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Average 0 5 per cent the alkaloid obtained had the characteristic appearance and odor ofcolchicin when separated from the seed under these conditions thesolution in water and acid was yellow. The aqueous solution wasintensely bitter, and the yellow color intensified with acids the dryresidue became intensely yellow with concentrated sulphuric acid. Withnitric acid it became violet turning to yellow, and with concentratedsulphuric acid and potassium nitrate it gave a yellowish green color, turning to violet and finally to a wine color all these reactions aretypical of colchicin from 1 gm of the powdered pills there was obtained 0 0425 gm of ash, or 4 25 per cent when the powdered pills were extracted with chloroform in a soxhletapparatus, a very uniform quantity of extract was obtained from 5 gm there was obtained, in one case, 0 581 gm. In another, 0 5755 gm , andin a third, 0 588 gm , the average being 0 5815 gm or 11 63 per cent on still further extracting with alcohol, a small amount of extractivewas obtained, the amount depending on the length of time the extractionwas continued on extracting with hot water the residue left after exhaustion withchloroform and with alcohol, a further extract was obtained in onecase, it amounted to 0 4763 gm or 9 53 per cent , and in another caseit amounted to 0 470 gm , or 9 40 per cent. Average 9 47 per cent in attempting to dry the pills or the above-mentioned chloroformicextract at 100 c , a crystalline sublimate was obtained which had theodor of benzoic acid the crystals were acid, their neutral solutiongave a flesh-colored precipitate with ferric chlorid, and they meltedat 120-121 c this crystalline substance appeared to be benzoic acid the quantity of benzoic acid in this extract was determined by heatingit to about 140 c a current of air was drawn through the flask andthe sublimed benzoic acid collected in a cooled tube the benzoic acidwas washed out of the tube with neutral alcohol, and the solution wastitrated with tenth normal potassium hydroxid in one case, 11 25 c c of tenth-normal alkali was used, indicating 0 1373 gm, of benzoic acid;in another, 12 27 c c , indicating 0 1498 gm of benzoic acid. Average0 1436 gm , or 2 87 per cent in a third case the temperature reached250 c , and there was essay decomposition of the fat in the flask andessay colored material distilled over for this sublimate 15 54 c c oftenth-normal alkali were required after evaporating the alcohol and acidulating the solutions obtainedin the previous experiments, the benzoic acid was extracted withchloroform in the first case, 0 1383 gm was obtained. In the second, 0 1541 gm.

And the herb or root beaten and outwardly applied, takes awaythe black and blue marks that remain in the skin the decoction ofthe herb, with honey of roses put therein, is very effectual to helpthe inveterate tumours and swellings college essay proofreading services of the almonds and throat, byoften gargling the mouth therewith it helps also to procure womencourses, and eases all pains of the mother and to break and discusswind therein, and in the bowels the powder of the root taken in drink, drives forth the worms in the body the juice or distilled water ofthe herb, is effectual for green wounds, or old sores, and cleansesthe body inwardly, and the seed outwardly, from sores, scurf, itch, pimples, freckles, morphew, or other deformities thereof, especiallyif a little vitriol be dissolved therein dock thesis kinds of these are so well known, that i shall not trouble youwith a description of them. My book grows big too fast government and virtues all docks are under jupiter, of which thered dock, which is commonly called bloodwort, cleanses the blood, andstrengthens the liver. But the yellow dock-root is best to be takenwhen either the blood or liver is affected by choler all of themhave a kind of cooling but not all alike drying quality, the sorrelbeing most cold, and the blood-worts most drying of the burdock, ihave spoken already by itself the seed of most of the other kinds, whether the gardens or fields, do stay lasks and fluxes of all sorts, the loathing of the stomach through choler, and is helpful for thosethat spit blood the roots boiled in vinegar help the itch, scabs, andbreaking out of the skin, if it be bathed therewith the distilledwater of the herb and roots have the same virtue, and cleanses the skinfrom freckles, morphews, and all other spots and discolourings therein all docks being boiled with meat, make it boil the sooner. Besidesblood-wort is exceeding strengthening to the liver, and procures goodblood, being as wholeessay a pot herb as any growing in a garden. Yetsuch is the nicety of our times, forsooth, that women will not put itinto a pot, because it makes the pottage black. Pride and ignorance acouple of monsters in the creation preferring nicety before health dodder of thyme, epithymum, and other dodders descript this first from seed gives roots in the ground, whichshoot forth threads or strings, grosser or finer as the property ofthe plant wherein it grows, and the climate doth suffer, creepingand spreading on that plant whereon it fastens, be it high or low the strings have no leaves at all on them, but wind and interlacethemselves, so thick upon a small plant, that it takes away all comfortof the sun from it. And is ready to choak or strangle it after thesestrings are risen to that height, that they may draw nourishmentfrom that plant, they seem to be broken off from the ground, eitherby the strength of their rising, or withered by the heat of the sun upon these strings are found clusters of small heads or husks, out ofwhich shoot forth whitish flowers, which afterwards give small palewhite coloured seed, essaywhat flat, and twice as big as poppy-seed itgenerally writingicipates of the nature of the plant which it climbs upon;but the dodder of thyme is accounted the best, and is the only trueepithymum government and virtues all dodders are under saturn tell not me ofphysicians crying up epithymum, or that dodder which grows upon thyme, most of which comes from hemetius in greece, or hybla in sicily, because those mountains abound with thyme, he is a physician indeed, that hath wit enough to choose the dodder according to the nature ofthe disease and humour peccant we confess, thyme is the hottest herbit usually grows upon. And therefore that which grows upon thyme ishotter than that which grows upon cold herbs. For it draws nourishmentfrom what it grows upon, as well as from the earth where its root is, and thus you see old saturn is wise enough to have two strings to hisbow this is accounted the most effectual for melancholy diseases, andto purge black or burnt choler, which is the cause of thesis diseases ofthe head and brain, as also for the trembling of the heart, faintingsand swoonings it is helpful in all diseases and griefs of the spleen, and melancholy that arises from the windiness of the hypochondria itpurges also the reins or kidneys by urine. It opens obstructions ofthe gall, whereby it profits them that have the jaundice. As also theleaves, the spleen.

