History

Buy Thesis


But those with the purple flowers, in gardens only time they flower in march and april government and virtues venus owns this herb, and saith, that theleaves eaten by man and wife together, cause love between them theperiwinkle is a great binder, stays bleeding both at mouth and nose, if essay of the leaves be chewed the buy thesis french used it to stay womencourses dioscorides, galen, and ægineta, commend it against the lasksand fluxes of the belly to be drank in wine st peter wort if superstition had not been the father of tradition, as well asignorance the mother of devotion, this herb, as well as st johnwort hath found essay other name to be known by. But we may say of ourforefathers, as st paul of the athenians, i perceive in thesis thingsyou are too superstitious yet seeing it is come to pass, that customhaving got in possession, pleads prescription for the name, i shall letit pass, and come to the description of the herb, which take as follows descript it rises up with square upright stalks for the most writing, essay greater and higher than st john wort and good reason too, st peter being the greater apostle, ask the pope else. For though godwould have the saints equal, the pope is of another opinion, but brownin the same manner, having two leaves at every joint, essaywhat like, but larger, than st john wort, and a little rounder pointed, withfew or no holes to be seen thereon, and having essaytimes essay smallerleaves rising from the bosom of the greater, and essaytimes a littlehairy also at the tops of two stalks stand thesis star-like flowers, with yellow threads in the middle, very like those of st johnwort, insomuch that this is hardly discerned from it, but only by thelargeness and height, the seed being alike also in both the rootabides long, sending forth new shoots every year place it grows in thesis groves, and small low woods, in diversplaces of this land, as in kent, huntingdon, cambridge, andnorthamptonshire. As also near water-courses in other places time it flowers in june and july, and the seed is ripe in august government and virtues there is not a straw to choose between thisand st john wort, only st peter must have it, lest he should wantpot herbs. It is of the same property of st john wort, but essaywhatweaker, and therefore more seldom used two drams of the seed taken ata time in honied water, purges choleric humours, as saith dioscorides, pliny, and galen, and thereby helps those that are troubled with thesciatica the leaves are used as st john wort, to help those placesof the body that have been burnt with fire pimpernel descript common pimpernel hath divers weak square stalks lyingon the ground, beset all with two small and almost round leaves atevery joint, one against another, very like chickweed, but hath nofoot-stalks.

The side being bathed withit, it easeth pains in the buy thesis spleen, cleanseth filthy corroding gnawingulcers iva arthritica the same with camæpytis iuncus oderatus the same with schœnanthus labrum veneris the same with dipsacus lactuca lettice cold and moist, cools the inflammation of thestomach, commonly called heart-burning. Provokes sleep, resistsdrunkenness, and takes away the ill effects, of it. Cools the blood, quenches thirst, breeds milk, and is good for choleric bodies, and suchas have a frenzy, or are frantic it is more wholeessay eaten boiledthan raw logabus, herba leporina a kind of trefoil growing in france andspain let them that live there look after the virtues of it lavendula lavender. Hot and dry in the third degree. The templesand forehead bathed with the juice of it. As also the smell of theherb helps swoonings, catalepsis, falling-sickness, provided it be notaccompanied with a fever see the flowers laureola laurel the leaves purge upward and downward. They are goodfor rheumatic people to chew in their mouths, for they draw forth muchwater laurus bay-tree the leaves are hot and dry, resist drunkenness, they gently bind and help diseases in the bladder, help the stinging ofbees and wasps, mitigate the pain of the stomach, dry and heal, openobstructions of the liver and spleen, resist the pestilence lappa minor the lesser burdock lentiscus mastich-tree both the leaves and bark of it stop fluxes being hot and dry in the second degree spitting and evacuations ofblood, and the falling out of the fundament lens palustris duckmeat. Cold and moist in the second degree, helpsinflammations, hot swellings, and the falling out of the fundament, being warmed and applied to the place lepidium piperites dittander, pepperwort, or scar-wort. A hot fierysharp herb, admirable for the gout being applied to the place. Beingonly held in the hand, it helps the tooth-ache, and withall leaves awan colour in the hand that holds it livisticum lovage clears the sight, takes away redness and frecklesfrom the face libanotis coronaria see rosemary linaria toad-flax, or wild-flax. Hot and dry, cleanses the reins andbladder, provokes urine, opens the stoppings of the liver and spleen, and helps diseases coming thereof. Outwardly it takes away yellownessand deformity of the skin lillium convallium lilly of the valley see the flowers lingua cervina hart-tongue. Drying and binding, stops blood, the menses and fluxes, opens stoppings of the liver and spleen, anddiseases thence arising the like quantity of hart-tongue, knotgrassand comfrey roots, being boiled in water, and a draught of thedecoction drunk every morning, and the materials which have boiledapplied to the place, is a notable remedy for such as are bursten limonium sea-bugloss, or marsh-bugloss, or sea-lavender.

