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Englishcharacter set encoding. Utf-8*** start of this project gutenberg ebook the complete herbal ***produced by chris curnow, emmy and the online distributedproofreading team at pgdp net this file wasproduced from images generously made available by theinternet archive in loving memory of poppy curnow, wholoved her herb garden transcriber's note. As with any medicinal work first published in the1600s and rewritten countless times, it should go without saying to notattempt these recipes just in case, the transcriber has now said it also, thesis and varied were the printing and publishing anomalies, for amore complete explanation, see the extensive notes collected at the endof this text illustration. Nicholas culpeper, m d author of the family herbal illustration. Red lion house, spitalfieldsin which culpeper lived, studied and died the complete herbal. To which is now added, upwards of one hundred additional herbs, with a display of their medicinal and occult qualities physically applied to the cure of all disorders incident to mankind. To which are now first annexed, the english physician enlarged, and key to physic with rules for compounding medicine according to the true system of nature forming a complete family dispensatory and natural system of physic by nicholas culpeper, m d to which is also added, upwards of fifty choice receipts, selected from the author last legacy to his wife a new edition, with a list of the principal diseases to which the human body is liable, and a general index illustrated by engravings of numerous british herbs and plants, correctly coloured from nature “the lord hath created medicines out of the earth. And he that is wise will not abhor them ” ecc xxxviii 4 london. Thomas kelly, 17, paternoster row mdcccl london.

Small facial angle, 30° to 40° in the monkey, 70°to 80° in man. Very inferior cranial capacity, the maximum in a gorillabeing 550 cubic centimetres, while the minimum in the human species isfrom 970 with a maximum of 1, 500 to 1, 900 centimetres. A low index ofthe foramen magnum. Convexity of the squamo-parietal suture, and largerand more salient canines and incisors the volume of the endocraniumin the female gorilla, like that of the human species, is smallerthan that of the male. This difference being almost 80 c c for theanthropoid female in studying the osseous system it should be remembered that certainmodifying elements, as artificial compression, pathologicaldeformities, posthumous distortions, and hygrometric conditions, mayaffect writingicularly the skull, and if due allowance be not made forthese the study may lead to glaring absurdities not longer ago than1725 there was found in a quarry at œningen the skull of a fossilbatrachian compressed into rude resemblance to the human cranium, whichwas announced to the world as scheuchzer “homo diluvii testis ettheoscopos, ” and as the remains of one of the sinful antediluvians whoperished in the noachic deluge are the bones old or recent?. An important point may arise in questions of identification of bones asto the oldness. Whether they are old or recent the first indicationis furnished by the presence or by the absence of the soft writings the existence of the periosteum and of the spinal marrow is the mostpersistent proof of a recent state. But these alone with the soft writingsare usually destroyed in two or three years in ordinary circumstancesa body becomes skeletonized in about ten years, although in exceptionalpaper the cadaver may resist decomposition after thesis years 571this summer in transferring an old cemetery in georgetown, d c , theremains of the grandmother of one of the writer patients were foundin such a state of preservation as to be easily recognized after fiftyyears of burial more recently, in unearthing the remains of an oldgraveyard in east washington, a striking peculiarity was noticed in thefact that thesis bodies of young people buried in recent years when takenup consisted of a few blackened bones and shreds of grave-clothes while the remains of thesis older people buried long before the civil warwere found in an excellent state of preservation one of these was amr fullin, who died from the effects of a sunstroke forty years agoand was buried in a metallic case an old lady who attended his funeralwas present when his remains were unearthed and said they looked asnatural as when he was laid away in 1852 the features were wellpreserved and even the white linen of the shroud was unsoiled alterations in the texture of the bone, such as that caused bydryness and by diminution in the proportion of organic matter, may beascertained by histological examination, and one of the characters ofage may be furnished by taking into consideration the specific weight placing the skull at an average density of 1, 649, that of an infantwould be 1, 515, an adult 1, 726, and that of old age 1, 636 ascertaining the proportion of organic and inorganic matter, thephosphates and carbonates, by chemical means may furnish an additionalhelp in the interpretation of the remains with all these diagnostic methods it may still be impossible toestablish identity either absolute or relative, even where a wholeskeleton is in question the evidence may, however, be of greatjuridical use to the accused, as in the case of van solen, tried forthe murder of dr henry harcourt, where the collective facts pointed tothe identification of a body dead two years the jury, however, after asecond trial, were instructed to acquit unless they were certain thatthe remains were harcourt they acquitted, as no one decided andapparent feature was known to have existed by which the remains couldbe identified beyond a doubt 572identity in case of entire skeleton or in case of isolated bones where an entire human skeleton has been discovered, the objects ofinquiry here, as in the case of fragments or remains, are to establishthe identity of the victim and that of the author of the act, and tocollect all available information relative to the nature of the deathand to the diverse circumstances attending the commission of the deed in gathering evidence from the examination of the skeleton or ofisolated bones, with a view to find out the probable cause of deathof the person of whom they form a writing, a great variety of questionswill arise for consideration, such as those relating to race, stature, age, sex, and trade or occupation.

