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Wharton on evidence, sec 436. Greenleaf on evidence, sec 441 qualifications of this general rule - the extent to which an expertwitness can go in giving his opinion is limited to matters of scienceand skill, and does not extend to the expression of views on mattersof legal or moral observation, or the manner in which others wouldprobably be influenced if the writingies had acted in one way rather thanin another campbell v richards, 5 b & ad , 345 so it has been held that the question whether a physician has honorablyand faithfully discharged his duty in a given case, either to hismedical profession or to his patient, is not a question of science butof pure ethics, upon which the jury is as competent to decide as anyone else, and in such a case an opinion would not be allowed to begiven either by another medical practitioner or by a professor in thescience of morals rogers on expert testimony, sec 11, citing ramadgev ryan, 9 bing , 333 there are also essay matters of fact which apparently transcend thedividing line between common experience and judgment and scientificexperience and judgment, as to which expert testimony is notreceivable, but the jury and court must weigh the facts and draw theinferences for themselves an interesting example of this is found inthe case of manke v the people, 78 n y , 611 17 hun, 410, citedin stephens’ “digest of the law of evidence, ” p 107, note h, decidedin the new york court of appeals a few years ago in that case oneadolf was killed by a gunshot, and pieces of paper were found near thescene of the homicide bearing certain marks an expert was called uponto say whether they were powder-marks, and whether the condition of thepaper was such that in his opinion it was wadding which had been firedfrom a gun this evidence was held to be inadmissible by the generalterm of the supreme court, and this decision was affirmed by the courtof appeals these courts held that the question as to whether this wasa wad fired from a gun was a matter which the jury was as competent tojudge of as the witness in delivering the opinion at general term, presiding justice talcott said that this case was very close to theborder line, but in his judgment it was beyond the province of expertsand within the province of jurors nevertheless, in that case the evidence of chemists who had examinedthe wadding, and had discovered the marks on it which were said tobe powder-marks, and upon analysis had determined that they werepowder-marks, or that they were marks of powder which had exploded, would have been clearly admissible the subjects concerning which medical men may be called upon totestify as experts are as numerous as the diseases, injuries, mentaland physical conditions of the human race which fall within the rangeof the practice of medicine and surgery it is therefore practicallyimpossible to give them in detail 185practical suggestions and admonitions embodied in rules - itis deemed advisable that the following practical suggestions andadmonitions to physicians, concerning their duties as expert witnesses, shall here be given first. A physician should refuse to testify as an expert unless he isconscious that he is really qualified as an expert second. After accepting the responsibility, his first duty should beto make a diligent examination and preparation for his testimony, unless it is upon a subject with which he is familiar and which heis satisfied that he has already exhausted, by reading the bestauthorities that he can find, and by careful reflection upon writingicularquestions as to which his opinion will be asked third. Where he is to make an examination of facts, such as thepost-mortem examination of a body, a chemical analysis or anexamination of an alleged insane person, he should insist upon havingplenty of time and full opportunity for doing his work thoroughly heshould take writingicular pains to make his examination open and fair, and, if possible, should invite opposing experts to co-operate with himin it fourth. He should be honest with his client before the trial inadvising him and giving him opinions, and upon the trial shouldpreserve an absolutely imwritingial attitude, concealing nothing, perverting nothing, exaggerating nothing fifth.

The herb described usually grows uponheaths mosses i shall not trouble the reader with a description of these, since myintent is to speak only of two kinds, as the most principal, viz ground moss and tree moss, both which are very well known place the ground moss grows in our moist woods, and at the bottomof college paper writer hills, in boggy grounds, and in shadowy ditches and thesis other suchlike places the tree moss grows only on trees government and virtues all sorts of mosses are under the dominionof saturn the ground moss is held to be singularly good to break thestone, and to expel and drive it forth by urine, being boiled in wineand drank the herb being bruised and boiled in water, and applied, eases all inflammations and pains coming from an hot cause. And istherefore used to ease the pains of the gout the tree mosses are cooling and binding, and writingake of a digesting andmolifying quality withal, as galen saith but each moss writingakes of thenature of the tree from whence it is taken. Therefore that of the oakis more binding, and is of good effect to stay fluxes in man or woman;as also vomiting or bleeding, the powder thereof being taken in wine the decoction thereof in wine is very good for women to be bathed in, that are troubled with the overflowing of their courses the same beingdrank, stays the stomach that is troubled with casting, or hiccough;and, as avicena saith, it comforts the heart the powder thereoftaken in drink for essay time together, is thought available for thedropsy the oil that has had fresh moss steeped therein for a time, andafterwards boiled and applied to the temples and forehead, marvellouslyeases the head-ache coming of a hot cause.

