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The “medicalsociety of the united states” seems to have been born in 1916 itsparents, so far as is apparent, seem to have been lanphear andohmann-dumesnil the latter, it may be remembered, used to be theeditor and proprietor of the st louis medical and surgical journal, a publication so obviously venal, that its value to the nostrum makers, whose interests it espoused, must have been small advertising pages, “original articles” and “editorials”-- all were used to puff nostrums ofthe crudest type it was ohmann-dumesnil and his journal that came tothe defense of the “patent medicine” interests when they were so hardhit by mr adam “great american fraud” series in commenting on thisphase of “patent medicine” activities, collier, in january, 1907, said. “headache powders came in for a considerable share of attention in the patent medicine articles there was much talk of libels among the headache powder makers, but they decided upon the safer methods of hiring a meretricious medical publication, the st louis medical and surgical journal, to print an article in which the collier statements were branded as lies, and the collier editors and writers as liars and libelers this article the proprietary association of america circulated in pamphlet form the journal which printed it died a natural death a few weeks later its editor, one a h ohmann-dumesnil, has just appeared in the public prints in an unsavory connection with a corrupt lobbying project in st louis ”essay of the nostrums that ohmann-dumesnil has recommended are:“sanmetto, ” “gonosan, ” “cactina pillets, ” “pepto-mangan, ” “satyria, ”“campho-phenique, ” “tongaline, ” “germiletum, ” “narkogen, ” “nosophen, ”“mercauro, ” “arsenauro, ” and “hydrozone ” thesis of these testimonialswere, of course, used by the manufacturers in their advertising“literature ”at the time that the medical society of the united states was beingorganized-- in 1916-- there was published what purported to be apreliminary program of its first meeting the meeting was held in st louis, and the program, while containing the names of men with specialfads or interests to exploit, also contained the names of essay men ofstanding it appeared, however, on investigation, that at least essayof the latter had but a hazy conception of the use to which theirnames were being put, and protested vigorously on learning the facts, repudiating the organization illustration. Reduced facsimile of a letter sent out in 1912, soliciting the purchasing of stock in the “american hospital” on adivision of fee basis-- forty-sixty!. Now, in 1918, another drive is on for membership.

“the remedy seems to cure tuberculosis in all its english helper website forms with equal celerity and certainty the evidences indicate that it does not matter how far the disease has progressed, if there be tissue of the attacked organ remaining sufficient to sustain life, the disease can be wholly eradicated and the patient restored to health this is indicated alike in tuberculosis of the lungs, of the throat, of the bladder, of the kidneys ”the booklet stated further that patients might be treated at one of twoplaces. At the offices of the sanatorium in the city of san francisco, or at the sanatorium itself near glenwood the cost of treatment atthe sanatorium was to be $1, 000, which would entitle “the patientto residence and attention there for four months ” according to theleaflet, “this is regarded as a period sufficient to restore thepatient to health whatever be the stage of his disease. Provided only, as we remark, that he has enough left of the infected organ to sustainlife with the t b expelled ” “at the end of four months the patient is sent to his home, not alone relieved of his disease, but in a highly vigorous state of health ”all this, as stated previously, was in 1917 and yet people are stilldying of tuberculosis!. In march, 1920, rahtjen so the newspapers have it was offering a“new-life fluid ” according to a san francisco paper, dr philiprahtjen “announces the discovery that by the injection of secretionsfrom the ductless glands the human body may be reinvigorated ” thepaper described the discovery “as a long step forward in the fightto counteract old age” and stated that a syndicate was being formedby rahtjen and others to “produce the extract in such quantity thatit may be available for every one ” the newspaper article showed thelearned doctor in a laboratory apron in the characteristic pose ofthe newspaper “scientist” pouring essaything from a beaker into a testtube-- and gazing intently at the camera while doing it!. this was inmarch, 1920. Yet people still grow old within the last month the los angeles examiner has heralded essay morewonderful accomplishments of rahtjen according to this paper rahtjenhas:1 isolated the “germ of pernicious anemia ”2 found the “serum” for the cure of this disease 3 discovered the secret of human virility 4 evolved a fluid “from the glands of selected bulls and cows” whichwill “restore ‘pep’ for worn-out human bodies!. give added weight, clearer eyes, brighter minds, quicker bodies and a generally ‘firmergrip’ on oneself!. ”this “amazing discovery” was, according to the los angeles paper, theculmination of “five years of continuous study” and had only just beenrevealed by rahtjen “dr rahtjen has for years been working silently in a bio-chemical laboratory in pasadena, surrounded by microscopes, scales, test-tubes, acids, alkalis, reagents and all the accompanying stage settings that spell bio-chemical science ”all of these wonders might still have been a closed book to the publichad not “friends” of dr rahtjen brought the matter to the attention ofthe examiner “dr rahtjen yesterday, with the usual reserve of the ethical scientist, was disinclined to talk of his work until publication of it in a scientific journal ”fortunately for a palpitating public, the los angeles examiner “wasable to learn the essence of his study” and pass the information on itseems from this newspaper report that rahtjen first made his extractsfrom the glands of goats and sheep but these extracts “were found tobe too strong ” as a result “dr rahtjen is now using the glands ofspecially selected mexican bulls and cows ” the male patients who are“weak, uninterested in life, unable to concentrate in thought” aregiven the extract of bull. The female patients who are in a similarlydeplorable condition receive an “injection of the cow gland extract ”we have not yet learned whether the los angeles examiner hasdeprecated dr rahtjen use of mexican bovines remembering theattitude of the hearst papers toward all things mexican, one may lookfor the suggestion that mr rahtjen use 100 per cent americanbull -- from the journal a m a , nov 26, 1921 sodium cacodylate in syphilisto the editor:-- i was much interested in the study of this subject bydr h n cole the journal, dec 30, 1916, p 2012 in 1913 i treated a series of paper of syphilis with sodium cacodylate;but, not getting the desired results, i discontinued its use in 1915, i became interested again because of the writings of dr j b murphy, and applied it in three paper in which the patients had initial lesions:case 1 -- j m , man aged 21, single, shoeworker, came to me withan initial lesion of the penis to the right of the frenum i beganintramuscular injections of sodium cacodylate, 5 grains, in ampulesmade by parke, davis & co , every day for ten days then i haltedfor ten days and repeated ten more injections the sore on the penisentirely disappeared about the ninth day there was a slight, faintlymacular eruption of the forearms and abdomen, which soon disappeared there was no alopecia when he returned, after the last series often injections, there were mucous patches in the throat and essayinvolvement of the left tonsil i put the patient on mixed treatment, which cleared his throat he had, at end of twenty doses of 5 grains ofsodium cacodylate each, a positive wassermann reaction after mercuryand potassium iodid for two months there was a positive wassermannreaction to date, after three salvarsan treatments intravenously therehave been two negatives case 2 -- f s , man, aged 28, married, machinist, had an initial lesionon the penis treatment with sixty injections of 5 grains of sodiumcacodylate gave results as follows. The initial sore on the penisdisappeared in ten injections. There were severe mucous patches of themouth. The tonsils were badly infected there was a positive wassermannreaction there were syphilids of both arms and shins.

As also by the sides of old walls time it springs up late in the spring, and abides until the winter, when all the branches perish government and virtues saturn seems to me to own the herb, and yetessay hold the sun. Out of doubt ’tis saturn the juice of the commonkind of knotgrass is most effectual to stay bleeding of the mouth, being drank in steeled or red wine. And the bleeding at the nose, tobe applied to the forehead or temples, or to be squirted up into thenostrils it is no less effectual to cool and temper the heat of theblood and stomach, and to stay any flux of the blood and humours, aslasks, bloody-flux, women courses, and running of the reins it issingularly good to provoke urine, help the stranguary, and allays theheat that comes thereby. And is powerful by urine to expel the gravelor stone in the kidneys and bladder, a dram of the powder of the herbbeing taken in wine for thesis days together being boiled in wine anddrank, it is profitable to those that are stung or bitten by venemouscreatures, and very effectual to stay all defluxions of rheumatichumours upon the stomach, and kills worms in the belly or stomach, quiets inward pains that arise from the heat, sharpness and corruptionof blood and choler the distilled water hereof taken by itself or withthe powder of the herb or seed, is very effectual to all the purposesaforesaid, and is accounted one of the most sovereign remedies to coolall manner of inflammations, breaking out through heat, hot swellingsand imposthumes, gangrene and fistulous cankers, or foul filthy ulcers, being applied or put into them. But especially for all sorts of ulcersand sores happening in the privy writings of men and women it helps allfresh and green wounds, and speedily heals them the juice dropped intothe ears, cleanses them being foul, and