573 feb 13 1915 influenza vaccineswith the appearance of the epidemic of influenza, reports began toappear, chiefly in newspapers, as to new serums, vaccines, drugs andother methods for checking and even for curing the disease a fewsamples of such as have come to the journal appear in our tonicsand sedatives dewritingment this week in massachusetts, commissionere r kelly appointed two committees to investigate the value ofinfluenza vaccines as a preventive agent and as a treatment ofthe disease the first committee, a special board for scientificinvestigation, consisting of dr m j rosenau, chairman, and frederickp gay and george w mccoy, was appointed to consider the evidenceavailable on the prophylactic and therapeutic use of vaccines againstinfluenza this committee presented the following conclusions. 1 the evidence at hand affords no trustworthy basis for regarding prophylactic vaccination against influenza as of value in preventing the spread of the disease, or of reducing its severity the evidence from the present epidemic, though meager, suggests that the incidence of the disease among the vaccinated is smaller than among the nonvaccinated the board, therefore, concludes that further experimental evidence should be collected 2 the evidence at hand convinces the board that the vaccines we have considered have no specific value in the treatment of influenza 3 there is evidence that no unfavorable results have followed the use of the vaccines the second committee, known as the special board of statisticalinvestigation, consisted of dr george c whipple, chairman, william h davis and f c crum this committee reported. 1 the weight of such statistical evidence as we have been able to accumulate indicates that the use of the influenza vaccine which we have investigated is without therapeutic benefit exceptional paper where apparent benefit has resulted from the use of the vaccine can be matched by other paper where similar recoveries have been made without vaccination 2 the statistical evidence, as far as it goes, indicates a probability that the use of this influenza vaccine has essay prophylactic value 3 there is also essay evidence to the effect that other methods of protection, such as open-air treatment and the use of proper masks, are effective in protecting exposed attendants, and the use of vaccine should not be taken as an excuse for omitting such safeguards as a result, the following recommendations were made. That the state encourage the distribution of influenza vaccine intended for prophylactic use, but in such manner as will secure scientific evidence of the possible value of the agent the use of such vaccine is to be regarded as experimental that the state shall neither furnish nor endorse any vaccine at present in use for the treatment of influenza these reports are conservative, and offer to other health commissionersand their communities a reliable guide as to procedures that shouldbe adopted before subjecting or trying out on the public any methodof prevention or treatment that may be offered these matters are thedomain of medical science, and medical scientists of recognized abilityshould be called on to make the decision -- editorial from the journala m a , oct 19, 1918 serums and vaccineswith respect to serums and vaccines in influenza, there are certainsimple facts and considerations that physicians will do well to keepin mind at this times the main point to keep always in sight is thatunfortunately we as yet have no specific serum or other specific meansfor the cure of influenza, and no specific vaccine or vaccines for itsprevention such is the fact, all claims and