For if you dig up the root of it, you shall perceive theperfect image of the disease which they commonly call the piles it iscertain by good experience, that the decoction of the leaves and rootswonderfully helps piles and hæmorrhoids, college paper writer also kernels by the ears andthroat, called the king evil, or any other hard wens or tumours here another secret for my countrymen and women, a couple of themtogether. Pilewort made into an oil, ointment, or plaister, readilycures both the piles, or hæmorrhoids, and the king evil. The veryherb borne about one body next the skin helps in such diseases, though it never touch the place grieved. Let poor people make much ofit for those uses. With this i cured my own daughter of the kingevil, broke the sore, drew out a quarter of a pint of corruption, curedwithout any scar at all in one week time the ordinary small centaury descript this grows up most usually but with one round and essaywhatcrusted stalk, about a foot high or better, branching forth at the topinto thesis sprigs, and essay also from the joints of the stalks below;the flowers thus stand at the tops as it were in one umbel or tuft, are of a pale red, tending to carnation colour, consisting of five, essaytimes six small leaves, very like those of st john wort, openingthemselves in the day time and closing at night, after which come seedsin little short husk, in forms like unto wheat corn the leaves aresmall and essaywhat round. The root small and hard, perishing everyyear the whole plant is of an exceeding bitter taste there is another sort in all things like the former, save only it bearswhite flowers place they grow ordinarily in fields, pastures, and woods, but thatwith the white flowers not so frequently as the other time they flower in july or thereabouts, and seeds within a monthafter government and virtues they are under the dominion of the sun, asappears in that their flowers open and shut as the sun, either shewsor hides his face this herb, boiled and drank, purges choleric andgross humours, and helps the sciatica. It opens obstructions of theliver, gall, and spleen, helps the jaundice, and eases the pains in thesides and hardness of the spleen, used outwardly, and is given withvery good effect in agues it helps those that have the dropsy, or thegreen-sickness, being much used by the italians in powder for thatpurpose it kill the worms in the belly, as is found by experience the decoction thereof, viz the tops of the stalks, with the leavesand flowers, is good against the cholic, and to bring down womencourses, helps to avoid the dead birth, and eases pains of the mother, and is very effectual in all pains of the joints, as the gout, cramps, or convulsions a dram of the powder taken in wine is a wonderful goodhelp against the biting and poison of an adder the juice of the herbwith a little honey put to it, is good to clear the eyes from dimness, mists and clouds that offend or hinder sight it is singularly goodboth for green and fresh wounds, as also for old ulcers and sores, toclose up the one and cleanse the other, and perfectly to cure themboth, although they are hollow or fistulous. The green herb especially, being bruised and laid thereto the decoction thereof dropped into theears, cleanses them from worms, cleanses the foul ulcers and spreadingscabs of the head, and takes away all freckles, spots, and marks in theskin, being washed with it. The herb is so safe you cannot fail in theusing of it, only giving it inwardly for inward diseases it is verywholeessay, but not very toothessay there is beside these, another small centaury, which bears a yellowflower. In all other respects it is like the former, save that theleaves are larger, and of a darker green, and the stalks pass throughthe midst of them, as it does in the herb thorowan they are all ofthem, as i told you, under the government of the sun. Yet this, ifyou observe it, you shall find an excellant truth.

