History

English Help Websites


Utf-8*** start of this project gutenberg ebook reform-- proprietary medicines, vol 2 ***produced by david edwards, thiers halliwell and the onlinedistributed proofreading team at pgdp net thisfile was produced from images generously made availableby the internet archivetranscriber notes:in this transcription, paired underscores denote italicisedtext and a ^ indicates a superscripted character a downward arrowpreceding curly brackets indicates that the bracketed character s aresubscripted, e g ↓{h} the text contains essay english help websites uncommon characters that will not necessarilydisplay correctly with all viewing devices if essay of the characterslook abnormal, first ensure that the device character encoding isset to unicode utf-8 the default font might also need to be changedto a unicode font such as arial unicode ms, dejavu, segoe ui symbol orfreeserif symbols representing male and female have been replaced by mand f in the handheld version subscripted and superscripted charactersdo not always display correctly on handheld devices the book contained innumerable typographical errors affecting spelling, punctuation and formatting most spelling errors have been correctedsilently, but spelling variants that mainly reflect contemporaryspellings in the original quoted sources, have been left unchanged alist of the corrections and variations can be seen at the end of thetranscription punctuation anomalies errors, omissions, duplicationshave mostly been corrected silently, but missing apostrophes have notbeen corrected because of uncertainty about intended meaning a fewmissing quotation marks have been inserted within curly brackets {"}and missing words inserted by the transcriber, e g {sic} {and} havealso been enclosed within curly brackets to differentiate them fromthe numerous words and phrases inserted by the authors redundantduplicated words have been deleted astute readers will probably notepersisting inconsistencies involving italics, fonts, hyphenation, ellipses, accents, and ligatures ae/æ, oe/œ that have been leftunchanged because they have no impact on interpretation of the text the table of contents does not correspond accurately with headings usedin the text footnotes are generally located below the relevant paragraphs;however, footnotes that are cross-referenced multiple timeshave not been duplicated an error in footnote numberingwas corrected silently, and a missing footnote 120 wasinserted after being identified in the original source over-sized tables have been compressed and where appropriate a key hasbeen inserted to assist the reader the propaganda for reform in proprietary medicines volume 2 writing i reports of the council writing ii contributions from the laboratory writing iii journal contributions. Proprietary products writing iv journal contributions. Miscellany press of american medical association, five hundred and thirty-five north dearborn street, -- chicago 1922 copyright, 1922 by the american medical association preface to volume 2there were nine editions of the first volume of the propaganda forreform in proprietary medicines the ninth edition contained the mostimportant reports of the council on pharmacy and chemistry and of thechemical laboratory it contained also those articles from the journalof the american medical association up to, and including, 1916which dealt with the problems of proprietaryship in medicine and thefurtherance of rational drug therapy the present volume contains similar material covering the period fromjanuary, 1917, to april, 1922, inclusive like volume 1, this volume isdivided into four writings:writing i the council on pharmacy and chemistry. This section presentsthe principles and rules which govern the council in the examination ofmedicaments, together with articles and reports bearing on the work ofthe council, and the most important reports of the council from 1917 toapril, 1922, inclusive writing ii the a m a chemical laboratory. This section, besidespresenting the aims and objects of the association chemicallaboratory, also outlines essay of the laboratory work which is ofwritingicular interest to physicians writing iii contributions from the journal. Proprietary products. Thiswriting contains articles on proprietary medicinal preparations and themethods by which they are exploited, which have appeared in thejournal a m a writing iv contributions from the journal. Miscellany. In this sectionare articles dealing with matters of interest to the medical professionbut not coming strictly under the classification of proprietarymedicinal preparations a comparison of the material that has appeared in volume 1 of thepropaganda for reform with that which appears in this volume willreveal the changing conditions in the proprietary medicine field thesisof the reports in the first volume brought out the fact that medicinalpreparations were at that time foisted on the profession with falseclaims of composition.

