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Also chem abst 10:524 other buy literature essay referencesare schmidt. Pharmazeutische chemie 2:990, beilstein ii, 403 arends, g. Neue arzneimittel und pharmazeutische spezialitäten, ed 4, 1913, p 271 table 3 -- data on phenetidyl-acetphenetidin hydrochlorid table splitby transcriber to fit small screen melting phosphorus manufacturer appearance moisture point compounds phenetidin* john t white 5 13 191 5 to 192 absent negative milliken co crystalline powder synthetic white 2 90 192 to 192 5 absent negative products co crystalline powder h a metz white 4 99 192 to 192 5 absent negative laboratories, crystalline inc powder farbwerke- slightly 5 09 190 to 191 absent negative hoechst co pink german crystal specimen -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- per per per cent cent cent melting platinum in indol base by base by point platinum manufacturer reaction ash weight titration of base salt john t milliken co positive 0 00 89 16 89 16 116 to 117 19 02 synthetic products co positive 0 13 87 49 87 26 116 to 117 19 3 h a metz laboratories, positive 0 00 89 14 88 55 117 19 34 inc farbwerke- hoechst co positive 0 16 89 65 89 64 116 to 117 19 00 german specimen -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- * the phenetidin test is not very sensitive the melting point of the free base is given by a number of writers at121 c although kennert232 stated it to be 117 c and not 121 c , hisfindings seemingly went unheeded it will be noted that our work showsthe melting point to be in accord with that announced by kennert 232 kennert. Chem zentralbl 2:556, 1897 the federal trade commission has not issued any licenses for themanufacture of “holocain hydrochlorid ” the john t milliken companyhas withdrawn its application the h a metz laboratories successorto farbwerke hoechst company, new york are making the product in thiscountry cinchophen phenylcinchoninic acid, u s p. Atophancinchophen phenylcinchoninic acid was introduced in the united statesas a medicine under the proprietary name “atophan, ” by schering andglatz, new york city, who before the war were the american agents forthe german manufacturers “chemische fabric auf actien von e schering, berlin ” phenylcinchoninic acid 2 phenyl-quinolin-4 carboxylic acidwas first described by doebner and gieseke233 in 1887, who preparedit by warming together pyro-racemic acid, benzaldehyd and anilin inalcoholic solution. It has the structural formula. Cooh ╽  ╱╲ ╱╲     ╽ ╽ ╽╱   ╲  ╲╱ ╲╱ ╲ ╱ n233 doebner and gieseke. Ann d chem liebigs 240:291, 1887 the chief use of phenylcinchoninic acid is as an antiuric acid agent, especially indicated in gout in 1913, the german house of schering was made the assignee ofpatent 1045759 granted by the united states government234 for themanufacture of phenylcinchoninic acid.

At first it ispale, afterward livid. Congested and swollen, if the subject has beenlong suspended roth found the face pale in 43 of 49 paper in aboutone-half the paper the features are calm and placid syncope maschkafound the lips bluish in 98 of 153 paper the eyes are often prominent, staring, and congested, and usually the pupils are dilated lacassagneand maschka848 look upon ecchymoses of the eyelids and conjunctivæ, “piqueté scarlatin, ” as important as favoring the idea of hangingor strangulation roth found in 49 paper the eyelids closed 28 times;half open, 12. Congested in 6. Ecchymosed in 2 pupils dilated in 31;narrowed in 2 dilated in 97½ per cent of ogston paper paper 85, 86. Rupture of crystalline lens harvey849 says the blood was foundflowing from the ear in 6 paper of nearly 1, 500, but no details weregiven ogston, one case hofmann saw a case in which there was bleedingfrom the ears he says this is not due, as has been supposed, torupture of the tympanic membrane, but to hemorrhage from subcutaneousvessels case 27 the tongue is usually livid and swollen, especially at the base according to tidy, dr guy looks on this as showing that suspensiontook place very probably during life in about one-third of the paperthe tongue is protruded and compressed between the teeth. Essaytimesbitten essay observers found it protruded only as a result ofputrefaction the protrusion of the tongue is not believed to dependon the position of the ligature hackel in 67 paper found the tonguelying forward in all paper where the cord was between the larynx andthe hyoid. In 55 per cent in front of the teeth, in 18 per cent betweenthe teeth. Where the ligature was lower down, the tongue was behindthe teeth he found by experiment that in the spasmodic expiratoryeffort the tongue was thrust forward. In the inspiratory movement, drawn backward he concluded that the forward movement was the resultof reflex action maschka850 found the tongue between the teeth 58times in 149 paper roth in 49 paper found the tongue projecting andbitten in 22, the teeth shut in 15 others.

