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” “bernoulli, ” page 287 the statement of such a luminary of the church as gregory of tours hasundoubtedly gained ecclestiastical credence for the medical efficacynot only of the tomb of st martin, but of all the relics relating tothat saint it remained only to distribute the superior medical powerwhich was contained in the holy tombs and relics in such a form aswould enable all patients, wherever they happened to be, to make use ofthem this task, apparently most difficult, was settled very easily it was discovered that everything which came in contact with a relicactually absorbed a sacred and miraculous power contained in the same, and what had been absorbed was by no means imponderable quite thecontrary essaything of material substance, and, therefore, physicallydemonstrable, passed from the relic into the objects surrounding it it was indeed a celestial fluid, but, nevertheless, of so terrestriala nature that the priests were able to demonstrate its transferenceby means of a common pair of scales thus it was customary that thesilk shreds which were deposited by the pilgrims upon the tomb of theapostle peter were weighed before they were placed there and weighedagain after their removal this weighing always and without exceptionindicated a considerable increase in their weight the pilgrim thencould travel homeward and be thoroughly consoled, as the scale haddemonstrated to him the amount of miraculous power contained in hissilk rag it was really astonishing, under essay circumstances, custom essays legit whatan enormous amount of curative fluid could flow from such a holy tombinto a single terrestrial object this was what happened to a king ofthe suavians he had a sick son, for whose cure every remedy had provedunavailing he at last sent an embassy to tours to obtain a relic ofst martin, but this relic was destined to be manufactured with theassistance of the embassy the priests were quite willing to complywith the desire of their royal petitioner, and thus a piece of silk, duly weighed beforehand, was placed upon the tomb of st martin afterthis silk had remained for one night upon the holy sepulchre, and theembassy had knelt beside praying fervently, the silk absorbed so muchcurative power that the register of the scale was raised to its highestpossible notch knowing, then, that any desired object could be saturated with themiraculous power contained in a relic, they used to apply thiscelestial power through medicaments, and to accomplish this a numberof methods were in use the most popular was to scrape the tombstoneson the graves of the saints as thoroughly as possible the powderthus obtained was then put into water or wine, and thus a medicinewas acquired which possessed an astonishing curative power it wasefficacious even in the severest ailments of the body let us listen towhat gregory of tours has reported concerning the medicinal virtues ofsuch tombstone potions he says. “oh, indescribable mixture, incomparable elixir, antidotebeyond all praise!. celestial purgative if i may be permitted touse the expression, which throws into the shade every medicalprescription, which surpasses in fragrance every earthly aroma, andis more powerful than all essences.

Arch f verdauungskr custom essays legit 20:577, 1914 physiologic considerationsthroughout its clinical use, secretin has been given by mouth. Butits direct introduction into the intestine of a dog under anesthesiain even enormous quantities is without effect this fact, firstobserved by bayliss and starling, 32 was confirmed by fleig, 81 andmatuso, 36 and our personal experiments have convinced us of itstruth matuso found that ordinary secretin and that obtained fromintestinal lumen gave equally negative results large quantities ofactive secretin, moreover, acidified to 0 2 per cent hydrochloricacid, and left in the ileum for fifteen minutes, were still negative wertheimer and duvillier, 82 in a previous paper on this subject, had likewise found that acid solutions of secretin which might beconsidered more normal for the intestine than when neutral, whenintroduced into the ileum gave negative or inconstant results theyconclude that it is more likely that the pancreas does not respond tosuch minimal stimuli, than that the secretin is not absorbed 81 flieg. Arch gén de méd 191:1482, 1903 82 wertheimer and duvillier. Compt rend soc de biol 68:535, 1910 the destructive action of the digestive enzymes leads us to believethat it is in inactive form that secretin is absorbed likeepinephrin, it cannot pass through the digestive tract bayliss andstarling state that it is destroyed by one hour tryptic digestion lalou62 worked with the action on secretin of pepsin, dog gastricjuice, pancreatic juice, succus entericus and erepsin, and found ineach case a destructive effect, even almost after mixing. And afterfive minutes over 75 per cent of the activity had disappeared matuso36 introduced 30 c c of active secretin into the intestine, removed it five minutes later, and found that no activity remained other methods of administration have been tried subcutaneousinjections are practically negative matuso, 36 hallion83and intrapleural injections are likewise negligible bayliss andstarling55 