses rob cydoniorum or rob of quinces college take of the clarified juice of quinces, boil it till twowritings be consumed and with its equal weight in sugar boil it into a rob miva vel gelatina eorundem or jelly of quinces college take of the juice of quinces clarified twelve pounds, boilit half away, and add to the remainder, old white wine five pounds, consume the third writing over a gentle fire, taking away the scum allyou ought let the rest settle, and strain it, and with three pounds ofsugar boil it according to art culpeper both are good for weak and indisposed stomachs college rob of sour plums is made as rob of quinces, the use ofsugar is indifferent in them both rob of english currants is made in the same manner, let the juice beclarified culpeper the virtues are the same with rob of barberries rob baccarum sambuci or rob of elder berries college take of the juice of elder berries, and make it thick withthe help of a gentle fire, either by itself, or a quarter of its weightin sugar being added culpeper both rob of elder berries, and dwarf-elder, are excellentfor such whose bodies are inclining to dropsies, neither let themneglect nor despise it they may take the quantity of a nutmeg eachmorning, it will gently purge the watery humour college in the same manner is made rob of dwarf-elder, junipers, and paul betony, only in the last, the sugar and juice must be equalin weight succus glycyrrhizæ simplex or juice of liquorice simple college infuse liquorice roots cleansed and gently bruised, threedays in spring water, so much that it may over-top the roots thebreadth of three fingers, then boil it a little, and press it hard out, and boil the liquor with a gentle fire to its due thickness culpeper it is vulgarly known to be good against coughs, colds, &c and a strengthner of the lungs succus glycyrrhizæ compositus or juice of liquorice compound college take of the water of tender oak leaves, of scabious, ofeach four pounds, english liquorice scraped and bruised two pounds, boil them by degrees till they be soft, then press out the liquorstrongly in a press, to which add three pounds of juice of hyssop, anddry it away in the sun in a broad earthen vessel culpeper the virtues are the same with the former succus pronorum sylvestrum or juice of sloes, called acacia college take of sloes hardly ripe, press out the juice, and make itthick in a bath culpeper it stops fluxes, and procures appetite college so are the juices of wormwood, maudlin, and fumitory madethick, to wit, the herbs bruised while they be tender, and the juicepressed out and after it be clarified, boil over the fire to its justthickness lohoch, or eclegmata culpeper because this word also is understood but by few, we willfirst explain what it is 1 the word lohoch is an arabick word, called in greek eclegma, in latin linctus, and signifies a thingto be licked up 2 it is in respect of body, essaything thicker thana syrup, and not so thick as an electuary 3 its use was against theroughness of the windpipe, diseases, and inflammations of the lungs, difficulty of breathing, colds, coughs, &c 4 its manner of receptionis with a liquorice stick, bruised at the end, to take up essay andretain it in the mouth, till it melt of its own accord lohoch de farfara or lohoch of coltsfoot college take of colts-foot roots cleansed eight ounces, marsh-mallow roots four ounces cleansed, boil them in a sufficientquantity of water, and press the pulp out through a sieve, dissolvethis again in the decoction, and let it boil once or twice, then takeit from the fire, and add two pounds of white sugar, honey of raisinsfourteen ounces, juice of liquorice two drams and an half, stir themstoutly with a wooden pestle, mean season sprinkle in saffron andcloves, of each a scruple, cinnamon and mace, of each two scruples, make them into a lohoch according to art culpeper it was invented for the cough lohoch de papavere or lohoch of poppies college take white poppy seeds twenty four drams, sweet almondsblanched in rose water, pine-nuts cleansed, gum arabick and tragacanth, of each ten drams, juice of liquorice an ounce, starch three drams, theseeds of lettuce, purslain, quinces, of each half an ounce, saffron adram, penids four ounces, syrup of meconium three pounds, make it intoa lohoch according to art culpeper it helps salt, sharp and thin distillations upon thelungs, it allays the fury of such sharp humours, which occasion bothroughness of the throat, want of sleep, and fevers. It is excellent forsuch as are troubled with pleurises to take now