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From among which rise up essaytimes but one, andessaytimes two or three square or crested blackish or brownish stalks, three or four feet high, essaytimes branched, bearing divers such-likeleaves upon them, at several distances upon the top, where it branchesforth into thesis stalks bearing yellow flowers, consisting of diversleaves, set as a pale or border, with a dark yellow thrum in themiddle, which do abide a great while, but at last are turned into down, and with the small blackish grey seed, are carried away with the wind the root is made of thesis fibres, whereby it is firmly fastened into theground, and abides thesis years there is another sort thereof differs from the former only in this, that it rises not so high. The leaves are not so finely jagged, nor ofso dark a green colour, but rather essaywhat whitish, soft and woolly, and the flowers usually paler place they grow, both of them, wild in pastures, and untilledgrounds in thesis places, and oftentimes both in one field time they flower in june and july, and the seed is ripe in august government and virtues ragwort is under the command of dame venus, and cleanses, digests, and discusses the decoction of the herb is goodto wash the mouth or throat that hath ulcers or sores therein. And forswellings, hardness, or imposthumes, for it thoroughly cleanses andheals them. As also the quinsy, and the king evil it helps to staycatarrhs, thin rheums, and defluxions from the head into the eyes, nose, or lungs the juice is found by experience to be singularly goodto heal green wounds, and to cleanse and heal all old and filthy ulcersin the privities, and in other writings of the body, as also inward woundsand ulcers. Stays the malignity of fretting and running cankers, andhollow fistulas, not suffering them to spread farther it is alsomuch commended to help aches and pains either in the fleshy writing, orin the nerves and sinews, as also the sciatica, or pain of the hips orknuckle-bone, to bathe the places with the decoction of the herb, orto anoint them with an ointment made of the herb bruised and boiled inold hog suet, with essay mastick and olibanum in powder added unto itafter it is strained forth in sussex we call it ragweed rattle grass of this there are two kinds which i shall speak of, viz the red andyellow descript the common red rattle hath sundry reddish, hollow stalks, and essaytimes green, rising from the root, lying for the most writingon the ground, essay growing more upright, with thesis small reddish orgreen leaves set on both sides of a middle rib, finely dented about theedges. The flowers stand at the tops of the stalks and branches, of afine purplish red colour, like small gaping hooks. After which comeblackish seed in small husks, which lying loose therein, will rattlewith shaking the root consists of two or three small whitish stringswith essay fibres thereat the common yellow rattle hath seldom above one round great stalk, rising from the foot, about half a yard, or two feet high, and but fewbranches thereon, having two long and essaywhat broad leaves set ata joint, deeply cut in on the edges, resembling the comb of a cock, broadest next to the stalk, and smaller to the end the flowers growat the tops of the stalks, with essay shorter leaves with them, hoodedafter the same manner that the others are, but of a fair yellow colour, or in essay paler, and in essay more white the seed is contained inlarge husks, and being ripe, will rattle or make a noise with lyingloose in them the root is small and slender, perishing every year place they grow in meadows and woods generally through this land time they are in flower from midsummer until august be past, essaytimes government and virtues they are both of them under the dominion ofthe moon the red rattle is accounted profitable to heal up fistulasand hollow ulcers, and to stay the flux of humours in them, as alsothe abundance of women courses, or any other fluxes of blood, beingboiled in red wine, and drank the yellow rattle, or cock comb, is held to be good for those thatare troubled with a cough, or dimness of sight, if the herb, beingboiled with beans, and essay honey put thereto, be drank or dropped intothe eyes the whole seed being put into the eyes, draws forth any skin, dimness or film, from the sight, without trouble, or pain rest harrow, or cammock descript common rest harrow rises up with divers rough woody twigshalf a yard or a yard high, set at the joints without order, withlittle roundish leaves, essaytimes more than two or three at a place, of a dark green colour, without thorns while they are young. Butafterwards armed in sundry places, with short and sharp thorns theflowers come forth at the tops of the twigs and branches, whereof itis full fashioned like pease or broom blossoms, but lesser, flatter, and essaywhat closer, of a faint purplish colour.

