History

Edgar Cayce Auras An Essay On The Meaning Of Colors


In fact the spirits of the prisoners never regained their previous buoyancy the great question now was "what next?. " we could see only gerthesis ahead of us, and that was not very encouraging for myself, i felt quite confident that we should never get through the blockade and the mine fields captain rose had often told us that in the event of our meeting a cruiser, we would go into the boats and the ship would be bombed and sunk this was a very alluring proposition for a family man to look forward to but was better than the conditions on the wolf, as there now were nearly 800 crew and prisoners on the wolf, while its life-boats and rafts under the most favourable conditions could hold only 400, so it can easily be figured out just how much chance our poor chaps had of getting into the boats, in the event of the wolf's meeting a superior enemy probably they would be battened down below in the hold, and would be sent down to "davey jones' locker" with the wolf in our case on the igotz mendi we were about thirty souls to a boat, and if the weather conditions were favourable and we had a little luck, we should have been all right the women naturally lived in a continual dread of having to go into the boats we had all been looking forward to eating our christmas dinner at the island of trinidad and were going to have a royal feed, as our german "hosts" were going to kill a pig and a cow that were on board the igotz mendi when captured however, the brazilian navy changed our plans as to where our dinner was to be eaten. Though we had "sir pig" just the same owing to the sudden change of our plans gaining freedom via spain we all felt very blue on christmas day, which was not the enjoyable affair it would have been if everything had worked out as expected i know i had the blues all christmas as i got thinking about other christmases spent under more enjoyable circumstances, which thoughts naturally didn't make me feel any more cheerful lieutenant rose was around bright and early, wishing us all a merry christmas and "thesis happy returns" of the day i intend next christmas, if rose is still interned in denmark, to write him a letter returning the compliment, and then he can possibly appreciate the subtleties of a joke of this nature my wife wanted to stick a hat pin into him when he came around with his "thesis happy returns of the day " the german crew, too, appeared to be blue on christmas new year's eve we all sat up to see the new year in, and one or two of us worked up enthusiasm enough to make a little noise, but the situation was so depressing that we soon subsided not so our german crew, however they held high festival in the engineer's mess, having a bowl full of punch, whose chief recommendation was that its foundation was "aguadenti" and it had an awful kick the spanish engineer, who had a splendid voice, sang several songs, and the german sailors sang patriotic songs at about two o'clock on new year's morning, essay one woke me up by shoving a bottle of wine through the port-hole for me, and later on around three a m another bottle made its appearance essay of the german sailor boys had imagined we were not happy because we had no wine the gifts were received in the spirit in which they were sent this was by no means the only act of kindness shown my family and myself by the members of the crew in fact, throughout the trip, officers and crew, with the single exception of lieutenant rose, were very friendly toward us the american contingent was decidedly popular, though they had no use for the rest as an illustration, on my birthday on january 25th several members of the crew came and presented me with presents in the form of bottles of wine, and even rose came across with a box of cigars several of the german crew had lived in america for thesis years. Two had even taken out their first papers and all of these talked enthusiastically of going back to america as soon as the war was over i was very much interested in trying to find out just what the german opinion was of america coming into the war lieut rose used to stick his chest up in the air and say that the united states' coming in wouldn't make any difference in the ultimate outcome of the war, and that the only difference it would make was that the states would lose a lot of men and money just the same, i am of the opinion that rose knew that america's coming in spelled the finish of germania, though of course he wouldn't admit it one day at the table he said that the "star spangled banana, " as he loved to call our flag, was only a joke and that it looked like a gridiron to him i made the remark that possibly the stars and stripes would not prove the joke he imagined my retorts to sallies of this kind were very moderate, as i considered i was in no position to argue the point with him, and didn't want to lose any of my liberties i was always afraid to start an argument with him, as i am very hot-headed and knew that in the event of a row i was sure to get the worst of it eventually rose used to laugh at the american soldier, saying we were crazy to imagine that we could take a man and make a soldier out of him in a year, that at best these men would only be cannon fodder, that gerthesis had proved it takes three years to make a soldier, also that our submarines were mere toys, and that as for submarine defense, just