The stalk, which is usually four orfive feet high, hath essaytimes no branches at the top, and usually buttwo or three at most, bearing every one but one head wrapped up in athin skin, which bows down before it is ready to blow, and then rising, and being broken, the flowers within it spreading itself open, andconsisting of four very large, white, round leaves, with thesis whitishround threads in the middle, set about a small, round, green head, having a crown, or star-like cover at the head thereof, which growingripe, becomes as large as a great apple, wherein are contained a greatnumber of small round seeds, in several writingitions or divisions nextunto the shell, the middle thereof remaining hollow, and empty thewhole plant, both leaves, stalks, and heads, while they are fresh, young, and green, yield a milk when they are broken, of an unpleasantbitter taste, almost ready to provoke casting, and of a strong headysmell, which being condensed, is called opium the root is white andwoody, perishing as soon as it hath given ripe seed the black poppy little differs from the former, until it bears itsflower, which is essaywhat less, and of a black purplish colour, butwithout any purple spots in the bottom of the leaf the head of theseed is much less than the former, and opens itself a little roundabout the top, under the crown, so that the seed, which is very black, will fall out, if one turn the head thereof downward the wild poppy, or corn rose, hath long and narrow leaves, very muchcut in on the edges into thesis divisions, of a light green colour, essaytimes hairy withal the stalk is blackish and hairy also, but notso tall as the garden kind, having essay such like leaves thereon togrow below, writinged into three or four branches essaytimes, whereon growsmall hairy heads bowing down before the skin break, wherein the floweris inclosed, which when it is fully blown open, is of a fair yellowishred or crimson colour, and in essay much paler, without any spot in thebottom of the leaves, having thesis black soft threads in the middle, compassing a small green head, which when it is ripe, is not biggerthan one little finger end, wherein is contained much black seedssmaller than that of the garden the root perishes every year, andsprings again of its own sowing of this kind there is one lesser inall writings thereof, and differs in nothing else place the garden kinds do not naturally grow wild in any place, butall are sown in gardens where they grow the wild poppy or corn rose, is plentifully enough, and thesis times toomuch so in the corn fields of all counties through this land, and alsoon ditch banks, and by hedge sides the smaller wild kind is also foundin corn fields, and also in essay other places, but not so plentifullyas the former time the garden kinds are usually sown in the spring, which thenflower about the end of may, and essaywhat earlier, if they spring oftheir own sowing the wild kind flower usually from may until july, and the seed of themis ripe soon after the flowering government and virtues the herb is lunar, and of the juice of itis made opium. Only for lucre of money they cheat you, and tell you itis a kind of tear, or essay such like thing, that drops from poppieswhen they weep, and that is essaywhere beyond the seas, i know not wherebeyond the moon the garden poppy heads with seeds made into a syrup, is frequently, and to good effect used to procure rest, and sleep, inthe sick and weak, and to stay catarrhs and defluxions of thin rheumsfrom the head into the stomach and lungs, causing a continual cough, the fore-runner of a consumption. It helps also hoarseness of thethroat, and when one have lost their voice, which the oil of the seeddoth likewise the black seed boiled in wine, and drank, is said alsoto dry the flux of the belly, and women courses the empty shells, or poppy heads, are usually boiled in water, and given to procurerest and sleep. So doth the leaves in the same manner. As also if thehead and temples be bathed with the decoction warm, or with the oilof poppies, the green leaves or the heads bruised and applied witha little vinegar, or made into a poultice with barley-meal or hoggrease, cools and tempers all inflammations, as also the disease calledst anthony fire it is generally used in treacle and mithridate, andin all other medicines that are made to procure rest and sleep, and toease pains in the head as well as in other writings it is also used tocool inflammations, agues, or frenzies, or to stay