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Common App Essay 2015


And much eases the painsof the gout proceeding from any hot cause the juice also takes awayworts and corns in the hands or feet, being often bathed therewith, andthe skin and leaves being laid on them afterwards it eases also thehead-ache, and distempered heat of the brain in frenzies, or throughwant of sleep, being applied to the temples and forehead the leavesbruised and laid upon the crown or seam of the head, stays bleeding atthe nose very quickly the distilled water of the herb is profitablefor all the purposes aforesaid the leaves being gently rubbed on anyplace stung with nettles or bees, doth quickly take away the pain hound tongue descript the great ordinary hound tongue has thesis long andessaywhat narrow, soft, hairy, darkish green leaves, lying on theground, essaywhat like unto bugloss leaves, from among which rises upa rough hairy stalk about two feet high, with essay smaller leavesthereon, and branched at the tops into divers writings, with a small leafat the foot of every branch, which is essaywhat long, with thesis flowersset along the same, which branch is crooked or turned inwards beforeit flowers, and opens by degrees as the flowers blow, which consistof small purplish red leaves of a dead colour, rising out of the huskswherein they stand with essay threads in the middle it has essaytimes awhite flower after the flowers are past, there comes rough flat seed, with a small pointle in the middle, easily cleaving to any garment thatit touches, and not so easily pulled off again the root is black, thick, and long, hard to break, and full of clammy juice, smellingessaywhat strong, of common app essay 2015 an evil scent, as the leaves also do place it grows in moist places of this land, in waste grounds, anduntilled places, by highway sides, lanes, and hedge-sides time it flowers about may or june, and the seed is ripe shortlyafter government and virtues it is a plant under the dominion of mercury the root is very effectually used in pills, as well as the decoction, or otherwise, to stay all sharp and thin defluxions of rheum from thehead into the eyes or nose, or upon the stomach or lungs, as alsofor coughs and shortness of breath the leaves boiled in wine saithdioscorides, but others do rather appoint it to be made with water, andadd thereto oil and salt molifies or opens the belly downwards italso helps to cure the biting of a mad dog, essay of the leaves beingalso applied to the wound. The leaves bruised, or the juice of themboiled in hog lard, and applied, helps falling away of the hair, which comes of hot and sharp humours. As also for any place that isscalded or burnt. The leaves bruised and laid to any green wound dothheal it up quickly. The root baked under the embers, wrapped in pasteor wet paper, or in a wet double cloth, and thereof a suppository made, and put up into or applied to the fundament, doth very effectually helpthe painful piles or hæmorrhoids the distilled water of the herbs androots is very good to all the purposes aforesaid, to be used as wellinwardly to drink, as outwardly to wash any sore place, for it healsall manner of wounds and punctures, and those foul ulcers that arise bythe french pox mizaldus adds that the leaves laid under the feet, willkeep the dogs from barking at you it is called hound-tongue, becauseit ties the tongues of hounds. Whether true, or not, i never tried, yeti cured the biting of a mad dog with this only medicine holly, holm, or hulver bush for to describe a tree so well known is needless government and virtues the tree is saturnine the berries expelwind, and therefore are held to be profitable in the cholic theberries have a strong faculty with them. For if you eat a dozen of themin the morning fasting when they are ripe and not dried, they purge thebody of gross and clammy phlegm. But if you dry the berries, and beatthem into powder, they bind the body, and stop fluxes, bloody-fluxes, and the terms in women the bark of the tree, and also the leaves, areexcellently good, being used in fomentations for broken bones, and suchmembers as are out of joint pliny saith, the branches of the treedefend houses from lightning, and men from witchcraft st john wort this is a very beautiful shrub, and is a great ornament to our meadows descript common st john wort shoots forth brownish, upright, hard, round stalks, two feet high, spreading thesis branches from thesides up to the tops of them, with two small leaves set one againstanother at every place, which are of a deep green colour, essaywhatlike the leaves of the lesser centaury, but narrow, and full of smallholes in every leaf, which cannot be so well perceived, as when theyare held up to the light. At the tops of the stalks and branches standyellow flowers of five leaves a-piece, with thesis yellow threads in themiddle, which being bruised do yield a reddish juice like blood. Afterwhich come small round heads, wherein is contained small blackish seedsmelling like rosin the root is hard and woody, with divers stringsand fibres at it, of a brownish colour, which abides in the ground thesisyears, shooting anew every spring place this grows in woods and copses, as well those that are shady, as open to the sun time they flower about midsummer and july, and their seed is ripein the latter end of july or august government and virtues it is under the celestial sign leo, and thedominion of the sun it may be, if you meet a papist, he will tellyou, especially if he be a lawyer, that st john made it over to himby a letter of attorney it is a singular wound herb.