83 hallion. Presse méd 20:433, 1912 starling63 finds that continued intravenous injections of secretin ina healthy dog produces after a time severe symptoms of collapse, which, he believes, are due to change in the intestinal mucous membrane causedby the entry and non-neutralization of the strongly alkaline pancreaticjuice intestinal digestion seems little affected in achylia gastrica stockton, 84 ehrman and lederer, 85 bayliss and starling32 thismay be due to other secretin stimulants as fats, or to the action ofthe nervous mechanisms meltzer86 84 stockton. In osier and mccrae modern medicine 3:19, 1914 85 ehrman and lederer. Deutsch med wchnschr 35:879, 1909 86 meltzer, s j. The factors of safety in animal structure andanimal economy, j a m a , feb 23, 1907, p 655 the destruction of secretin by human gastric juicewe have carried out in detail experiments on the digestive effect ofhuman gastric juice on secretin our results in every respect confirmthe findings of lalou, 62 who worked with commercial pepsin and doggastric juice, but are even more striking because of the much superiorquality of pure human gastric juice methods -- the human gastric juice was obtained from mr v , thegastric fistula case of our laboratory the chemical and digestivecharacters of his juice are discussed in a recent paper 87 in thedifferent experiments, different samples of gastric juice were used the secretin employed was always freshly prepared digestion wascarried out in the incubator at 38 c with the reaction of 0 4 percent acid, and the end of the period was marked by either boilingthe mixture or in the first two experiments by turning the mixturealkaline the action of the preparation, we proved, was not influencedby the method used the dogs on which the preparations were testedwere prepared for carotid blood pressure, injection into the externaljugular vein, and cannula in the pancreatic duct, essentially themethods of bayliss and starling32 being employed the preparationswere injected at body temperature after being neutralized and filtered except for the addition of normal salt solution instead of gastricjuice, the control injections of secretin were submitted to exactly thesame treatment as the other preparations 87 carlson.

It works no ill effects, yet i hope you have wit enough to give thestrongest decoction to the strongest bodies broom, and broom-rape to spend time in writing a description hereof is altogether needless, it being so generally used by all the good housewives almost throughthis land to sweep their houses with, and therefore very well known toall sorts of people the broom-rape springs up in thesis places from the roots of the broom but more often in fields, as by hedge-sides and on heaths the stalkwhereof is of the bigness of a finger or thumb, above two feet high, having a shew of leaves on them, and thesis flowers at the top, of areddish yellow colour, as also the stalks and leaves are place they grow in thesis places of this land commonly, and ascommonly spoil all the land they grow in time custom essays legit they flower in the summer months, and give their seed beforewinter government and virtues the juice or decoction of the youngbranches, or seed, or the powder of the seed taken in drink purgesdownwards, and draws phlegmatic and watery humours from the joints;whereby it helps the dropsy, gout, sciatica, and pains of the hips andjoints. It also provokes strong vomits, and helps the pains of thesides, and swelling of the spleen, cleanses also the reins or kidneysand bladder of the stone, provokes urine abundantly, and hinders thegrowing again of the stone in the body the continual use of the powderof the leaves and seed doth cure the black jaundice the distilledwater of the flowers is profitable for all the same purposes. It alsohelps surfeit, and alters the fit of agues, if three or four ouncesthereof, with as much of the water of the lesser centaury, and alittle sugar put therein, be taken a little before the fit comes, andthe writingy be laid down to sweat in his bed the oil or water that isdrawn from the end of the green sticks heated in the fire, helps thetooth-ache the juice of young branches made into an ointment of oldhog grease, and anointed, or the young branches bruised and heatedin oil or hog grease, and laid to the sides pained by wind, as institches, or the spleen, ease them in once or twice using it the sameboiled in oil is the safest and surest medicine to kill lice in thehead or body of any. And is an especial remedy for joint aches, andswollen knees, that come by the falling down of humours the broom rape also is not without its virtues the decoction thereof in wine, is thought to be as effectual to voidthe stone in the kidney or bladder, and to provoke urine, as the broomitself the juice thereof is a singular good help to cure as well greenwounds, as old and filthy sores and malignant ulcers the insolate oil, wherein there has been three or four repetitions of infusion of the topstalks, with flowers strained and cleared, cleanses the skin from allmanner of spots, marks, and freckles that rise either by the heat ofthe sun, or the malignity of humours as for the broom and broom-rape, mars owns them, and is exceeding prejudicial to the liver, i supposeby reason