defluxions whichcause a cough, or consumptions, and also other fluxes of the belly orwomen courses. It is also put into hollow teeth, to ease the pain, and hath been found by experience to ease the pains of the gout the wild poppy, or corn rose as matthiolus saith is good to preventthe falling-sickness the syrup made with the flower, is with goodeffect given to those that have the pleurisy. And the dried flowersalso, either boiled in water, or made into powder and drank, eitherin the distilled water of them, or essay other drink, works the likeeffect the distilled water of the flowers is held to be of much gooduse against surfeits, being drank evening and morning. It is also morecooling than any of the other poppies, and therefore cannot but be aseffectual in hot agues, frenzies, and other inflammations either inwardor outward galen saith, the seed is dangerous to be used inwardly purslain garden purslain being used as a sallad herb is so well known that itneeds no description. I shall therefore only speak of its virtues asfollows government and virtues ’tis an herb of the moon it is good tocool any heat in the liver, blood, reins, and stomach, and in hotagues nothing better. It stays hot and choleric fluxes of the belly, women courses, the whites, and gonorrhæa, or running of the reins, the distillation from the head, and pains therein proceeding from heat, want of sleep, or the frenzy the seed is more effectual than the herb, and is of singular good use to cool the heat and sharpness of urine, venereous dreams, and the like. Insomuch that the over frequent usehereof extinguishes the heat and virtue of natural procreation theseed bruised and boiled in wine, and given to children, expels theworms the juice of the herb is held as effectual to all the purposesaforesaid. As also to stay vomitings, and taken with essay sugar orhoney, helps an old and dry cough, shortness of breath, and thephthisick, and stays immoderate thirst the distilled water of the herbis used by thesis as the more pleasing with a little sugar to work thesame effects the juice also is singularly good in the inflammationsand ulcers in the secret writings of man or woman, as also the bowelsand hæmorrhoids, when they are ulcerous, or excoriations in them theherb bruised and applied to the forehead and temples, allays excessiveheat therein, that hinders rest and sleep. And applied to the eyes, takes away the redness and inflammation in them, and those other writingswhere pushes, wheals, pimples, st anthony fire and the like, breakforth. If a little vinegar be put to it, and laid to the neck, with asmuch of galls and linseed together, it takes away the pains therein, and the crick in the neck the juice is used with oil of roses for thesame causes, or for blasting by lightning, and burnings by gunpowder, or for women sore breasts, and to allay the heat in all other soresor hurts. Applied also to the navels of children that stick forth, ithelps them. It is also good for sore mouths and gums that are swollen, and to fasten loose teeth camerarius saith, the distilled water usedby essay, took away the pain of their teeth, when all other remediesfailed, and the thickened juice made into pills with the powder of gumtragicanth and arabic, being taken, prevails much to help those thatmake bloody water applied to the gout it eases pains thereof, andhelps the hardness of the sinews, if it come not of the cramp, or acold cause primroses they are so well known, that they need no description of the leaves ofprimroses is made as fine a salve to heal wounds as any that i know;you shall be taught to make salves of any herb at the latter end of thebook. Make this as you are taught there, and do not you that have anyingenuity in you see your poor neighbours go with wounded limbs whenan halfpenny cost will heal them privet descript our common privet is carried up with thesis slender branchesto a reasonable height and breadth, to cover arbours, bowers andbanquetting houses, and brought, wrought, and cut into so thesis forms, of men, horses, birds, &c which though at first supported, growsafterwards strong of itself it bears long and narrow green leaves bythe couples, and sweet smelling white flowers in tufts at the end ofthe branches, which turn into small black berries that have a purplishjuice with them, and essay seeds that are flat on the one side, with ahole or dent therein place it grows in this land, in divers woods time our privet flowers in june and july, the berries are ripe inaugust