Mrs -- --. Age, 52. Was bitten by a poisonous snake-- a copperhead-- seventeen years ago on the anniversary of the bite the arm would swell to more than twice its normal size and there would be pain, chills and fever after a month of this the acute symptoms would disappear and the arm would show large scaly blotches which upon being removed would disclose a thin mucous liquid throughout the seventeen years pain was constant, being writingicularly acute in midsummer around the anniversary of the bite this patient had consulted thesis physicians during the seventeen years of suffering without any relief large doses of narcotic remedies were necessary each day to subdue the pain twenty-four hours after the first injection of hemo-therapin all pain was dissipated after four treatments the patient was considered well and there has been no return of any of the symptoms since the last treatment six months ago ”hemo-therapin is sold in ampules. 6 for $5 and 12 for $10, and acircular sent to a physician contained this typewritten note. “fees -- while the physician fee is not regulated by this company, the physicians who use hemo-therapin get $5 00 and $10 00 for each treatment ”-- from the journal a m a , jan 5, 1918 venosal report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe following report on venosal has been adopted by the council, andits publication authorized w a puckner, secretary “venosal” is one of the products of the intravenous products company, denver, colo its composition has been variously, and obscurely, described. “venosal is a sterile solution representing 1 gm 15 4 gr of salicylates in combination, together with colchicum ” “this is a product for intravenous use the composition of which is sodium salicylate, 15 4 grs 1 gm , iron salicylate a minute quantity and the equivalent of approximately 2 grs dried colchicum root ”none of these “formulas” gives the quantity of the product containingthe 1 gm of salicylate, etc , but presumably it refers to the contentsof 1 ampule or 20 c c this inference is in accord with the analysisof the product made in the chemical laboratory of the american medicalassociation the analysis also brought out the fact that the amount ofiron in a given ampule was 0 0008 gm about 1/80 grain this trace ofiron in the presence of salicylate gives the product a purple color venosal is recommended for the treatment of “rheumatism, ” meaning, thecontext would indicate, infectious rheumatic fever as colchicum hasno special action on this disease and as there is no apparent reasonfor the employment of the trace of iron present, these additions infixed proportions are unscientific, if not absurd according to theadvertising matter. “venosal eliminates unpleasant digestive disturbances which frequently forbid the use of salicylates by mouth and, in addition, insures their full therapeutic value ”the statement is misleading, as the paper in which the oraladministration of the salicylates is contraindicated are not “frequent”but exceptional and there is no evidence to justify the implicationthat the “full therapeutic value” of salicylates cannot readily beattained by their oral use still more astonishing is the followingclaim. “venosal is a combination carrying the true salicylates sodii in doses much larger than given by mouth with this preparation given intravenously, there is no nausea or disagreeable digestive after-effects, tinnitus aurium, or the accumulating effects of the drug. Yet the specific action of the salicylates seems to be increased thesis-fold, according to reports received ”what are the facts?. by mouth sodium salicylate is given in doses offrom 3 to 15 gm in a day. Whereas venosal is advised as 1 gm , infrom one to three day intervals.