of the antipathy between jupiter and mars. Therefore if theliver be disaffected, minister none of it buck-horn plantain descript this being sown of seed, rises up at first with small, long, narrow, hairy, dark green leaves like grass, without any divisionor gash in them, but those that follow are gashed in on both sides theleaves into three or four gashes, and pointed at the ends, resemblingthe knags of a buck horn whereof it took its name, and being wellwound round about the root upon the ground, in order one by another, thereby resembling the form of a star, from among which rise up divershairy stalks, about a hand breadth high, bearing every one a small, long spiky head, like to those of the common plantain having such likebloomings and seed after them the root is single, long and small, withdivers strings at it place they grow in sandy grounds, as in tothill-fields bywestminster, and divers other places of this land time they flower and seed in may, june, and july, and their greenleaves do in a manner abide fresh all the winter government and virtues it is under the dominion of saturn, and isof a gallant, drying, and binding quality this boiled in wine anddrank, and essay of the leaves put to the hurt place, is an excellentremedy for the biting of the viper or adder, which i take to be oneand the same the same being also drank, helps those that are troubledwith the stone in the reins or kidneys, by cooling the heat of thewriting afflicted, and strengthens them. Also weak stomachs that cannotretain, but cast up their meat it stays all bleeding both at mouth ornose. Bloody urine or the bloody-flux, and stops the lask of the bellyand bowels the leaves hereof bruised and laid to their sides that havean ague, suddenly ease the fits. And the leaves and roots applied tothe wrists, works the same effect the herb boiled in ale and wine, andgiven for essay mornings and evenings together, stays the distillationof hot and sharp rheums falling into the eyes from the head, and helpsall sorts of sore eyes buck horn it is called hart-horn, herba-stella and herba-stellaria, sanguinaria, herb-eve, herb-ivy, wort-tresses, and swine-cresses descript they have thesis small and weak straggled branches trailinghere and there upon the ground. The leaves are thesis, small and jagged, not much unlike to those of buck-horn plantain, but much smaller, and not so hairy the flowers grow among the leaves in small, rough, whitish clusters. The seeds are smaller and brownish, of a bitter taste place they grow in dry, barren, sandy grounds time they flower and seed when the rest of the plantains do government and virtues this is also under the dominion of saturn;the virtues are held to be the same as buck-horn plaintain, andtherefore by all authors it is joined with it the leaves bruised andapplied to the place, stop bleeding the herbs bruised and applied towarts, will make them consume and waste in a short time bugle besides the name bugle, it is called middle confound and middlecomfrey, brown bugle, and by essay sicklewort, and herb-carpenter;though in essex we call another herb by that name descript this has larger leaves than those of the self-heal, butelse of the same fashion, or rather longer. In essay green on the upperside, and in others more brownish, dented about the edges, essaywhathairy, as the square stalk is also which rises up to be half a yardhigh essaytimes, with the leaves set by couples, from the middle almost, whereof upwards stand the flowers, together with thesis smaller andbrowner leaves than the rest, on the stalk below set at distance, andthe stalk bare between them. Among which flowers, are also small onesof a blueish and essaytimes of an ash colour, fashioned like the flowersof ground-ivy, after which come small, round blackish seeds the rootis composed of thesis strings, and spreads upon the ground the white flowered bugle differs not in form or greatness from theformer, saving that the leaves and stalks are always green, and neverbrown, like the other, and the flowers thereof are white place they grow in woods, copses, and fields, generally throughoutengland, but the white flowered bugle is not so plentiful as the former time they flower from may until july, and in the mean time perfecttheir seed the roots and leaves next thereunto upon the ground abidingall the winter government and virtues this herb belongs to dame venus. If thevirtues of it makes you fall in love with it as they will if you bewise keep a syrup of it to take inwardly, an ointment and plaister ofit to use outwardly, always by you the decoction of the leaves and flowers made in wine, and taken, dissolves the congealed blood in those that are bruised inwardly by afall, or otherwise is very effectual for any inward wounds, thrusts, or stabs in the body or bowels. And it is an especial help in allwound-drinks, and for those that are liver-grown as they call it it is wonderful in curing all manner of ulcers and sores, whether newand fresh, or old and inveterate. Yea, gangrenes and fistulas also, if the leaves bruised and applied, or their juice be used to wash andbathe the place. And the same made into a lotion, and essay honey andalum, cures all sores in the mouth and gums, be they ever so foul, orof long continuance.