W t longcope, a b , m d , bard professor of the practice of medicine, college of physicians custom writing research papers and surgeons of columbia university, new yorkcity. G w mccoy, m d , director of the hygienic laboratory, unitedstates public health service, washington, d c. Lafayette b mendel, ph d , sc d , professor of physiologic chemistry, sheffield scientificschool, yale university, new haven, conn. F g novy, m d , sc d , professor of bacteriology, university of michigan, ann arbor, mich ;w w palmer, b s , m d , associate professor of medicine, college ofphysicians and surgeons of columbia university, new york city. L g rowntree, m d , professor of medicine, university of minnesota medicalschool, minneapolis. Torald sollmann, m d , professor of pharmacologyand materia medica, medical dewritingment, western reserve university, cleveland. Julius stieglitz, ph d , sc d , chem d , vice chairman ofthe council, professor of chemistry, university of chicago, chicago;g h simmons, m d , ll d , chairman of the council, editor of thejournal of the american medical association, chicago, and w a puckner, phar d , secretary of the council, director of the chemicallaboratory of the american medical association, chicago the council activitiesorganized primarily for the purpose of putting a stop to falsedeclarations with regard to the composition of proprietary medicines, the council activities have broadened until its work may becharacterized as “a propaganda for the rational use of drugs ” thefollowing are essay of its activities:1 new and nonofficial remedies -- this is an annual volume, issuedby the council it describes both proprietary and nonofficial, nonproprietary drugs which are deemed worthy of consideration by themedical profession to be admitted to this book, a preparation mustcomply with certain definite rules which stipulate, in effect, that itscomposition be declared, that no untrue or grossly exaggerated claimsbe made for it, and that it shall give promise of having therapeuticvalue with the exception of a few which are still under consideration, thecouncil has considered all proprietaries whose owners or accreditedagents have requested that an examination of the products be made, and it has admitted to the book those which were found eligible inaddition, the council has examined all of the more important or widelyexploited proprietaries, even when no examination was requested, and it has admitted those of this group which were found eligible further, the council has admitted to the book certain nonofficial, nonproprietary articles which seemed to give promise of therapeuticusefulness, and it has established standards for the control of theiridentity and purity, and listed those brands which complied with thesestandards as most proprietary medicines are of a more or less experimentalnature, they are accepted for inclusion in new and nonofficial remediesonly for a limited time-- usually a period of three years at theexpiration of the period of acceptance, each preparation is reexaminedand retained only if the claims made for it and the present dayknowledge of its value permit this action since manufacturers give information only in regard to their ownproducts, new and nonofficial remedies groups together articles of asimilar character, and includes in each case a general discussion ofthe group for the purpose of comparison, not only with each other, butalso with the established or pharmacopeial drugs which members of thegroup are intended to supplant in brief, new and nonofficial remedies is a book in which are describedpreparations that have been accepted by the council the descriptionincludes facts that the physician should have it is a book that shouldbe in the hands of every physician who prescribes medicines, and whowishes to know the facts regarding the newest remedies it is the onlybook in which he can find information relative to proprietary medicinesthat are worthy of his patronage it will protect the physician whomakes use of it against the wiles of the promoters of products notworthy of his patronage it would certainly be of use to the physicianwhen the detail man calls on him, for if he were being importuned toprescribe or use samples of essaything which he had not heretofore usedand which he was unable to find in n n r , he might ask the detailman why in the nature of things few physicians are sufficiently expertin chemistry and allied sciences to be able unerringly to discriminatebetween the true and the false as regards thesis preparations that he isasked to prescribe 2 the reports of the council on pharmacy and chemistry -- amedicament may be inadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies forvarious reasons.

