History

Causes Of World War 2 Essay


”c l loffler does business from rooms 1101-1102, venetian bldg , chicago, the location of the “intravenous chemical co , ” the“physicians drug syndicate” and the “ma-oze chemical co ” of these, more later the journal has in its files a large amount of materialregarding loffler a brief résumé of that writing of the material dealingwith loffler professional activities will be given for the purposeof allowing physicians to evaluate the scientific status of loffler“lectures, ” “post-graduate courses, ” his therapeutic “discoveries” andhis products it seems that loffler was reared in yankton, s d in 1898-1899, loffler was a senior student at john creighton medical college, but, for reasons that need not be gone into here, he was never graduated he received a diploma from barnes medical college in 1900, and in thesame year causes of world war 2 essay was licensed to practice in south dakota in 1902 he was atle mars, iowa. In 1904 his name appears in the medical directory, undersioux falls, s d , as “specialist in chronic troubles ” the intravenous company in coloradocharles l loffler “specialty” is “intravenous medication ” in1912 and 1913, as the intravenous company of colorado springs, hewas sending out a booklet entitled “consumption ” this describedthe alleged marvelous results to be obtained in the treatment oftuberculosis by the use of “intravenous compound”. There was alsoa side line, “the loffler internal bath plate ” at that time theadministration of “intravenous compound” was recommended intravenously, hypodermically, by rectum, by mouth and even by insufflation when thestuff was to be given by rectum, the recommendation was made. “firstwash out the bowels with a preliminary injection of two or three quartsof warm water, using for this purpose the loffler internal bath ”in 1913 loffler sought a larger field for his peculiar talents and leftcolorado springs after a short stay in denver he is next found inminneapolis, where he was also “engaged in the practice of intravenoustherapy” and, incidentally, seems to have been an organizer and managerof a common law concern known as the automatic thrasher co the physicians’ drug syndicatein 1919 we find loffler in chicago as president of the “physicians drugsyndicate ” this concern-- another common law organization-- had forits vice president one a e erling, m d , and for its secretary andtreasurer, arthur c hanson erling was discussed251 in an articlethat appeared in the journal, july 5, 1919, on the egregious “alliedmedical association of america” of which organization c l loffler was“president” in 1918 251 here is what the journal published on erling:a e erling according to the stationery, is “chairman” of “censors ”our records fail to show that erling ever graduated in medicine the health dewritingment of milwaukee, however, says that erling, wheninterviewed, claimed to have “a diploma from the german medical collegeof chicago, but refused to show or present the same ” the americanmedical directory has this item. German medical college, chicago chartered dec 28, 1891, by johann malok fraudulent extinct a few years ago erling was in la crosse, wis , and in 1908 a circularletter bearing his name and picture was sent out, from which thefollowing extracts are taken capitalization as in the original. “dear friend:-- permit me to call your attention to the fact that dr a e erling, the eminent specialist, after thesis years of travel, practice and medical research, has given up his extensive road practice and severed his connection with the several medical institutes which have heretofore occupied considerable of his attention dr erling success in the treatment of all chronic diseases is truly remarkable nervousness, all blood diseases, rheumatism, diseases peculiar to women.