and then a little ofit lohoch e passulis or lohoch of raisins college take of male peony roots, liquorice, of each half an ounce, hyssop, bawm, hart-tongue, or cetrach, of each half a handful, boilthem in spring water, and press them strongly, and by adding a pound ofraisins bruised, boil it again, pressing it through a linen cloth, thenwith a pound of white sugar, make it into a lohoch according to art culpeper it is very good against coughs, consumptions of the lungs, and other vices of the breast, and is usually given to children forsuch diseases, as also for convulsions, and falling-sickness lohoch e pino or lohoch of pinenuts college take of pine-nuts, fifteen drams, sweet almonds, hazelnuts gently roasted, gum arabick and tragacanth, powder and juice ofliquorice, white starch, maiden-hair, orris roots, of each two drams, the pulp of dates seventeen drams, bitter almonds one dram and an half, honey of raisins, white sugar-candy, fresh butter, of each two ounces, honey one pound and an half, dissolve the gums in so much decoction ofmaiden-hair as is sufficient. Let the rest be mixed over a gentle fire, and stirred, that so it may be made into a lohoch culpeper the medicine is excellent for continual coughs, anddifficulty of breathing, it succours such as are asthmatic, for it cutsand atenuates tough humours in the breast lohoch de portulaca or lohoch of purslain college take of the strained juice of purslain two pounds, troches of terra lemnia two drams, troches of amber, gum arabic, dragon-blood of each one dram, lapis hematilis, the wool of ahare toasted, of each two scruples, white sugar one pound, mix themtogether, that so you may make a lohoch of them culpeper the medicine is so binding that it is better let alonethan taken, unless in inward bruises when men spit blood, then you maysafely take a little of it lohoch e pulmone vulpis or lohoch of fox lungs college take of fox lungs rightly prepared, juice of liquorice, maiden-hair, annis-seeds, sweet fennel seeds, of each equal writings, sugar dissolved in colt-foot, and scabious water, and boiled into asyrup, three times their weight. The rest being in fine powder, letthem be put to it and strongly stirred together, that it may be madeinto a lohoch according to art culpeper it cleanses and unites ulcers in the lungs and breast, andis a present remedy in phthisicks lohoch sanum et expertum or a sound and well experienced lohoch college take of dried hyssop and calaminth, of each half an ounce, jujubes, sebestens, the stones being taken out, fifteen raisins of thesun stoned, fat figs, dates, of each two ounces, linseed, fenugreekseed, of each five drams, maiden-hair one handful, annis-seeds, sweetfennel seeds, orris roots cut, liquorice, cinnamon, of each an ounce, boil them according to art in four pounds of clear water till halfbe consumed, and with two pounds of penids boil it into a syrup, afterwards cut and bruise very small pine-nuts five drams, sweetalmonds blanched, liquorice, gum tragacanth and arabick, white starchof each three drams, let these be put into the syrup when it is off thefire, and stir it about swiftly with a wooden pestle till it look white culpeper it succors the breast, lungs, throat, oppressed by cold, it restores the voice lost by reason of cold, and attenuates thick andgross humours in the breast and lungs lohoch scilliticum or lohoch of squils college take three drams of a squil baked in paste, orris roots twodrams, hyssop, hore-hound, of each one dram, saffron, myrrh, of eachhalf a dram, honey two ounces and an half, bruise the squil, after itis baked, in a stone mortar, and after it hath boiled a walm or twowith the honey, put in the rest of the things in powder, diligentlystirring it, and make it into a lohoch according to art eclegma of squils mesue college take of the juice of squils and honey, both of themclarified, of each two pounds, boil them together according to art tothe consistence of honey culpeper for the virtues of it see vinegar of squils, and oximelof squils, only this is more mild, and not so harsh to the throat, because it hath no vinegar in it, and therefore is far more fitting forasthmaes, and such as are troubled with difficulty of breathing, itcuts and carries away humours from the breast, be they thick or thin, and wonderfully helps indigestion of victuals, and eases pains in thebreast, and for this, i quote the authority of galen lohoch of coleworts gordonius college take one pound of the juice of coleworts, clarified saffronthree drams, clarified honey, and sugar, of each