having running matter in them it is very prevalent for the premises. As also for broken joints andruptures ladies’ mantle descript it has thesis leaves rising from the root standing uponlong hairy foot-stalks, being almost round, and a little cut on theedges, into eight or ten writings, making it seem like a star, with sothesis corners and points, and dented round about, of a light greencolour, essaywhat hard in handling, and as it were folded or plaited atfirst, and then crumpled in divers places, and a little hairy, as thestalk is also, which rises up among them to the height of two or threefeet. And being weak, is not able to stand upright, but bended to theground, divided at the top into two or three small branches, with smallyellowish green heads, and flowers of a whitish colour breaking out ofthem. Which being past, there comes a small yellowish seed like a poppyseed. The root is essaywhat long and black, with thesis strings and fibresthereat place it grows naturally in thesis pastures and wood sides inhertfordshire, wiltshire, and kent, and other places of this land time it flowers in may and june, abides after seedtime green allthe winter government and virtues venus claims the herb as her own ladies’mantle is very proper for those wounds that have inflammations, andis very effectual to stay bleeding, vomitings, fluxes of all sorts, bruises by falls or otherwise, and helps ruptures. And such women ashave large breasts, causing them to grow less and hard, being bothdrank and outwardly applied. The distilled water drank for 20 daystogether helps conception, and to retain the birth. If the women doessaytimes also sit in a bath made of the decoction of the herb it isone of the most singular wound herbs that is, and therefore highlyprized and praised by the germans, who use it in all wounds inward andoutward, to drink a decoction thereof, and wash the wounds therewith, or dip tents therein, and put them into the wounds, which wonderfullydries up all humidity of the sores, and abates inflammations therein it quickly heals all green wounds, not suffering any corruption toremain behind, and cures all old sores, though fistulous and hollow lavender being an inhabitant almost in every garden, it is so well known, thatit needs no description time it flowers about the end of june, and beginning of july government and virtues mercury owns the herb.

They do not justify the timerequired for detailed consideration the council declares anti-syphilitic lymph compound sweeny notacceptable for n n r -- from the journal a m a , april 3, 1920 syrup leptinol formerly syrup balsamea report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has authorized publication of the following reporton “syrup leptinol” formerly “syrup balsamea” the product isinadmissible to “new and nonofficial remedies, ” first, because themanufacturers fail to give the profession information regarding eitherthe amount of the potent ingredient or the method of determiningits identity and uniformity. Second, because of the unwarrantedrecommendation for its use in such infectious diseases as pneumonia andepidemic influenza and for lack of satisfactory supporting evidence ofits alleged therapeutic efficacy in other diseases and, third, becausethe recommendations for its use appearing on and in the trade packageconstitute an indirect advertisement to the public w a puckner, secretary syrup leptinol is sold by the balsamea co of san francisco it wasfirst introduced as syrup balsamea in recent advertising, syrupleptinol is also referred to simply as “leptinol ”according to the statements of the balsamea co , syrup leptinol isprepared from the root of a species of leptotaenia a plant belongingto the parsnip family which grows in nevada and which has heretoforenot been used in medicine the manufacturer states that the botanistswho have been consulted have been unable to agree on the botanicalclassification of the plant the dried root of this unclassifiedspecies of leptotaenia is extracted with alcohol and from the extractso obtained the syrup is made, but no information has been furnishedto show how the alcohol-soluble material is incorporated in the syrup further, the manufacturer has not announced tests whereby the identityand uniformity of the finished preparation may be determined a booklet contains the following. “the species of leptotaenia from which leptinol is produced was first used in medicine by dr e t krebs, who, after thorough laboratory investigation and clinical application over a period of several months, which resulted in the perfecting of leptinol, prescribed the preparation for influenza during the epidemic of that disease in 1918 with remarkably good results since this first use, leptinol has been exhaustively tested by clinicians in private practice and in hospitals in the treatment of pneumonia, influenza bronchitis, etc , and has been universally endorsed ”in a circular letter it is asserted that the use of “leptinol” duringthe “influenza epidemic” of 1918-1919 “demonstrated its almost specificaction in respiratory affections”. That “during this epidemic it provedto be five times as efficacious as any other treatment in pneumonia ”.

