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Growth was shown in all tubes except those college essay examples ivy league in which chlorlyptus was added in the proportion of 10 per cent and after the action of the antiseptic for two hours or longer experiment 4 -- inhibitory action of chlorlyptus in the growth of typhoid bacillus -- chlorlyptus was added to sterile bouillon in the proportion of 1:100, 1:1, 000, 1:10, 000 and 1:100, 000, and incubated for forty-eight hours at 37 c to eliminate any possible contamination of the bouillon during the manipulations all tubes were found sterile and inoculated with typhoid bacillus result. All tubes were found sterile again after being inoculated with typhoid bacillus and incubated at 37 c for forty-eight hours, which shows chlorlyptus inhibited and the growth of typhoid bacillus in bouillon when this antiseptic was added in the proportions of 1:100 to 1:100, 000 remarks. In another experiment made, chlorlyptus showed a weaker inhibitory action on the growth of typhoid bacillus experiment 5 -- germicidal action of carbolic acid -- the technic was the same as that outlined in experiment 1 except that carbolic acid was used instead of chlorlyptus result. Carbolic acid showed a distinct germicidal action on typhoid bacillus in the proportions of 1 per cent in ten minutes experiment 6 -- action of nitrogen gas on the growth of typhoid bacillus in bouillon and nutrient agar when chlorlyptus was added to this culture medium -- chlorlyptus was added to the bouillon in the proportions of 1:100, 1:1, 000, 1:10, 000 and 1:100, 000, as outlined in experiment 2.

If the juice of plaintain be added thereto, andoutwardly applied, much helps the ghonorrhea, or running of the reins a dram of the powder of the root, taken in water thereof, wherein essayred hot iron or steel hath been quenched, is also an admirable helpthereto, so as the body be first prepared and purged from the offensivehumours the leaves, seed, or roots, are all very good in decoction, drinks, or lotions, for inward or outward wounds, or other sores and the powder, strewed upon any cut or wound in a vein, stays theimmoderate bleeding thereof the decoction of the root in water, whereunto essay pomegranate peels and flowers are added, injected into thematrix, stays the immoderate flux of the courses the root thereof, with pelitory of spain and burnt alum, of each a little quantity, beaten small and into paste with essay honey, and a little piece thereofput into a hollow tooth, or held between the teeth, if there be nohollowness in them, stays the defluction of rheum upon them whichcauses pains, and helps to cleanse the head, and void much offensivewater the distilled water is very effectual to wash sores or cankersin the nose, or any other writing. If the powder of the root be appliedthereunto afterwards it is good also to fasten the gums, and to takeaway the heat and inflammations that happen in the jaws, almonds ofthe throat, or mouth, if the decoction of the leaves, roots, or seedsbruised, or the juice of them, be applied. But the roots are mosteffectual to the purposes aforesaid one-blade descript this small plant never bears more than one leaf, but onlywhen it rises up with its stalk, which thereon bears another, andseldom more, which are of a blueish green colour, broad at the bottom, and pointed with thesis ribs or veins like plaintain. At the top of thestalk grows thesis small flowers star-fashion, smelling essaywhat sweet;after which comes small reddish berries when they are ripe the rootsmall, of the bigness of a rush, lying and creeping under the uppercrust of the earth, shooting forth in divers places place it grows in moist, shadowy, grassy places of woods, in thesisplaces of this realm time it flowers about may, and the berries are ripe in june, andthen quickly perishes, until the next year it springs from the sameagain government and virtues it is a herb of the sun, and thereforecordial. Half a dram, or a dram at most, of the root hereof in powdertaken in wine and vinegar, of each a little quantity, and the writingypresently laid to sweat, is held to be a sovereign remedy for thosethat are infected with the plague, and have a sore upon them, byexpelling the poison, and defending the heart and spirit from danger it is also accounted a singular good wound herb, and therefore usedwith other herbs in making such balms as are necessary for curing ofwounds, either green or old, and especially if the nerves be hurt the bramble, or black-berry bush it is so well known that it needs no description the virtues thereofare as follows. Government and virtues it is a plant of venus in aries if anyask the reason why venus is so prickly?. tell them it is because sheis in the house of mars the buds, leaves, and branches, while theyare green, are of a good use in the ulcers and putrid sores of themouth and throat, and of the quinsey, and likewise to heal other freshwounds and sores. But the flowers and fruit unripe are very binding, and so profitable for the bloody flux, lasks, and are a fit remedy forspitting of blood either the decoction of the powder or of the roottaken, is good to break or drive forth gravel and the stone in thereins and kidneys the leaves and brambles, as well green as dry, areexceeding good lotions for sores in the mouth, or secret writings thedecoction of them, and of the dried branches, do much bind the bellyand are good for too much flowing of women courses. The berriesof the flowers are a powerful remedy against the poison of the mostvenomous serpents. As well drank as outwardly applied, helps thesores of the fundament and the piles. The juice of the berries mixedwith the juice of mulberries, do bind more effectually, and helpsall fretting and eating sores and ulcers wheresoever the distilledwater of the branches, leaves, and flowers, or of the fruit, is verypleasant in taste, and very effectual in fevers and hot distempers ofthe body, head, eyes, and other writings, and for the purposes aforesaid the leaves boiled in lye, and the head washed therewith, heals theitch and running sores thereof, and makes the hair black the powderof the leaves strewed on cankers and running ulcers, wonderfully helpsto heal them essay use to condensate the juice of the leaves, and essaythe juice of the berries, to keep for their use all the year, for thepurposes aforesaid blites descript of these there are two sorts commonly known, viz whiteand red the white has leaves essaywhat like to beets, but smaller, rounder and of a whitish green colour, every one standing upon a smalllong footstalk. The stalk rises up two or three feet high, with suchlike leaves thereon. The flowers grow at the top in long round tufts, or clusters, wherein are contained small and round seeds.