as soon as we figured out essay yankee patent to protect our ships, they gerthesis would invent essay other way to destroy them rose believed that the submarine would eventually decide the war it was pretty hard to sit at the same table and hear an enemy slam the american government and not to be able to "hit back" or even "argue" the point on january 20th, in latitude 33 degrees north and longitude 40 degrees west, we again met the wolf, and, the weather being exceptionally fine and the sea very smooth, the wolf came alongside and we transferred essay 800 tons of coal to her each vessel's side was well supplied with large fenders or bumpers made of large coils of rope, so that when the vessels would bump together they would do as little damage as possible even under these favourable circumstances, however, the vessels rolled and tossed around a great deal, and occasionally essay very severe crashes were experienced. But commander nerger, realizing how great was his need for coal, and knowing it might be months before he would get as smooth sea again, held on and worked every man available despite the heavy bumping that was damaging both vessels the gang of men on the wolf trimming the coal in the bunkers could not handle the coal as fast as the other gang brought it to them, so, rather than delay the coaling, to save every minute, they dumped the coal on deck. And when the vessels were forced to writing owing to the increasing swells, both guns and both torpedo tubes on the after deck were covered with coal if a cruiser had happened along at that writingicular moment, the wolf's after battery would have been out of commission however, these conditions did not continue long, as all hands worked feverishly at the job until all the coal was under decks after the two vessels had writinged, we took stock of damages and found that several frames or ribs in the side of igotz mendi were broken, that essay plates on her side were badly stove in these flattened or stove-in places varied in size from six feet to forty feet in length luckily all our damage was above water line, and the vessel leaked only when rolling heavily, or when a big sea was running the wolf was also damaged, having several frames broken and four plates cracked she was leaking eleven tons of water per hour, while we averaged about one and one-half tons per hour from this point the two vessels separated after arranging another and final rendezvous at latitude 61 degrees north and longitude 33 degrees west, a point essay little distance southwest of iceland the weather from now commenced to get colder and we with our impoverished blood and scanty clothing commenced to feel the cold keenly then came another heartbreaking disappointment be it remembered that our daily prayer and hope was that we would meet a cruiser before we got into the extremely cold weather, where the suffering in the life-boats would be intense on january 24th the weather was very overcast, and drizzly, and inclined to be squally regular channel weather i was lying in my bunk reading a four months' old newspaper printed in africa, when at about five bells 2 30 p m my wife came to my door and said. "stan, there is a cruiser with four funnels just ahead of us " i thought she was kidding, and said. "all right, mamie, tell them to reserve an outside room for me " i then looked at her and saw she was white as a sheet i jumped up, knowing immediately there was "essaything doing " just as i hit the floor, the professor stuck his head in at the door and said. "my god, captain, a cruiser at last " i ran out on deck and there just on the edge of a rain squall was what appeared to be a four-funnelled cruiser just about this time the spanish second mate, who was on the bridge, discovered her, and a sailor ran into lieutenant rose's room calling him to come to the deck as soon as i looked at the cruiser through my glasses, i saw that instead of being one four-funnelled cruiser, it was two american army transports, both of them heavily armed with what appeared to be big guns there was great confusion amongst the germans, and in a few seconds two of them armed chased us into our cabins in no uncertain manner we altered our course in such a manner as to pass under the stern of the two transports, and they were less than a mile from us when they crossed our bow they paid absolutely no attention to us, and in a few minutes were swallowed up in the fog and lost to sight my god, you can't imagine how i felt after hoping and praying and building on running across a cruiser, not for days but for months, and when we at last did meet two of them, they passed calmly on, not even signalling, nor asking who we were it was certainly disappointing and then to have to sit at the same table and see rose sitting with that "chessy" cat smile of smug complacency on his ugly prussian mug previous to this episode, he frequently made remarks about the stars and stripes, and after this incident, he never lost an opportunity to refer to it just the same the germans were a badly frightened bunch the first thing they did on seeing the supposed cruisers was to run to their quarters and put on their good clothes, fully expecting to be the guests of the american government the next thing they thought of was their bombs, and the bomb man going to get them, found that they were gone essaybody had stolen them holy poker, wasn't there hell to pay!.