Helps pains in the stomach, and is of great forcein breaking and bringing away the stone and gravel jasper. Being worn, stops bleeding, eases the labour in women, stopslust, resists fevers and dropsies mathiolus atites, or the stone with child, because being hollow in the middle, it contains another little stone within it, is found in an eaglenest, and in thesis other places. This stone being bound to the left armof women with child, stays their miscarriage or abortion, but whenthe time of their labour comes, remove it from their arm, and bind itto the inside of their thigh, and it brings forth the child, and that almost without any pain at all dioscorides, pliny lapis lazuli, purges melancholy being taken inwardly. Outwardly wornas a jewel, it makes men cheerful, fortunate and rich and thus i end the stones, the virtues of which if any thinkincredible, i answer. 1 i quoted the authors where i had them 2 iknow nothing to the contrary but why it may be as possible as the soundof a trumpet is to incite a man to valour. Or a fiddle to dancing. Andif i have added a few simples which the colledge left out, i hope myfault is not much, or at a leastwise, venial a catalogue of simples in the new dispensatory roots college sorrel, calamus aromaticus, water-flag, privet, garlick, marsh-mallows, alcanet, angelica, anthora, smallage, aron, birth-wortlong and round, sowbread, reeds, asarabacca, virginian snakeweed, swall-wort, asparagus, asphodel, male and female burdocks great andsmall, behen, or bazil, valerian, white and red daisies, beets, white, red, and black marsh-mallows, bistort, barrage, briony, white and black, bugloss, garden and wild calamus aromaticus, our lady thistles, avens, coleworts, centaury the less onions, chameleon, white and black celandine, pilewort, china, succory, artichokes virginian snakeroot, comfry greater and lesser contra yerva, costus, sweet and bitter turmerick, wild cucumbers, sowbread, hound-tongue, cypres, long and round toothwort, whitedittany, doronicum, dragons, woody nightshade, vipers bugloss, smallage, hellebore, white and black, endive, elicampane, eringo, colt-foot, fearn, male and female, filipendula or drop-wort, fennel, white dittany, galanga, great and small, gentian, liquorice, dog-grass, hermodactils swallow wort, jacinth, henbane, jallap, master-wort, orris or flower-de-luce, both englishand florentine, sharp pointed dock, burdock greater and lesser, lovage, privet, white lilies, liquorice, mallows, mechoacan, jallap, spignel, mercury, devil bit, sweet navew, spikenard, celtic andindian, water lilies, rest-harrow, sharp pointed dock, peony, male andfemale parsnips, garden and wild, cinquefoil, butter-bur, parsley, hog fennel, valerian, greater and lesser, burnet, land and waterplantain, polypodium of the oak, solomon seal, leeks, pellitory ofspain, cinquefoil, turnips, raddishes, garden and wild, rhapontick, common rhubarb, monk rhubarb, rose root, madder bruscus sopewort, sarsaparilla, satyrion, male and female, white saxifrage, squills, figwort, scorzonera, english and spanish, virginian snake weed, solomon seal, cicers, stinking gladon, devil bit, dandelion, thapsus, tormentil, turbith, colt-foot, valerian, greater and lesser, vervain, swallow-wort, nettles, zedoary long and round, ginger culpeper these be the roots the college hath named, and but onlynamed, and in this order i have set them down it seems the collegeholds a strange opinion, viz that it would do an englishman a mischiefto know what the herbs in his garden are good for but my opinion is, that those herbs, roots, plants, &c which grownear a man, are far better and more congruous to his nature than anyoutlandish rubbish whatsoever, and this i