Squill, 1/4 gr. Cascarin, 1/16 gr with aromatics ”“pulvoids calcylates compound sugar coated orange color”is advertised medical times, january, 1919 as being“analgesic-antipyretic and diuretic, ” and is included in thepreparations designated by the advertiser as “approved remedies forlagrippe and ‘flu ’” the claim that “their tolerance is remarkable”refers not to the physicians who tolerate such products, but to thealleged fact that pulvoids calcylates are tolerated remarkably well the advertisement continues. “may be given persistently and continuously without gastric disturbances ” “they are uniformly efficient more certain in effect than the ordinary salicylates ”it would be difficult to find an advertisement of equal lengthcontaining a greater number of misleading or directly false statementsthan are found in this one the journal april 22, 1916, p 1307 hascalled attention to the lack of justification for this absurd mixtureof drugs and has discussed the preparation with especial reference toits use in acute rheumatism, in which the salicylates occupy a specialfield the advertisement just quoted mentions la grippe and “flu” orinfluenza as special fields of usefulness for this preparation this, apparently, is merely an attempt to spread the sail for any breeze salicylates have a field of usefulness in influenza in that theyoften afford relief from pain there is no reason to suppose that amixture containing calcium and strontium salicylates-- the “calcium andstrontium disalicylate” of pulvoids calcylates is probably a mixtureof calcium and strontium salicylate127-- has any greater salicyliceffect than an equal amount of sodium salicylate on the other hand, itis worse than useless to give colchicum, squill and digitalis for therelief of such pains 127 see report, the journal, sept 9, 1916, p 827 should cardiac dilatation develop, and digitalis medication berequired it would be impossible to adjust the dose of such a mixturewith special reference to the digitalis action, which alone would beindicated for that condition no educated physician at present wouldthink of giving resin of guaiac merely because his patient requireddigitalis, nor would he administer “cascarin, ” whatever that may be, infixed doses, every time he gave a dose of salicylate it is impossible to recognize the several effects induced by thistherapeutic omneity, and the medical profession should consider it aninsult to be offered mixtures such as pulvoids calcylates compound pulvoids calcylates compound is, per se, of no great importance. It isone of a type it has been selected as one of the utterly irrationaland therefore potentially dangerous mixtures, that may be found bythe score or the hundred in the catalogues of practically everypharmaceutical manufacturing firm in the united states -- from thejournal a m a , june 14, 1919 proteogens of the wm s merrell company report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has adopted and authorized publication of the statementwhich appears below, declaring proteogen no 1 plantex for cancer, proteogen no 2 for rheumatism, proteogen no 3 for tuberculosis, proteogen no 4 for hay fever and bronchial asthma, proteogen no 5for dermatoses, proteogen no 6 for chlorosis, proteogen no 7 forsecondary anemia, proteogen no 8 for pernicious anemia, proteogenno 9 for goitre, proteogen no 10 for syphilis, proteogen no 11for gonorrhea, and proteogen no 12 for influenza and pneumoniainadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies because theircomposition is secret. Because the therapeutic claims made for themare unwarranted. And because the secrecy and complexity of theircomposition makes the use of these preparations irrational the council took up the consideration of the merrell proteogens becauseof inquiries received, and on january 27 invited the merrell companyto aid in the proposed investigation by submitting information inregard to the composition of the preparations, submitting the currentadvertising, and presenting evidence for the claims that were madefor the preparations while the merrell company agreed to submit therequested information, this had not been received at the time thereport of the referee to whom the products had been assigned referee1, was adopted this report was sent to the company on april 4 inreply the merrell company protested against the conclusions of thereport and submitted considerable material in an attempt to supportthe claims made for the products this material was examined by thefirst referee and then transmitted to a second referee referee 2 forconsideration the second referee concluded that the matter submittedoffered no evidence that would justify the council in modifying thereport first adopted, and hence recommended that its publication beauthorized in accordance with this recommendation report of referee 2 thecouncil authorized the publication of the reports of both the first andsecond referees w a puckner, secretary report of first referee on