You can desire no good to your womb, but this herb willaffect it. Therefore if you love children, if you love health, if youlove ease, keep a syrup always by you, made of the juice of this herb, and sugar or honey, if it be to cleanse the womb, and let such as berich keep it for their poor neighbours. And bestow it as freely as ibestow my studies upon them, or else let them look to answer it anotherday, when the lord shall come to make inquisition for blood archangel to put a gloss upon their practice, the physicians call a herb whichcountry people vulgarly know by the name of dead nettle archangel;whether they favour more of superstition or folly, i leave to thejudicious reader there is more curiosity than courtesy to mycountrymen used by others in the explanation as well of the names, asdiscription of this so well known herb. Which that i may not also beguilty of, take this short discription. First, of the red archangel this is likewise called bee nettle descript this has divers square stalks, essaywhat hairy, at thejoints whereof grow two sad green leaves dented about the edges, opposite to one another to the lowermost, upon long foot stalks, butwithout any toward the tops, which are essaywhat round, yet pointed, anda little crumpled and hairy. Round about the upper joints, where theleaves grow thick, are sundry gaping flowers of a pale reddish colour;after which come the seeds three or four in a husk the root is smalland thready, perishing every year. The whole plant hath a strong smellbut not stinking white archangel hath divers square stalks, none standing straightupward, but bending downward, whereon stand two leaves at a joint, larger and more pointed than the other, dented about the edges, andgreener also, more like unto nettle leaves, but not stinking, yethairy at the joints, with the leaves, stand larger and more opengaping white flowers, husks round about the stalks, but not with such abush of leaves as flowers set in the top, as is on the other, whereinstand small roundish black seeds. The root is white, with thesis stringsat it, not growing downward but lying under the upper crust of theearth, and abides thesis years increasing. This has not so strong a scentas the former yellow archangel is like the white in the stalks and leaves. But thatthe stalks are more straight and upright, and the joints with leavesare farther asunder, having longer leaves than the former, and theflowers a little larger and more gaping, of a fair yellow colour inmost, in essay paler the roots are like the white, only they creep notso much under the ground place they grow almost every where unless it be in the middle ofthe street, the yellow most usually in the wet grounds of woods, andessaytimes in the dryer, in divers counties of this nation time they flower from the beginning of the spring all the summerlong government and virtues the archangels are essaywhat hot and drierthan the stinging nettles, and used with better success for thestopping and hardness of the spleen, than they, by using the decoctionof the herb in wine, and afterwards applying the herb hot into theregion of the spleen as a plaister, or the decoction with spunges flowers of the white archangel are preserved or conserved to be usedto stay the whites, and the flowers of the red to stay the reds inwomen it makes the heart merry, drives away melancholy, quickens thespirits, is good against quartan agues, stancheth bleeding at mouthand nose, if it be stamped and applied to the nape of the neck. Theherb also bruised, and with essay salt and vinegar and hog-grease, laid upon a hard tumour or swelling, or that vulgarly called theking evil, do help to dissolve or discuss them. And being in likemanner applied, doth much allay the pains, and give ease to the gout, sciatica, and other pains of the joints and sinews it is also veryeffectual to heal green wounds, and old ulcers. Also to stay theirfretting, gnawing, and spreading it draws forth splinters, and suchlike things gotten into the flesh, and is very good against bruises andburnings but the yellow archangel is most commended for old, filthy, corrupt sores and ulcers, yea although they grow to be hollow, and todissolve tumours the chief use of them is for women, it being a herbof venus arssmart the hot arssmart is called also water-pepper, or culrage the mildarssmart is called dead arssmart persicaria, or peach-wort, becausethe leaves are so like the leaves of a peach-tree. It is also calledplumbago description of the mild this has broad leaves set at the great redjoint of the stalks. With semicircular blackish marks on them, usuallyeither blueish or whitish, with such like seed following the root islong, with thesis strings thereat, perishing yearly. This has no sharptaste as another sort has, which is quick and biting but rather sourlike sorrel, or else a little drying, or without taste place it grows in watery places, ditches, and the like, which forthe most writing are dry in summer time it flowers in june, and the seed is ripe in august government and virtues as the virtue of both these is various, sois also their government. For that which is hot and biting, is underthe dominion of mars, but saturn, challenges the other, as appears bythat leaden coloured spot he hath placed upon the leaf it is of a cooling and drying quality, and very effectual for putrifiedulcers in man or beast, to kill worms, and cleanse the putrifiedplaces the juice thereof dropped in, or otherwise applied, consumesall colds, swellings, and dissolveth the congealed blood of bruises bystrokes, falls, &c a piece of the root, or essay of the seeds bruised, and held to an aching tooth, takes away the pain the leaves bruisedand laid to the joint that has a felon thereon, takes it away thejuice destroys worms in the ears, being dropped into them.