am able to give a reasonof to any that shall demand it of me, therefore i am so copious inhandling of them, you shall observe them ranked in this order 1 the temperature of the roots, herbs, flowers, &c viz hot, cold, dry, moist, together with the degree of each quality 2 what writing of the body each root, herb, flower, is appropriated to, viz head, throat, breast, heart, stomach, liver, spleen, bowels, reins, bladder, womb, joints, and in those which heat those places, andwhich cool them 3 the property of each simple, as they bind, open, mollify, harden, extenuate, discuss, draw out, suppure, cleanse, glutinate, break wind, breed seed, provoke or stop the menses, resist poison, abate swellings, ease pain this i intend shall be my general method throughout the simples, which, having finished i shall give you a paraphrase explaining theseterms, which rightly considered, will be the key of galen way ofadministering physic temperature of the roots roots hot in the first degree marsh-mallows, bazil, valerian, spattling, poppy, burdocks, borrage, bugloss, calamus aromaticus, avens, pilewort, china, self-heal, liquorice, dog-grass, white lilies, peony, male and female, wild parsnips, parsley, valerian, great andsmall, knee-holly, satyrion, scorzonera, skirrets hot in the second degree water-flag, reeds, swallow-wort, asphodel, male, carline thistle, cypress, long and round, fennel, lovage, spignel, mercury, devil bit, butter bur, hog fennel, sarsaparilla, squils, zedoary hot in the third degree angelica, aron, birthwort long and round, sowbread, asarabacca, briony, white and black, sallendine, virgianiansnakeroot, hemeric, white dittany, doronicum, hellebore, whiteand black, elicampane, fillipendula, galanga greater and lesser, masterwort, orris english and florentine, restharrow, stinking gladen, turbith, ginger hot in the fourth degree garlick, onions, leeks, pellitory of spain roots temperate in respect of heat, are bear breech, sparagus, ourlady thistle, eringo, jallap, mallows, mechoacan, garden parsnips, cinquefoil, tormentil roots cold in the first degree sorrel, beets, white and red, comfreythe greater, plantain, rose root, madder cold in the second degree alcanet, daisies, succory, hound tongue, endive, jacinth cold in the third degree bistort and mandrakes are cold in the thirddegree, and henbane in the fourth roots dry in the first degree bears-breech, burdocks, redbeets, calamus aromaticus, pilewort, self-heal, endive, eringo, jacinth, madder, kneeholly dry in the second degree waterflag, marshmallows, alkanet, smallage, reeds, sorrel, swallow-wort, asphodel male, bazil, valerian andspatling poppy, according to the opinion of the greeks our ladythistles, avens, succory, hound tongue, cypress long and round, fennel, lovage, spignel, mercury, devil bit, butter-bur, parsley, plantain, zedoary dry in the third degree angelica, aron, birthwort, long and round, sowbread, bistort, asarabacca, briony white and black, carline thistle, china, sallendine, virginian snake-root, white dittany, doronicum, hellebore white and black, elicampane, fillipendula, galanga greaterand lesser, masterwort, orris, english and florentine, restharrow, peony male and female, cinquefoil, hog fennel, sarsaparilla, stinkinggladen, tormentil, ginger dry in the fourth degree garlick, onions, costus, leeks, pellitoryof spain roots moist are, bazil, valerian, and spatling-poppy, accordingto the arabian physicians, daisies, white beets, borrage, bugloss, liquorice, dog grass, mallows, satyrion, scorzonera, parsnips, skirrets roots appropriated to several writings of the body heat the head doronicum, fennel, jallap, mechoacan, spikenard, celtic and indian peony male and female neck