3to administer such drugs as are calculated to stimulate or correctthe writingicular function or functions which happen to be impaired, or disordered proper diet, proper mastication of food, hygiene ofthe mouth, and constipation are enumerated as deserving attention careful attention to securing a proper diet is essential the choiceof drugs depends, of course, on the conditions that give rise toindigestion, and he calls attention to the necessity of avoiding allroutine treatment and compiling one prescription with an eye to thespecial disorder or disorders of function, whether secretory, motor orsensory, believed to be present hutchison gives the following typicalprescriptions to illustrate the use of drugs in the different disordersof function. For hypersecretion hyperchlorhydria, acid dyspepsia, etc sodium bromid 10 grains bismuth subcarbonate 15 grains chloroform water 1/2 ounce this mixture to be taken before meals sodium bicarbonate bismuth subcarbonate heavy magnesium carbonate, of each equal writings a small teaspoonful of the powder to be taken mixed with a little water or milk about two hours after meals for deficient secretion hypochylia, achylia, gastritis, etc sodium bicarbonate 10 grains tincture of nux vomica 10 minims spirit of chloroform 8 minims compound infusion of gentian 1/2 ounce this mixture to be taken before meals dilute hydrochloric acid and glycerin, of each 15 minims with enough water to make half an ounce, to be taken about twenty minutes after meals for defective motility atonic dyspepsia, gastroptosis, etc hutchison recommends the use of 10 minims of tincture of nux vomica in an aromatic vehicle, such as infusion of quassia and compound tincture of cardamom. But another aromatic bitter, such as the compound tincture of gentian, will serve quite as well, of course this is to be taken before each meal, and for the flatulence that often accompanies this trouble he gives menthol, aromatic spirit of ammonia and spirit of chloroform, as may be needed for acid dyspepsia robert saundby recommends the following to be used before each meal for the relief of acid dyspepsia. Sodium bicarbonate, bismuth subcarbonate, magnesium carbonate, of each 10 grains. Mucilage of tragacanth 15 minims, and enough peppermint water to make an ounce these are only a few of the conditions that are discussed by hutchisonand saundby, but they serve to show that the treatment of indigestionby a single prescription or combination is wholly irrational bell-ans, both under its present name and under its older name, “pa-pay-ans bell, ” has always been alleged by its manufacturers tocontain papain or to be a preparation of the digestive juice fromthe fruit of carica papaya papaw with other substances variouschemists have attempted to find papain present and to determine thedigestive power of the tablets, but without success for this reasonthe journal suggested that the change of name from “pa-pay-ans bell”to “bell-ans” was probably not made entirely for euphonious reasons, as alleged, especially when one considers that the name of a nostrumis its most valuable asset it is much more likely that as analysesindicated there was not and probably never had been any papain presentin the product, the name was changed for fear that essay day themisleading term “pa-pay-ans” might bring the preparation in conflictwith the federal food and drugs act pa-pay-ans bell was examined for the council on pharmacy andchemistry in 1909 and the tablets were found to consist of charcoal, sodium bicarbonate, ginger, saccharin and oil of gaultheria nodigestive ferment could be detected in the tablets sodium bicarbonateis antacid and serves to dissolve mucus. Ginger, if in sufficientamount, causes the expulsion of flatus, and charcoal, while anabsorbent in the dry state, is probably useless for any therapeuticpurpose whatever after it becomes saturated with gastric juice bell-ans, then, has all of the virtues, which are few, and all ofthe limitations, which are thesis, of a tablet of sodium bicarbonateand ginger its value in the treatment of acute indigestion would belimited to the value of a tablet of such a composition it is absurd tosuppose that it could have the slightest value in the far more seriousconditions attended with intestinal indigestion, with the toxemia andautointoxication to which they give rise bell-ans is now advertised directly to the public-- but it is no lessvaluable on that account true, it is a “patent medicine” in thecommonly accepted sense of the term, but it is no more a “patentmedicine” today than it was fifteen years ago when it reached thepublic, not through the direct medium of the newspapers but the moreindirect route of the medical journals and undiscriminating physicians it is true that, in view of the serious nature of thesis conditionswhich are loosely spoken of by the public as “indigestion, ” its presentmethod of exploitation is likely to make it just that much moredangerous because of the larger publicity that will be given the pointto be borne in mind is that bell-ans is now in fact what it has alwaysbeen in essence, a “patent medicine ”illustration. - - - - - - - | business notice | | | bell-ans | | absolutely removes | | indigestion one | | package proves it | | 25c at all druggists | - - - - - - - typical of bell-ans advertisements as appearing in newspapers again we ask the question.