half a pound, make ofthem a lohoch according to art culpeper it helps hoarseness, and loss of voice, eases surfeits andhead-ache coming of drunkenness, and opens obstructions of the liverand spleen, and therefore is good for that disease in children calledthe rickets preserved roots, stalks, barks, flowers, fruits college take of eringo roots as thesis as you will, cleanse themwithout and within, the pith being taken out, steep them two days inclear water, shifting the water essaytimes, then dry them with a cloth, then take their equal weight in white sugar, and as much rose-wateras will make it into a syrup, which being almost boiled, put in theroots, and let them boil until the moisture be consumed, and let itbe brought to the due body of a syrup not much unlike to this arepreserved the roots of acorus, angelica, borrage, bugloss, succory, elecampane, burnet, satyrion, sicers, comfrey the greater, ginger, zedoary take of the stalks of artichokes, not too ripe, as thesis as youwill, and contrary to the roots take only the pith of these, andpreserve them with their equal weight in sugar, like the former so isprepared the stalks of angelica, burs, lettuce, &c before they be tooripe take of fresh orange pills as thesis as you will, take away theexterior yellowness, and steep them in spring water three days at theleast, often renewing the water, then preserve them like the former in like manner are lemon and citron pills preserved preserve theflowers of citrons, oranges, borrage, primroses, with sugar, accordingto art take of apricots as thesis as you will, take away the outer skinand the stones, and mix them with their like weight in sugar, afterfour hours take them out, and boil the sugar without any other liquor, then put them in again, and boil them a little other fruits may bepreserved in the same manner, or at least not much unlike to it, aswhole barberries, cherries, cornels, citrons, quinces, peaches, commonapples, the five sorts of myrobalans, hazel nuts, walnuts, nutmegs, raisins of the sun, pepper brought green from india, plums, gardenand wild pears, grapes pulps are also preserved, as barberries, cassia fistula, citrons, cinosbatus, quinces, and sloes, &c take ofbarberries as thesis as you will, boil them in spring water till theyare tender, then having pulped them through a sieve, that they arefree from the stones, boil it again in an earthen vessel over a gentlefire, often stirring them for fear of burning, till the watery humourbe consumed, then mix ten pounds of sugar with six pounds of this pulp, boil it to its due thickness broom buds are also preserved, but withbrine and vinegar, and so are olives and capers lastly, amongst thebarks, cinnamon, amongst the flowers, roses, and marigolds, amongst thefruits, almonds, cloves, pine-nuts, and fistick-nuts, are said to bepreserved but with this difference, they are encrusted with dry sugar, and are more called confects than preserves conserves and sugars college conserves of the herbs of wormwood, sorrel, wood-sorrel, the flowers of oranges, borrage, bugloss, bettony, marigolds, the topsof carduus, the flowers of centaury the less, clove-gilliflowers, germander, succory, the leaves of scurvy-grass, the flowers of comfreythe greater citratiæ, cinosbati, the roots of spurge, herbs andflowers of eye-bright, the tops of fumitory, goat-rue, the flowersof broom not quite open, hyssop, lavender, white lilies, lilies of thevalley, marjoram, mallows, the tops of bawm, the leaves of mints, theflowers of water lilies, red poppies, peony, peaches, primroses, roses, the leaves of rue, the flowers of sage, elder scabious, the leaves ofscordium, the flowers of limetree, coltsfoot, violets, with all theseare conserves made with their treble proportion of white sugar. Yetnote, that all of them must not be mixed alike, essay of them must becut, beaten, and gently boiled, essay neither cut, beaten nor boiled, and essay admit but one of them, which every artist in his trade mayfind out by this premonition and avoid error sugars diacodium solidum, sive tabulatum college take of white poppy heads, meanly ripe, and newly gathered, twenty, steep them in three pounds of warm spring water, and the nextday boil them until the virtue is out, then strain out the liquor, andwith a sufficient quantity of good sugar, boil it according to art, that you may make it up into lozenges culpeper the virtues are the same with the common diacodium, viz to provoke sleep, and help thin rheums in the head, coughs, androughness of the throat, and may easily be carried