History

Diagnostic Essay


essay people might want serum from a nice bay or calico cow pony ”the literature referred to comes in an diagnostic essay envelop bearing the name of“t j glover, research laboratory, toronto, canada, ” but mailed, apparently, from new york city the enclosures are a single sheetcircular signed thomas joseph glover and entitled “etiology of cancer, ”a “directions” slip and a card quoting prices in the circular dr glover states that he has prepared a serum from immunized horses, “between ages of seven and nine years, of the roan type, ” and hasinjected this intramuscularly “into patients in the advanced stages ofcancer and noticed that it has a specific action on every known type ofcancer ” further. “up to the present time i have apparently cured cancer of the face, eye, nose, lip, mouth, tongue, stomach, bowel, bladder, breast and uterus ”in addition to the circular, was a small leaflet giving directions forthe injection of the serum and also a card bearing dr glover nameand toronto address and reading. -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- | this is to advise you that dr t j glover serum | | for the treatment of cancer can now be had by | | application to office at above address | | | | price five dollars per treatment five treatments | | minimum number sent at one time | | | | send money by post-office money order or certified cheque | | | | directions for treatment with each order | -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- this advertising material, which is evidently being widely circulatedin the united states, would indicate that the glover researchlaboratory had received a permit from the united states public healthservice licensing the interstate sale of this serum in the unitedstates no such license has been issued the journal briefly reported in the dewritingment of medical news, oct 30, 1920, that the academy of medicine of toronto had appointed acommittee to investigate the claims made for the glover “cancer serum ”in the meantime, the most charitable thing that can be said is that the“treatment” is in the experimental stage and the reported results havenot been corroborated by independent investigators -- from the journala m a , jan 1, 1921 the toronto academy of medicine reports unfavorably on glover cancer serumthe method of exploitation of the alleged cancer serum being put outby dr t j glover of toronto, canada, was briefly discussed in thisdewritingment of the journal for january 1 at that time it was pointedout that the medical profession of the united states was being widelycircularized by dr glover and that, while the letters purported tocome from toronto, they were, in fact, mailed from new york city sincethis article appeared the circularization seems to have continuedundiminished and physicians in various writings of the united states havesent in the glover advertising material oddly enough, the matter nowsent out, while identical in every respect with that dealt with inthe previous article, bears a different return address on the back ofthe envelop the envelops are the same. But the legend “t j gloverresearch laboratory, 538 jarvis st , toronto, canada, ” has been crudelycrossed out and there has been substituted by means of a rubber stampthe legend “mrs stewart, 309 w 54th st , new york ” still laterletters have been modified to the extent that the letters “rs” of“mrs ” have been cut out of the stamp and it now reads “m   stewart ”there has now come to hand a report just published by a specialcommittee appointed by the council of the academy of medicine, toronto, to investigate the glover serum the report of this committee may besummed up by one of its closing paragraphs, which reads. “the data which your committee has been able to obtain have not convinced it that the results of treatment obtained by the use of dr glover serum are better than those obtained by similar methods introduced by others, and which have ultimately disappointed the hopes entertained of them ”the committee report deals with the claims that dr glover has madefor his serum, both experimental and clinical it seems that dr glover has claimed that, experimentally, he had 1 cultured cancercells and from these cells had isolated and cultured an organism whichhe declared was confined to, and present in, every type of cancer. 2 produced cancer in a number of animals by inoculation with thesecells and organisms. 3 obtained a serum-- from a horse that had beeninjected with cultures of these cells and organisms-- which, wheninjected into experimental animals rendered them immune to inoculation, and 4 produced improvement or cure in paper of human cancer by theinjection of his serum the committee reported that it was unableto obtain any evidence to substantiate dr glover claims on theexperimental aspect of the question as dr glover had refused to permitrepresentatives of the committee to visit his laboratory.