Gastric atony english help websites anddilatation. Cholecystitis and gallstones. Nephritis, neurasthenia, cachexia and cancer. Epilepsy and high blood pressure testimonials arepresented as to results in most of these conditions 90 secretogen, report of the council on pharmacy and chemistry, j a m a , may 1, p 1518, 1915 a quantity of “secretogen” and “elixir secretogen” was bought inthe open market, and the preparations were tested on suitablyprepared dogs the tablets were ground, thoroughly macerated with thesolvent used water, normal salt solution, alcohol, or 0 4 per cent hydrochloric acid, and filtered if hydrochloric acid was used, thepulverized tablets were boiled with it, in the manner that secretin ismade from duodenal mucosa, and the preparations neutralized previousto injection the injections were made in from 15 to 20 c c of thesolvent all the operations were carried on immediately before theexperiment, and as rapidly as possible, so as to avoid oxidation theelixir secretogen was injected directly, without dilution table 7 -- summary of typical experiments showing the absence ofsecretin in “secretogen” and “elixir secretogen” except in occasionaltests when administered in enormous dosesdogs under ether anesthesia | | secretion of pancreatic juice in drops, | quantity of | following intravenous injection exp | secretogen -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- - no | and elixir | | secretogen in | | | secretogen |control -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- |control | used* |10 c c |distilled|0 4%| 70% |0 9%|elixir|10 c c | |secretin| water |hcl |alcohol|nacl| |secretin -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- - 1 |secretogen, | | | | | | | | 1 tablet. | 109 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 59 | elixir, | | | | | | | | 15 c c | | | | | | | 1 |secretogen, | | | | | | | | 6 tablets | | | 0 | | | | 2 |secretogen, | | | | | | | | 3 tablets. | 16 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 1 ?.

Bruised and mixed withvinegar they ease english help websites the pains of the spleen. Being applied to the sides, help hardness and swellings of the matrix, being boiled, the decoctionhelps scabby heads lin-seed hath the same virtues with fenugreek gromwell seed, provokes urine, helps the cholic, breaks the stone, and expels wind boil them in white wine. But bruise them first lupines, ease the pains of the spleen, kill worms and cast them out:outwardly, they cleanse filthy ulcers, and gangrenes, help scabs, itch, and inflammations dill seed, encreases milk in nurses, expels wind, stays vomitings, provokes urine. Yet it dulls the sight, and is an enemy to generation smallage seed, provokes urine and the menses, expels wind, resistspoison, and eases inward pains, it opens stoppings in any writing of thebody, yet it is hurtful for such as have the falling-sickness, and forpregnant women rocket seed, provokes urine, stirs up lust, encreases seed, killsworms, eases pains of the spleen use all these in like manner basil seed. If we may believe dioscorides and crescentius, cheersthe heart, and strengthens a moist stomach, drives away melancholy, andprovokes urine nettle seed, provokes venery, opens stoppages of the womb, helpsinflammations of the sides and lungs. Purgeth the breast. Boil them being bruised in white wine also the seeds of ammi, or bishop-weed, heat and dry, help difficultyof urine, and the pains of the cholic, the bitings of venomous beasts;they provoke the menses, and purge the womb annis seeds, heat and dry, ease pain, expel wind, cause a sweetbreath, help the dropsy, resist poison, breed milk, and stop the fluoralbus in women, provoke venery, and ease the head-ache cardamoms, heat, kill worms, cleanse the reins, and provoke urine fennel seed, breaks wind, provokes urine and the menses, encreasesmilk in nurses cummin seed, heat, bind, and dry, stop blood, expel wind, easepain, help the bitings of venomous beast. Outwardly applied viz inplaisters they are of a discussing nature carrot seeds, are windy, provoke lust exceedingly, and encreaseseed, provoke urine and the menses, cause speedy delivery to women intravail, and bring away the placenta all these also may be boiled inwhite wine nigella seeds, boiled in oil, and the forehead anointed with it, ease pains in the head, take away leprosy, itch, scurf, and help scaldheads.