and september government and virtues the moon is lady of this it is little usedin physic with us in these times, more than in lotions, to wash soresand sore mouths, and to cool inflammations, and dry up fluxes yetmatthiolus saith, it serves all the uses for which cypress, or the eastprivet, is appointed by dioscorides and galen he further saith, thatthe oil that is made of the flowers of privet infused therein, and setin the sun, is singularly good for the inflammations of wounds, andfor the headache, coming of a hot cause there is a sweet water alsodistilled from the flowers, that is good for all those diseases thatneed cooling and drying, and therefore helps all fluxes of the bellyor stomach, bloody-fluxes, and women courses, being either drank orapplied.

Small, 1, 450 to1, 150 c buy thesis c. Microcephalic 1, 150 c c and below it would seem that theskulls of the insane are below the type, a measurement of sixteen maleskulls giving an average of only 1, 449 c c scotchmen head the listwith the most voluminous skulls, and according to a tabular statementmade up from welcker, aitken, broca, and meigs, the english come next, with a capacity of 1, 572 c c then follow eskimo, 1, 483 c c. Germans, 1, 448 c c. French, 1, 403 to 1, 461 c c. South african negroes, 1, 372c c. Ancient peruvians, 1, 361 c c. Malay, 1, 328 c c. Mexican, 1, 290c c. Hottentot and polynesian, each 1, 230 c c. Australians, 1, 364c c. And nubians, 1, 313 c c the cranial capacity in man, like thatof the anthropoid apes, varies according to sex, the difference beingso great that it is necessary to measure separately in the troglodyte skulls of prehistoric times the variation is notmore than 99 5 c c. But in the contemporaneous races the differencevaries from 143 to 220 c c french craniologists usually speak of theauvernats as possessing the highest cerebral capacity 1, 523 c c , andmention the skull of a parisian of 1, 900 c c as the highest known essay eskimo skulls, however, measure from 1, 650 to 1, 715 c c , andtwo eurycephalic indian skulls in the anatomical section of the armymedical museum measure respectively 1, 785 and 1, 920 c c mr havelock ellis, speaking of the psychic characteristics ofcriminals, says that the lower human races present a far largerproportion of anatomical abnormities than the ordinary europeanpopulation. And sir william turner writes of the skulls collectedduring the challenger expedition that although their number iscertainly too limited to base any broad generalization on, as to therelative frequency of occurrence of writingicular variations in thedifferent races, there is obviously a larger proportion of importantvariations than would occur in a corresponding number of skulls ofthe white races thus, for example, the squamo-frontal articulationis found in less than two per cent of european skulls, while it isfound in twenty per cent of negroes, according to ecker, and 16 9 inaustralian skulls, according to virchow again, the spheno-pterygoidforamen is found in 4 8 per cent of european skulls and in 20 per centof american indians. 30 per cent in africans. 32 per cent in asiatics, and 50 per cent in australians the wormian bones are also more commonamong the lower races. As a rule, the cranial sutures coalesce muchearlier and the teeth are more precocious photography, though of undoubted service in craniometry, has beenapplied as a crucial test in the matter of identity and found wanting it is objected to on the ground that it has no character of precision, and that photographs of the skull have the common defect of beingcentral, not orthogonal projections, such as anthropometry requires besides, the lenses of cameras are not uniformly perfect anatomistsknow, moreover, that salient differences in any collection of craniaprevent methodical enumeration and constitute the stumbling-block ofethnic craniology cephalometry shows, further, that dolichocephalic, mesaticephalic, and brachycephalic skulls do not belong exclusively tothe white, the yellow, or the black race, but exist among the three asa result of evolution on this subject professor lombroso, among the foremost contemporaneousmedico-legal writers, cites the cranial asymmetry of pericles, ofromagnosi, of bichat, of kant, of chenevix, and of dante, who presentedan abnormal development of the left parietal bone and two osteomataon the frontal bone besides, there is the neanderthaloid skull ofrobert bruce and the ultra-dolichocephaly noticeable in the skull ofo’connell, which contrasts