and throat pilewort, devil bit breast and lungs birthwort long and round, elicampane, liquorice, orris english and florentine, calamus aromaticus, cinquefoil, squills heart angelica, borrage, bugloss, carline thistle, doronicum, butterbur, scorzonera, tormentil, zedoary, bazil, valerian white and red stomach elicampane, galanga greater and lesser, spikenard, celticand indian, ginger, fennel, avens, raddishes bowels valerian great and small, zedoary, ginger liver smallage, carline thistle, sullendine, china, turmerick, fennel, gentian, dog-grass, cinquefoil, parsley, smallage, asparagus, rhubarb, rhapontic, kneeholly spleen smallage, carline thistle, fern male and female, parsley, water-flag, asparagus, round birthwort, fennel, capers, ash, gentian reins and bladder marshmallows, smallage, asparagus, burdock, bazil, valerian, spatling poppy, carline thistle, china, cyprus long andround, fillipendula, dog grass, spikenard, celtic and indian, parsly, knee-holly, white saxifrage womb birthwort long and round, galanga greater and lesser, peonymale and female, hog fennel fundament pilewort joints bear-breech, hermodactils, jallap, mecoacan, ginger, costus roots cool the head rose root stomach sow thistles, endive, succory, bistort liver madder, endive, chicory properties of the roots although i confess the properties of the simples may be found out bythe ensuing explanation of the terms, and i suppose by that means theywere found out at first. And although i hate a lazy student from myheart, yet to encourage young students in the art, i shall quote thechief of them. I desire all lovers of physic to compare them with theexplanation of these rules, so shall they see how they agree, so maythey be enabled to find out the properties of all simples to their ownbenefit in physic roots, bind cypress, bistort, tormentil, cinquefoil, bear breech, water-flag, alkanet, toothwort, &c discuss birthwort, asphodel, briony, capers, &c cleanse birthwort, aron, sparagus, grass, asphodel, celandine, &c open asarabacca, garlic, leeks, onions, rhapontick, turmerick, carline thistle, succory, endive, fillipendula, fennel, parsly, bruscus, sparagus, smallage, gentian, &c extenuate orris english and florentine, capers, &c burn garlick, onions, pellitory of spain, &c mollify mallows, marshmallows, &c suppur marshmallows, briony, white lillies, &c glutinate comfrey, solomon seal, gentian, birthwort, daisies, &c expel wind smallage, parsly, fennel, water-flag, garlick, costus, galanga, hog fennel, zedoary, spikenard indian, and celtic, &c breed seed waterflag, eringo, satyrian, galanga, &c provoke the menses birthwort, asarabacca, aron, waterflag, whitedittany, asphodel, garlick, centaury the less, cyperus long andround, costus, capers, calamus aromaticus, dittany of crete, carrots, eringo, fennel, parsly, smallage, grass, elicampane, peony, valerian, knee-holly, &c stop the menses comfrey, tormentil, bistort, &c provoke sweat carolina thistle, china, sarsaparilla, &c resist poison angelica, garlick, long birthwort, smallage, doronicum, costus, zedoary, cyprus, gentian, carolina thistle, bistort, tormentil, swallow-wort, viper bugloss, elicampane, &c help burnings asphodel, jacinth, white lilies, &c ease pains waterflag, eringo, orris, restharrow, &c purge choler asarabacca, rhubarb, rhapontick, fern, &c relieve melancholy hellebore, white and black, polipodium purge flegm and watery humours squills, turbith, hermodactils, jallap, mecoacan, wild cucumbers, sowbread, male asphodel, briony whiteand black, elder, spurge great and small i quoted essay of these properties to teach you the way how to findthe rest, which the explanation of these terms will give you ampleinstructions in.