Intravenous injections are nolonger quite as “impressive” as in 1916, but that does not alter thefact that they should be used only when a distinct advantage is to begained -- from the journal a m a , aug 2, 1919 hormotone and hormotone without post-pituitary report of college essay examples ivy league the council on pharmacy and chemistry “hormotone, ” of the g w carnrick company, is advertised as “apluriglandular tonic for asthenic conditions ” “hormotone withoutpost-pituitary” is recommended for use “in neurasthenic conditionsassociated with high blood pressure ” these preparations are sold inthe form of tablets for oral administration the council declares thesepreparations inadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies because. 1their composition is semisecret rule 1. 2 the therapeutic claimsare unwarranted rule 6. 3 they are sold under names not descriptiveof their composition but suggestive of indiscriminate use as “tonics” rule 8. 4 in the light of our present knowledge the routineadministration of polyglandular mixtures is irrational rule 10 inexplanation of this action, the council authorized publication of thereport which appears below w a puckner, secretary each tablet of “hormotone” g w carnrick co , new york city is saidto contain 1/10 grain of desiccated thyroid and 1/20 grain of entirepituitary, together with the hormones of the ovary and testes-- theamounts and the form in which the latter are supposed to be present arenot given from this it will be seen that the only definite informationgiven to the medical profession regarding the composition of hormotoneis that it is a weak thyroid and a still weaker pituitary preparation what results can be anticipated from one or two tablets three timesdaily the recommended dose of hormotone each containing 1/10 grainof thyroid and 1/20 grain entire pituitary?. such doses of thyroidmay, of course, have a beneficial action in a limited number of paperof myxedema and cretinism an extract of the posterior lobe of thepituitary liquor hypophysis, u s p , for example will, wheninjected subcutaneously or intramuscularly, have a pronounced effecton the writingurient uterus. Its action on certain other forms of smoothmuscle will be much less certain but the oral administration forwhich hormotone is recommended of the posterior lobe of the pituitaryhas not been shown to have any such effect the use of the anteriorlobe in doses of 1 to 4 grains doses very thesis times larger than thoserecommended for the entire gland in hormotone is in the experimentalstage and its only probable value seems to be in those paper of knowngland deficiency as to the other alleged ingredients of hormotone-- hormones of the ovaryand testes, amounts not stated. All physicians know the uncertaintiesattending the use of ovarian preparations and the serious question asto whether testicular extracts have any therapeutic value whatever maybe the physicians views as to the probable therapeutic value of theseorgans, the first thing he desires to know is how much of the substancehe is giving and from what writing of the gland it is obtained so much for the facts. Yet the physician is asked to jump from thisregion of solid fact into a sea of hypothesis. To believe thatsmall amounts of the well-known drugs thyroid and pituitary, plusan unknown amount of unknown hormones of the testes and ovary areof great value in conditions that in themselves are often purelyhypothetical he is asked to believe that this combination hasvirtues in such conditions as “hypofunction of the adrenal system, ”neurasthenia, the “fatigue syndrome, ” amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, “natural and artificial menopause, ” sexual neuroses, cold extremities, cardiac asthenia, low blood pressure, infantilism, sterility, melancholic conditions, obesity, anorexia, anemia, slow metabolism, constipation, psychasthenia, lowered virility and the sexual neurosesof the unmarried, hysteria following functional exhaustion of thenerve centers, frigidity, etc , etc , especially if he guesses thatthe trouble is due to a “pluriglandular disturbance, ” “glandularhypofunction, ” an “adreno-pituitary deficiency, ” suboxidation, etc the physician is invited to use hormotone because, among other reasons, each alleged constituent is said to be “in physiologic sympathy andtherapeutic harmony with the others, ” and further, because. “pluriglandular therapy has the endorsement of high authorities, is both logical and effective and hormotone is a splendid example of it it will be seen at its best where the patient lacks snap and vim and vigor asthenic conditions necessarily indicate hypofunction of the adrenal system ” etc “the use of gland extracts in the treatment of aplasias of the pluriglandular system has become an established therapeutic measure of miraculous potency bayard holmes. The internal secretory glands, lancet-clinic, sept 19, 1914 ”the g w carnrick company also advertises a “hormotone withoutpost-pituitary, ” each tablet of which is said to contain 1/10 graindesiccated thyroid, and to “present” “hormone bearing extracts ofthyroid, anterior pituitary, ovary, and testes ” this product is justas irrational as “hormotone ”-- from the journal a m a , aug 16, 1919 formaldehyde lozenges report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has voted hex-iodin daggett and miller co , inc , providence, r i , formitol tablets e l patch co , boston, andcin-u-form lozenges mckesson and robbins, new york city inadmissibleto new and nonofficial remedies, and authorized publication of thereport which appears below w a puckner, secretary essay years ago, the council published the journal a m a , aug 28, 1915, p 816 a report on formamint, a proprietary medicinewidely exploited as a peculiar chemical compound of sugar of milk andformaldehyde the formaldehyde was said to be liberated slowly by theaction of the saliva, and because of this liberation of formaldehyde, formamint was claimed to be a powerful germicide extravagant claimswere made for its curative and prophylactic effects the council foundthat the therapeutic claims were grossly unwarranted and that itsexploitation to the public was a public danger during the recent epidemic of influenza, a variety of tablets orlozenges were advertised, and are still being advertised, havingformaldehyde, in essay form or other, as the nucleus around whichrevolve the therapeutic claims in essay paper, the advertising clearlyindicates the character of the formaldehyde compound that is claimedto be present. In others the statements are vague and indefinite ormisleading it is hardly necessary to remind physicians that the use of tabletscontaining hexamethylenamin or other formaldehyde compounds can neithercure respiratory infections, nor even confer protection against suchinfections to be effective, formaldehyde would