proteogens“proteogens, ” according to the william s merrell co , are “polyvalentproteins of non-toxic plant origin ” the subject of proteogens canbest be approached by recalling the history of “autolysin, ” analleged remedy for cancer, originated by a s horowitz, ph d thiswas exploited essay years ago, and was finally shown to be worthless proteogens are said to be prepared “under the personal supervision ofthe originator, dr a s horowitz ” the composition of the differentproteogens is essentially secret the assertion was made at one time, but is not found in the present advertising matter, that plantex-- nowcalled “proteogen no 1”-- is similar to autolysin now the proteogensare said to be “prepared by a special process employing variouscombinations of plants ” further. The biologic principles present are chlorophyll, chromoplast, lipoids and vitamines. These are ferments or enzymes the vegetable acids, metalloids and metals present in all plants in colloid form act biochemically among the metalloids are hydrogen, carbon, manganese, oxygen, sulphur, phosphorus and chlorine. The heavy metals are iron, potassium, sodium, magnesium and copper these biochemic principles are always present in plants as colloids ”it is claimed by the merrell company that. “proteogens stimulate the cytogenic mechanism to higher activity. Therefore, indirectly cleave the invading microorganism and eliminate their special toxins proteogens swing the disturbed metabolism back to normal and, by natural processes, build up effective defenses against recurrent bacterial attacks ”proteogen no 1 was first introduced as “plantex, ” and at that time themerrell company referred to a preparation that was the result of “aseries of studies” carried out by a “noted biologist” with a view of“evolving a cancer remedy” that was “to be autolytic in character, ” andannounced. “the house of merrell always interested in the progress of plant therapy, began pharmacological experimentations to reproduce this same substance the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the substance as used in new york having been published simplified matters a essaywhat similar remedy has now been prepared it consists of the following substances-- menyanthes trifoliata buckbean, melilotus officinalis yellow sweet clover, mentha crispa curled mint, brassica alba white mustard, anemone hepatica liver leaf, viola tricolor pansy, anthemis roman chamomile, fructus colocynthidis colocynth, lignum quassiæ quassia, urtica dioica nettle, radix rhei rhubarb root, hedge hyssop these substances are in approximately equal proportions with the exception of the mustard which forms 20 per cent of the mixture, and the colocynth fruit which is 5 per cent ”with respect also to the other proteogens listed above, study ofmedical literature revealed no evidence establishing their therapeuticvalue. In fact, no evidence was found other than that appearing inthe advertising matter of the manufacturer the range of diseases inwhich proteogens are recommended is so wide as to make obvious thelack of scientific judgment which characterizes their exploitation acircular letter, received january, 1919, reminded the physician thatabout a year ago his attention had been directed to proteogen no 1for cancer, that later developments enabled the firm to recommend forhis consideration “a series of proteogens nos 2 to 9, ” and that now“in response to an insistent demand, dr a s horowitz has preparedtwo new proteogens-- no 10 for syphilis and no 11 for gonorrhea ”a postscript to this circular letter announced another preparation, “proteogen no 12 for influenza and pneumonia, ” a “development out ofthe present influenza epidemic, ” and admitted that “it has not hadthe clinical experimentation that precedes our introduction of a newproduct ”the introduction of no 12 was effected by means of a special bulletinwhich consists exclusively of clinical reports from seven physicians, all from chicago save one, and all purporting to show most favorableresults from no 12 they describe paper which any physician withexperience with influenza can duplicate without any special treatment it is difficult to give serious consideration to a set of allegedremedies when the only evidence is that furnished by the proponents ofthe alleged remedies this is writingicularly true when the alleged remedydoes not make a sufficient appeal to one sense of the rational intherapeutics to lead one to feel justified in asking a trial at thehands of careful clinical observers considering the grave nature ofthe diseases for which proteogens are recommended, writingicularly cancer, tuberculosis, and pernicious anemia, the want of a rational basisfor the method of treatment and the general tenor of the advertisingmatter, it appears safe to conclude that these agents do not representany definite advance in therapeutics as the use of preparations, secret in composition, and of noestablished value, is contrary to rational therapy, it is