with the mesocephaly of the irish themedian occipital fossa is noticeable in the skull of scarpa, whilevolta skull shows several characteristics which anthropologistsconsider to belong to the lower races, such as prominence of thestyloid apophyses, simplicity of the coronal suture, traces of themedian frontal suture, obtuse facial angle 73°, and moreover theremarkable cranial sclerosis, which at places attains a thicknessof 16 mm five-eighths of an inch further mention is made of thesubmicrocephaly in descartes, tissot, hoffman, schumann, and others de quatrefages noted the greatest degree of macrocephaly in a lunatic, the next in a man of genius cranial capacity in men of genius isusually above the average, having been found as high as 1, 660 c c inthackeray, 1, 830 c c in cuvier, and 2, 012 c c in tourgueneff thecapacity is often found above the average in insanity, but numerousexceptions occur in which it drops below the ordinary average, as inthe submicrocephalic skulls of liebig, döllinger, hausmann, gambetta, dante, and shelley from what has just been said, it follows that skull measurements formedico-legal purposes have no more significance than the fact that essaymen are taller and essay shorter than others the medical jurist should, therefore, not be too dogmatic in drawing conclusions as to race fromthe skull alone to complete the diagnosis in the matter of skeletalrace peculiarity, the splay foot of the negro with the unusual backwardprojection of the heel-bone, as well as the greater relative length ofthe tibia and of the radius, may be taken into consideration thereare other characteristics of the lower jaw and of the facial bonesgenerally, the study of which leads up to the realm of transcendentalanatomy. So their further consideration would hardly appeal to the“dispassionate, sympathetic, contemplative jury” of our enlightenedcountrymen determination of height or stature when we have the entire skeleton to deal with, the height or staturemay be determined with a reasonable degree of certainty by allowingfrom one to two inches for the soft writings most of the proportionsgiven in works on artistic anatomy approach mathematical exactness forinstance, if both upper and lower extremities are extended after themanner of spokes in a wheel, and a point corresponding to the umbilicusbe taken as a centre, the circumference of a circle described therefromshould touch the bottom of the feet and the tips of the middlefingers when the arms are extended horizontally the line included inthe middle-finger tips equals the height in the generality of men, although in exceptional paper it may vary the negro giant, nelsonpickett, is reported to have been eight feet four inches high, whilehis outstretched arms measured nine feet from tip to tip ordinarilythe upper writing of the symphysis pubis is the centre of the body essayanatomists contend that this important point is really below thesymphysis in the average man the length of the foot about equals thatof the head according to quetelet, its length is just one-ninth of thebody in women, a little more than one-ninth in men the conventionalrepresentation of the human foot with a second longer toe is, accordingto professor flower see “fashion in deformity”, of negro origin anddoes not represent what is most usual in our race and time statisticsof measurements made in england by several observers on hundreds ofbarefooted children fail to show one instance in which the second toeis the longer 575taken singly the bones may enable an approximate estimate of the heightof the person when alive. But it should be remembered in connectionwith this subject that the height is not a fixed quantity, since itdiffers according to upright or recumbent position, also before andafter a night rest moreover, the alleged height of the deceased mayhave been taken in boots and is probably incorrect thesis tables of measurements have been constructed for the purposeof determining the height from the dimensions of the bones. But therelation that exists between the total height and the dimensions ofdifferent bones varies according to age, sex, asymmetry, and individualpeculiarities, hence the tables will not bear the critical examinationthat warrants their use with assured correctness, even in a majorityof paper the femur is the bone that gives the best results in thesemeasurements isolated fragments have been included in the enumeration;the nose and the middle finger multiplied by 32 and by 19 or 20 givingthe