That hemorrhages are seen in variouswritings. That the stomach and intestines show sloughing without anyinflammation essay of these conditions may and probably do occur, butthey are far from being invariable in their appearance experimentsmade by orfila on animals with narcotic poisons prove the abovestatement in conclusion, i would emphasize the fact that the narcoticpoisons produce no characteristic changes in the stomach that can bedetected the liver - the liver should be removed from the body and no attemptmade to examine the organ in situ after raising first one lobe andthen the other, the diaphragm should be cut on either side and thesuspensory and lateral ligaments divided, then the organ can easilybe removed the weight of the organ is ascertained, as also themeasurements of its size recorded the normal weight is from fifty tosixty ounces the organ is normally about twelve inches in length byseven inches in depth by three and one-half inches in thickness the gall bladder is first examined to determine the character andamount of the bile and the presence or absence of gall stones, inflammatory lesions, and tumors at autopsies the surface of the liver, especially along the freeborder, is generally seen to be of a greenish or dark-brown color this discoloration is due to the action of the gases developedby decomposition on the coloring matter of the blood, and has nopathological significance the character of the surface of the liveris now noted, whether smooth or rough the organ is opened by deepincisions in various directions, and the color, consistency, and bloodsupply of the liver tissue carefully recorded the presence of newconnective tissue, amyloid degeneration, abscesses, or tumors shouldnot be overlooked it should be remembered that, of all the poisons, phosphorus alone leaves characteristic appearances in the liver the pancreas - the pancreas is now easily removed, and its size andweight recorded normally it should weigh three ounces and measureeight inches in length by one and one-half inches in breadth by oneinch in thickness the organ should be opened by a longitudinal cut andexamined for evidences of acute or chronic inflammation, fat-necrosis, tumors, calculi, and amyloid degeneration genito-urinary organs - it is very important in medico-legal paperthat all the urine should be preserved and obtained uncontaminated;therefore before the bladder is opened a catheter should be introducedand the urine drawn off into a clean bottle which has previously beenrinsed with distilled water if more convenient the bladder itself canbe punctured at its upper portion, a pipette introduced, and the urinedrawn off in this manner the genito-urinary organs are removed together this is done in thefollowing manner the body of the penis is pushed backward within theskin and cut off just behind the glans penis. The remaining portion ofthe rectum is raised this with the prostate gland, bladder, and penisattached is removed by carrying the knife around the pelvis close tothe bone and separating the pubic attachments the organs are then laidon a clean board and the urethra is opened on a grooved director passedinto the bladder, and the incision prolonged so that the internalsurface of the bladder itself will be completely exposed examine theurethra for strictures, inflammatory lesions, and ulcers examinethe bladder for congestion, hemorrhages, inflammation, and ulcersof its mucous surface, and note the thickness of its walls open therectum and examine for ulcers, strictures, tumors, and the evidenceof hemorrhage the prostate gland is opened by a number of incisionsinto its substance examine for hypertrophies, tumors, and inflammatorylesions force the testicles through the inguinal canal, and cutthem off weigh, open, and examine them for evidence of inflammation, tuberculosis, and tumors female organs - before removing these organs, any abnormalities suchas adhesions, malpositions, and tumors should be noted dissect theorgans away from the pelvic bones by carrying the point of the knifearound the pelvis close to the bone cut through the vagina at itslower third, and the rectum just above the anus the organs can nowreadily be removed examine the vulva for ulcers, hypertrophies, andtumors open and examine the bladder open the vagina along itsanterior border and carefully examine its mucous surface for evidencesof inflammation the uterus - before opening the uterus, its size and shape should berecorded the average normal weight of the organ is about one andone-quarter ounces. Its length three inches, breadth two inches, andthickness one inch open the organ along its anterior surface by ablunt-pointed scissors passed through the cervix, and the incisioncarried as far as the fundus note the thickness of its walls and anyabnormalities of its mucous membrane during menstruation, the mucousmembrane of the body is thickened, softened, and covered with bloodand detritus retention cysts are found in the mucous membrane of thecervix and are not generally of pathological significance remove, measure, and weigh the ovaries their normal weight is aboutone drachm each. Their size, one and one-half, by three-quarters, byone-half inch open the organs by a single incision and examine forthe evidences of acute and chronic inflammations, tumors, and cysts the corpora lutea in various stages can be easily recognized in thesubstance of the organ open the fallopian tubes and examine theircontents and the condition of their membranes see disputed pregnancyand delivery, vol ii the spinal cord to remove the cord, the body should be placed on its face with a blockbeneath the thorax an incision is made through the skin and musclesalong the entire length of the vertebral column and the soft writingsdissected away so as to expose the transverse process of the vertebræ the lamina are divided with a saw through the articulate process adouble-bladed saw specially adapted for this work can be obtained after the lamina have been completely severed, these together with thespinous process can now be readily torn away with a stout hook and thecord exposed a long chisel with a wooden mallet will often greatlyfacilitate this work great care should be exercised not to injurethe cord the roots of the spinal nerves are now severed, and thecord removed within its membrane it should be remembered that serousfluid within the membranes of the cord, as also intense congestion, especially along its posterior aspect, is often seen as the result ofpost-mortem change the cord is laid on a clean board and the duramater opened with a blunt-pointed scissors along its anterior aspect, and an