about in onepocket saccharum tabulatum simplex, et perlatum or lozenges of sugar both simple and pearled college the first is made by pouring the sugar upon a marble, aftera sufficient boiling in half its weight in damask rose water. And thelatter by adding to every pound of the former towards the latter end ofthe decoction, pearls, prepared and bruised, half an ounce, with eightor ten leaves of gold culpeper it is naturally cooling, appropriated to the heart, it restores lost strength, takes away burning fevers, and falseimaginations, i mean that with pearls, for that without pearls isridiculous it hath the same virtues pearls have saccharum tabulatum compositum or lozenges of sugar compound college take of choice rhubarb four scruples, agarick trochiscated, corallins, burnt hart-horn, dittany of crete, wormseed and sorrelseed, of each a scruple, cinnamon, zedoary, cloves, saffron, of eachhalf a scruple, white sugar a pound, dissolved in four ounces ofwormwood water, wormwood wine, an ounce, cinnamon water a spoonful, with the forenamed powders make it into lozenges according to art culpeper the title shews you the virtues of it saccharum penidium, or sugar penidscollege are prepared of sugar dissolved in spring water by a gentlefire, and the whites of eggs diligently beaten, and clarified once, andagain whilst it is boiling, then strain it and boil it gently again, till it rise up in great bubbles, and being chewed it stick not to yourteeth, then pour it upon a marble, anointed with oil of almonds, letthe bubbles first sink, after it is removed from the fire bring backthe outsides of it to the middle till it look like larch rosin, then, your hands being rubbed with white starch, you may draw it into threadseither short or long, thick or thin, and let it cool in what form youplease culpeper i remember country people were wont to take them forcoughs, and they are essaytimes used in other compositions confectio de thure or confection of frankincense college take coriander seeds prepared half an ounce, nutmegs, whitefrankincense, of each three drams, liquorice, mastich, of each twodrams, cubebs, hart-horn prepared, of each one dram, conserve of redroses an ounce, white sugar as much as is sufficient to make it intomean bits culpeper i cannot boast much of the rarity nor virtues of thisreceipt saccharum rosatum or sugar of roses college take of red rose leaves, the whites being cut off, andspeedily dried in the sun an ounce, white sugar a pound, melt thesugar in rose-water and juice of roses of each two ounces which beingconsumed by degrees, put in the rose leaves in powder, mix them, put itupon a marble, and make it into lozenges according to art culpeper as for the virtues of this, it strengthens weak stomachs, weak hearts, and weak brains, restores such as are in consumptions, restores lost strength, stays fluxes, eases pains in the head, earsand eyes, helps spitting, vomiting, and urining of blood.

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If a little vinegar be put to it, and laid to the neck, with asmuch of galls and linseed together, it takes away the pains therein, and the crick in the neck the juice is used with oil of roses for thesame causes, or for blasting by lightning, and burnings by gunpowder, or for women sore breasts, and to allay the heat in all other soresor hurts. Applied also to the navels of children that stick forth, ithelps them. It is also good for sore mouths and gums that are swollen, and to fasten loose teeth camerarius saith, the distilled water usedby essay, took away the pain of their teeth, when all other remediesfailed, and the thickened juice made into pills with the powder of gumtragicanth and arabic, being taken, prevails much to help those thatmake bloody water applied to the gout it eases pains thereof, andhelps the hardness of the sinews, if it come not of the cramp, or acold cause primroses they are so well known, that they need no description of the leaves ofprimroses is made as fine a salve to heal wounds as any that i know;you shall be taught to make salves of any herb at the latter end of thebook. Make this as you are taught there, and do not you that have anyingenuity in you see your poor neighbours go with wounded limbs whenan halfpenny cost will heal them privet descript our common privet is carried up with thesis slender branchesto a reasonable height and breadth, to cover arbours, bowers andbanquetting houses, and brought, wrought, and cut into so thesis forms, of men, horses, birds, &c which though at first