need to be suppliedto the entire respiratory tract continuously for essay time or else inconcentrations that would be distinctly irritant and damaging to thetissues saliva-dissolved tablets, obviously cannot reach the nasalor tracheal mucosae directly. And the application of quickly actingconcentrations of formaldehyde is out of the question this altogetheraside from the fact that hexamethylenamin, the basis of essay of thesetablets, does not liberate formaldehyde in the mouth, and for thisreason alone would be quite useless for this purpose!. see hanzlik andcollins, archives of internal medicine, november, 1913 an inefficient antiseptic is more than merely useless. It is a menaceto public safety, in that it tends to lead to the neglect of rationaland effective protective measures it therefore seems advisable forthe council again to call the attention of physicians to the subject accordingly, three specimens of these products were purchased andexamined in the association chemical laboratory hex-iodinhex-iodin hexamethylenetetramine and iodum lozenges are manufacturedby daggett and miller company, inc , providence, r i they weigh15-1/2 grs each, are sweetened and are flavored with mint or menthol the package and circulars do not contain a definite statement ofcomposition the rather indefinite synonyms “hexameth and iodinecomp ” and “hexamethylenetetramine and iodum” suggest that the lozengescontain hexamethylenamin and free iodin the further statement thatthey “contain the combined medicinal antiseptic and prophylacticproperties of hexamethylenetetramine and iodum” is also ratherindefinite the therapeutic action claimed for the lozenges, however, could only be produced by free iodin and by liberated formaldehyde it is unnecessary to discuss in detail the extravagant claims madefor these lozenges the inefficiency of hexamethylenamin has alreadybeen referred to. The limitations of iodin, free or combined, inlozenge form, need not be discussed because the examination made in thea m a chemical laboratory showed that hex-iodin lozenges containedno free iodin, and only traces of combined iodin neither formaldehydenor paraformaldehyde was present. Hexamethylenamin was present but, thelozenges being neutral no formaldehyde is generated in contact withwater or with the alkaline saliva thus hex-iodin is shown to be worthless for the purpose for which it isadvertised of the two important ingredients said to be present, iodinand hexamethylenamin, only traces could be found of the former whilethe latter, as has been shown, is incapable of exerting any effect whenused as the manufacturers direct formitol tabletsthese tablets are prepared by the e l patch co , boston each tabletweighs 13-1/2 grs they have the odor of thymol or menthol and an acidtaste and reaction they are, according to the label. “for the throat and mouth soothing, astringent, antiseptic rapidly destroys germs of infection, preventing and relieving sore throat and mouth ”in a circular, it is stated, that one of the qualities of formitol.

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And said books and register shall be prima facie evidenceof all matters therein recorded 2 qualification - all persons hereafter commencing the practice ofmedicine, surgery, and obstetrics in college essay examples ivy league any of its branches shall applyto the board for a license, and at the time and place designatedby the board, or at its regular meeting, be examined in anatomy, physiology, chemistry, histology, materia medica, therapeutics, preventive medicines, practice of medicine, surgery, obstetrics, diseases of women and children, of the nervous system, of the eyeand ear, medical jurisprudence, and such other branches as the boardshall deem advisable, and produce evidence of having attended threecourses of lectures of at least six months each. The examination mustbe both practical and scientific, but of sufficient severity to testthe candidate fitness to practise medicine, surgery, and obstetrics when desired, the said examination may be conducted in the presenceof the dean of any medical school or the president of any medicalsociety of the state after examination the board must grant a licenseto practise medicine, surgery, and obstetrics. Seven members mustconsent the board may revoke or refuse a license for unprofessional, dishonorable, or immoral conduct, chronic or persistent inebriety, thepractice of criminal abortion, or for publicly advertising specialability to treat or cure diseases which, in the opinion of the board, it is impossible to cure in complaints for violating the provisionsof this section, the accused shall be furnished with a copy of thecomplaint, and given a hearing before the board in person or byattorney appeal lies from refusal or revocation to the appointingpower 3 the person receiving a license must file it, or a certified copy, withthe register of deeds where he resides on removal into another countyhe must procure from said register a certified copy of his license andfile it with the register of deeds in the county to which he shallremove 4 exceptions - the act does not apply to commissioned surgeons of theunited states army or navy, to physicians or surgeons in actualconsultation from other states or territories, or to actual medicalstudents practising medicine under the direct supervision of apreceptor 5 penalty - practising without a license or contrary to the act is amisdemeanor punishable with a fine of from $50 to $200, or imprisonmentin a county jail from ten to sixty days, or both definition - any person is regarded as practising who appends theletters “m d ” or “m b ” to his name, or who for a fee prescribes, directs, or recommends for the use of any person any drug or medicineor other agency for the treatment, cure, or relief of any wound, fracture or bodily injury, infirmity, or disease 6 former law - the former law is repealed only so far as it isinconsistent with the foregoing act 7 the former law prohibited persons from practising medicine in any ofits branches unless graduates of a medical college or unless they wereshown by examination to be qualified and had been actually engaged inpractising for at least ten years compiled laws of dakota, s 205 fee - to the treasurer of the board, for examination, $20 act 1890, c 93, s 3 ohio qualification - no person who is not a graduate of a reputable schoolof medicine in the united states or a foreign country, or who cannotproduce a certificate of qualification from a state or county medicalsociety and is not a person of good moral character, can lawfullypractise or attempt to practise medicine in any of its dewritingments orprescribe medicine for reward or compensation. Except a person who hasbeen continuously engaged in the practice of medicine for ten years ormore the law allowed persons in continuous practice for five