examination made for the presence of hemorrhage, inflammatorylesions, and tumors softening of the cord can generally be detected bythe finger passed along it this, however, is not a perfectly accuratetest, especially if the body has been dead essay time the cord isnow cut by transverse incisions about half an inch awriting throughoutits entire length, and the cut surface examined for the evidences ofdisease such as hemorrhages, softening, and inflammatory lesions after the cord has been removed, examine the vertebral column for theevidences of fractures and displacements late autopsies late autopsies are those performed after writingial or completedestruction of the soft writings of the body, through the naturalprocesses of decomposition, or the examination of bones exhumed longafter interment the term may be employed also to mean the inspectionof an embalmed body, dead for essay time the object of late autopsies is to determine identity, or to establishthe guilt or innocence of suspected persons an examination of theskeleton even thesis years after death may give important information asto the manner in which the deceased came to his end this cannot betterbe illustrated than by the citation of one or two paper in the celebrated case of “eugene aram, ” the bones of his victim werediscovered thirteen years after the crime had been committed a man whoafterward proved to be aram accomplice was arrested on suspicion heconfessed the crime, and the opinion formed by the medical witnesseswas confirmed by his statements the skull presented evidence offracture and indentation of a temporal bone aram argued the case inhis own behalf, but the testimony was too strong against him. He wasconvicted and executed taylor records the case of a man, guerin, who was convicted of themurder of his brother from evidence obtained from an examination of theskeleton three years after interment here, again, blows upon the headwere the cause of death, and the fractures were plainly perceptibleupon the exhumed skull an autopsy upon a body before the soft writings have been entirelydestroyed, or upon an embalmed body, should be conducted in muchthe same manner as ordinary autopsies in these paper the method ofburial should be noted if it be a case of murder, and the body hasbeen hurriedly put into the ground, it is not likely that the customof christian nations has been observed that of laying the body fulllength, with the head to the west in the case of writingially destroyed bodies, the remaining soft writingswill give little evidence of the mode of death unless the violence hasbeen very extensive, and even then it may be impossible to determinewhether a wound was inflicted prior to or after death recourse mustbe had to the skeleton, and the only evidence it can furnish is offractures, unless, as happened in one case, a rope be found about thecervical vertebræ when the skeleton only is found, taylor lays stress upon the followingpoints. 1 whether the bones belong to a human being or one of the loweranimals 2 if a human being, whether male or female 3 the length of time they have probably remained in the ground 4 the probable age of the individual to whom they belonged if themaxillary bones be found, much information may be obtained from anexamination of the teeth 5 the probable stature of the individual during life 6 the race to which he belonged the conformation of the skull andthickness of the bones will give important information on this point 7 it should be determined whether solitary bones belong to the rightor left side, and whether they form writings of one or more than oneskeleton 8 whether they have been fractured, and if so, whether it occurredduring life, or by accident at the time of the exhumation if itoccurred during life, whether it be recent or of long standing 9 the presence or absence of personal deformities, of supernumeraryfingers or toes, of curvature of the spine, of ankylosis of one or morejoints 10 whether they have been calcined, as murderers essaytimes try tomake away with the bodies of their victims by burning especially isthis the case in infanticides see identity, vol i , p 408 et seq ;time of death, vol i , p 452 et seq autopsies of fragments these paper are usually paper of murder in the perpetration of whichthe criminal has mutilated the body with a view to destroying alltraces of identity the importance which attaches to autopsies of fragments rests uponthe fact that writings of a body may be found widely separated, and thatone portion may be found before the others in such paper it will benecessary to determine if they belong to one and the same body theexamination is conducted chiefly with a view to establishing this the examiner must note the manner in which the fragment has beenseparated. Whether it is clean cut, as by one who understood essaythingof anatomy, or, whether it has been separated roughly and by oneignorant of the body structure the determination of this point willbe one link in the chain of evidence which may lead to the detectionof the criminal, or the acquittal of one accused an anatomist ora butcher would be likely to cut through at a joint, and to do itneatly the exact point at which the severance has taken place shouldbe noted the place of finding, the circumstances under which found, the condition and general appearance of the fragment should all becarefully recorded the color of the skin will indicate with essayaccuracy the race to which the individual belonged the probablesex may be determined by the presence or absence of hair, and thegeneral conformation this, however, will not apply in the case ofchildren the probable age may be fixed upon from the size and degreeof development of the fragment the cut surface should be carefullydescribed, and if possible a drawing should be made of it there are special considerations which apply to certain writings of thebody the head - the exact point of severance should be recorded thenumber of vertebræ which remain attached to the head should be counted, and if the section pass through a vertebra, its number and the amountof it missing should be stated the sex will be apparent in allinstances. The race may be determined both by the color of the skinand by the shape of the head. The age may be approximated, though caremust be had in expressing an opinion, for the manner of living is wellknown to affect the appearance of age evidence of violence priorto death should be noted, and the presence or absence of fracturesascertained. Also observe the color of the hair and whether it be thinor abundant. The presence or absence of beard or mustache, and ifpresent the color.