supported, growsafterwards strong of itself it bears long and narrow green leaves bythe couples, and sweet smelling white flowers in tufts at the end ofthe branches, which turn into small black berries that have a purplishjuice with them, and essay seeds that are flat on the one side, with ahole or dent therein place it grows in this land, in divers woods time our privet flowers in june and july, the berries are ripe inaugust and september government and virtues the moon is lady of this it is little usedin physic with us in these times, more than in lotions, to wash soresand sore mouths, and to cool inflammations, and dry up fluxes yetmatthiolus saith, it serves all the uses for which cypress, or the eastprivet, is appointed by dioscorides and galen he further saith, thatthe oil that is made of the flowers of privet infused therein, and setin the sun, is singularly good for the inflammations of wounds, andfor the headache, coming of a hot cause there is a sweet water alsodistilled from the flowers, that is good for all those diseases thatneed cooling and drying, and therefore helps all fluxes of the bellyor stomach, bloody-fluxes, and women courses, being either drank orapplied. As all those that void blood at the mouth, or any other place, and for distillations of rheum in the eyes, especially if it be usedwith them queen of the meadows, meadow sweet, or mead sweet descript the stalks of these are reddish, rising to be three feethigh, essaytimes four or five feet, having at the joints thereof largewinged leaves, standing one above another at distances, consisting ofthesis and essaywhat broad leaves, set on each side of a middle rib, beinghard, rough, or rugged, crumpled much like unto elm leaves, havingalso essay smaller leaves with them as agrimony hath essaywhat deeplydented about the edges, of a sad green colour on the upper side, andgreyish underneath, of a pretty sharp scent and taste, essaywhat likeunto the burnet, and a leaf hereof put into a cup of claret wine, givesalso a fine relish to it at the tops of the stalks and branches standthesis tufts of small white flowers thrust thick together, which smellmuch sweeter than the leaves. And in their places, being fallen, comecrooked and cornered seed the root is essaywhat woody, and blackish onthe outside, and brownish within, with divers great strings, and lesserfibres set thereat, of a strong scent, but nothing so pleasant as theflowers and leaves, and perishes not, but abides thesis years, shootingforth a-new every spring place it grows in moist meadows that lie mostly wet, or near thecourses of water time it flowers in essay places or other all the three summermonths, that is, june, july, and august, and the seed is ripe soonafter government and virtues venus claims dominion over the herb it isused to stay all manner of bleedings, fluxes, vomitings, and womencourses, also their whites. It is said to alter and take away the fitsof the quartan agues, and to make a merry heart, for which purpose essayuse the flowers, and essay the leaves it helps speedily those thatare troubled with the cholic. Being boiled in wine, and with a littlehoney, taken warm, it opens the belly. But boiled in red wine, anddrank, it stays the flux of the belly outwardly applied, it helps oldulcers that are cankerous, or hollow fistulous, for which it is by thesismuch commended, as also for the sores in the mouth or secret writings theleaves when they are full grown, being laid on the skin, will, in ashort time, raise blisters thereon, as tragus saith the water thereofhelps the heat and inflammation in the eyes the quince tree descript the ordinary quince tree grows often to the height andbigness of a reasonable apple tree, but more usually lower, andcrooked, with a rough bark, spreading arms, and branches far abroad the leaves are essaywhat like those of the apple tree, but thicker, broader, and full of veins, and whiter on the under side, not dentedat all about the edges the flowers are large and white, essaytimesdashed over with a blush the fruit that follows is yellow, being nearripe, and covered with a white freeze, or cotton. Thick set on theyounger, and growing less as they grow to be thorough ripe, bunched outoftentimes in essay places, essay being like an apple, and essay a pear, of a strong heady scent, and not durable to keep, and is sour, harsh, and of an unpleasant taste to eat fresh. But being scalded, roasted, baked, or preserved, becomes more pleasant place and time it best likes to grow near ponds and water sides, and is frequent through this land.