yearsor more, two years to comply with its provisions in case a person isa graduate of a school of medicine in any state or foreign country inwhich any condition or restriction is imposed by law upon the practiceof medicine by graduates of medical schools in ohio, he is subject tothe same restrictions or conditions a person violating this sectionis not entitled to any compensation for services smith & benedictrevised statutes of 1890, s 4, 403 penalty - whoever prescribes or practises or attempts to practisemedicine in any of its dewritingments, or performs or attempts to performa surgical operation without having attended two full courses ofinstruction and graduated at a school of medicine either in this or aforeign country, or who cannot produce a certificate of qualificationfrom a state or county medical society, except a person who has beencontinuously engaged in the practice of medicine for ten years or more, is punishable with a fine of from $50 to $100 and for a subsequentoffence with imprisonment for thirty days persons in continuouspractice for five years or more were allowed two years to comply withthis act 6, 992 oklahoma qualification - no person can lawfully practise medicine in anydewritingment unless he be a graduate of a medical college, or unless uponexamination before a board composed of the superintendent of publichealth and two other physicians to be selected by the territorial boardof health, he be found proficient in the practice of medicine andsurgery, and shall be found upon proof to have been actually engagedin the practice of medicine not less than five years no person shallpractise medicine unless he be of good moral character, and is not anhabitual drunkard a person possessing these qualifications shall, on presentation of hisdiploma, or proof thereof by affidavit if it be lost or destroyed, and the affidavit of two reputable citizens from the county where heresides that the applicant possesses the qualifications of a physician, as prescribed herein, to the superintendent of public health, receivefrom him a license, which shall be recorded in the office of theregister of deeds in the county where such physician resides offence - to practise without complying with this law, or to violateany of its provisions, is a misdemeanor definition - a person is regarded as practising medicine who professespublicly to be a physician and to prescribe for the sick, or whoappends to his name m d exceptions - the law does not prohibit students from prescribing underthe supervision of preceptors, nor prohibit gratuitous services in caseof emergency, nor apply to commissioned surgeons in the united statesarmy and navy cancellation of license - the district court has power on complaint ofa member of the territorial board of health, or the county board ofhealth where he resides, to cancel any license issued to a person topractise medicine, where such license was fraudulently obtained, orwhere the person to whom it was issued has been guilty of violating anyprovision of this act fee - to superintendent of board of health, for license, $2 comp stats , 1893, s 352 oregon qualification - every person practising medicine and surgery in anyof their dewritingments must possess the qualifications required by theact if a graduate of medicine he must present his diploma to the boardof examiners for verification as to its genuineness if found genuineand the person named therein be the person claiming and presentingthe same, the board issues its certificate, which is conclusive ifnot a graduate, he must submit to an examination as the board shallrequire, and if the examination be satisfactory the board issues itscertificate, and the lawful holder is entitled to all the rights andprivileges mentioned in the act act february 28th, 1889, s 1 the governor appoints three persons from among the most competentphysicians of the state, residents of the state for seven years and ofat least five years’ practical experience in their profession, to bethe board of examiners 2 the board must issue certificates to all who furnish satisfactoryproof of having received a diploma or license from a legally charteredmedical institution in good standing of whatever school of medicine, and they are not permitted to make discrimination against holders of ageneral license or diploma under any school or system of medicine ingood standing 3, as amended february 21st, 1891 the verification of a diploma consists in an affidavit of the holderand applicant that he is the person therein named, taken before anyperson authorized to administer oaths, attested under the hand andofficial seal of the official, if he have a seal. Graduates may presenttheir diplomas and affidavits by letter or proxy the act allowspersons taking advantage of section 13 ninety days after its passage inwhich to procure a certificate 4, as amended february 21st, 1891 all examinations of persons not graduates or licentiates must be madedirectly by the board, and certificates authorize the person named topractise medicine and surgery 5 the holder of a certificate must have it recorded in the office ofthe county clerk of the county in which he resides, and the recordmust be indorsed thereon on removal to another county to practise hemust procure an indorsement to that effect on the certificate from theclerk, and have the certificate recorded in the office of the clerk ofthe county to which he removes 6 the examinations may be wholly or writingly in writing and must be of anelementary and practical character, but sufficiently strict to test thequalifications of the candidate as a practitioner 8 the board may refuse a certificate to an individual guilty ofunprofessional or dishonorable conduct, and may revoke for like causes, after giving the accused an opportunity to be heard in his defencebefore the board 9 definition, exceptions - any person is regarded as practising medicinewho professes publicly to be a physician and to prescribe for thesick, or appends to his name the letters “m d ;” but the act doesnot prohibit students from prescribing under the supervision of apreceptor, nor gratuitous services in paper of emergency, nor does itapply to commissioned surgeons of the united states army, navy, andmarine hospital service 10 itinerant vender - any itinerant vender of any drug, nostrum, medicine, ointment, or appliance of any kind intended for the treatment ofdisease or injury, who shall publicly profess to cure or treatdiseases, injuries, deformities, or ailments by any drug, nostrum, medicine, or other appliance, shall pay a license to the secretary ofthe state of $100 per month violation of this section is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of notmore than $500 or imprisonment in a county jail for not more than sixmonths, or both such licenses to any firm or company do not permit thetransaction of business