“firstwash out the bowels with a preliminary injection of two or three quartsof warm water, using for this purpose the loffler internal bath ”in 1913 loffler sought a larger field for his peculiar talents and leftcolorado springs after a short stay in denver he is next found inminneapolis, where he was also “engaged in the practice of intravenoustherapy” and, incidentally, seems to have been an organizer and managerof a common law concern known as the automatic thrasher co the physicians’ drug syndicatein 1919 we find loffler in chicago as president of the “physicians drugsyndicate ” this concern-- another common law organization-- had forits vice president one a e erling, m d , and for its secretary andtreasurer, arthur c hanson erling was discussed251 in an articlethat appeared in the journal, july 5, 1919, on the egregious “alliedmedical association of america” of which organization c l loffler was“president” in 1918 251 here is what the journal published on erling:a e erling according to the stationery, is “chairman” of “censors ”our records fail to custom writing research papers show that erling ever graduated in medicine the health dewritingment of milwaukee, however, says that erling, wheninterviewed, claimed to have “a diploma from the german medical collegeof chicago, but refused to show or present the same ” the americanmedical directory has this item. German medical college, chicago chartered dec 28, 1891, by johann malok fraudulent extinct a few years ago erling was in la crosse, wis , and in 1908 a circularletter bearing his name and picture was sent out, from which thefollowing extracts are taken capitalization as in the original. “dear friend:-- permit me to call your attention to the fact that dr a e erling, the eminent specialist, after thesis years of travel, practice and medical research, has given up his extensive road practice and severed his connection with the several medical institutes which have heretofore occupied considerable of his attention dr erling success in the treatment of all chronic diseases is truly remarkable nervousness, all blood diseases, rheumatism, diseases peculiar to women. Catarrh, deafness, chronic constipation appendicitis piles, stomach troubles, writingial paralysis, etc , give way as if by magic under his skilful method of treatment understand, please, that dr erling does not accept a case for treatment unless he can promise a speedy and positively permanent cure ”the journal also has in its files advertisements vintage of 1915, from essay wisconsin country newspapers. Which notify the afflicted that“drs erling and karass, the expert german specialists, ” could be seenin their offices in the “schlegel hotel, ” the “schlitz hotel, ” etc , asthe case might be whether one of these “german specialists” was dr arnold e erling, the journal does not know official medical recordsfail to show, at least, that there is any other erling in the state ofwisconsin hanson, the secretary and treasurer of the physicians drug syndicate, is said to have hailed originally from minot, n d , where he was inthe drug business his name appears in the propaganda files as themanager of the ma-oze chemical co of minneapolis, which, in october, 1919, was advertising in a daily paper of that city. “protect yourself against influenza don’t let the germs get a foothold in your system kill them with ma-oze antiseptic powder use it as a gargle it is sure death to all kinds of disease germs ”in a preliminary statement sent out by hanson in the early writing of 1919it seems that the physicians drug syndicate was conceived “primarilyto supply physicians with a product to be used in leucorrhea andpersonal cleanliness of women ” this product, apparently, was thema-oze of influenza fame in minneapolis it was to be put out, however, under the name of “thymozene, ” which, “packed in 4 ounce unlabeledcarton for dispensing, ” would “show nearly 100 per cent profit to theorganization over the profit which you make if you dispense your owndrug ” thymozene, free stock-- and everythingin october, 1919, the physicians drug syndicate was circularizingphysicians in iowa trying to get them to send in $6 for “1 dozenthymozene 4 oz ” for this $6 the doctors were to get, in additionto the marvelous thymozene, the following rights, privileges andemoluments:1 a free post-graduate course in intravenous therapy by dr charlesloffler 2 a gift of $100 worth of stock in the physicians drug syndicate 3 a copy of dr loffler lectures on blood 4 the privilege of purchasing future supplies of thymozene “atwholesale prices less discount of 33-1/3 per cent ”the letter making these offers mentioned incidentally. “besides our product thymozene we have been forced to add a uterine wafer to be used in connection with hot thymozene douches in leucorrhea these wafers are simply miracle workers ”in addition to this circular letter there was a membership blankleaflet detailing the marvels of “thymozene ” there was another leafletheaded in very large, black type “influenza” and recommending “ma-ozeantiseptic powder” or “thymozene” for this condition still anotherleaflet accompanying it lauded “intravenous compound loffler” andreprinted laudatory puffs of this preparation that were credited toh h witherstine, m d , rochester, minn , joseph b klinehans, m d , chicago, and the “loring park sanatorium” of minneapolis in addition to the intravenous compound loffler there is, ofcourse, certain “apparatus for the giving of the treatment” which theintravenous chemical co supplies the “compound” must be given justso, and the intravenous chemical co “reserves the right to refuse tosupply any physician with intravenous compound loffler who, eitherthrough lack of proper apparatus or proper care in preparation ofsolution, or for any reason, uses it in such a manner that will castdiscredit upon it ”the complete apparatus, including 2 ounces of intravenous compound loffler, sells for $24 what is intravenous compound?. apparently, nobody knows except charles l loffler, who asks physicians toinject-- and we regret to say essay are injecting-- this nostrum ofunknown composition into the veins of their patients to a physicianwho had raised the point of secrecy loffler wrote in writing. “i am sure that you will agree with me that it is far better to place this treatment in the hands of competent physicians, such as dr witherstine, and thesis more whose names i will gladly send you, and to protect the honest and competent doctor who investigates and takes up the work, than to publish the formula and give to the unscrupulous a chance to try to make the product and no doubt to claim to cure disease that is beyond hope the formula is not kept secret for profit but is so kept upon the advice of a number of good men who have the interest of the doctor at heart i am willing and anxious to place the product and the results in thousands of paper before the a m a on the one condition that the formula shall be kept secret for the benefit of the reputable physician ”in another letter written more recently to a physician who calledattention to the secrecy of the nostrum, loffler wrote. “the intravenous compound contains approximately 58 per cent oxygen, 12 per cent chlorine, 16 per cent potassium, 9 per cent sodium and 5 per cent boron i have no hesitancy in giving it, and it was due to an incompetent man in this office that this was not given fully in the booklet he made the changes without my consent and has caused me to answer thesis inquiries by physicians ”a seeming frankness is a trick as old as nostrum exploitation itself loffler “formula” is meaningless a quack who was putting out amixture of 1 writing baking soda and 2 writings common salt might with equalfrankness say that his marvelous combination contained approximately35 4 per cent sodium, 4 8 per cent carbon, 19 per cent oxygen, 40 4per cent chlorin, and 0 4 per cent hydrogen in order that the profession might know more about this product aspecimen was turned over to the a m a chemical laboratory foranalysis here is what the chemists report. Chemists’ report“one original 2 ounce bottle of ‘intravenous compound loffler forintravenous use’ was submitted to the association chemical laboratoryfor examination according to the label, the product is sold by the‘intravenous chemical co , chicago ’ the bottle contained a whitegranular substance, which appeared as if the ingredients had beenfused together the product responded to tests for sodium, potassium, chlorate, borate and nitrate as this same set of chemical radicals wasfound by puckner and hilpert j a m a , may 22, 1908, p 1706 to bepresent in ‘oxychlorin’ and ‘zyme-oid, ’ a quantitative comparison of‘intravenous compound loffler’ was made “the analysis indicated that all three products are essentially thesame. intravenous oxychlorin, zyme-oid, compound, per cent per cent per cent potassium k 12 26 13 50 13 79 sodium na 8 20 9 84 9 82 boric acid anhydride b₂o₃ 18 63 13 42 15 20 chlorate clo₃-  25 52 27 53 26 44 nitrate no₃-  21 70 24 22 23 75 water calculated 13 29 10 42 11 72“assuming that the chlorate in ‘intravenous compound loffler’ ispresent as potassium chlorate and the nitrate is present as sodiumnitrate, the figures obtained by the analysis correspond to a mixtureapproximately as follows. Potassium chlorate kclo₃ 38 6 per cent sodium nitrate nano₃ 32 6 per cent potassium borate k₂b₄o₇ 4 9 per cent sodium borate na₂b₄o₇ 4 0 per cent boric acid  21 1 per cent “from the results of the examination it is concluded that thispreparation is a mixture of alkali chlorate and nitrate and boricacid, probably produced by fusing together the constituents it ispractically the same mixture as oxychlorine and zyme-oid as analyzednearly fourteen years ago in the a m a chemical laboratory ”throughout the advertising of “intravenous compound loffler” thephysician is reminded of the financial returns that the product offers “ the financial return will prove as interesting to yourself as results are to the patients ” “and lastly but not less interesting, the financial returns are commensurate with results ” “ the instruction given me in the use of your intravenous compound and the opportunity presented adds four to five hundred dollars per month to my bank account ” “ will not only give you more positive results than have ever obtained in chronic and progressive diseases but a very remunerative business ” “intravenous compound loffler is supplied in granular form, 2 ounces to a bottle, at $2 per bottle an ounce will average fifteen treatments and treatments are at from $3 to $5 each, according to the ability of the patient to pay ”a physician whose name the intravenous chemical company had given asa user of intravenous compound loffler was written to by anotherphysician who was interested in the matter and he was asked frankly forhis opinion he replied in writing. “the treatment makes a profound impression on the recipient and is usually followed by a marked improvement mentally, and i have not been keen enough to draw the line of just how far the physical or material improvement went and when the psychical began “for the office ‘specialist’ of the advertising type this would be a boon, but i am not entirely satisfied that its use completely justifies its claims ” summaryintravenous compound loffler stands revealed as a nostrum of secretcomposition which physicians are asked to inject into the veinsof their patients it must be purchased in connection with essaysupplementary material, “a complete set of apparatus, ” sold by thesame concern its successful administration is said to depend onfollowing a technic detailed either in a booklet sent out by loffleror given by loffler in a “post-graduate course” which costs physicians$50 unless they have purchased six dollars’ worth of another nostrum, “thymozene ”the intravenous administration of drugs is impressive to the patientthe technic is mysterious and its psychic effect striking itsdangers-- infection, air embolism, intravascular clotting, suddendeath-- are matters of record every conservative physician will admitthat there is no excuse for the intravenous administration of eventhose drugs that are well known and whose effects have been carefullystudied, except when distinct advantages are to be secured as thejournal has stated before, “little is known of the results to beexpected from intravenous therapy even with simple substances ”what, then, can be said of the physician who subjects his patients tothe