Each branch bears two roots, both spongy, yet the one more solid than the other, which is of mostvirtue, and indeed only to be used, for essay say the most spongy rootis quite contrary in operation to the other, as the one increaseth, theother decreaseth saxifragiæ albæ of white saxifrage, in sussex we call themlady-smocks the roots powerfully break the stone, expel wind, provokeurine, and cleanse the reins sanguisorbæ a kind of burnet scabiosa of scabious the roots either boiled, or beaten intopowder, and so taken, help such as are extremely troubled with scabsand itch, are medicinal in the french disease, hard swellings, inwardwounds, being of a drying, cleansing, and healing faculty scordij of scordium, or water-germander see the herb scillæ of squills see vinegar, and wine of squills, in the compound scropulariæ, &c of figwort the roots being of the same virtue withthe herb, i refer you thither scorzoneræ of vipers diagnostic essay grass the root cheers the heart, andstrengthens the vital spirits, resists poison, helps passions andtremblings of the heart, faintness, sadness, and melancholy, opensstoppings of the liver and spleen, provokes the menses, ease women ofthe fits of the mother, and helps swimmings in the head seseleos of seseli, or hartwort the roots provoke urine, and helpthe falling-sickness sisari, secacul of scirrets they are hot and moist, of goodnourishment, essaything windy, as all roots are. By reason of which, they provoke venery, they stir up appetite, and provoke urine sconchi of sow-thistles see the herb spinæ albæ, bedeguar the arabians called our ladies-thistles bythat name. The roots of which are drying and binding, stop fluxes, bleeding, take away cold swellings, and ease the pains of the teeth spatulæ fœtidæ stinking gladon, a kind of flower-de-luce, calledso for its unsavory smell it is hot and dry in the third degree;outwardly they help the king evil, soften hard swellings, draw outbroken bones. Inwardly taken, they help convulsions, ruptures, bruises, infirmities of the lungs tamarisci of tamaris see the herbs, and barks tanaceti of tansie the root eaten, is a singular remedy for thegout. The rich may bestow the cost to preserve it thapsi, &c a venomous foreign root. Therefore no more of it tormentillæ of tormentil a kind of sinqfoil. Dry in the thirddegree, but moderately hot. Good in pestilences, provokes sweat, staysvomiting, cheers the heart, expels poison trifolij of trefoil see the herb tribuli aquatici of water caltrops the roots lie too far underwater for me to reach to trachellij of throat-wort. By essay called canterbury bells.

“firwein contains phosphorus, iodin and bromin finely blended with a balsameous elixir made from the fir tree ”from a more recent circular we quote diagnostic essay. “firwein is prepared from the inside fresh green bark of the fir tree ”the label on the product reads. “firwein is pleasantly and effectively blended with salts of iodin and bromin, held in solution with 20 per cent alcohol ”the therapeutic claims made for firwein and the mystery enshroudingits composition make it obvious that the product is intended to appealto those who are either thoughtless or ignorant this is emphasized bythe suggestion that firwein be combined with 1 cod liver oil underthe claim that it will “promote the efficiency of the oil”, with 2whisky for the treatment of bronchorrhea of the aged, and with 3syrup of hypophosphites for the treatment of persistent bronchitis as the composition of firwein is secret, the therapeutic claimsunwarranted, and its use irrational, the council declared itinadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies -- from journal a m a , feb 17, 1917 firolyptol plain and firolyptol with kreosote report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryfirolyptol, another product of the tilden company, is, we are told, composed of eucalyptol 10 drops, cottonseed oil 1/2 ounce and firweinenough to make 1 ounce as the composition of firwein is secret, itis evident that the composition of firolyptol is also unknown, exceptto the manufacturers “firolyptol with kreosote” is said to contain, in addition to whatever may be the component writings of firolyptol, 10 minims of creosote to each ounce according to an advertisement, firolyptol with kreosote is “antituberculous, antistrumous” and“contains all the desired features of cod liver oil and is readilyassimilated ”the advertisements of “firolyptol plain” and “firolyptol with kreosote”seem to have for their key-note the assertion that cottonseed oilis a writingicularly valuable nutriment and that when combined withconstituents of firolyptol and firolyptol with kreosote becomeswritingicularly valuable to the tuberculous to quote from an advertisingcircular. “now that the reconstructive properties of cottonseed oil are better appreciated by the profession, the advantages that follow the administration of a palatable emulsion of this strengthening and fattening food product are being demonstrated in hundreds of paper where formerly reliance would have been placed in cod liver oil a recent writer says that pure cottonseed oil is the greatest and purest vegetable oil known to chemistry, and will do much toward revolutionizing the treatment of the great white plague if the treatment of tuberculosis could resolve itself into the administration of a fatty substance in a readily assimilated form, there would be no need for any writing of firolyptol but the cottonseed oil the toxic material constantly produced in the system by the germs of tuberculosis tend to expose it more and more to the ravages of the disease, and the physiologic functions of the body suffer a constant depression to neutralize this germ activity with a consequent production of toxins it seems most logical to employ such agents as have demonstrated their suitability for such purposes, for which reason eucalyptol and kreosote with firwein are incorporated in firolyptol ”the assertion that cottonseed oil is an especially valuable formof fat is without warrant, but even if it were true the fat