The prisoner had stabbed his wife in the cheek the wound wassevere but not mortal two days later she was delivered of a childin the infirmary to which she was taken she died english help websites nine days later ofpuerperal fever the prisoner was acquitted on the charge of murder, asthere was no necessary connection between the wound and the puerperalfever acquittals have taken place in paper of death occasioned byterror or dread of impending danger produced by acts of violence, asin the case of reg v heany gloucester lent ass , 1875 herethe prisoner in an altercation with his wife, who was suffering fromcancer, held up a knife in a threatening manner, but did not touchher this gave her a shock. She died two days later from fright asthere was no distinct proof that death was accelerated by this act, the prisoner was acquitted of the charge of murder taylor632 foundamong a large number of paper occurring in england during twenty yearsthat the latent causes of death, as registered in wounded persons, werechiefly inflammation of the thoracic or abdominal viscera, apoplexy, diseases of the heart and large blood-vessels, phthisis, ruptures ofthe stomach and bowels from disease, internal strangulation, and therupture of deep-seated abscesses essaytimes the person was in goodhealth up to the time of injury, while in other paper there was merelya slight indisposition it was only by carefulness on the writing of themedical experts that the true cause of death was ascertained again, it may be claimed that death was not necessarily the resultof the wound and was avoidable by good medical treatment there arethesis paper of wounds not mortal with proper and skilled treatmentwhich might become so by improper treatment they may thus becomedirectly mortal by interfering with a source of hemorrhage which hadbeen arrested, or secondarily mortal by infection of the wound bymeddleessay treatment it would depend on the medical witnesses todetermine whether and how far the treatment had been responsible forthe fatal result if the wound is not of itself mortal and it hasonly become so from improper treatment, this should be a mitigatingcircumstance in favor of the accused medically speaking, we canseldom make the sharp distinction which lord hale did legally betweena wound becoming mortal from improper treatment and one in whichimproper treatment causes death irrespective of the wound in case ofa slight wound this distinction might be possible, but not so in caseof severe wounds also there would probably be no conviction, as faras the medical evidence is concerned, if the wound was only mortalin consequence of improper treatment and not mortal as its usual andprobable result this may naturally introduce the question of thecomparative skill in treatment if death is entirely or writingly due toa wound the responsibility of an assailant is not altered by unskilfultreatment the entire question of the relation of the wound to thefatal result and the effect on this result of the treatment employedis left to be determined by the medical experts, and in its solutiongreat care and judgment must be used although a given fatal woundmight not have caused death under the best possible treatment andsurroundings, yet, according to the above rule, the assailant is heldresponsible as long as the fatal result is due writingly, at least, to thewound therefore we see the responsibility of the surgeon not only forthe life of his patient, but also for that of the prisoner he should, therefore, not deviate from the ordinary and most accepted practicein such paper, as any such deviation is taken hold of by the counselfor the defence in fact, every point of the treatment is subjected tocriticism in a lacerated wound of the foot, if death occurs from tetanus, it maybe claimed that death would not have occurred if the foot had beenamputated, or, if the foot were amputated and death followed, it may beclaimed that amputation was unnecessary and was the cause of death thesurgeon should, therefore, be able to give the best reasons for everystep of treatment again, it may be claimed that death was not a necessary result of thewound and was avoidable but for imprudence or neglect on the writing ofthe wounded person a man after being wounded may refuse to receivemedical assistance, or, after receiving it, may disobey instructionsor refuse to submit to an operation proposed thus with a compounddepressed fracture of the skull the patient may either refuse to seea surgeon, or he may refuse to submit to an operation proposed, or hemay with or without operation disobey the instructions as to diet andquiet, and eat or drink heavily and refuse to go to bed such a case wecan readily imagine might die of meningitis, etc if the symptoms of a wound are unfavorable from the start, or if thewound of itself is likely to prove mortal, the responsibility of theassailant is unmitigated by imprudence or neglect of medical assistanceby the wounded person this is not allowed as mitigatory, as a saneman is a free agent and is not obliged to call in or submit to medicaltreatment moreover, a medical witness in thesis paper could not swearthat an operation or other plan of treatment would certainly save life thus an amputation of the leg for