It speedily helps green wounds, being bruised and boundthereto the juice of it boiled with a little honey and college essay proofreading services verdigrease, doth wonderfully cleanse fistulas, ulcers, and stays the spreading oreating of cancers and ulcers. It helps the itch, scabs, wheals, andother breakings out in any writing of the body the juice of celandine, field-daisies, and ground-ivy clarified, and a little fine sugardissolved therein, and dropped into the eyes, is a sovereign remedyfor all pains, redness, and watering of them. As also for the pin andweb, skins and films growing over the sight, it helps beasts as well asmen the juice dropped into the ears, wonderfully helps the noise andsinging of them, and helps the hearing which is decayed it is good totun up with new drink, for it will clarify it in a night, that it willbe the fitter to be drank the next morning. Or if any drink be thickwith removing, or any other accident, it will do the like in a fewhours alexander it is called alisander, horse-parsley, and wild-parsley, and the blackpot-herb. The seed of it is that which is usually sold in apothecaries’shops for macedonian parsley-seed descript it is usually sown in all the gardens in europe, and sowell known, that it needs no farther description time it flowers in june and july. The seed is ripe in august government and virtues it is an herb of jupiter, and thereforefriendly to nature, for it warms a cold stomach, and opens a stoppageof the liver and spleen. It is good to move women courses, toexpel the afterbirth, to break wind, to provoke urine, and helps thestranguary. And these things the seeds will do likewise if either ofthem be boiled in wine, or being bruised and taken in wine, is alsoeffectual against the biting of serpents and you know what alexanderpottage is good for, that you may no longer eat it out of ignorance butout of knowledge the black alder-tree descript this tree seldom grows to any great bigness, but for themost writing abideth like a hedge-bush, or a tree spreading its branches, the woods of the body being white, and a dark red colet or heart. Theoutward bark is of a blackish colour, with thesis whitish spots therein;but the inner bark next the wood is yellow, which being chewed, willturn the spittle near into a saffron colour the leaves are essaywhatlike those of an ordinary alder-tree, or the female cornet, ordogberry-tree, called in sussex dog-wood, but blacker, and not so long the flowers are white, coming forth with the leaves at the joints, which turn into small round berries, first green, afterwards red, butblackish when they are thorough ripe, divided, as it were, into twowritings, wherein is contained two small round and flat seeds the rootrunneth not deep into the ground, but spreads rather under the uppercrust of the earth place this tree or shrub may be found plentifully in st johnwood by hornsey, and the woods upon hampstead heath. As also a woodcalled the old park, in barcomb, in essex, near the brook sides time it flowers in may, and the berries are ripe in september government and virtues it is a tree of venus, and perhaps under thecelestial sign cancer the inner yellow bark hereof purges downwardsboth choler and phlegm, and the watery humours of such that have thedropsy, and strengthens the inward writings again by binding if thebark hereof be boiled with agrimony, wormwood, dodder, hops, and essayfennel, with smallage, endive, and succory-roots, and a reasonabledraught taken every morning for essay time together, it is veryeffectual against the jaundice, dropsy, and the evil disposition of thebody, especially if essay suitable purging medicines have been takenbefore, to void the grosser excrements. It purges and strengthens theliver and spleen, cleansing them from such evil humours and hardness asthey are afflicted with it is to be understood that these things areperformed by the dried bark. For the fresh green bark taken inwardlyprovokes strong vomitings, pains in the stomach, and gripings in thebelly. Yet if the decoction may stand and settle two or three days, until the yellow colour be changed black, it will not work so stronglyas before, but will strengthen the stomach, and procure an appetite tomeat the outward bark contrariwise doth bind the body, and is helpfulfor all lasks and fluxes thereof, but this also must be dried first, whereby it will work the better the inner bark thereof boiled invinegar is an approved remedy to kill lice, to cure the itch, and takeaway scabs, by drying them up in a short time it is singularly good towash the teeth, to take away the pains, to fasten those that are loose, to cleanse them, and to keep them sound the leaves are good fodder forkine, to make them give more milk if in the spring-time you use the herbs before mentioned, and will takebut a handful of each of them, and to them add an handful of elderbuds, and having bruised them all, boil them in a gallon of ordinarybeer, when it is new.