approximate height while the foregoing calculations will not bearscientific scrutiny, they are of sufficient importance to be taken inconnection with other facts in determining the probable length of theskeleton among the most trustworthy of these tables are those of dr dwight, of harvard university determination of age the age is a still more difficult matter to state precisely evenduring life one may be as much as ten years out in guessing the age ofan adult, while the error may be from fifteen to twenty years in thecase of a corpse dr tourdes mentions a case where the age was guessedas sixty and sixty-five in a deceased person aged eighty-five the state of the osseous system and the condition and number of theteeth, which strictly speaking are not bone, are among the surestguides in the determination of age the signs furnished thereby mayvary according to the periods of increase, maturity, and decline during fœtal life and even at the epoch of birth the bone centres arefew the distal end of the femur, the proximal end of the tibia, andthe astragalus are ossified at birth points of ossification appearin successive order of development the exact period at which thebones begin to ossify and the progress of bony union being detailedin standard works on anatomy, it would be superfluous to repeat themhere these changes are, however, not absolutely certain as to timeand order, as the tip of the acromion process of the scapula essaytimesremains ununited throughout life.

  • 350 word essay
  • editorial essay
  • someone to do my assignment for me
  • friends essay
  • help me write a thesis
  • writing homework help
  • scarlet letter essay
  • scholarship essay examples
  • an argumentative essay
  • nursing school essay sample
  • descriptive essay example
  • writing help online smu
  • essay title examples
  • personal statement help online
  • i want someone to do my assignment
  • helping writing essay
  • persuasive essay topics for high school
  • i need help writing my astronomy paper
  • write my research paper free
  • how to buy a speech outline online
  • behavior essay

“the product had to be made in this country after importations from europe became impossible and the first lots were not fully up to the standard ” the firm stated that it could now furnish a product which it considered fully equal to that which was previously imported, and offered to submit “samples of the new material ” having been requested to do so, a specimen of xeroform-heyden was received from the heyden chemical works, new york this and a second specimen, purchased from a chicago wholesale drug house, were examined whereas the standards for bismuth tribromphenate which had been formulated by the laboratory and accepted by the heyden chemical works required that the product should contain from 40 to 49 per cent of bismuth and contain not more than 3 3 per cent of uncombined tribromphenol, the specimen purchased in chicago contained 67 7 per cent of bismuth, while the specimen received direct from the heyden chemical works contained 24 per cent of uncombined tribromphenol when this result was reported to the heyden chemical works, the firm replied. “it seems that we are not yet in a position to supply a product that answers a uniform standard and that we have to continue our efforts in this direction “we will take this matter up with you again as soon as we have been successful ” at the time when the preceding examination was being made, bismuth tribromphenate-merck could not be obtained from the chicago wholesale houses a request sent to merck and company for a specimen of the market supply brought the information that the product was temporarily unavailable though unable to supply the product, the firm gave valuable advice for a revision of the essaywhat loosely drawn tests for bismuth tribromphenate in new and nonofficial remedies, 1918 recently november, 1918 merck and company sent a specimen of its product labeled “bismuth tribromphenate-merck” “merck and company, new york, distributors and guarantors, ” and wrote “ you will notice this sample conforms in nearly all details to the tests we submitted with our letter of june 4th we have been able to produce better goods, but just at present unsatisfactory starting material confronts us the sample conforms to n n r , 1918, but will not meet the test for uncombined tribromphenol submitted by you in your letter of september 4th ” examination of the specimen demonstrated that it was soluble to a considerable