Or, the council might suspend judgmentand give the manufacturer an opportunity to supply the information the first method-- immediate rejection-- would obviously be felt bymanufacturers as a hardship to afford the fullest possible opportunityfor the presentation of the case, the council follows the secondmethod. That is, it suspends judgment and withholds publication ofa report until reasonable time has been afforded for furnishing therequired information, provided the manufacturer or agent appears tobe making honest and diligent efforts to supply it the collectionand compilation of such information is essaytimes a lengthy process, especially when the products are of foreign manufacture although it would be easier for the council to render an immediatedecision than to assist manufacturers to supply the data necessary forthe formation of an authoritative judgment, the council cannot yield toimportunities for hasty action it must rely on the medical professionto bear in mind that the character of a product under considerationby the council has not yet been determined the council holds that, during this stage, a product is suitable, at most, for experimentaluse -- from reports of council on pharmacy and chemistry, 1915, p 119 cooperation of the pharmaceutical houses report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryin reply to the suggestion made last year by president bevan that thereshould be closer cooperation between the large pharmaceutical housesand the council on pharmacy and chemistry, the council submitted to theboard of trustees of the american medical association the statementwhich appears below. “cooperation of the pharmaceutical houses. At the opening meeting of the house of delegates last year, president arthur dean bevan suggested the desirability of greater cooperation between the large pharmaceutical houses and the council on pharmacy and chemistry the need of such cooperation has been recognized by the council from the first in no one direction has the council made greater effort than in its endeavor to secure the fullest cooperation of the various pharmaceutical houses the difficulty has been, and always must be, the fundamental antagonism between objectives that are largely commercial on the one hand and purely scientific on the other nevertheless, the council has always believed-- and has acted on the belief-- that there is a possible middle ground wherein the interests of therapeutics would not be injured but would go hand in hand with a commercial development based on enlightened self-interest “the profits to be made by a pharmaceutical house from the sale of a staple drug-- a pharmacopeial, national formulary, or nonproprietary preparation-- which enters into free competition with other drugs of the same kind, are moderate. The profits to be made from the sale of a proprietary medicine on which the manufacturer holds a monopoly are usually large-- essaytimes enormous there are, broadly, two kinds of proprietary preparations advertised to physicians. One represents laborious research ending in the production of a new medicinal chemical.

Are cold and moist in the second degree, they easeall pains and swellings coming of heat, in clysters they loose thebelly, are profitable in fevers and inflammations of the testicles, they take away bruises, and blackness causes of world war 2 essay and blueness. They are admirablein wounds and inflammations of the lungs or blood blitum blites essay say they are cold and moist, others cold anddry. None mention any great virtues of them borrago borrage. Hot and moist, comforts the heart, cheers thespirits, drives away sadness and melancholy, they are rather laxativethan binding. Help swooning and heart-qualms, breed good blood, helpconsumptions, madness, and such as are much weakened by sickness bonus henricus good henry, or all good. Hot and dry, cleansing andscouring, inwardly taken it loosens the belly. Outwardly it cleansethold sores and ulcers botrys oak of jerusalem.

And that may be the reason why an all wise god hathfurnished us with far more hot herbs and plants, &c than cold use 1 their use is first, in nourishment, that so the heat of foodmay be qualified, and made for a weak stomach to digest use 2 secondly, to restrain and assuage the heat of the bowels, andto cool the blood in fevers therefore if the distemper of heat be but gentle, medicines cold inthe first degree will suffice. Also children, and such people whosestomachs are weak, are easily hurt by cold medicines of medicines cold in the second and third degree use 1 such whose stomachs are strong, and livers hot, may easilybear such medicines as are cold in the second degree, and in paper ofextremity find much help by them. As also by such as are cold in thethird degree, the extremity of the disease considered, for by boththese the unbridled heat of choler is assuaged use 2 also they are outwardly applied to hot swellings, dueconsideration being had, that if the inflammation be not great, usethose that are less. If the inflammation be vehement, make use ofmedicines cold in the second or third degree, always let the remedycorrespond to the