Which avicen also confirms it is very goodto help digestion, and open obstructions of the brain, and hath somuch purging quality in it saith avicen as to expel those melancholyvapours from the spirits and blood which are in the heart and arteries, although it cannot do so in other writings of the body dioscorides says, that the leaves steeped in wine, and the wine drank, and the leavesexternally applied, is a remedy against the stings of a scorpion, andthe bitings of mad dogs. And commends the decoction thereof for womento bathe or sit in to procure their courses. It is good to wash achingteeth therewith, and profitable for those that have the bloody flux the leaves also, with a little nitre taken in drink, are good againstthe surfeit of mushrooms, helps the griping pains of the belly. Andbeing made into an electuary, it is good for them that cannot fetchtheir breath. Used with salt, it takes away wens, kernels, or hardswelling in the flesh or throat. It cleanses foul sores, and easespains of the gout it is good for the liver and spleen a tansy orcaudle made with eggs, and juice thereof while it is young, putting toit essay sugar and rose-water, is good for a woman in child-birth, whenthe after-birth is not thoroughly voided, and for their faintings uponor in their sore travail the herb bruised and boiled in a little wineand oil, and laid warm on a boil, will ripen it, and break it barberry the shrub is so well known by every boy or girl that has but attainedto the age of seven years, that it needs no description government and virtues mars owns the shrub, and presents it tothe use of my countrymen to purge their bodies of choler the innerrind of the barberry-tree boiled in white wine, and a quarter of apint drank each morning, is an excellent remedy to cleanse the body ofcholeric humours, and free it from such diseases as choler causes, suchas scabs, itch, tetters, ringworms, yellow jaundice, boils, &c it isexcellent for hot agues, burnings, scaldings, heat of the blood, heatof the liver, bloody-flux. For the berries are as good as the bark, and more pleasing. They get a man a good stomach to his victuals, bystrengthening the attractive faculty which is under mars the hairwashed with the lye made of the tree and water, will make it turnyellow, viz of mars’ own colour the fruit and rind of the shrub, the flowers of broom and of heath, or furz, cleanse the body of cholerby sympathy, as the flowers, leaves, and bark of the peach-tree do byantipathy, because these are under mars, that under venus barley the continual usefulness hereof hath made all in general so acquaintedherewith that it is altogether needless to describe it, several kindshereof plentifully growing, being yearly sown in this land the virtuesthereof take as follow government and virtues it is a notable plant of saturn. If youview diligently its effects by sympathy and antipathy, you may easilyperceive a reason of them, as also why barley bread is so unwholeessayfor melancholy people barley in all the writings and compositions thereof except malt is more cooling than wheat, and a little cleansing:and all the preparations thereof, as barley-water and other thingsmade thereof, give great nourishment to persons troubled with fevers, agues, and heats in the stomach. A poultice made of barley meal orflour boiled in vinegar and honey, and a few dry figs put into them, dissolves all imposthumes, and assuages inflammations, being theretoapplied and being boiled with melilot and camomile-flowers, and essaylinseed, fenugreek, and rue in powder, and applied warm, it easespains in side and stomach, and windiness of the spleen the meal ofbarley and fleawort boiled in water, and made a poultice with honey andoil of lilies applied warm, cures swellings under the ears, throat, neck, and such like. And a plaister made thereof with tar, with sharpvinegar into a poultice, and laid on hot, helps the leprosy. Beingboiled in red wine with pomegranate rinds and myrtles, stays the laskor other flux of the belly. Boiled with vinegar and quince, it easesthe pains of the gout. Barley-flour, white salt, honey, and vinegarmingled together, takes away the itch speedily and certainly thewater distilled from the green barley in the end of may, is very goodfor those that have defluctions of humours fallen into their eyes, and eases the pain, being dropped into them.

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Secretary association of college essay proofreading services american anatomists. Late acting assistant surgeon united states army. President of association of acting assistant surgeons u s a. Member of learned societies mechanical suffocation suffocation is the name applied to both the act of and conditionresulting from the deprivation of atmospheric air if the deprivationis due to mechanical interference, the term mechanical suffocation isused mechanical interference may be by pressure upon or obstruction withinessay portion of the respiratory tract suffocation by pressure uponthe neck is called hanging when the constricting force is theweight of the body itself. And strangulation in all other paper german writers designate strangulation by cords, ropes, and the likeas erdrosselung, and by the hand as erwürgung. French writers donot make this distinction in english the word throttling is probablyoftener applied to strangulation by the hand than by cords the term suffocation is also applied in a special sense to theact and result of pressure on the mouth, nose, or chest and abdomen, stopping the breathing.