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“phosphorus in elemental form has long been prescribed under the title of elixir phosphorus, nux vomica and damiana, but due to the rapidity of chemical change occurring in preparations containing this form of phosphorus, much of the physiologic action is lost the glycerophosphates present phosphorus in its most available form-- the form in which it exists in the brain and nervous system they powerfully stimulate the functions of nutrition and are rapidly assimilated by the system “nux vomica is a general nerve tonic damiana exerts a stimulant effect upon the sexual appetite and function ”the claim that the glycerophosphates may be substituted for elementaryphosphorus is, at least, novel the elixir is an unscientific semisecret combination recommendationsall of the preparations mentioned violate rule 6 unwarrantedtherapeutic claims in addition, robinol and elixir glycerophosphates, nux vomica and damiana violate rule 1 secrecy of composition inthat not all the quantities of the ingredients are declared. Tonols, phosphorcin compound and robinol violate rule 8 objectionable names it is recommended that the council endorse marshall findings98 anddeclare that tonols schering and glatz, phosphorcin compound eimerand amend, robinol john wyeth and brother, phosphoglycerate oflime chapoteaut e fougera and co , and elixir glycerophosphates, nux vomica and damiana sharp and dohme are ineligible for new andnonofficial remedies -- from the journal a m a , sept 30, 1916 hydras report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryhydras, sold by john wyeth and brother, philadelphia, is one of thethesis proprietary, so-called “uterine tonics ” it is said to contain“cramp bark, helonias root, hydrastis, scutellaria, dogwood andaromatics, ” but as the amounts of the several ingredients are notgiven the statement regarding its composition is valueless the labeldeclares the presence of 24 per cent alcohol the name “hydras, ” taken in connection with the statement ofcomposition, would suggest that hydrastis golden-seal is an importantconstituent the report of the chemical laboratory of the americanmedical association, however, indicates that hydrastis is present inunimportant amounts:“the hydrastin content of hydras was determined by extraction withimmiscible solvents pharm review, may, 1908, p 132 twenty-fivec c was found to yield an alkaloid residue of 0 0160 gm thepreparation contains, therefore, not more than 0 064 gm ‘hydrastin’per 100 c c inasmuch as hydrastis is required to contain about 2 5per cent ‘hydrastin, ’ hydras contains an equivalent of not more than2 56 gm hydrastis golden seal in 100 c c and the stated dose ofhydras-- one dessertspoonful 8 c c -- represents not more than 0 2 gm or 1/10 of the u s p average dose of hydrastis ”the label of a recently purchased bottle of hydras bears the followingrecommendations for its use. “indicated in treatment of dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia anti-abortive, with anodyne and tonic properties ” “for dysmenorrhea, suppressed menses, etc , a dessertspoonful three times daily, before or after meals ” “to relieve pain due to uterine disorders, a dessertspoonful every three hours, or increased to a tablespoonful, at the discretion of the attending physician ”a circular wrapped around the bottle declares that hydras is. “a valuable preparation to the physician in the treatment of dysmenorrhea, colic, cramps, spasm, palpitation incident to pregnancy, and the various pains resulting from diseases of the female sexual organs ”it is further claimed that. “in the dysmenorrhea of young girls due to essay mechanical difficulty, as anteflexion or of a congestive character, of suppressed menses from exposure to cold and other causes of a similar character, hydras will prove efficient and can be administered freely without danger ”the value of hydrastis in the treatment of the diseases and conditionsmentioned is problematical at best, and the small amount present inhydras is wholly useless as for the other constituents, cramp bark viburnum opulus, helonias false unicorn-- chamælirium luteumor helonias dioica and scutellaria skullcap-- scutellarialateriflora are drugs which are practically ignored by most writerson materia medica and therapeutics 99 dogwood cornus florida isa mildly astringent aromatic bitter for the use of which there is noscientific evidence 10099 see reports of the council, j a m a , jan 9, 1915, p 165;jan 23, 1915, p 359. Nov 27, 1919, p 1836. March 27, 1915, p 1093 100 see reports council pharm and chem , 1912, p 36 to sum up. Of the five ingredients of hydras aside from alcohol andaromatics, one hydrastis, which apparently gives the preparation itsname, is present in unimportant amounts. Three cramp bark, heloniasand scutellaria are therapeutically unimportant. The fifth dogwoodhas never been shown to have any specific action on the uterus thepotent constituent, therefore, appears to be the alcohol but, even if every one of the several drugs said to be contained inhydras were possessed of distinct therapeutic properties, and if eachwere present in known and therapeutically active amounts, still thecombination in fixed proportion would be irrational no one couldforesee the joint effect of the five drugs in the several conditionsfor which the mixture is advertised hydras is evidently meant toappeal to the thoughtless and to be used at random.