wound of the foot causing tetanusis by no means a certain means of cure but we can readily imagine acase where the refusal to submit to the treatment proposed might bean important element in causing death thus in a compound depressedfracture of the skull with compression, the medical witnesses wouldagree that the operation would in all probability save life this factwould probably be only mitigatory in diminishing the penalty, and, as stated above, would not secure acquittal but it is none the lessimportant for the medical witness to bear these facts in mind and bringout the facts and conclusions clearly in his testimony death following slight personal injuries - here again the claim mightapparently be justified that death was not necessarily due to thetrifling injury and in reality there is commonly essay unhealthy stateof the body to explain such an unexpected result when the diseaseaccounting for this unhealthy state of the body is in essay other writingthan the injury, an examination with ordinary care will explain thecase but if the disease and injury are located in the same writing, especially in the head, the case is more perplexing, but may be clearedup by careful and thorough examination also the usual results ofsuch an injury should be considered, and whether the disease wouldbe a usual result of the injury, or whether the sum total of thepathological conditions found would be accounted for by the violence it should be remembered that the presence of chronic disease is noexcuse thus taylor633 cites the case of reg v hapley lewes aut ass , 1860, where a boy with chronic disease of the brain sufferedfrom no unusual symptom until he received a severe flogging, which wasfollowed by death in less than three hours the same author mentionsalso the following case to show that fatal results may follow veryslight and trivial blows annan634 tells of a healthy four-year-oldgirl who received a slight blow from the shaft of a wheelbarrow on theskin about three inches below the knee there was even no externalmark of violence, and the injury was thought to be so slight as notto require treatment there was pain, however, which increased onthe following day, marked constitutional symptoms appeared, and thechild died on the fourth day even to the punishment inflicted byschoolmasters death has been imputed when death occurs from wounds after long periods the injury may beadmitted, but it may be claimed that death was not necessarily due tothe wound medically speaking, death is just as much the result of theinjury as if it occurred on the spot of course, death must be clearlytraceable to the usual and probable results of the injury, and not bedependent on any other cause an examination of the wounded writing andof the whole body will enable the medical witness to determine thecause of death and whether it is clearly traceable to the injury adoubt on this point may lead to acquittal certain forms of woundsor wounds in certain localities are especially liable to end fatallyafter a long delay, but as the direct result of the wound these arewounds of the head and of the spine as to the first class, the injuredperson may apparently recover and be doing well, when he may suddenlydie from a cerebral abscess, for instance this is the result of theinjury, but remains a longer or shorter time latent in wounds of thespine the patient is generally paralyzed below the point of fracture, but is apparently in good health in a longer or shorter time he maydie of a pneumonia, cystitis, or bedsores, which are the known andregular consequences of the injury or injured condition astley coopercites the case of a man who was injured on the head and died two yearslater from the effects of the injury, as was clearly made out by thecontinuance of brain symptoms during the entire period an interval ofeleven years occurred in another head injury between the injury andthe fatal result the first result of the injury was concussion of thebrain, and the case is mentioned by hoffbauer 635 this long intervalis unusual there is a rule in english law by which the assailantcannot be indicted for murder if the victim of the assault lives ayear and a day practically this makes little difference, as nearlyall paper would die within that time. But the principle is wrong aslooked at from the medical standpoint the protracted paper concern, as above stated, mostly injuries of the head, spine, and chest, amongwhich there are essay paper, like the examples cited, where, accordingto english law, justice would fail to be done iii was a wound the cause of death secondarily?. A wound is secondarily the cause of death when the victim, havingrecovered from the first ill effects, dies from essay wound disease oraccident or from a surgical operation rendered necessary in the propertreatment of the wound there may be much difficulty in establishingthe proof of death from a wound by means of secondary causes, for, 1st, the secondary cause must be in the natural course of things. And, 2d, there must be no other accidental circumstances to occasion thesecondary cause the secondary cause may be writingly due to the constitution of thedeceased from habits of dissipation, which fact would serve as anexpiatory circumstance in the case