propagandist statementsin the newspapers and elsewhere to the contrary notwithstanding thisbeing the case, efforts at treatment and prevention by serums andvaccines, now hurriedly undertaken, are simply experiments in a newfield, and the true value of the results cannot be predicted by anyone indeed, the exact results can be determined if at all only after atime, in most paper probably not until the epidemic is past and all thereturns fully canvassed consequently, the physician must keep his headlevel and not allow himself to be led into making more promises thanthe facts warrant this warning applies especially to health officersin their public relations as to serum treatment, the only noteworthy new method so far is theinjection in severe paper of influenzal pneumonia of the serum ofpatients who have recovered from such pneumonia 292 the principle ofthis method is rational. Analogous procedures have given seeminglygood results in scarlet fever and other diseases. And the resultsreported in influenzal pneumonia appear promising further trialof this treatment under proper conditions consequently seems to bewarranted it should be borne in mind, however, that mcguire andredden292 made their observations in the declining phase of theepidemic when the organism or organisms concerned appeared to be losingvirulence for this and other reasons, the expectations as to what maybe accomplished by this method must be kept within reasonable bounds influenza is a self-limited disease with variable complications and ofvariable severity in different places, thus offering great difficultiesin the way of evaluation of different methods of treatment 292 mcguire, l w , and redden, w r. Treatment of influenzapneumonia by the use of convalescent human serum. Preliminary report, j a m a 71:1311 oct 19 1918 at least two kinds of vaccine are in use in the hope that they mayhave preventive effects one consists solely of killed influenzabacilli. It being extensively used in the east we have as yet nodecisive figures as to its effects, but there is an impression that itmay have essay value the other vaccine is a mixed vaccine of the moreimportant bacteria in the respiratory tract in influenza, principallypneumonococci, streptococci and influenza bacilli it appears thatvaccines of this nature are in extensive use, but we have no evidencethat any benefit will be derived from them to say that thousandshave been vaccinated with apparently good results means nothing atall, simply because we are still in the midst of the outbreak, inthesis places even in the earlier stages how slender the basis ofthis anti-influenzal vaccination when it is considered that the realnature of influenza is still unknown!. in any event, it will requirethesis carefully elaborated and controlled observations before anythingdefinite may be learned in regard to the effect of these vaccines, and it is probably safe to say that nothing on which to rely in thefuture can be learned from the indiscriminate vaccination now goingon there is, therefore, no basis on which promise of protection fromvaccines may be made they may be harmless, and they may or may not beof preventive value -- editorial from the journal a m a , oct 26, 1918 intravenous therapythe intravenous administration of drugs is a new dewritingure in therapy, but one which is rapidly increasing in use among its reputedadvantages are that it is the quickest means of obtaining the effectsof a drug, the effects are obtained with a certainty not obtained byother methods, and they are so marked that they cannot fail to impressthe observer these advantages in thesis paper are apparent rather thanreal.