intravenous injection-- “at from $3 to $5 each, according to theability of the patient to pay”-- of a preparation of whose compositionhe is as ignorant as he must be of its effects?. intravenous compound loffler has been on the market ten years. It is unmentioned in theliterature of scientific medicine the name of its exploiter, whilenot unknown in the twilight zone of professionalism as the exploiterof a nostrum, as a “specialist” in “chronic troubles” and “intravenoustherapy, ” as well as in other capacities even less savory, is equallyunknown to scientific medicine -- from the journal a m a , nov 12, 1921 intravenous specialties to the editor:-- there is a salesman here in salt lake city making extravagant claims about the medicines advertised in the enclosed pamphlet would you kindly advise me as to your opinion of it?. w c schulte, m d , salt lake city to the editor:-- i am interested in knowing the attitude of the council on pharmacy and chemistry regarding the products of the intravenous products company of america, 121 madison avenue, new york city if the council has already reported, please refer me to the appropriate number of the journal if it has not, please give me any information available h b gessner, m d , new orleans answer -- the intravenous products company of america has notrequested the council on pharmacy and chemistry to examine any of itsintravenous specialties, nor have they been discussed in the journalor examined in the american medical association chemical laboratory the firm list of specialties bears a striking resemblance to thoseof other “intravenous specialty” firms endoarsan, like venarsen ofthe intravenous products company of denver, is stated to contain acacodylate dimethylarsenate along with mercury and iodid venarsenwas reported on unfavorably by the council the journal, may 22, 1915, p 1780, the inferior efficacy of sodium cacodylate was discussed the journal, march 25, 1916, p 978 and the worthlessness of sodiumcacodylate as a spirocheticide confirmed by h n cole the journal, dec 30, 1916, p 2012, william g ward the journal, feb 3, 1917, p 390, and r l sutton the journal, feb 17, 1917, p 566 endosal, like venosal of the intravenous products company of denver, is said to contain salicylate and a colchicum preparation the latteris also said to contain iodids venosal was found unacceptable fornew and nonofficial remedies by the council on pharmacy and chemistry like other “intravenous” firms, this company advertises the intravenousadministration of drugs such as sodium iodid and hexamethylenamin theobjections to and the dangers of indiscriminate administration of drugsintravenously was recently emphasized in a report of the council onpharmacy and chemistry “essay of loeser intravenous solutions” thejournal, april 16, 1921, p 1120 -- query from the journal a m a , dec 10, 1921 iodexat fairly frequent intervals physicians receive through the mail freesamples of “iodex, ” a black ointment sent out in small, circularaluminum boxes iodex is sold by menley and james, ltd , new york city, under the claim that it is a preparation of free iodin, 252 minusthe objectionable features that go with free iodin the preparationwas examined in the a m a chemical laboratory in 1915, and foundpractically devoid of free iodin the laboratory also reported thatwhen 1 or 2 grams of iodex was rubbed on the skin of the forearm onseveral subjects and the urine collected and tested for iodin, theresults were negative this disproved the claim that “thirty minutesafter inunction with iodex iodine can be found in the urine ”252 “free” or elementary iodin such as the tincture of iodinis used externally for its local irritant and antiseptic effects “combined iodin” e g , iodid of potassium, does not producethese effects. And when preparations containing iodin in combinedform are used, it is with the expectation of obtaining the systemic “alterative” effects such as are produced by iodids the findings of the laboratory, which were summed up in a report thejournal, june 19, 1915 of the council on pharmacy and chemistry oniodex, were essentially as follows. 1 the composition is incorrectly stated.