in different places at the same time s 11, as amended february 21st, 1891 penalty - practising medicine or surgery without complying with theact is a misdemeanor punishable with a fine of from $50 to $500 orimprisonment in a county jail from thirty days to three hundred andsixty-five days, or both, for each offence filing or attempting tofile as his own the certificate of another, or a forged affidavit oridentification, is a felony punishable the same as forgery in thesecond degree 12 former practitioners - persons practising in the state at the time ofthe passage of the act were allowed sixty days afterward to register13 fees - to the secretary of the board, for examining a genuine diploma, $1 to the secretary of the board, for examining a fraudulent diploma, or adiploma not owned by the possessor, $20 4 to the county clerk, for recording certificate, usual fee s 6 to board of examiners, for examination, $10 8 to the secretary of the state, from itinerant vender, for license, $100per month 11, as amended february 21st, 1891 pennsylvania present law - the following is the law at present in effect. For thenew law which goes into effect hereafter, see below qualification - the standard of a practitioner of medicine, surgery, orobstetrics consists of a good moral character, a thorough elementaryeducation, a comprehensive knowledge of human anatomy, humanphysiology, pathology, chemistry, materia medica, obstetrics, andpractice of medicine and surgery and public hygiene act march 24th, 1877, s 1 it is unlawful for any person to announce himself as a practitionerof medicine, surgery, or obstetrics, or to practise as such, who hasnot received in a regular manner a diploma from a chartered medicalschool, duly authorized to confer upon its alumni the degree of doctorof medicine the act does not apply to a resident practitioner who hasbeen in continuous practice in the commonwealth for not less than fiveyears prior to its passage 2 before any person can lawfully engage in the practice of medicine, surgery, or obstetrics, or who has not a diploma as provided in sec 2, he must make an affidavit under oath, or affirm before the prothonotaryof the county in which he intends to practise, setting forth the timeof continuous practice and the place or places where such practice waspursued in the commonwealth, and it shall be entered of record s 3 transient practitioner - any person attempting to practise medicineor surgery for a valuable consideration by opening a transient officewithin the commonwealth, or by handbill or other form of written orprinted advertisement, assigning such transient office or other placeto persons seeking medical or surgical advice, or prescribing oritinerating from place to place or from house to house and proposing tocure any person sick or afflicted, by the use of any medicine, means, or agency whatsoever, for a valuable consideration, shall before beingallowed to practise in this manner appear before the clerk of thecourt of quarter sessions of the county where he desires to practiseand furnish satisfactory evidence to such clerk that this act has beencomplied with, and shall take out a license for one year and pay $50therefor 4 penalty - to violate this act is a misdemeanor punishable with a fineof from $200 to $400 for each offence 5 qualification - every person who shall practise medicine or surgery, or any of their branches, for gain, or shall receive or accept for hisservices any fee or reward directly or indirectly, shall be a graduateof a legally chartered medical college or university having authorityto confer the degree of doctor of medicine except as provided insec 5, and shall present to the prothonotary of the county in whichhe resides or sojourns his medical diploma as well as a true copyof the same, including any indorsements thereon, and make affidavitbefore him that the diploma and indorsements are genuine. Thereuponthe prothonotary shall enter in the register the name in full of thepractitioner, his place of nativity, place of residence, the name ofthe college or university that has conferred the degree of doctor ofmedicine, the year when it was conferred, and in like manner any otherdegree or degrees that the practitioner may desire to place on record;to all of which the practitioner shall make affidavit before theprothonotary and the prothonotary shall place the copy of the diplomaand indorsements on file act june 8th, 1881, s 2 any person whose medical diploma has been destroyed or lost shallpresent to the prothonotary of the county in which he resides orsojourns a duly certified copy of his diploma, but if the same isnot obtainable a statement of this fact, with the names of theprofessors whose lectures he attended and the branches of study uponwhich each professor lectured, to all of which the practitioner shallmake affidavit before the prothonotary. After which the practitionershall be allowed to register and the prothonotary shall place suchcertificate or statement on file 3 any person desiring to commence the practice of medicine or surgery, having a medical diploma issued by any college, university, society, or association in another state or foreign country, shall lay the samebefore the faculty of one of the medical colleges or universities ofthis commonwealth for inspection, and the faculty being satisfiedas to the qualifications of the applicant and the genuineness of thediploma shall direct the dean of the faculty to indorse the same, afterwhich such person shall be allowed to register as required by sec 24 the act extends the privilege of continuing to practise to those whohave been in the continuous practice of medicine or surgery in thecommonwealth since 1871, but such a person must make affidavit to awritten statement of the facts before the prothonotary of the countyin which he resides. And the prothonotary shall enter in the registerthe name in full of the practitioner, his place of nativity, place ofresidence, the time of continuous practice in the commonwealth, and theplace or places where such practice was pursued, to all of which thepractitioner shall make affidavit, and the prothonotary shall place thecertificate or statement on file in his office 5 penalty - presenting to the faculty of an institution for indorsementor to the prothonotary a diploma which has been obtained by fraud, or in whole or in writing a forgery, or making an affidavit to a falsestatement, or practising without conforming with the act, or otherwiseviolating or neglecting to comply with the act, is a misdemeanorpunishable with a fine of $100 or imprisonment in the county jail fornot more than one year, or both, for each offence 7 exception - the act does not prevent any physician or surgeon, legallyqualified to practise medicine or surgery in the state where heresides, from practising in the commonwealth, but a person opening