isavailable in cheap and palatable forms in numerous other cottonseedoil products it is unnecessary to discuss the problematic value ofcreosote in the treatment of tuberculosis or the value of eucalyptol now generally abandoned, or even of the secret mixture firwein food and fresh air, not drugs, constitute the fundamentals of thetreatment of tuberculosis, and it is both irrational and detrimental tothe interests of the tuberculous to administer various potent agentsin fixed and unknown amounts with such simple articles of food ascottonseed oil neither of these products is acceptable for new andnonofficial remedies editorial note -- firwein110 has been advertised to physiciansfor twenty-five or thirty years and it is a sad commentary on theintelligence of our profession that a preparation sold under suchobviously false and misleading, not to say silly, claims, should stillbe in existence firwein is claimed to “prevent waste of tissue” intuberculosis if it had this power, it would have found its placelong ago among the few great agents in drug therapy as a matter offact, firwein has gained virtually no recognition outside of the“literature” of the tilden concern the claims made for firwein are apeculiar mixture of studied candor-- when the truth is not likely tohurt its sale-- and inane vaporing-- when the facts would not redound toits credit the tilden company declares that “firwein stands withouta peer in its class ” but the company adds 10 drops of eucalyptol andessay cottonseed oil to this peerless product and an improvement isborn-- “firolyptol”!. then, to perfect the already perfectly perfected, 10 drops of creosote are added to “firolyptol” and the profession isoffered “firolyptol with kreosote”!. in just what verbal pyrotechnicsthe tilden company might indulge, should it decide to add ten dropsof essaything else to “firolyptol with kreosote, ” one shudders tocontemplate 110 three other tilden products have been the subject of deservedand unfavorable comment in the j a m a. “narkine” in the issue ofoct 24, 1908, “hydrocyanate of iron-tilden” in the issue of june 19, 1909, and “febrisol, ” in the issue of june 29, 1912 the first twoarticles are reprinted in the latest 9th edition of “the propagandafor reform ”if we are accused of exhibiting undue levity in discussing atherapeutic problem, we can only answer that it is impossible toconsider seriously the charlie chaplins of the nostrum world -- fromthe journal a m a , feb 17, 1917 biniodol report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryin accordance with the usages of the council, the report whichappears below along with the reports of the clinical investigationby drs cole and keidel upon which the recommendations of thereferee were based were sent to the manufacturer for comment thereply of the manufacturer contained no evidence which justified thecouncil in modifying the action already taken publication of thereport was therefore authorized w a puckner, secretary biniodol was submitted to the council by the manufacturer, charles c yarbrough, memphis, tenn the manufacturer claims the product is asolution of 1 per cent of red mercuric iodid and 2 75 per cent ofguaiacol in bland vegetable oil it is marketed with the implicationthat it is new and superior to other oil solutions of mercuric iodid for instance.

The collar and shoulderbones and the sternum577 are smaller diagnostic essay and lighter. There is a lesspronounced angle in the femur, the neck of which approaches a rightangle, while smallness of the patella in front and narrowness of thearticulating surfaces of the tibia and femur, which in man form thelateral prominences, are said to make the knee-joint in women a sexualcharacteristic but it is the striking contrast in the pelvis thatfurnishes a sexual significance that is of greater value than all therest of the skeleton together from a glance at the text-book accountof the pelvis, it does not appear that much anatomical knowledge isnecessary to identify the important points that give shape to thefemale pelvis its greater diameter except the vertical, larger andmore curved sacrum and coccyx, and great spread of the arch of thepubes are well-nigh incontestible signs the differences as detailedin the books can be objected to only on the possibility of a so-calledhermaphrodite pelvis in one of the other sex we essaytimes see a verylarge pelvis in a subject who by a teratological freak became a man masculine characteristics are, however, oftener found in women thanfeminine characteristics in men. Hence the conclusion that the presenceof feminine characteristics leaves but little doubt as to the sex, butthat certain masculine indications, while giving a great probabilityfor the male sex, are not absolutely decisive see hermaphroditism the finding of fœtal bones around or about the supposed female skeletonis suggestive it could not be inferred from this fact alone that thewoman was or was not pregnant at the time of death, since the absenceof fœtal remains on the one hand might imply their entire decompositionin advance of those of the adult. On the other hand, the indiscriminatehabit of undertakers, who often bury still-borns with adults, mayaccount for their presence accidental signs and evolution of the teeth the trade or occupation leaves but few marks on the bones that areuseful in the matter of identification it is in the recent andwell-preserved cadaver, or, better still, in the living subject, thatthe professional signs are of importance as a rule, the relativelylarger scapulæ point to the fact of a day-laborer. Necrosis of thelower jaw suggests a worker in phosphorus. Worn and discolored teetha user of tobacco, and aurification of the teeth might suggest theprevious social condition gold crowns and fillings and dentalprosthesis generally are among the most common and, at the same time, among the most useful signs of identification by this means the bonesof persons killed by indians on the western plains have been recognizedyears afterward the traveller powell, massacred in abyssinia, wasrecognized in this