Or, on the other hand, ifthe stab-wound was found to be superficial and not penetrating, and thewound in the shoulder had suppurated and caused septicæmia in either or any case, everything would depend upon the evidencefurnished by the medical witness his knowledge and judgment arerequired to distinguish the guilty from the innocent again, essaytimes death may appear to be equally the result of eitheror both wounds, in which case, as far as the medical evidence goes, both assailants would be liable to the charge of manslaughter or thesecond wound may be accidental or suicidal, and again the questionwould arise as to the cause of death a case illustrating this istold by taylor630 substantially as follows. A grocer assistantpursued a thief, who had stolen from a cart, into a coal-shed, wherehe was stabbed twice in the abdomen the larger wound suppurated, the smaller wound healed up, and the man died of peritonitis onpost-mortem examination the suppurating wound was found not to involvea vital writing, while the small healed wound had wounded the liverand gall bladder and had set up the fatal peritonitis the largesuppurating wound had apparently been inflicted purposely. The fatalwound, directed upward and backward, might have been accidental by thedeceased rushing upon the knife held more or less in self-defence thecase never came to trial, as the assailant was never found, but it canbe readily imagined what complications might have arisen furthermore, the wounded person may have taken poison or beensubsequently ill-treated, and he may have died from these causes ratherthan the injury but the question arises as to whether the woundwas necessarily the cause of death here, in order to exculpate theassailant, the supervening disease or maltreatment must be such as toaccount for sudden or rapid death under the symptoms which actuallypreceded death was death due to natural causes?. again, the injury may be admitted, but it may be claimed that death is due to natural causes it is notunusual for wounded persons to die from natural causes, though thecase may appear otherwise to laymen this is often seen with suicidalwounds, especially those inflicted during the delirium of a disease, or the disease may supervene later and cause death without relationto the wound where the wound was inflicted by another, accuratediscrimination is especially important in order to save the accusedfrom imprisonment under false accusation and consequent loss ofcharacter a careful examination is the only way to determine suchpaper, which depend therefore on the medical testimony again, the question may arise as between death from wounds or latentdisease, the wound perhaps being admitted, but death being attributedto latent disease here a close attention to symptoms and a carefulpost-mortem examination can alone decide a man may die from therupture of an aneurism, from an apoplexy or essay other morbid conditionafter receiving a severe wound or a man with a hernia may receive ablow upon it causing a rupture of the contained intestine followed byperitonitis and death, or the recipient of a blow may have a calculusin the kidney which may perforate a blood-vessel or the kidney tissueand set up a fatal hemorrhage as the result of a blow thus, medically speaking, the result of the injury is unusual andunexpected, and due to an abnormal or unhealthy state of body of thewounded person if it can be clearly shown by the medical testimony that death was dueto the above or any other latent diseases, the responsibility of theassailant may be lessened or removed the law looks to this point andis lenient in its punishment in the absence of malice on the writing ofthe assailant the crime is still manslaughter and may even be murderif the assailant was actuated by malice and the abnormal or unhealthystate of the body of the victim was taken advantage of generally thereis no intention of murder, but the nature of the wound and the means ofinfliction will help to show this, which is for the jury rather thanthe medical witness to decide there is less ground for mitigation ofthe punishment if the assailant was aware of the peculiar condition ofthe wounded person, especially in the case of those notoriously ill orof pregnant women closely allied with this subject are those rare paper where abnormalanatomical conditions, such as a thin skull or brittle bones, cause aslight injury to be followed by unexpected and untoward results, not tobe looked for in the average individual in such paper the evidence ofthe abnormal condition furnished by the medical witness may diminishthe responsibility and mitigate the punishment furthermore, the responsibility of the assailant may not be altogetherremoved, for the question naturally arises, was death accelerated bythe wound?. this depends upon the circumstances in each case upon whichthe medical witness must base his opinion maliciously acceleratingthe death of another is regarded as criminal on the principle thatthat which accelerates causes the following paper are quoted fromtaylor631 to illustrate the above distinctions in reg v timms oxford lent ass , 1870 the deceased had been struck on the head bythe accused with a hatchet, from which injury he had writingly recoveredunder treatment in twelve days but six weeks later he was seized withinflammation of the brain, with convulsions, and died at the autopsydisease of the kidneys was found, and death was referred to this andthe inflammation of the brain due to the blows the prisoner wasconvicted after the judge had charged the jury that it was manslaughterif they believed that the blows conduced in writing to the death of thedeceased in the following paper there was no connection between the violenceand the cause of death a man struck his father on the head with ahammer and was sentenced to two months’ imprisonment, as the injurydid not appear serious the father thought the punishment too little, became much excited, and was hemiplegic six days after the wound wasinflicted and died three days later no injury of the brain was foundunder a fracture of the inner table at the site of the blow, but alarge clot was found in the lateral ventricle which, in the opinion ofthe medical witnesses, was not dependent on the blow, and the prisonerwas acquitted see reg v saxon, lancashire sum ass , 1884 alsoin reg v hodgson leeds sum ass , 1876 the prisoner had struckhis wife with a belt, a short time after which she fell back and diedsuddenly the cause of death was found to be heart disease, and theblow not being causative in producing the fatal result, the prisonerwas acquitted or again in reg v thompson liverpool sum ass , 1876.