Therefore we commend it as a wholeessay medicine for soundnessof body, preservation of health, and vigour of mind thus galen acetum theriacale, norimberg or treacle vinegar college take of the roots of celandine the greater, one ounceand a half. The roots of angelica, masterwort, gentian, bistort, valerian, burnet, white dittany, elecampane, zedoary, of each one dram, of plantain the greater one dram and a half, the leaves of mousear, sage, scabious, scordium, dittany of crete, carduus, of each half anhandful, barks and seeds of citrons, of each half a dram, bole amoniacone dram, saffron three drams, of these let the saffron, hart-horn, dittany, and bole, be tied up in a rag, and steeped with the thingsbefore mentioned, in five pints of vinegar, for certain days by atemperate heat in a glass well stopped, strain it, and add six drams ofthe best treacle to it, shake it together, and keep it for your use acetum theriacale or treacle vinegar college add to the description of treacle water, clove-gilliflowerstwo ounces, lavender flowers an ounce and a half, rose, and elderflower vinegar, of each four pounds, digest it without boiling, threedays, then strain it through hippocrates’ sleeve culpeper see treacle water for the virtues, only this is more cool, a little more fantastical decoctions decoctum commune pro clystere or a common decoction for a clyster college take of mallows, violets, pellitory, beets, and mercury, chamomel flowers, of each one handful, sweet fennel seeds half anounce, linseeds two drams, boil them in a sufficient quantity of commonwater to a pound culpeper this is the common decoction for all clysters, accordingto the quality of the humour abounding, so you may add what simples, orsyrups, or electuaries you please. Only half a score linseeds, and ahandful of chamomel flowers are added decoctum epythimi or a decoction of epithimum college take of myrobalans, chebs, and inds, of each half anounce, stœchas, raisins of the sun stoned, epithimum, senna, of eachone ounce, fumitory half an ounce, maudlin five drams, polipodium sixdrams, turbith half an ounce, whey made with goat milk, or heifermilk four pounds, let them all boil to two pounds, the epithimumexcepted, which boil but a second or two, then take it from the fire, and add black hellebore one dram and an half, agerick half a dram, sal gem one dram and an half, steep them ten hours, then press it stronglyout culpeper it purges melancholy, as also choler, it resists madness, and all diseases coming of melancholy, and therefore let melancholypeople esteem it as a jewel decoctum sennæ gereonis or a decoction of senna college take of senna two ounces, pollipodium half an ounce, gingerone dram, raisins of the sun stoned two ounces, sebestens, prunes, ofeach twelve, the flowers of borrage, violets, roses, and rosemary, ofeach two drams, boil them in four pounds of water till half be consumed culpeper it is a common decoction for any purge, by adding othersimples or compounds to it, according to the quality of the humour youwould have purged, yet, in itself, it chiefly purges melancholy decoctum pectorale or a pectoral decoction college take of raisins of the sun stoned, an ounce, sebestens, jujubes, of each fifteen, dates six, figs four, french barley oneounce, liquorice half an ounce, maiden-hair, hyssop, scabious, colt-foot, of each one handful, boil them in three pounds of watertill two remain culpeper the medicine is chiefly appropriated to the lungs, and therefore causes a clear voice, a long wind, resists coughs, hoarseness, asthmas, &c you may drink a quarter of a pint of it everymorning, without keeping to any diet, for it purges not i shall quote essay syrups fitting to be mixed with it, when i come tothe syrups decoctum trumaticum college take of agrimony, mugwort, wild angelica, st john wort, mousear, of each two handfuls, wormwood half a handful, southernwood, bettony, bugloss, comfrey the greater and lesser, roots and all, avens, both sorts of plantain, sanicle, tormentil with the roots, the buds ofbarberries and oak, of each a handful, all these being gathered in mayand june and diligently dried, let them be cut and put up in skins orpapers against the time of use, then take of the forenamed herbs threehandfuls, boil them in four pounds of conduit water and two pounds ofwhite wine gently till half be consumed, strain it, and a pound ofhoney being added to it, let it be scummed and kept for use culpeper if sight of a medicine will do you good, this is as liketo do it as any i know syrups altering syrups culpeper reader, before we begin with the writingicular syrups, ithink good to advertise thee of these few things, which concern thenature, making, and use of syrups in general 1 a syrup is a medicineof a liquid body, compounded of decoction, infusion, or juice, withsugar or honey, and brought by the heat of the fire, into the thicknessof honey 2 because all honey is not of a thickness, understand newhoney, which of all other is thinnest 