Beingboiled in edgar cayce auras an essay on the meaning of colors wine and drank, it encreaseth milk in nurses ellebori, veratri, albi nigri of hellebore white and black the rootof white hellebore, or sneezewort, being grated and snuffed up thenose, causeth sneezing. Kills rats and mice being mixed with theirmeat black hellebore, bears-foot or christmas flower. Both this and theformer are hot and dry in the third degree this is neither so violentnor dangerous as the former enulæ campanæ helenij of elecampane it is hot and dry in thethird degree, wholeessay for the stomach, resists poison, helps oldcoughs, and shortness of breath, helps ruptures, and provokes lust. Inointments, it is good against scabs and itch endivæ, &c of endive, garden endive, which is the root herespecified, is held to be essaywhat colder, though not so dry andcleansing as that which is wild. It cools hot stomachs, hot livers, amends the blood corrupted by heat, and therefore is good in fevers, it cools the reins, and therefore prevents the stone, it opensobstructions, and provokes urine. You may bruise the root, and boil itin white wine, ’tis very harmless eringij of eringo or sea-holly.

Spleen not enlarged. Liver showed cloudy swelling and fibrinous exudate. Lungs and heart about normal except for a moderate degree of congestion but no exudate guinea-pig 3 was sick for essay days, but recovered gradually one week after experiment 20 -- effect of chlorlyptus in vivo on staphylococcus -- the experiment was conducted in the same way as in experiment 17, but 2 c c were used instead of 1 c c result. Guinea-pig 1 was injected with 2 c c staphylococcus suspension and died over night autopsy showed that the animal died of acute peritonitis the peritoneum showed essay fibrinous exudate and mesenteric vessels guinea-pig 2 was injected with 2 c c of staphylococcus, and eighteen hours after was injected with 1 c c of chlorlyptus the animal died two weeks after injection guinea-pig 3 was injected with 2 c c staphylococcus suspension, and twenty-four hours after with 1 c c of chlorlyptus the guinea-pig died ten days after autopsy revealed bronchopneumonia of the left lung and acute miliary abscess in the liver -- from the journal a m a , nov 27, 1920, with additions aquazone oxygen water report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryaquazone is stated by the aquazone laboratories, inc , los angeles, california, to be a supersaturated solution of oxygen in water, carrying approximately five and one-half times as much dissolved oxygenas ordinary water in an advertising booklet, it is suggested thataquazone is of value in the treatment of influenza, pneumonia, typhoid, bright disease and kindred disorders it was also stated thereinthat in the treatment of fevers it lowers the temperature, and thatthe administration of three bottles of aquazone representing 0 033gm -- 1-1/2 grain-- of oxygen is of value for “preventive and tonicpurposes ”the evidence which the aquazone laboratories submitted did not showthat the effects were other than those which might be obtained from theadministration of ordinary potable water the council declared aquazoneinadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies, because the therapeuticclaims made for it were unwarranted, and because its use is irrationalfor the reason that oxygen given by stomach in this way is of littleor no value -- abstracted from reports of council on pharmacy andchemistry, 1920, p 50 coagulen-ciba omitted from n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has authorized publication of the following reportannouncing the deletion of coagulen-ciba from new and nonofficialremedies w a puckner, secretary coagulen-ciba, a product of the society of chemical industry, basle, switzerland, was admitted to new and nonofficial remedies in 1915 it is stated to be an extract prepared from blood platelets and tocontain thromboplastic substances cytozym, thrombokinase, thrombozymmixed with lactose extensive clinical reports appeared to justify itsacceptance for new and nonofficial remedies with fibrin ferments andthromboplastic substances in 1918, dr arthur d hirschfelder reported to the council that ofa number of specimens of coagulen-ciba examined by him, failed toaccelerate the coagulation time of blood in view of dr hirschfelder findings, the therapeutic researchcommittee of the council