recommendedthat the proteogen preparations be declared in conflict with rules 1, 6and 10 report of second referee reviewing manufacturers’ replythe report declaring the proteogens of the william s merrell companyinadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies was adopted by thecouncil, but before publication it was sent to the merrell companyfor such comments as it might desire to make in due time the replyof the firm was received it consisted of two volumes bound in limpmorocco, each stamped in gold. “report proteogen therapy requested bythe american medical association, 1919. The wm s merrell company ”the first volume contained 79 pages of typewritten material. The secondvolume contained 76 pages of typewritten material and a number ofadvertising booklets put out by the wm s merrell company, exploitingthe proteogens among the typewritten material was a 14-page report on “proteogentherapy” by its originator, a s horowitz following this thereare several pages devoted to what is termed “a short qualitativedescription of the ingredients of major importance in proteogens ”then follows a page describing the advertising of proteogens, andthe remainder of the two books is devoted to testimonials, laudingthe benefit of proteogens in diseases such as cancer, tuberculosis, rheumatism, asthma, influenza, enlarged prostate, rheumaticendocarditis, syphilis, eczema, psoriasis, diabetes, secondary anemia, gonococcic infections, etc finally, there are attached samples ofadvertising pamphlets the dissertation by a s horowitz contains little actual informationconcerning these substances, but is concerned principally withdiscussion of foreign proteins, “antiferments, ” “non-specificproteins, ” “anti-virolins” and speculations on their hypotheticalactions and interactions on each other and on the organs of the bodyand on bacteria the report contains thesis questionable statements one finds in this report but few definite statements of facts whichare known to be accurate or which could be accepted without question the qualitative description of the proteins and their components isas vague as the previous discussion the differentiation between thevarious proteogens is extremely indefinite.

The juice of the herb or root doth the same thedecoction of the herb or seed, or both, kills lice in man or beast the fume of the dried herb, stalks and seed, burned, quickly healsswellings, chilblains or kibes in the hands or feet, by holding them inthe fume thereof the remedy to help those that have taken henbane isto drink goat milk, honeyed water, or pine kernels, with sweet wine;or, in the absence of these, fennel seed, nettle seed, the seed ofcresses, mustard, or radish. As also onions or garlic taken in wine, doall help to free them from danger, and restore them to their due temperagain take notice, that this herb must never be taken inwardly. Outwardly, an oil ointment, or plaister of it, is most admirable for thegout, to cool the veneral heat of the reins in the french pox. Tostop the toothache, being applied to the aching side. To allay allinflammations, and to help the diseases before premised hedge hyssop divers sorts there are of this plant.

All the herbs which common app essay 2015 delight most to grow in saturnine places, are saturnine herbs both henbane delights most to grow in saturnineplaces, and whole cart loads of it may be found near the places wherethey empty the common jakes, and scarce a ditch to be found without itgrowing by it ergo, it is an herb of saturn the leaves of henbane docool all hot inflammations in the eyes, or any other writing of the body;and are good to assuage all manner of swellings of the privities, orwomen breast, or elsewhere, if they be boiled in wine, and eitherapplied themselves, or the fomentation warm. It also assuages the painof the gout, the sciatica, and other pains in the joints which arisefrom a hot cause and applied with vinegar to the forehead and temples, helps the head-ache and want of sleep in hot fevers the juice of theherb or seed, or the oil drawn from the seed, does the like the oilof the seed is helpful for deafness, noise, and worms in the ears, being dropped therein. The juice of the herb or root doth the same thedecoction of the herb or seed, or both, kills lice in man or beast the fume of the dried herb, stalks and seed, burned, quickly healsswellings, chilblains or kibes in the hands or feet, by holding them inthe fume thereof the remedy to help those that have taken henbane isto drink goat milk, honeyed water, or pine kernels, with sweet wine;or, in the absence of these, fennel seed, nettle seed, the seed ofcresses, mustard, or radish. As also onions or garlic taken in wine, doall help to free them from danger, and restore them to their due temperagain take notice, that this herb must never be taken inwardly. Outwardly, an oil ointment, or plaister of it, is most admirable for thegout, to cool the veneral heat of the reins in the french pox. Tostop the toothache, being