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Nor taken out of state without permit laws, 1888, ch 39, secs 5-8 new mexico justice of the peace to hold inquest, etc comp laws, sec 443 etseq and bury the body comp laws, sec 447 body of one dying of a contagious disease shall not be carried in anopen coffin, or be exposed laws, 1889, ch 79, sec 8 body shall not be buried within fifty yards of running stream laws, 1891, ch 93 new york duty of burial, etc pen code, sec 305 et seq attempt at sexual intercourse with dead body is a crime against nature pen code, sec 303 transfer of body of one who died of a contagious or infectious diseaseshall be in hermetically sealed casket laws, 1893, ch 661, sec 23 bodies of those dying in, or in custody of managers, etc , of anyprison, asylum, morgue, hospital, or in possession of undertakers, shall be delivered to medical college of this state, etc , for purposeof medical study, unless claimed by relatives or friends, or friends orrelatives do not assent to such disposal, or deceased requested duringlast illness to be buried laws, 1893, ch 661, sec 207 in certain paper bodies of convicts, unless claimed, shall be deliveredto certain medical colleges r s , pt 4, ch 3, secs 132, 133 district attorney may cause body to be exhumed, examined, etc pen code, sec 308 north carolina coroner to hold inquest, etc code, sec 657 concealing birth of child, by burying dead body, is a misdemeanor opening grave without authority for purpose of taking body is a felony laws, 1885, ch 90 coroner may order a chemical analysis of remains laws, 1887, ch 269 dead body of convict, unclaimed by friends, shall be delivered tomedical college except such dying of contagious disease laws, 1891, ch 129 body of one dying of contagious disease must not be transported bycommon carrier until disinfected, nor shall permit for removal beissued until such disinfection laws, 1893, ch 214, sec 16 north dakota coroner to hold inquest, etc comp laws, sec 664 et seq and bury the body if not claimed by friends, etc comp laws, sec 676 concealing birth of child which, if born alive, would be a bastard, orof child dying within two years after birth, is punishable comp laws, sec 6, 947 comp laws sec 6, 549 same as 305 n y p c ” 6, 550 ” 306 ” ” 6, 551 ” 307 ” ” 6, 552 ” 308 1-3 ” ” 6, 553 ” 309 ” ” 6, 554 ” 310 ” ” 6, 559 ” 311 ” ” 6, 560 ” 312 ” ” 6, 563 ” 314 ”duty of burial of married woman, on husband if not married woman, onnearest of kin who is an adult or has means sufficient comp laws, sec 6, 556 refusal to bury by one on whom duty is imposed by law, a misdemeanor comp laws, sec 6, 557 custody of body pertains to one whose duty it is to bury comp laws, sec 6, 558 when cemetery is by law changed to other place, duty is on relative tomove body comp laws, sec 6, 562 body of executed criminal, and those dying in state penitentiary orcounty jail under sentence, shall be delivered to medical college orany physician for dissection, unless deceased requested to be buried, or friends ask to have it buried, or deceased was a stranger ortraveller laws, 1890, ch 92 ohio coroner to hold inquest, etc r l , sec 1, 221 et seq and bury body, etc r l , sec 1, 227 body of pauper or unknown, not an inmate of any penal, charitable, orreformatory institution, and not claimed by relative or delivered fordissection according to law, shall be buried at public expense laws, 1890, p 283 corpse shall not be conveyed to or from a city without a permit r l , sec 2, 119 bodies of those dying in city hospitals, city or county infirmaries, work-houses, asylums, charitable institutions, penitentiaries, orjails, which are required to be buried at public expense, shall bedelivered to medical college or society for study, etc , unless claimedby relative, or deceased was a stranger or traveller except tramps r l , sec 3, 763 removing body from grave without authority for dissection or receivingsuch body is punishable r l , sec 7, 034 body of executed criminal, if not claimed by relative or friends, maybe delivered for dissection, etc r l , sec 7, 343, 1 oklahoma coroner to hold inquest, etc stat , sec 1, 745 et seq and bury the body at public expense if not claimed by relatives stat , sec 1, 759 concealing birth of issue which, if born alive, etc , or dying withintwo years after birth, is punishable stat , sec 2, 179 2, 188-2, 190 same as 305-307 n y p c 2, 191 ” 308 ” except subd 4 2, 192-2, 193 ” 309-310 ” 2, 198 ” 311 ” ex punishment 2, 199 ” 312 ” 2, 202 ” 314 ”custody is in him whose duty it is to bury stat , secs 21, 97 duty of burial of married woman, on husband. If not married woman, onnearest of kin who is an adult and has sufficient means stat , sec 2, 195 refusal to bury by one on whom duty rests, is a misdemeanor stat , sec 2, 196 oregon coroner to hold inquest, etc crim code, sec 453 et seq and