anoffice or appointing a place to meet patients or receive calls is asojourner and must conform to its requirements 8 fees - to the prothonotary, for affidavit of continuous practice, $2 act march 24th, 1877, s 3 to county treasurer, for transient license, $50 to clerk of the court of quarter sessions, for issuing transientlicense, $5 4 to the prothonotary, for registration, $1 act june 8th, 1881, s 6 new law - the following law has been enacted whose practicalapplication does not begin until march 1st, 1894:medical council - the law provides for a medical council of the state act of may 18th, 1893, s 1 the council is to supervise the examinations conducted by the stateboards of medical examiners for licenses to practise medicine andsurgery, and issue licenses to applicants who shall have presentedsatisfactory and properly certified copies of licenses from the stateboards of medical examiners or state boards of health of other states, or who shall have successfully passed the examination of one of thestate boards established by this act 5 medical boards - from and after march 1st, 1894, there are to be threeseparate boards of medical examiners, one representing the medicalsociety of the state, one representing the homœopathic medical societyof the state, and one representing the eclectic medical society ofthe state each board is to consist of seven members appointed bythe governor from the full lists of the members of the said medicalsocieties, and is to be composed exclusively of members of the samemedical society each appointee must be a registered physician in goodstanding, and shall have practised medicine or surgery under the lawsof the state for not less than ten years prior to his appointment the governor is to fill vacancies and may remove a member for continualneglect of duties or on the recommendation of the medical society withwhich he may be in affiliation, for unprofessional or dishonorableconduct 6 examinations - for the purpose of examining applicants each board isto hold two or more stated or special meetings in each year after duepublic notice a majority constitutes a quorum, but the examination maybe conducted by a committee of one or more members authorized by theboard 9 the boards not less than one week prior to each examination mustsubmit to the council questions for thorough examination in anatomy, physiology, hygiene, chemistry, surgery, obstetrics, pathology, diagnosis, therapeutics, practice of medicine, and materia medica. Andthe council must select therefrom the questions for each examination, and such questions for each examination shall be the same for allcandidates, except that in the dewritingments of therapeutics, practice ofmedicine, and materia medica the questions shall be in harmony with theteachings of the school selected by the candidate 10 the examinations are to be in writing under rules prescribed by thecouncil after an examination the board must act on it withoutunnecessary delay and transmit to the council an official report ofits action stating the examination average of each candidate in eachbranch, the general average, and the result, and whether successfulor unsuccessful the report must embrace all the examination papers, questions, and answers, which shall be kept for reference andinspection for not less than five years 11 qualification - the council must forthwith issue to each applicantreturned as having successfully passed said examination, and adjudgedby the council to be duly qualified, a license to practise medicine andsurgery the council must require the same standard of qualificationsfrom all candidates except in therapeutics, practice of medicine, andmateria medica, in which the standard shall be determined by the boardsrespectively before the license is issued, it must be recorded in abook in the office of the council, and the number of the book and pagecontaining the record noted on the face of the license. The recordsshall have the same weight as evidence as that given to conveyance ofland 12 on and after july 1st, 1894, any person not theretofore authorized topractise medicine and surgery in the state may deliver to the secretaryof the council a written application for a license with satisfactoryproof that the applicant is more than twenty-one years of age, is ofgood moral character, has obtained a competent common-school education, and has received a diploma conferring the degree of medicine fromessay legally incorporated medical college of the united states, ora diploma or license conferring the full right to practise all thebranches of medicine and surgery in essay foreign country applicantswho have received their degree in medicine after july 1st, 1894, musthave pursued the study of medicine for at least three years, includingthree regular courses of lectures in different years in essay legallyincorporated medical college or colleges prior to the granting of saiddiploma or foreign license such proof shall be made, if required, upon affidavit, and if the council is satisfied with the same it shallissue to the applicant an order for examination before such one of theboards of examiners as the applicant may select in case of failure atthe examination the candidate, after the expiration of six months andwithin two years, shall have the privilege of a second examination bythe same board without additional fee applicants examined and licensedby state boards of medical examiners or state boards of health of otherstates, on filing in the office of the medical council a copy of saidlicense certified by the affidavit of the president and secretary ofsuch board, showing also that the standard of acquirements adopted bysaid board is substantially the same as is provided by secs 11, 12, and 13 of this act, shall without further examination receive a licenseconferring on the holder all the rights and privileges provided bysecs 14 and 15 13 from and after march 1st, 1894, no person shall enter upon the practiceof medicine or surgery unless he has complied with this act and shallhave exhibited to the prothonotary of the court of common pleas ofthe county in which he desires to practise a license duly granted, which shall entitle him to be duly registered in the office of suchprothonotary penalty - violating the provisions of this act shall be a misdemeanorpunishable with a fine of not more than $500 for each offence s 14 exceptions - the act does not interfere with or punish commissionedmedical officers serving in the army or navy of the united states, or its marine hospital service, while so commissioned, or medicalexaminers of relief dewritingments of railroad companies, while soemployed, or any one while actually serving as a member of the residentmedical staff of any legally incorporated hospital, or any legallyqualified and registered dentist exclusively engaged in the practiceof dentistry, nor interfere