applied to the aching side. To allay allinflammations, and to help the diseases before premised hedge hyssop divers sorts there are of this plant. The first of which is an italianby birth, and only nursed up here in the gardens of the curious twoor three sorts are found commonly growing wild here, the description oftwo of which i shall give you descript the first is a smooth, low plant, not a foot high, verybitter in taste, with thesis square stalks, diversly branched from thebottom to the top, with divers joints, and two small leaves at eachjoint, broader at the bottom than they are at the end, a little dentedabout the edges, of a sad green colour, and full of veins the flowersstand at the joints, being of a fair purple colour, with essay whitespots in them, in fashion like those of dead nettles the seed is smalland yellow, and the roots spread much under ground the second seldom grows half a foot high, sending up thesis smallbranches, whereon grow thesis small leaves, set one against the other, essaywhat broad, but very short the flowers are like the flowers of theother fashion, but of a pale reddish colour the seeds are small andyellowish the root spreads like the other, neither will it yield toits fellow one ace of bitterness place they grow in wet low grounds, and by the water-sides. Thelast may be found among the bogs on hampstead heath time they flower in june or july, and the seed is ripe presentlyafter government and virtues they are herbs of mars, and as choleric andchurlish as he is, being most violent purges, especially of cholerand phlegm it is not safe taking them inwardly, unless they be wellrectified by the art of the alchymist, and only the purity of themgiven. So used they may be very helpful both for the dropsy, gout, and sciatica. Outwardly used in ointments they kill worms, the bellyanointed with it, and are excellently good to cleanse old and filthyulcers black hellebore it is also called setter-wort, setter-grass, bear-foot, christmas-herb, and christmas-flowers descript it hath sundry fair green leaves rising from the root, each of them standing about an handful high from the earth. Each leafis divided into seven, eight, or nine writings, dented from the middleof the leaf to the point on both sides, abiding green all the winter;about christmas-time, if the weather be any thing temperate, theflowers appear upon foot stalks, also consisting of five large, round, white leaves a-piece, which essaytimes are purple towards the edges, with thesis pale yellow thumbs in the middle. The seeds are dividedinto several cells, like those of columbines, save only that they aregreater. The seeds are in colour black, and in form long and round theroot consists of numberless blackish strings all united into one head there is another black hellebore, which grows up and down in the woodsvery like this, but only that the leaves are smaller and narrower, andperish in the winter, which this doth not place the first is maintained in gardens the second is commonlyfound in the woods in northamptonshire time the first flowers in december or january.

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In eithercase, there is the chance that damage, even irreparable to the patient, may result because rational treatment is withheld 253 page 227 if we accept the statement that the preparations are largely vegetableproteins, it is a fair inference that, under certain conditions, they may cause a febrile reaction of the same general nature as thatcaused by other foreign proteins when injected into the body we knowthat such reactions are not without danger and that the treatment ofcertain infections by induced reactions to foreign proteins is strictlyan experimental procedure to be undertaken only under very specialconditions there is, therefore, no known valid reason why a physicianshould assume the responsibility for using these alleged remedies inthe treatment of his patients. There is a very obvious reason why heshould not-- the therapeutic instructions of “the house of merrell, always interested in the progress of plant therapy” to the contrarynotwithstanding it is the old story of exploiting physicians throughcommercial pseudoscience. Of trading on the credulity of the professionto the detriment of the public as osler254 recently protested sovigorously:254 advance pages, the oxford medicine, 1919, vol 1, writing 3, p 245 essay time ago a pamphlet came from x and company, characterized by brazen therapeutic impudence, and indicating a supreme indifference to anything that could be called intelligence on the writing of the recipients that these firms manufacturing pharmacists have the audacity to issue such trash indicates the state of thraldom in which they regard us and i would protest against the usurpation on the writing of these men of our function as teachers why, for example, should y and company write as if they were directors of large genito-urinary clinics instead of manufacturing pharmacists?.