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And only those persons whosenames are inscribed therein are qualified and licensed to practisemedicine, surgery, or midwifery, except as hereinafter provided s 8 the registrar is required to keep his register correct, and to make thenecessary alterations in the addresses and qualifications of personsregistered 9 the council is required to admit to registration, on the payment of theregistration fee, all persons duly registered by the medical council ofgreat britain or otherwise authorized to practise medicine, surgery, ormidwifery in the united kingdom of great britain and ireland s 10 every person who holds a medical or surgical degree or diploma college application essay writing service datedprior to january 1st, 1880, from any university, college, or schoolof medicine in great britain, ireland, or canada, or any of theuniversities or colleges in the united states mentioned in schedule a, is entitled to register on producing to the registrar such diploma orsatisfactory evidence of the qualification in respect whereof he seeksto be registered 11 every person desirous of being registered, not registered under theacts mentioned in sec 2, and who had not become possessed of a diplomaas provided in sec 11, must, before being entitled to register, beexamined as to his knowledge and skill for the efficient practiceof his profession before the medical council, and on passing theexamination required and producing proof of study in medicine, surgery, and midwifery four years, one of which may be with a registeredmedical practitioner, shall, subject to the next section, be entitledto register and by virtue of such registration to practise medicine, surgery, and midwifery. Provided, the council may, if it see fit, dispense with the examination in any case 12 no person commencing the study of medicine on or after september1st, 1892, shall be entitled to register unless he has passed amatriculation examination equivalent to that of the college of surgeonsof london, or shall hold a license as a first-class teacher in thisprovince, or shall have obtained from the council a certificate that hehas satisfactorily passed a matriculation examination in the subjectsspecified in schedule b any graduate or student matriculated in the arts in any university inher majesty dominions shall not be required to pass the matriculationexamination 13 the council may grant a license to practise medicine, surgery, ormidwifery to an applicant at the time of the passage of this actpractising medicine, surgery, or midwifery, or any of them, in princeedward island, on a preliminary examination as the council may thinknecessary for the public safety, provided such person shall havepractised five years in the province, but such person is not therebyentitled to registration 15 when there has been established an authorized examining body or aninstitution recognized by the legislature of any other province of thedominion of canada as the sole examining body for granting certificatesof qualification, and where the curriculum is equal to that appointedby the medical council of prince edward island, the holder of suchcertificate shall, upon due proof, be entitled to registration by thecouncil of prince edward island, if the same privilege is accorded insuch other province to those registered in prince edward island s 16 the council is required to hold examinations at least every threemonths, if required, for candidates for registration, at such placesand times and in the same manner as the council may direct s 18 every person registered who obtains a higher degree or otherqualification shall, on the payment of such fees as the council shallappoint, be entitled to have it registered in substitution for or inaddition to the qualification previously registered 19 no qualification is entered unless the registrar be satisfied, byproper evidence, that the person claiming is entitled to register it there is an appeal to the council. Any name proved to the council tohave been fraudulently or incorrectly entered may be erased by an orderin writing of the council 20 if the registrar is dissatisfied with the evidence he may, subject toappeal to the council, refuse registration until the person claimingit has furnished evidence to the satisfaction of the registrar, dulyattested by oath or affidavit before a notary public or justice of thepeace 21 a medical practitioner guilty of infamous or disgraceful conduct in aprofessional respect is liable to have his name erased, and if he applyfor registration the council may refuse it 22 the registrar may publish in a newspaper or newspapers of prince edwardisland the fact that the name of such person has been erased, and thecause of the erasure, but not until the appeal, if any has been takenwithin the time allowed, has been disposed of 23 where the council refuse to register, or direct an erasure, the entryshall not be again made except by direction of the council or the orderof the supreme court or a judge thereof 24 five days’ notice of the meeting of the council for the hearing of anappeal under sec 2 must be served on