3 the reason why decoctions, infusions, juices, are thus used, is, because thereby, first, they willkeep the longer secondly, they will taste the better 4 in boilingsyrups have a great care of their just consistence, for if you boilthem too much they will candy, if too little, they will sour 5 allsimple syrups have the virtues of the simples they are made of, and arefar more convenient for weak people, and delicate stomachs syrupus de absinthio simplex or syrup of wormwood simple the college take of the clarified juice of common wormwood, clarified sugar, of each four pounds, make it into a syrup accordingto art after the same manner, are prepared simple syrups of betony, borrage, bugloss, carduus, chamomel, succory, endive, hedge-mustard, strawberries, fumitory, ground ivy, st john wort, hops, mercury, mousear, plantain, apples, purslain, rasberries, sage, scabious, scordium, houseleek, colt-foot, paul bettony, and other juices notsour culpeper see the simples, and then you may easily know both theirvirtues, and also that they are pleasanter and fitter for delicatestomachs when they are made into syrups syrupus de absinthio compositus or syrup of wormwood compound college take of common wormwood meanly dry, half a pound, red rosestwo ounces, indian spikenard three drams, old white wine, juice ofquinces, of each two pounds and an half, steep them a whole day in anearthen vessel, then boil them gently, and strain it, and by adding twopounds of sugar, boil it into a syrup according to art culpeper mesue is followed verbatim in this. And the receipt isappropriated to cold and flegmatic stomachs, and it is an admirableremedy for it, for it strengthens both stomach and liver, as alsothe instruments of concoction, a spoonful taken in the morning, isadmirable for such as have a weak digestion, it provokes an appetite toone victuals, it prevails against the yellow iaundice, breaks wind, purges humours by urine syrupus de acetosus simplex or syrup of vinegar simple college take of clear water four pounds, white sugar five pounds, boil them in a glazed vessel over a gentle fire, scumming it till halfthe water be consumed, then by putting in two pounds of white winevinegar by degrees, perfect the syrup culpeper that is, only melt the sugar with the vinegar over thefire, scum it, but boil it not syrupus acetosus simplicior or syrup of vinegar more simple college take of white sugar five pounds, white wine vinegar twopounds, by melting it in a bath, make it into a syrup culpeper of these two syrups let every one use which he finds byexperience to be best. The difference is but little they both of themcut flegm, as also tough, hard viscous humours in the stomach. Theycool the body, quench thirst, provoke urine, and prepare the stomachbefore the taking of a vomit if you take it as a preparative for anemetic, take half an ounce of it when you go to bed the night beforeyou intend it to operate, it will work the easier, but if for any ofthe foregoing occasions, take it with a liquorice stick syrupus acetosus compositus or syrup of vinegar compound college take of the roots of smallage, fennel, endive, of eachthree ounces, the seeds of annis, smallage, fennel, of each one ounce, of endive half an ounce, clear water six pounds, boil it gently in anearthen vessel till half the water be consumed, then strain and clarifyit, and with three pounds of sugar, and a pound and a half of whitewine vinegar, boil it into a syrup culpeper this in my opinion is a gallant syrup for such whosebodies are stuffed either with flegm, or tough humours, for it opensobstructions or stoppings both of the stomach, liver, spleen, andreins. It cuts and brings away tough flegm and choler, and is thereforea special remedy for such as have a stuffing at their stomach syrupus de agno casto or syrup of agnus castus college take of the seeds of rue and hemp, of each half a dram, of endive, lettice, purslain, gourds, melons, of each two drams, offleawort half an ounce, of agnus castus four ounces, the flowers ofwater lilies, the leaves of mints, of each half a handful, decoctionof seeds of lentils, and coriander seeds, of each half an ounce, threepounds of the decoction, boil them all over a gentle fire till twopounds be consumed, add to the residue, being strained, two ounces ofjuice of lemons, a pound and a half of white sugar, make it into asyrup according to art culpeper a pretty syrup, and good for little syrupus de althæa or syrup of marsh-mallows college take of roots of marsh-mallows, two ounces, the roots ofgrass asparagus, liquorice, raisins of the sun stoned, of each halfan ounce, the tops of mallows, marsh-mallows, pellitory of the wall, burnet, plantain, maiden-hair white and black, of each a handful, redcicers an ounce, of the four greater and four lesser cold seeds, ofeach three drams, boil them in six pounds of clear water till fourremain, which being strained, boil into a syrup with four pounds ofwhite sugar culpeper it is a fine cooling, opening, slipery