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Or b custom writing research papers any combination of two or more medical corporations in the samewriting of the united kingdom, who may agree to hold a joint examinationin medicine, surgery, and midwifery, and of whom one at least iscapable of granting such diploma as aforesaid in respect of medicine, and one at least is capable of granting such diploma in respect ofsurgery. Or c any combination of any such university as aforesaid with anyother such university or universities, or of any such university oruniversities with a medical corporation or corporations. The bodiesforming such combination being in the same writing of the united kingdom3 1 the standard of proficiency at said examinations shall be such assuffices to guarantee the possession of knowledge and skill requisitefor the efficient practice of medicine, surgery, and midwifery itis the duty of the general council to secure the maintenance of suchstandard of proficiency, and it may appoint such number of inspectorsas it may determine who shall attend at all or any of the saidexaminations 3 2 the inspectors are not to interfere with the conduct of anyexamination, but to report to the general council their opinion asto the sufficiency or insufficiency of every examination which theyattend, and such other matters in relation thereto as the generalcouncil may require 3 3 if it appears to the general council that the standard of proficiencyin medicine, surgery, and midwifery, or in any of those subjects orany branch thereof required at such examinations by any such body, isinsufficient, the privy council, on a report from the general councilafter considering such report, and any objection thereto by any bodyto which it relates, may by order declare that the examination ofsuch body or bodies shall not be deemed a qualifying examination forregistration, and her majesty, with the advice of the privy council, may revoke such order if upon further report from the general council, or any body to which it relates, it seems to her expedient 41 during the continuance of such order, the examinations held by thebody or bodies to which it relates shall not be deemed qualifyingexaminations, and a diploma granted to a person passing suchexaminations shall not entitle such person to registration 42 if a medical corporation represent to the general council that itis unable to enter into a combination for holding a qualifyingexamination, and the general council is satisfied that the saidcorporation has used its best endeavor to do so on reasonable terms, the general council may on the application of such corporation appointany number of examiners to assist at the examinations for granting adiploma conferring on the holder the right of registration 51 it is the duty of the said assistant examiners to secure at the saidexaminations the maintenance of such standard of proficiency inmedicine, surgery, and midwifery as is required from candidates atqualifying examinations, and any examination held subject to thissection shall be deemed a qualifying examination 5 2 practitioner rights - a registered medical practitioner shall beentitled to practise medicine, surgery, and midwifery in the unitedkingdom, and subject to any local law, in any other writing of hermajesty dominions, and to recover in due course of law in respectof such practice, any expenses or charges in respect of medicamentsor other appliances, or any fees to which he may be entitled, unlesshe is a fellow of a college of physicians, the fellows of which areprohibited by by-law from recovering at law their expenses, charges orfees, in which case such prohibitory by-law, so long as it is in force, may be pleaded in bar of any legal proceeding instituted by such fellowfor recovery of expenses, charges, or fees 6 members of general council - the constituent members of the generalcouncil are designated by this act in sec 7 members of the general council representing the registered medicalprofession must themselves be registered medical practitioners, andmembers of the branch council for the writing of the united kingdom inwhich they are elected 8 colonial and foreign practitioners - when a person shows to thesatisfaction of the registrar of the general council that he holdsessay recognized colonial medical diploma or diplomas granted to himin a british possession to which this act applies, and that he is ofgood character, and is by law entitled to practise medicine, surgery, and midwifery in such british possession, he shall on application tothe said registrar, and on the payment of such fee not exceeding £5, as the general council may determine, be entitled without examinationin the united kingdom to be registered as a colonial practitioner inthe medical register. Provided he proves to the satisfaction of theregistrar. 1 that the said diploma or diplomas was or were granted to him at atime when he was not domiciled in the united kingdom, or in the courseof a period of not less than five years during the whole of which heresided outside of the united kingdom. Or 2 that he was practising medicine or surgery or a branch of medicineor surgery in the united kingdom on the prescribed day, and that he hascontinued practising the same either in the united kingdom or elsewherefor not less than ten years immediately preceding the prescribed day11 when a person shows to the satisfaction of the registrar of thegeneral council that he holds essay recognized foreign medical diplomaor diplomas granted in a foreign country, to which this act applies, and that he is of good character, and is by law entitled to practisemedicine, surgery, and midwifery in such foreign country, he shallon application to said registrar, and on payment of such fee, notexceeding £5, as the general council may determine, be entitled withoutexamination in the united kingdom to be registered as a foreignpractitioner in the medical register. Provided he proves to thesatisfaction of the registrar. 1 that he is not a british subject.