with or prevent the dispensing and saleof medicine or medical appliances by apothecaries or pharmacists, nor interfere with the manufacture of artificial eyes, limbs, ororthopædical instruments or trusses of any kind for sic fittingsuch instruments on persons in need thereof, or any lawfully qualifiedphysicians and surgeons residing in other states or countries meetingregistered physicians of this state in consultation, or any physicianor surgeon residing on the border of a neighboring state and dulyauthorized under the laws thereof to practise medicine and surgerytherein, whose practice extends into the limits of this state, providedsuch practitioner shall not open an office or appoint a place tomeet patients or receive calls within the limits of pennsylvania, orphysicians duly registered in one county of this state called toattend paper in another, but not residing or opening an office therein the act does not prohibit the practice of medicine and surgery by anypractitioner who shall have been duly registered before march 1st, 1894, according to the act of june 8th, 1881, and one such registrationshall be sufficient warrant to practise medicine and surgery in anycounty 15 former laws - all acts or writings of acts inconsistent with this arerepealed 17 fees - to the secretary of the council, upon application for a license, $25 to the secretary of the county, upon application for a license bylicensees in other states, $15 13 to the prothonotary, upon exhibition of a license, for registry, $114 rhode island registration - every physician must cause his name and residence tobe recorded in the town clerk office of the town where he resides public statutes, 1882, c 85, s 12 penalty - wilful neglect or refusal to perform this duty is punishablewith a fine not exceeding $20 11 south carolina qualification - all physicians engaging in the practice of medicineor surgery, before doing so, must submit their diplomas to a boardconsisting of three reputable physicians in each county the boardis appointed by the governor on the recommendation of the medicalsocieties of the counties, and where no medical society exists, upon the recommendation of the senator and members of the house ofrepresentatives for such counties act of 1890, c 454, s 1 the said board must examine said diploma, when submitted, and if theholder is a bona fide holder, and if the college issuing said diplomais a reputable medical college, and if he also submits a certificate ofgood moral character, the board must certify to the fact, and upon suchcertificate the diploma shall be registered by the clerk of the courtof the county in which the applicant resides 2 exception - the act does not apply to physicians and surgeons alreadyregistered under former laws 4 south dakota prohibition - it is unlawful for any person to practise medicine, surgery, or obstetrics in any of their dewritingments without havingreceived a license to practise medicine from the board of health, andhaving it recorded in the office of the register of deeds in the countywhere such person resides act february 16th, 1893, s 1 exceptions - the act does not affect those in the lawful practice ofmedicine, surgery, or obstetrics in this state at the time of itspassage 2 nor does it prohibit students from prescribing under the supervisionof a preceptor, nor prohibit gratuitous services in case of emergency, nor apply to commissioned surgeons in the united states army and navy3 penalty - violation of the act or practising without the license is amisdemeanor punishable with a fine of from $25 to $100 or imprisonmentin the county jail not more than thirty days or both 4 qualification - the state board of health is constituted a board ofpublic examiners ex-officio to examine and license physicians topractise medicine any person who is a graduate of a lawful medicalcollege, who has attended three full courses of medical lectures ofsix months each, no two full courses within the same year, and who isof good moral character, and is not an habitual drunkard, shall, uponproof of such facts to the superintendent of the state board of health, as the board shall require, receive from said superintendent a license;which shall be recorded as above the requirement of three courses oflectures does not apply to those who had graduated prior to the passageof the act 5 cancellation of license - the state board of health, upon complaintmade to it on oath by one responsible person, has power to cancel anylicense that may have been fraudulently obtained or when the person towhom such license was issued is an habitual drunkard, or is guilty ofimmoral practices or gross unprofessional conduct such license shallnot be cancelled except after a hearing before such board of health, at which a majority of such board shall be present, and of which theperson holding the license to be cancelled shall have had at leastten days’ notice, and only upon due proof of the facts stated in thecomplaint an appeal may be taken to the circuit court of the countyin which the person whose license is cancelled lives by any personaggrieved, in the same manner as now provided by law in case of appealfrom the decisions of the county commissioners 6 fee - to the superintendent of the state board of health, for alicense, $5 5 tennessee qualification - no person can lawfully practise medicine in any of itsdewritingments, except dentistry, unless he possesses the qualificationsrequired by the act if a graduate in medicine, he must present hisdiploma to the state board of medical examiners for verification asto its genuineness if found genuine and from a legally charteredallopathic, homœopathic, or eclectic medical college in good standingwith the school of medicine in which said college is classed, of whichthe state board of medical examiners shall be the judge, and the personnamed therein be the person claiming and presenting it, the board mustissue a certificate to that effect, conclusive as to the rights of thelawful holder to practise medicine act of 1889, c 178, s 1 persons in actual practice at the time of the passage of the act wereallowed till july 1st, 1891, to comply with the provisions of the actrespecting them 2, as amended act 1891, c 109, s 1 a person wishing to enter upon the practice of medicine must presentto the board of medical examiners a diploma from essay medical collegein good standing as provided by sec 1, or shall present himself tothe said board for examination upon anatomy, physiology, chemistry, pathology, surgery, obstetrics, and therapeutics if the diploma befound genuine, or if the applicant for examination be found worthy andcompetent, the board shall issue a certificate which shall entitlethe lawful holder to all the privileges of this act 3, asamended act 1891, c 109, s 2 the governor appoints six graduate physicians as a state board ofmedical examiners.