syrup, and chieflycommendable for the cholic, stone, or gravel, in the kidneys or bladder syrupus de ammoniaca or syrup of ammoniacum college take of maudlin and cetrach, of each four handfuls, commonwormwood an ounce, the roots of succory, sparagus, bark of caper roots, of each two ounces, after due preparation steep them twenty-four hoursin three ounces of white wine, radish and fumitory water, of each twopounds, then boil it away to one pound eight ounces, let it settle, in four ounces of which, whilst it is warm, dissolve by itself gumammoniacum, first dissolved in white wine vinegar, two ounces, boil therest with a pound and an half of white sugar into a syrup, adding themixtures of the gum at the end culpeper it cools the liver, and opens obstructions both of it andthe spleen, helps old surfeits, and such like diseases, as scabs, itch, leprosy, and what else proceed from the liver over heated you may takean ounce at a time syrupus de artemisia or syrup of mugwort college take of mugwort two handfuls, pennyroyal, calaminth, origanum, bawm, arsmart, dittany of crete, savin, marjoram, germander, st john wort, camepitis, featherfew with the flowers, centaury theless, rue, bettony, bugloss, of each a handful, the roots of fennel, smallage, parsley, sparagus, bruscus, saxifrage, elecampane, cypress, madder, orris, peony, of each an ounce, juniper berries, the seeds oflovage, parsley, smallage, annis, nigella, carpobalsamum or cubebs, costus, cassia lignea, cardamoms, calamus aromaticus, the roots ofasarabacca, pellitory of spain, valerian, of each half an ounce, beingcleansed, cut, and bruised, let them be infused twenty-four hours infourteen pounds of clear water, and boiled till half be consumed, beingtaken off from the fire, and rubbed between your hands whilst it iswarm, strain it, and with honey and sugar, of each two pounds, sharpvinegar four ounces, boil it to a syrup, and perfume it with cinnamonand spikenard, of each three drams culpeper it helps the passion of the matrix, and retains it inits place, it dissolves the coldness, wind, and pains thereof. Itstrengthens the nerves, opens the pores, corrects the blood, itcorrects and provokes the menses you may take a spoonful of it at atime syrupus de betonica compositus or syrup of bettony compound college take of bettony three handfuls, marjoram four handfuls anda half, thyme, red roses, of each a handful, violets, stœchas, sage, of each half a handful, the seeds of fennel, annis, and ammi, of eachhalf an ounce, the roots of peons, polypodium, and fennel, of each fivedrams, boil them in six pounds of river water, to three pounds, strainit, and add juice of bettony two pounds, sugar three pounds and a half, make it into a syrup culpeper it helps diseases coming of cold, both in the head andstomach, as also such as come of wind, vertigos, madness. It concoctsmelancholy, it provokes the menses, and so doth the simple syrup morethan the compound syrupus byzantinus, simple college take of the juice of the leaves of endive and smallage, of each two pounds, of hops and bugloss, of each one pound, boil themtogether and scum them, and to the clarified liquor, add four pounds ofwhite sugar, to as much of the juices, and with a gentle fire boil itto a syrup syrupus byzantinus, compound college take of the juices so ordered as in the former, fourpounds, in which boil red roses, two ounces, liquorice half an ounce, the seeds of annis, fennel, and smallage, of each three drams, spikenard two drams, strain it, and to the three pounds remaining, add two pounds of vinegar, four pounds of sugar, make it into a syrupaccording to art culpeper they both of them viz both simple and compoundopen stoppings of the stomach, liver, and spleen, help the ricketsin children, cut and bring away tough flegm, and help the yellowjaundice you may take them with a liquorice stick, or take a spoonfulin the morning fasting syrupus botryos or syrup of oak of jerusalem college take of oak of jerusalem, hedge-mustard, nettles, of eachtwo handfuls, colt-foot, one handful and a half, boil them in asufficient quantity of clear water till half be consumed. To two poundsof the decoction, add two pounds of the juice of turnips baked in anoven in a close pot, and with three pounds of white sugar, boil it intoa syrup culpeper this syrup was composed against coughs, shortness ofbreath, and other the like infirmities of the breast proceeding ofcold, for which if you can get it you may take it with a liquoricestick syrupus capillorum veneris or syrup of maiden-hair college take of liquorice two ounces, maiden-hair five ounces, steep them a natural day in four pounds of warm water, then aftergentle boiling, and strong straining, with a pound and a half of finesugar make it into a syrup culpeper it opens stoppings of the stomach, strengthens the lungs, and helps the infirmities of them this may be taken also either witha liquorice stick, or mixed with the pectoral decoction like syrup ofcoltsfoot syrupus