the person charged, embodyinga copy of the charges or a statement of the inquiry and the time andplace of meeting 25 rights of registered persons - every person licensed or registeredunder the act is entitled according to his qualifications to practisemedicine, surgery, and midwifery, or any of them, as the case may be, and recover with costs his reasonable charges for professional aid, advice, and visits, and the cost of medicines or medical and surgicalappliances rendered or supplied by him to his patient 26 limitations - twelve months is established as the period of limitationsfor an action from negligence or malpractice against a personregistered 27 evidence - the registrar is required, under the direction of thecouncil, to print and publish once in two years a register of thenames of all persons registered, with the residence and medical title, diploma, and qualification conferred by any college or body, with thedates thereof, as existing on the day of the publication a copy ofsuch register, for the time being, purporting to be so printed andpublished, is prima facie evidence that the persons specified areregistered the absence of a name from such copy is prima facieevidence that such person is not registered in case a name does not appear in the copy, a certified copy, underthe hand of the registrar of the council, of the entry of a name isevidence that such person is registered 28 fraudulent registration - if a person be registered by false orfraudulent representations the registrar may, on the receipt ofsufficient evidence thereof, report the matter to the council, and onthe order of the council erase his name from the register and makeknown the fact and cause by a notice in the newspaper or newspapers onprince edward island 29 1 offences and penalties - wilfully procuring or attempting to procureregistration by false or fraudulent representation is punishable witha penalty not exceeding $50 knowingly aiding and assisting therein ispunishable with a penalty of from $10 to $25 for each offence s 29 2 without registration or license, practising for hire or hope of rewardor advertising to give advice in medicine, surgery, or midwifery ispunishable with a penalty not exceeding $25 30 wilfully or falsely pretending to be a physician, doctor of medicine, surgeon, or general practitioner, or assuming a title, addition, ordescription not actually possessed, or pretending to be recognized bylaw as a physician, accoucheur, or a licentiate in medicine, surgery, or midwifery, is punishable with a penalty not exceeding $25 s 31 unregistered persons - no person is entitled to recover a charge formedical or surgical advice or attendance or for the performance of asurgical operation unless registered, licensed, or otherwise authorizedunder this act 32 no person is to be appointed as a medical officer, physician, orsurgeon in any branch of the public service, or any hospital or othercharitable institution unless registered 33 costs - on prosecution, costs may be awarded and the offender may becommitted to a common jail in default of paying the penalty and costs, for not exceeding one month 34 appeal from conviction - a person appealing from conviction is requiredto give satisfactory security for the penalty, costs of conviction, andappeal before released from custody 35 limitation of prosecutions - prosecutions are required to be commencedwithin six months from the date of the offence 36 prosecutor - any person may be prosecutor or complainant 37 appeal from registrar decision - a person aggrieved by the decisionof the registrar may appeal to the council, and persons aggrievedby the decision of the council may appeal to the supreme court ofthe province, which decision shall be final the act prescribes theprocedure on appeal 38, 39 powers of council - the council may make by-laws for carrying out theact, to be approved by the lieutenant-governor in council, but nothingshall prevent any registered medical practitioner from giving medicaltreatment or advice to any person by reason of such person havingpreviously engaged the services of any other physician 40 the council is authorized to make regulations regarding the holding ofexaminations and the subjects of examinations 41exceptions - the act does not prevent any person from giving necessarymedical or surgical aid or attendance to any one in urgent need ofit provided it be not for hire or gain, nor the giving of it be madea business or means of livelihood. Nor does it prevent women frompractising midwifery, or any person from practising dentistry ortreating paper of cancer by external application, and charging forsuch service and suing for and recovering reasonable charges. Nor doesit prevent a druggist, apothecary, or storekeeper from suing for andrecovering the price of drugs or chemicals supplied or sold by him42 the act does not prevent a person not holding a medical degree, license, or diploma from a university or college from practisingmedicine, surgery, or midwifery provided he was engaged in suchpractice in the province for five years immediately before the passageof the act, nor from recovering with costs his