bury body if not claimed by friends crim code, sec 462 unmarried woman concealing birth of child so that it may not be knownwhether it was born alive or not, is punishable crim code, sec 649 bodies of criminals executed, those dying in hospitals, insane asylums, alms-houses, or penitentiaries, may be delivered to medical college orphysician for dissection, etc , unless they shall have been interred, or claimed by relatives, or relatives and friends do not consent, ordeceased expressed a wish to be buried. And they shall be used for suchpurpose only and in this state hill am laws, sec 3, 730 et seq removal of body without authority, etc , is punishable crim code, sec 656 pennsylvania coroner to hold inquest in philadelphia county only in case of aviolent death bright pen dig , 1536, sec 37 and may in berks and lancaster counties order a post mortem brightpen dig , 1536, sec 38 concealing death of child which, if born alive, would be a bastard, ispunishable bright pen dig , 431, sec 158 removal of body from grave without authority is a misdemeanor brightpen dig , 229, sec 11 bodies of those dying in alms-house, hospital, prison, or publicinstitution, or those in morgue, which are required to be buried atpublic expense, shall be delivered to medical college, physician, etc , to be used for scientific purposes only, unless claimed by relativesor deceased was a traveller, and trafficking in such bodies is amisdemeanor bright pen dig , p 9, sec 1 et seq rhode island concealing death of child which, if born alive, would be a bastard, sothat it may not be known, etc , is punishable pub stat , ch 244, sec 8 seizing dead body under execution is punishable pub stat , ch 223, sec 2 bodies of those dying in jail shall, if not claimed by relatives, beburied at public expense pub stat , ch 201, sec 30 medical examiner to make autopsy pub stat , 1884, ch 420 and bury body of stranger at state expense if necessary pub laws, 1884, ch 420, sec 24 coroner to hold inquest if, in opinion of medical examiner, death wascaused by act of essay one other than deceased pub laws, 1884, ch 420, sec 17 south carolina coroner to hold inquest, etc r l , secs 711, 2, 664 et seq and may have body disinterred for inquisition r l , sec 2, 687 tennessee coroner to hold inquest, etc code, sec 6, 139 et seq and may order a chemical analysis of remains, etc code, sec 6, 150 body to be buried, if not claimed by relatives, etc , at public expenseif necessary code, sec 6, 160 wilfully and improperly exposing or abandoning a dead body is amisdemeanor code, sec 5, 658 removing or purchasing dead bodies without authority is a misdemeanor code, secs 5, 659, 5, 660 body of deceased convict to be buried unless claimed by friends code, sec 6, 402 texas justice of the peace to hold inquest, etc code crim p , art 988 etseq and may disinter the body for such inquisition code crim p , art 989 removal, etc , of dead body from grave without authority is punishable code, art 345 bodies of convicts to be buried rev c stat , art 3, 561 vermont justice of the peace to hold inquest, etc rev laws, sec 3, 934 etseq removal, etc , of dead body without authority, is punishable rev laws, secs 4, 194, 4, 196 bodies of those dying in poor-house or other public institution, whichare required to be buried at public expense, may be delivered to anyphysician for dissection, etc , unless deceased requested to be buried, or friends or relations request burial, or deceased was a stranger ortraveller such body shall not be removed from state, and shall be usedfor scientific purposes only laws, 1884, ch 85 virginia coroner to hold inquest, etc code, sec 3, 938 et seq and to bury the body at public expense code, sec 3, 946 removal, etc , of dead body from grave without authority, is punishable code, sec 3, 794 bodies of those dying on vessels in state, shall be buried by master onthe shore above high-water mark code, sec 2, 002 bodies of those dying in alms-house, prison, morgue, hospital, jail, or other public institution, which are required to be buried at publicexpense, and bodies of criminals executed for crime shall be deliveredto medical college, etc , and physician or surgeon for anatomicalstudy, unless except criminals relatives and friends claim the bodyor deceased was a stranger or traveller. And such bodies shall not besent out of the state code, ch 80 washington coroner to hold inquest, etc hill am stat , vol 1, sec 245 etseq and bury body, if not claimed by friends, at public expense hill am stat , vol 1, sec 257 bodies of those dying in poor-house, public hospital, county jail, state prison, etc , which are required to be buried at public expense, shall be delivered to medical college, physician, surgeon, etc , forstudy, unless deceased requested to be buried, or it is claimed byfriends or relatives, or deceased was a stranger or traveller.