Gutenberg org/donatesection 5 general information about project gutenberg-tm electronicworks professor michael s hart was the originator of the project gutenberg-tmconcept of a library of electronic works that could be freely sharedwith anyone for forty years, he produced and distributed projectgutenberg-tm ebooks with only a loose network of volunteer support project gutenberg-tm ebooks are often created from several printededitions, all of which are confirmed as public domain in the u s unless a copyright notice is included thus, we do not necessarilykeep ebooks in compliance with any writingicular paper edition most people start at our web site which has the main pg search facility:the project gutenberg ebook of the complete herbal, by nicholas culpeperthis ebook is for the use of anyone anywhere in the united states and mostother writings of the world at no cost and with almost no restrictionswhatsoever you may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms ofthe project gutenberg license included with this ebook or online atgutenberg org if you are not located in the united states, you'll haveto check the laws of the country where you are located before using this ebook title. The complete herbal to which is now added, upwards of one hundred additional herbs, with a display of their medicinal and occult qualities physically applied to the cure of all disorders incident to mankind. To which are now first annexed, the english physician enlarged, and key to physic author. Nicholas culpeperrelease date. July 24, 2015 ebook #49513language. Englishcharacter set encoding. Utf-8*** start of this project gutenberg ebook the complete herbal ***produced by chris curnow, emmy and the online distributedproofreading team at pgdp net this file wasproduced from images generously made available by theinternet archive in loving memory of poppy curnow, wholoved her herb garden transcriber's note. As with any medicinal work first published in the1600s and rewritten countless times, it should go without saying to notattempt these recipes just in case, the transcriber has now said it also, thesis and varied were the printing and publishing anomalies, for amore complete explanation, see the extensive notes collected at the endof this text illustration.

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Boil them a little, and make them into aplaster according to art culpeper it potently cures wounds, old malignant ulcers, and isvery drying emplastrum de minio simplicius or, a plaster of red lead simple college take of red lead nine ounces, oil of red roses one poundand an half, white wine vinegar six ounces, boil it into the perfectbody of a plaster it is prepared without vinegar, thus. Take of redlead one pound, oil of roses one pound and an half, wax half a pound, make it into a plaster according to art culpeper it is a fine cooling healing plaster, and very drying emplastrum metroproptoticon college take of mastich one ounce and an half, galbanum dissolvedin red wine and strained, six drams, cypress turpentine two drams, cypress nuts, galls, of each one dram and an half, oil of nutmegsby expression one dram, musk two grains and an half, pitch scrapedoff from old ships two drams and an half. Beat the galbanum, pitch, turpentine, and mastich gently in a hot mortar and pestle, towards theend, adding the oil of nutmegs, then the rest in powder, last of allthe musk mixed with a little oil of mastich upon a marble, and by exactmixture make them into a plaster emplastrum nervinum college take of oil of chamomel and roses, of each two ounces, of mastich, turpentine, and linseeds, of each an ounce and an half, turpentine boiled four ounces, rosemary, bettony, horsetail, centaurythe less, of each a handful, earth-worms washed and cleansed in winethree ounces, tops of st john wort a handful, mastich, gum elemi, madder roots, of each ten drams, ship-pitch, rozin, of each an ounceand an half, litharge of gold and silver, of each two ounces and anhalf, red lead two ounces, galbanum, sagapen, ammoniacum, of each threedrams. Boil the roots, herbs, and worms, in a pound and an half of winetill half be consumed, then press them out, and boil the decoctionagain with the oils, suets, litharge, and red lead, to the consumptionof the wine. Then add the gums dissolved in wine, afterwards theturpentine, rozin, pitch, and mastich, in powders and make them into aplaster according to art culpeper it strengthens the brain and nerves, and then beingapplied to the back, down along the bone, it must needs add strength tothe body emplastrum oxycroceum college take of saffron, ship-pitch, colophonia, yellow wax, of each four ounces, turpentine, galbanum, ammoniacum, myrrh, olibanum, mastich, of each one ounce and three drams let the pitchand colophonia be melted together, then add the wax, then it beingremoved from the fire the turpentine, afterwards the gums dissolved invinegar, lastly the saffron in powder, well mixed with vinegar, and somake it into a plaster according to art culpeper it is of a notable softening and discussing quality, helpsbroken bones, and any writing molested with cold, old aches, stiffness ofthe limbs by reason of wounds, ulcers, fractures, or dislocations, anddissipates cold swellings emplastrum stephaniaion college take of labdanum half an ounce, styrax, juniper gum, ofeach two drams, amber, cypress, turpentine, of each one dram, redcoral, mastich, of each half a dram, the flowers of sage, red roses, the roots of orris florentine, of each one scruple, rozin washedin rose-water half an ounce, the rozin, labdanum, juniper gum, andturpentine, being gently beaten in a hot mortar, with a hot pestle, sprinkling in a few drops of red wine till they are in a body.