way from the presence of artificial teeth and themechanical appliances for fixing them, dentists may recognize theirown work beyond a doubt one of the most common-hackneyed of thesepaper is that of professor webster 578 later paper, in which thiskind of proof established convincing and conclusive identification, are those of dr cronin, assassinated in chicago in 1889, and of thebomb-thrower, norcross every now and then accounts appear in the dailypress of corpses having been recognized by inspection of the teeth in washington, only a short time since, the remains of an unknownman were exhumed from the potter field for judicial reasons theunrecognized body had been found in the potomac in an advanced stageof decomposition from the signs furnished by the teeth the remainswere identified as those of a person who had disappeared mysteriouslyand under circumstances that pointed to his having been murderedat a virginian gambling den, and his body thrown into the river in connection with this subject the goss-udderzook tragedy is ofinstructive interest in every important case a cast of the mouth should be taken, in orderto set at rest any question that may subsequently arise as to thecondition of the jaw, the absence of teeth, their irregularity orother dental peculiarities a cast of the mouth of the deceased in thehillmon case showed all the teeth to be regular and perfect, whileit is alleged that hillmon teeth were just the opposite externalsigns furnished by dentition may assist greatly in fixing both age andidentity the evolution of the human dental system has been so wellstudied from intra-uterine life to old age that we may approximatelytell the age, especially of children, from the teeth alone this sign, so valuable in childhood, loses its value as the dentition progresses elaborate tables and dental formulæ to be found elsewhere deal withthe two periods of dentition, the relative position and number of theteeth, and the like at birth the jaws show points of ossification only. But children areessaytimes born with central incisors, as the writer has, in commonwith others, noted in several instances the first dentition takesplace from the seventh to the thirtieth month. The second betweenfour and five years in rachitic children these periods are later;but a syphilitic taint may hasten their development the twenty-eightteeth characterize early youth wisdom teeth appear between eighteenand twenty-five, essaytimes as late as thirty years the presence ofthirty-two teeth indicates maturity this number is essaytimes exceeded dr tidy, in his work on “legal medicine, ” reports having seen severalchildren between six and seven years with forty-eight teeth instancesare recorded of cutting the teeth at advanced age, seventy and onehundred and eighteen years. Of adults who have never had teeth. Ofsupernumerary teeth, and of a third dentition what purported to be athird dentition came under my notice essay years ago, in the person ofan old negro “voodoo doctor ” a more recent case, said to have occurredin an old man of seventy-four, at seymour, ind , is reported in theweekly medical review, st louis, mo , april 16th, 1892, p 314 the pathological signs furnished by the teeth should, of course, belooked upon as a personal characteristic that may lend additional lightin the question of identity congenital peculiarities, deformities, and injuries but congenital peculiarities or injuries of other writings of the skeletonare studied to greater advantage in determining proof or disproof ofidentity we may recognize cranial asymmetry. The peculiar conformationof the idiot skull.

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And that physician who minds them not, is like a dooroff from the hooks, more like to do a man mischief, than to securehim then all the diseases saturn causes, this helps by sympathy, andstrengthens all the writings of the body he rules. Such as be caused bysol, it helps by antipathy what those diseases are, see my judgmentof diseases by astrology. And if you be pleased to look at the herbwormwood, you shall find a rational way for it dog-grass, or cough grass descript it is well known, that the grass creeps far about underground, with long white joined roots, and small fibres almost at everyjoint, very sweet in taste, as the rest of the herb is, and interlacingone another, from whence shoot forth thesis fair grassy leaves, small atthe ends, and cutting or sharp on the edges the stalks are jointedlike corn, with the like leaves on them, and a large spiked head, witha long husk in them, and hard rough seed in them if you know it notby this description, watch the dogs when they are sick, and they willquickly lead you to it place it grows commonly through this land in divers ploughedgrounds to the no small trouble of the husbandmen, as also of thegardeners, in gardens, to weed it out, if they can. For it is aconstant customer to the place it get footing in government and virtues ’tis under the dominion of jupiter, and isthe most medicinal of all the quick-grasses being boiled and drank, itopens obstructions of the liver and gall, and the stopping of urine, and eases the griping pains of the belly and inflammations. Wastes thematter of the stone in the bladder, and the ulcers thereof also theroots bruised and applied, do consolidate wounds the seed doth morepowerfully expel urine, and stays the lask and vomiting the distilledwater alone, or with a little wormseed, kills the worms in children the way of use is to bruise the roots, and having well boiled them inwhite wine, drink the decoction. ’tis opening but not purging, verysafe. ’tis a remedy against all diseases coming of stopping, and suchare half those that are incident to the body of man. And although agardener be of another opinion, yet a physician holds half an acre ofthem to be worth five acres of carrots twice told over dove-foot, or crane-bill descript this has divers small, round, pale-green leaves, cut inabout the edges, much like mallow, standing upon long, reddish, hairystalks lying in a round compass upon the ground.