extent in alcohol the n n r , 1918, description provides that it should be only slightly soluble in alcohol and according to the standards adopted for new and nonofficial remedies, 1919, contains 18 per cent uncombined tribromphenol more than five times the permitted amount in view of the laboratory report, the referee recommended that theacceptance of xeroform-heyden and bismuth tribromphenate-merck bewithdrawn, without prejudice to their reinstatement when satisfactoryproducts are again offered for sale the council adopted therecommendation of the referee, and accordingly xeroform-heyden andbismuth tribromphenate-merck are omitted from new and nonofficialremedies, 1919 when the laboratory findings with regard to xeroform-heyden and theaction of the council deleting the article from new and nonofficialremedies was reported to the heyden chemical works, the firm expressedregret that efforts to produce a product equal to that formerlyobtained from gerthesis had so far not been successful and announcedthat it had decided to withdraw xeroform-heyden from the market for thepresent when merck and company was advised in regard to the report of thelaboratory and the council action, this firm questioned thefeasibility of producing a product meeting the council standards andsuggested that the test for free tribromphenol be revised to permit asmuch as 15 per cent of this constituent when merck and company wasreminded that its product, submitted in 1915, essentially complied withthe adopted standards and that the estimate of the therapeutic valueof bismuth tribromphenate is based on a product essentially free fromalcohol-soluble material, the firm replied. “as stated in our letter of the 12th inst we do not wish to market the chemical unless it meets all legitimate requirements of the physicians that use it if, therefore, your standard proves to be good and it is commercially possible to make supplies conforming to it, we shall do so we shall discontinue the article unless it is of suitable quality ”-- from reports of council on pharmacy and chemistry, 1918, p 76 cream of mustard refused recognition report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrycream of mustard, the cream of mustard co , south norwalk, conn , issaid to be made by mixing 2 drachms of oil of mustard and 2 drachmsof oil of turpentine with one pound of white petrolatum according tothe label it is “for tonsillitis, rheumatism, sore muscles, croup, pleurisy, frosted feet, sore throat, neuralgia, sprains, bronchitis, headache, chilblains, stiff neck, congestion, bruises, asthma, lumbago, pains and aches, colds in chest ”the council refused recognition to cream of mustard:because it is a simple pharmaceutical mixture of well-known ingredientsand has no advantage over established rubefacients which everyphysician knows how to prescribe and every pharmacist to compound incidentally, the name “cream of mustard” is misleading and notdescriptive of the composition of this pharmaceutical of oils ofmustard and turpentine -- from reports of council on pharmacy andchemistry, 1918, p 79 “pluriglandular” mixtures caps adreno-spermin comp , caps antero-pituitary comp , caps placento-mammary comp , caps thyro-ovarian comp , caps hepato-splenic comp , caps pancreas comp , and caps thyroid comp , not admitted to n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryafter considering the evidence for the several “pluriglandular”mixtures described below, the council declared them inadmissible tonew and nonofficial remedies the council action was communicatedto the manufacturer, henry r harrower, in accordance with the usualprocedure after giving due consideration to the manufacturer replythe council authorized publication of the report which appears below w a puckner, secretary with the offer “to supply you with as much literature as may benecessary and as little of the actual remedies as may be desired” if“the prospects for the inclusion of these formulas in n n r aregood, ” henry r harrower sent the council a booklet descriptive of hispreparations and labels for the following mixtures. Caps adreno-spermin comp , each said to contain “adrenal gland total gr 1/4, thyroid gland u s p gr 1/12, spermin extr from gonads, brain and spinal cord aa gr 1, calc glycerophosphate q s ad gr 5 ” caps antero-pituitary comp , each said to contain “anterior pituitary body gr 2, thymus gland gr 1, thyroid gland u s p gr 1/12, calcium-phosphorus comp q s ad gr 5 ” caps placento-mammary co , each said