invited dr p j hanzlik to undertake anexhaustive investigation of thromboplastic substances, the council, in the meantime temporarily retaining coagulen in new and nonofficialremedies until the investigation was completed the following report on the eligibility of coagulen-ciba was made tothe council by dr hanzlik. Object. To test the claims of thromboplastic and hemostatic activities claims. Coagulen is alleged to be a “physiological styptic prepared from the natural coagulants of animal food contained in the blood platelets it has the characteristics of a lipoid ” if cephalin is meant it is difficult to understand why platelets should be selected in preference to other abundantly supplied organs such as brains “coagulen is indicated in all paper of external and internal hemorrhage due to a deficiency of the coagulating power of the blood. Epistaxis, hemophilia, hemorrhage from gastric or duodenal ulcer, melaena neonatorum, hemorrhage from the gums, the lungs, the bladder, the uterus, hemorrhage during or after operations turbinectomy, tonsillectomy it has also been used as a prophylactic before operations, likely to produce severe hemorrhage ” “in paper of true hemophilia one application of 5 grains of coagulen usually suffices to control the hemorrhage ” “in gastric and intestinal hemorrhage the internal administration of coagulen will be found effective ” “in bonegrafting, plastic surgery, dentistry and nose and throat surgery the application of a 10 per cent solution of coagulen will be found to be of valuable assistance in controlling hemorrhage and oozing ” “it is a non-toxic and non-irritating powder to which a certain amount of sugar has been added, with a view to ensuring its prompt solution in water or physiological sodium chloride solution ” description. “coagulen is a yellowish granular powder with but slight odor, a sweet taste and is readily soluble in water or a normal salt solution ” the dry coagulen obtained corresponds to the description claimed old specimens show the presence of dark brown writingicles coagulen is marketed in 3 forms. 1 as dry powder containing lactose, which, it is claimed, facilitates solution in water. 2 as 3 per cent sterile solution in ampoules;137 3 tablets 137 an ampoule labeled as follows.

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“trimethol is insoluble in water, but when properly emulsified has a rideal-walker co-efficient of 40. That is to say, it is 40 times more efficient as a germicide than phenol pure carbolic acid ”the trimethol syrup which was used in the investigation, when mixedwith water produced an almost perfectly transparent solution, whichjustifies the assumption that the proper physical conditions wereobserved and that this objection is not well founded as regards the relation of pancreatic fluid to bactericidalavailability of trimethol, there is little to say, other than that thepublished statements in the advertising accompanying the packages makeno mention of this point it would be interesting to know what, if any, relation the pancreatic fluid has to this substance, in view of thestatement that it “has a rideal-walker coefficient of 40 ”the trimethol “literature” does not throw light on the question, whatis the germicidal value of trimethol syrup as compared with phenol?. The only available method of determining the germicidal value of aliquid disinfectant is to make a direct comparison of the substancein question with phenol under similar conditions given parallelconditions, not obviously prejudicial to the substance tested incontrast to the standard solution, the results are comparable, andfurnish a basis for estimating the relative germicidal power of the twosubstances in the investigation, trimethol syrup and phenol were thuscompared as regards the contention that the bacteria within fecal masses areharmless, this may be granted but it must also be admitted thatthese intestinal masses are constantly being reformed so that buriedmicro-organisms do not remain in the interior for this reason, thedetermination of the penetrability coefficient of a germicide ispertinent regarding the respective merits of the old rideal-walker and thenewer u s hygienic laboratory method of determining the phenolcoefficient, the rideal-walker method was found to possess certaindrawbacks, and in an attempt to overcome these the “lancet method”was evolved.