just proportion of the affliction use 3 thirdly, essaytimes the spirits are moved inordinately throughheat, thence follows immoderate watchings, if not deprivation of thesenses, this also must be remedied with cold medicines, for cold stopsthe pores of the skin, makes the humours thick, represses sweat, andkeeps up the spirits from fainting of medicines cold in the fourth degree lastly, the use of medicines cold in the fourth degree, is, to mitigatedesperate and vehement pains, stupifying the senses, when no othercourse can be taken to save life. Of the use of which more hereafter of moistening medicines there can be no such difference found amongst moistening medicines, that they should surpass the second degree for seeing all medicinesare either hot or cold, neither heat nor cold, seeing they areextremes, can consist with moisture, for the one dries it up, the othercondensates it use phylosophers therefore call moisture and dryness, passivequalities, yet have they their operation likewise. For moist medicineslenify and make slippery, ease the cough, and help the roughness of thethroat these operations are proper to medicines moist in the firstdegree those which are moister, take away naturally strength, help thesharpness of humours, make both blood and spirits thicker, looses thebelly, and fits it for purgation the immoderate or indiscreet use of them dulls the body, and makes itunfit for action of drying medicines drying medicines have contrary faculties to these, viz to consumemoisture, stop fluxes, and make such writings dry as are slippery, theymake the body and members firm, when they are weakened by too muchmoisture, that so they may perform their proper functions yet although the members be strengthened by drying medicines, they havenotwithstanding their own proper moisture in them, which ought to beconserved, and not destroyed, for without it they cannot consist. Ifthen this moisture be consumed by using, or rather over use of dryingmedicines, the members can neither be nourished, nor yet perform theirproper actions such medicines as are dry in the third degree, being unadvisedlygiven, hinder the writings of the body they are appropriated to, of theirnourishment, and by that means brings them into consumption besides, there is a certain moisture in the body of man, which iscalled radical moisture, which being taken away, the writings must needsdie, seeing natural heat and life also consists in it, and this may bedone by too frequent use of medicines dry in the fourth degree. And itmay be this was the reason of galen writing, that things dry in thefourth degree, must of necessity burn. Which is an effect of heat, andnot of dryness, unless by burning, galen means consuming the radicalmoisture the use then of drying medicines, is only to such bodies, and writings ofthe body, as abound with moisture, in which observe these rules 1 if the moisture be not extreme, let not the medicine be extremelydrying 2 let it be proper to the writing of the body afflicted, for if the liverbe afflicted by moisture, and you go about to dry the brain or heart, you may sooner kill than cure thus have we briefly spoken of the first qualities of medicines, and inthe general only, and but briefly, because we shall always touch uponthem in the exposition of the other qualities, in which you must alwayshave an eye to these section ii of the appropriation of medicines to the several writings of the body that the qualities and use of these medicines may be found out, andunderstood by every one, and so my country reap the benefit of mylabour, they shall find them presented to their view in this order medicines appropriated 1 to the head 2 to the breast and lungs 3 to the heart 4 to the stomach 5 to the liver 6 to the spleen 7 to the reins and bladder 8 to the womb 9 to the joints chapter i of medicines appropriated to the head by head is usually understood all that writing of the body which isbetween the top of the crown, and the uppermost joint of the neck, yet are those medicines properly called cephalical, which areappropriated to the brain, not to the eyes, ears, nor teeth. Neitherare those medicines which are proper to the ears, proper also to theeyes, therefore my intent being to write as plain as i can i shallsubdivide this chapter into these writings medicines appropriated 1 to the brain 2 to the eyes 3 to the mouth, and nostrils 4 to the ears 5 to the teeth for what medicines are appropriated to an unruly tongue, is not in mypower at present to determine of medicines appropriated to the brain before we treat of medicines appropriated to the brain, it is requisitethat we describe what the nature and affection of the brain is the brain which is the seat of apprehension, judgment, and memory, theoriginal of sense and motion, is by nature temperate, and if so, thenyou will grant me that it may easily be afflicted both by heat andcold, and it is indeed more subject to affliction by either of them, than any other writing of the body, for if it be afflicted by heat, senseand reason, it is immoderately moved, if by cold, they languish, andare dulled, to pass by other symptoms which invade