reasonable charges forprofessional aid, advice, and visits and the cost of medicine or othermedical or surgical appliances rendered or supplied by him to hispatients 43 appeal on prosecution - appeal from the decision on prosecution may betaken to the supreme court 44 schedule a. University of pennsylvania, philadelphia, pa jefferson medical college, philadelphia, pa bellevue medical college, new york, n y university of new york, new york, n y college of physicians and surgeons, new york, n y harvard university university of michigan schedule b specifies at length the requirements for the examinationmentioned in sec 13 fees - persons registered under sec 2 are not required to pay a fee for registration under secs 11 and 12, not exceeding $20, to be fixedby the society to the council, for a license under sec 15, $5 an annual fee is required to be paid by members of the society, notmore than $5 annually, as levied by the council 17 for registration under sec 19, such fees as the council may appoint quebec college of physicians, etc - all persons residing in the provinceauthorized to practise medicine, surgery, or midwifery therein, andregistered under this law, are constituted a corporation by the name of“the college of physicians and surgeons of the province of quebec” r s , 1888, art 3, 969 the affairs of the college are conducted by a board of governors, fortyin number, chosen as provided in the act and known as the “provincialmedical board” art 3, 972 to 3, 975 qualification - no person can lawfully practise medicine, surgery, ormidwifery unless he has obtained a license from the said board andunless he be registered art 3, 976 every person who obtains a medical degree or diploma in any universityor college mentioned in art 3, 972 is entitled to such license withoutexamination as to his medical knowledge or skill, provided such diplomahas only been given after four years of medical study from the dateof admission to study and according to the requirements of the act;provided, the said board has power to grant the same privileges toholders of degrees or diplomas of medicine and surgery from otherbritish colonial or french universities or colleges art 3, 977 the colleges referred to in art 3, 792 are. Laval university at quebec, laval university at montreal, university of mcgill college, universityof bishops college, the incorporated school of medicine and surgery ofmontreal affiliated with the university of victoria college or with anyother british university the privilege above conferred on holders ofdegrees or diplomas from british colleges and universities is extendedto every person whose name is entered upon the medical register underthe imperial medical act of 1886 49-50 vict , c 48 or of any actamending the same art 3, 977 a, as added by act 1889, c 39 the law prescribes the preliminary qualifications for admission tostudy medicine, surgery, or midwifery to be ascertained by examination no one is entitled to the license of the college on presentation ofa diploma unless previously admitted to study in accordance withthese conditions, or unless he has passed an equivalent preliminaryexamination before a college, school or board authorized by law torequire and cause such preliminary examinations to be passed in herbritish majesty other possessions arts 3, 978, 3, 979 a candidate for a license to practise desiring to be registered, and who has not obtained a degree or diploma in medicine from anyinstitution mentioned in art 3, 972 supra must, before beingentitled to such license and to register, pass an examination beforethe board as to his knowledge and skill for the efficient practiceof medicine, surgery, and midwifery upon passing the examinationand proving to the satisfaction of the examiners that he has, in aninstitution for the teaching of medicine in her majesty possessions, complied with the rules and regulations made by the provincial board, and on payment of such fees as the board may by general by-lawestablish, such person shall be entitled to a license art 3, 980 all persons coming from any recognized college outside of hermajesty possessions desirous of obtaining a license from the collegeof physicians and surgeons of the province must previously pass apreliminary examination before the examiners appointed by the boardor establish to the satisfaction of the board that they have alreadypassed equivalent examinations, and they must moreover follow in oneof the schools of medicine in the province a complete course for sixmonths of lectures, and such other course or courses as shall benecessary to complete the curriculum required by the board they maypass their professional examination immediately after their preliminaryexamination art 3, 981 powers of medical board - the board of governors of the college ofphysicians and surgeons has among other powers the power to examineall credentials and documents purporting to entitle the bearer to alicense to practise and all diplomas, degrees, or other qualificationssought to be registered, and to require the bearer to attest on oath, to be administered by the chairman, that he is the person whose name ismentioned