to contain “desiccated placenta gr 2, mammary substance gr 1-1/2, pituitary body total gr 1/3, calcium-phosphorus comp q s ad gr 5 ” caps thyro-ovarian comp , each said to contain “desic corpora lutea ovarian substance gr 2-1/2, thyroid gland u s p gr 1/12, pituitary gland total gr 1/8, calcium-phosphorus comp q s ad gr 5 ” caps hepato-splenic comp , each said to contain “liver parenchyma, spleen substance aa gr 2, powd bile salts gr 1/2, adreno-spermin co no 1 gr 1 ” caps pancreas comp , each said to contain “adrenal gland, pituitary gland total aa gr 1/2, ovarian substance gr 1, pancreas substance q s ad gr 5 ” caps thyroid comp , each said to contain “desic thyroid gland u s p gr 1/8, calcium-phosphorus comp q s ad gr 5 ”the council declared these preparations inadmissible to new andnonofficial remedies, for reasons which follow:1 each of the mixtures contains one ingredient or more, which isneither recognized in the u s pharmacopeia nor admitted to new andnonofficial remedies, namely. “spermin extract, ” “brain, ” “spinalcord, ” “desiccated placenta, ” “liver parenchyma, ” “spleen substance, ”“pancreas substance” and “calcium phosphorus comp each 100 gm represents magnes phos 1. Calc glycerophos 4. Potas bicarb 15;sod bicarb 22 and sod chlor q s ” for obvious reasons thecouncil does not accept a mixture containing an indefinite ingredientand hence it would be necessary as a preliminary for the considerationof any one of the mixtures that their unofficial ingredients bemade eligible for new and nonofficial remedies by the submission ofevidence that such ingredient is of uniform composition and that it istherapeutically valuable when given by mouth there is no evidence thatthesis of these organs have any value whatever when administered by themouth or in any other way 2 in the light of our knowledge the administration of gland mixturesin the host of conditions enumerated in the advertising circular isirrational and on a par with the use of the shotgun mixtures once invogue be it a pharmaceutical mixture, a “mixed” vaccine, or a“pluriglandular” product, the combination of two medicinal ingredientsin a mixture must be considered contrary to rational therapy unlessa good reason exists for such combination such mixtures are held inconflict with rule 10 unless the manufacturer presents acceptableevidence for the value of his combination a physician may prescribeany mixture which he considers indicated in a given case, but themarketing of mixtures of drugs in fixed proportions is in mostinstances irrational and a detriment to sound therapy -- from thejournal a m a , jan 18, 1919 cerelene not admitted to n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has authorized publication of the following reportdeclaring cerelene inadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies w a puckner, secretary cerelene, a paraffin preparation for the treatment of burns, wassubmitted to the council by the holliday laboratories, with thestatement that it was composed of 84 per cent paraffin, 15 per cent myricyl palmitate, and 1 per cent purified elemi gum to which is addedoil of eucalyptus 2 per cent and betanaphthol 0 25 per cent it wasexplained. “myricyl palmitate is a purified form of beeswax, free from all impurities, acids, etc , which is solely manufactured by this company ”it was also stated that on “special order” cerelene has been madecontaining oil of eucalyptus and resorcin, oil of eucalyptus and picricacid, and picric acid alone the following report on the preparationwas presented to the council by the referee to whom cerelene had beenassigned. Cerelene is another compound wax for the treatment of burns according to the work of sollmann j a m a , 68:1799, 1917 it is highly improbable that compound mixtures have any advantage over simple paraffin of low melting point cerelene must therefore be considered as an unessential modification of paraffin, and as in conflict with rule 10. Unless definite evidence of superiority is submitted cerelene mixtures containing medicinal ingredients also appear unscientific since the evidence that the ingredients do not leave the wax has not been successfully contradicted finally, the claims made for cerelene are rather extreme, and would need essay revision before they could be accepted the a m a chemical laboratory reports. The physical properties of cerelene are as follows. melting point 50 0 c by u s p method ductility limit 30 5 c plasticity limit 26 4 c not strong at 38 c adheres moderately well.