among the secondary causes of deathmay be mentioned septicæmia, pyæmia, erysipelas, tetanus, gangrene, that is, wound diseases, also the wound accident as we may calldelirium tremens, and surgical operations rendered necessary to thetreatment of the case we may add, besides the regular wound diseases, inflammation in and about the wound, septic in character, perhaps notjustifying the title of septicæmia, but which, with its accompanyingfever, may be the “last straw” in a case which might otherwiserecover essay of these secondary causes will now be considered more atlength septicæmia is a general febrile disease due to the absorption intothe system from a wound of the products of bacteria or due to theintroduction into the blood and tissues of the bacteria themselves depending on the two sources of origin, we have two forms ofsepticæmia. 1 septic intoxication or sapremia, due to the absorptionof a chemical poison, ptomaïnes, and often readily influenced andcured by the removal of the source of these ptomaïnes in decomposingblood-clots, secretions, etc 2 septic infection comes on less rapidlybut is more serious than the former is, if properly and quicklytreated, because the source of the trouble cannot be removed, but isin the blood and the tissues the latter form is the more common onein wounds, though the former may occur in abdominal wounds, especiallywhen a blood-clot is present the first form begins acutely, thesecond form more gradually the infection in septicæmia takes placethrough a wound and may be due to the weapon which caused the wound, the unclean condition of the writings wounded, or to the subsequenttreatment or want of treatment it may even take place through theintestinal mucous membrane as in paper of tyrotoxicon poisoning itis most likely to occur during the first four or five days before thesurfaces of the wound granulate, and it consists in the introductionof bacteria, especially staphylococci and streptococci the diseaseis characterized by severe constitutional symptoms, acute continuousfever, inflammation of certain viscera and of the wound, and nervousdisorders a pronounced chill ushering in the fever is generallyabsent prostration is especially marked, the patient finally passinginto a typhoid condition indifferent to surroundings anorexia andheadache are usually present.

  • 250 word essay
  • hamlet essay prompts
  • help with homework
  • psychology writing services
  • do my homework help
  • custom online essays
  • intellectual vitality essay
  • pay to do college homework
  • buy nothing day essay
  • review writing service
  • alabama homework help online
  • jfk essay contest
  • can i pay someone to write my report
  • essay slang
  • where can i buy term papers online
  • teacher essay
  • extended definition essay
  • essays services
  • order a paper essay
  • argumentative essay tips
  • home work help

The breadand the leaven thereof ripens and breaks imposthumes, boils, and otherswellings. The meal of rye put between a double cloth, and moistenedwith a little vinegar, and heated in a pewter dish, set over a chafingdish of coals, and bound fast to the head while it is hot, doth muchease the continual pains of the head matthiolus saith, that the ashesof rye straw put into water, and steeped therein a day and a night, andthe chops of the hands or feet washed therewith, doth heal them saffron the herb needs no description, it being known generally where it grows place it grows frequently at walden in essex, and in cambridgeshire government and virtues it is an herb of the sun, and under thelion, and therefore you need not demand a reason why it strengthens theheart so exceedingly let not above ten grains be given at one time, for the sun, which is the fountain of light, may dazzle the eyes, andmake them blind. A cordial being taken in an immoderate quantity, hurtsthe heart instead of helping it it quickens the brain, for the sun isexalted in aries, as he hath his house in leo it helps consumptions ofthe lungs, and difficulty of breathing it is excellent in epidemicaldiseases, as pestilence, small-pox, and measles it is a notableexpulsive medicine, and a notable remedy for the yellow jaundice myopinion is, but i have no author for it that hermodactyls are nothingelse but the roots of saffron dried. And my reason is, that the rootsof all crocus, both white and yellow, purge phlegm as hermodactyls do;and if you please to dry the roots of any crocus, neither your eyesnor your taste shall distinguish them from hermodactyls sage our ordinary garden sage needs no description time it flowers in or about july government and virtues jupiter claims this, and bids me tell you, it is good for the liver, and to breed blood a decoction of the leavesand branches of sage made and drank, saith dioscorides, provokes urine, brings down women courses, helps to expel the dead child, and causesthe hair to become black it stays the bleeding of wounds, and cleansesfoul ulcers three spoonfuls of the juice of sage taken fasting, witha little honey, doth presently stay the spitting or casting of bloodof them that are in a consumption these pills are much commended;take of spikenard, ginger, of each two drams. Of the seed of sagetoasted at the fire, eight drams.