the head, if thebrain be altered from its proper temper also this is peculiar to the brain, that it is delighted or offended bysmells, sights, and sounds, but i shall meddle no further with thesehere, because they are not medicines cephalical medicines may be found out from the affections of thebrain itself the brain is usually oppressed with moisture in suchafflictions. Therefore give such medicines as very gently warm, cleanse, cut, and dry. But withal, let them be such as are appropriatedto the head, such as physicians say by an hidden quality strengthenthe brain again, if you consider the situation of the brain, you shall findit placed in the highest writing of the body, therefore it is easilyafflicted with hot vapours. This punishes a man with watching andhead-ache, as the former did with sottishness and sleepiness, in suchpaper use such cephalecs as gently cool the brain to make cephalecs of narcoticks, or stupifying medicines, is not myintent, for i am confident they are inimical both to brain and senses of these, and such medicines as also purge the brain, i shall speak byand by to return to my purpose essay cephalics purge the brain, essay heat it, essay cool it, essaystrengthen it. But how they perform this office peculiarly to thebrain, most physicians confess they could neither comprehend by reason, nor describe by precepts, only thus, they do it by an hidden quality, either by strengthening the brain, thereby descending it from diseases, or by a certain antipathy between them and the diseases incident to thebrain lastly, for the use of cephalics, observe, if the brain be muchafflicted, you cannot well strengthen it before you have purged it, neither can you well purge the brain before you have cleansed the restof the body, it is so subject to receive the vapours up to it. Givecooling cephalics when the brain is too hot, and hot cephalics when itis too cold beware of using cooling medicines to the brain when the crisis of adisease is near. How that time may be known, i shall god assistingme instruct you hereafter, let it suffice now, that according as thedisease afflicting your head is, so let your remedy be of medicines appropriated to the eyes take such medicines as are appropriated to the eyes under the name of ocular medicines i do it writingly to avoid multiplicity of words, and writingly to instruct my countrymen in the terms of art belonging tophysic, i would have called them ophthalmics had not the wordbeen troubleessay to the reading, much more to the understanding of acountryman as i even now called such medicines cephalics as wereappropriated to the brain ocular medicines are two-fold, viz such as are referred to the visivevirtues, and such as are referred to the eyes themselves such as strengthen the visive virtue or the optick nerves which conveyit to the eyes say doctors do it by an hidden virtue, into thereason which no man can dive, unless they should fetch it from thesimilitude of the substance. And yet they say a goat liver conducesmuch to make one see in the night, and they give this reason, becausegoats see as well in the night as in the day yet is there no affinityin temperature nor substance between the liver and the eyes.

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It is essaywhatdangerous given inwardly, unless by a skilful hand. Outwardly it helpsthe shingles, st anthony fire, and other hot inflammations soldanella bindweed, hot and dry in the second degree, it opensobstructions of the liver, and purges watery humours, and is thereforevery profitable in dropsies, it is very hurtful to the stomach, and therefore if taken inwardly it had need be well corrected withcinnamon, ginger, or annis-seed, &c sonchus levis asper sow-thistles smooth and rough, they are of acold, watery, yet binding quality, good for frenzies, they increasemilk in nurses, and cause the children which they nurse to have a goodcolour, help gnawings of the stomach coming of a hot cause. Outwardlythey help inflammations, and hot swellings, cool the heat of thefundament and privities sophi chirurgorum fluxweed. Drying without any manifest heat orcoldness. It is usually found about old ruinous buildings. It is socalled because of its virtue in stopping fluxes shinachia spinage i never read any physical virtues of it spina alba see the root spica see nardus stæbe silver knapweed. The virtues be the same with scabious, andessay think the herbs too. Though i am of another opinion stœchas french lavender cassidony, is a great counterpoison, opensobstructions of the liver and spleen, cleanses the matrix and bladder, brings out corrupt humours, provokes urine succisa, marsus diaboli devil-bit hot and dry in the seconddegree. Inwardly taken, it eases the fits of the mother, and breakswind, takes away swellings in the mouth, and slimy flegm that stick tothe jaws, neither is there a more present remedy in the world for thosecold swellings in the neck which the vulgar call the almonds of theears, than this herb bruised and applied to them suchaha an egyptian thorn very hard, if not impossible to come byhere tanacetum tansy. Hot in the second degree and dry in the third.