therein, and that he became legally possessed thereof. And toregister in the books of the college the name, age, place of residenceand birth of every member of the profession practising in the province, the date of his license and the place where he obtained it art 3, 982 the provincial medical board, among other powers, has the power tomake regulations respecting the tariffs or rates to be charged intowns and counties for medical, obstetrical, or surgical advice, orfor attendance or for the performance of any operation or for anymedicines prescribed or supplied the tariff must be approved by thelieutenant-governor in council, and can only come into force six monthsafter its publication once in the quebec official gazette, and thatof the order in council approving the same the tariff does not, incase of suit, obviate the necessity of proof of giving the advice, care, prescriptions, medicines, and other things therein mentioned art 3, 983 the said board has power to fix the fees for license and registration art 3, 984 qualifications of candidate - the qualifications of a candidate for alicense are:1 that he holds a certificate of study from a licensed physician forthe period intervening between the courses of lectures which he hasfollowed 2 that he has reached the age of twenty-one years 3 that he has followed his studies during a period of not less thanfour years, commencing from the date of his admission by the board tostudy medicine 4 that during said four years he attended at essay university, college, or incorporated school of medicine within her majesty possessions notless than two six-months’ courses of general or descriptive anatomy, of practical anatomy, of surgery, of the practice of medicine, ofmidwifery, of chemistry, of materia medica and general therapeutics, ofthe institutions of medicine or physiology and general pathology, ofclinical medicine, and of clinical surgery. One six-months’ course ortwo three-months’ courses of medical jurisprudence, one three-months’course of botany, one three-months’ course of hygiene, and a courseof not less than twenty-five demonstrations upon microscopic anatomy, physiology, and pathology 5 that he attended the general practice of a hospital in which arecontained not less than fifty beds under the charge of not less thantwo physicians or surgeons, for not less than one and one-half years orthree periods of not less than six months each 6 that he has attended six paper of labor and compounded medicines forsix months each six-months’ course shall have consisted of one hundred and twentylectures except in the case of clinical medicine, clinical surgery, andmedical jurisprudence of four years’ study required by this section, three six-months’sessions, at least, must be passed in attending upon lectures at auniversity, college, or incorporated school of medicine recognized bythe board the first of such courses must have been attended during the sessionimmediately succeeding the preliminary examination, and the lastduring the fourth year of study, and the candidates must undergo anexamination on the final subjects of the curriculum at the end of thesession in the fourth year of study art 3, 985 members of college - all persons obtaining a license to practise fromthe college of physicians and surgeons of the province are members ofthe college, but are not eligible for governors within four years fromthe date of their admission as members art 3, 986 women - the provincial medical board has power to make regulationsrespecting the admission of women to the study and practice ofmidwifery women who were legally qualified on the 31st of october, 1879, to practise as midwives in the province, while required toconform to the rules of said college, retain their right nothing inthe act or the regulations shall prevent women in the country frompractising midwifery or assisting at accouchements without beingadmitted to the study or practice of midwifery. But they must obtain acertificate from a duly licensed physician certifying that they havethe necessary knowledge art 3, 987 register - the medical board is required to cause to be kept by theregistrar a register of persons duly licensed and registered, andwho have complied with the law and the regulations of the board, andthose persons only whose names are inscribed therein are deemed to bequalified and licensed art 3, 988 the registrar is required from time to time to make the necessaryalterations in the register art 3, 989 evidence - the registrar, under the direction of the board ofgovernors, causes to be printed, published, and distributed to themembers, from time to time, a copy, called the quebec medicalregister, of the register, containing names, surnames, residences, medical titles, diplomas, and qualifications conferred by a collegeor other medical body, with the dates of the same a printed copy, certified under the hand of the registrar as such, is prima facieevidence that the persons named and entered have been registered inaccordance with this law the absence of the name of any person fromsuch copy is prima facie proof that such person has not been lawfullyregistered.