cardiacus, vel julepum cardiacum or a cordial syrup college take of rhenish wine two pounds, rose water two ounces anda half, cloves two scruples, cinnamon half a dram, ginger two scruples, sugar three ounces and a half, boil it to the consistence of a julep, adding ambergris three grains, musk one grain culpeper if you would have this julep keep long, you may put inmore sugar, and yet if close stopped, it will not easily corruptbecause it is made up only of wine, indeed the wisest way is to orderthe quantity of sugar according to the palate of him that takes it itrestores such as are in consumptions, comforts the heart, cherishes thedrooping spirits, and is of an opening quality, thereby carrying awaythose vapours which might otherwise annoy the brain and heart. You maytake an ounce at a time, or two if you please syrupus infusionis florum cariophillorum or syrup of clove-gilliflowers college take a pound of clove-gilliflowers, the whites being cutoff, infuse them a whole night in two pounds of water, then with fourpounds of sugar melted in it, make it into a syrup without boiling culpeper this syrup is a fine temperate syrup. It strengthens theheart, liver, and stomach. It refreshes the vital spirits, and is agood cordial in fevers. And usually mixed with other cordials, you canhardly err in taking it, it is so harmless a syrup syrupus de cinnamomo or syrup of cinnamon college take of cinnamon grossly bruised, four ounces, steep it inwhite wine, and small cinnamon water, of each half a pound, three days, in a glass, by a gentle heat. Strain it, and with a pound and a half ofsugar, boil it gently to a syrup culpeper it refreshes the vital spirits exceedingly, and cheersboth heart and stomach languishing through cold, it helps digestionexceedingly, and strengthens the whole body you may take a spoonful ata time in a cordial college thus also you may conveniently prepare syrups but onlywith white wine, of annis seeds, sweet fennel seeds, cloves, nutmegs, ginger, &c syrupus acetositatis citriorum or syrup of juice of citrons college take of the juice of citrons, strained without expression, and cleansed, a pound, sugar two pounds, make it into a syrup likesyrup of clove-gilliflowers culpeper it prevails against all diseases proceeding from choler, or heat of blood, fevers, both pestilential, and not pestilential.

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This essay laugh to scorn, and buy literature essay those no smallfools neither. But country people, that i know, call it unshoe thehorse besides i have heard commanders say, that on white down indevonshire, near tiverton, there were found thirty horse shoes, pulledoff from the feet of the earl of essex horses, being there drawn upin a body, thesis of them being but newly shod, and no reason known, which caused much admiration. The herb described usually grows uponheaths mosses i shall not trouble the reader with a description of these, since myintent is to speak only of two kinds, as the most principal, viz ground moss and tree moss, both which are very well known place the ground moss grows in our moist woods, and at the bottomof hills, in boggy grounds, and in shadowy ditches and thesis other suchlike places the tree moss grows only on trees government and virtues all sorts of mosses are under the dominionof saturn the ground moss is held to be singularly good to break thestone, and to expel and drive it forth by urine, being boiled in wineand drank the herb being bruised and boiled in water, and applied, eases all inflammations and pains coming from an hot cause. And istherefore used to ease the pains of the gout the tree mosses are cooling and binding, and writingake of a digesting andmolifying quality withal, as galen saith but each moss writingakes of thenature of the tree from whence it is taken. Therefore that of the oakis more binding, and is of good effect to stay fluxes in man or woman;as also vomiting or bleeding, the powder thereof being taken in wine the decoction thereof in wine is very good for women to be bathed in, that are troubled with the overflowing of their courses the same beingdrank, stays the stomach that is troubled with casting, or hiccough;and, as avicena saith, it comforts the heart the powder thereoftaken in drink for essay time together, is thought available for thedropsy the oil that has had fresh moss steeped therein for a time, andafterwards boiled and applied to the temples and forehead, marvellouslyeases the head-ache coming of a hot cause. As also the distillations ofhot rheums or humours in the eyes, or other writings the ancients muchused it in their ointments and other medicines against the lassitude, and to strengthen and comfort the sinews. For which, if it was goodthen, i know no reason but it may be found so still motherwort descript this hath a hard, square, brownish, rough, strong stalk, rising three or four feet high at least, spreading into thesis branches, whereon grow leaves on each side, with long foot-stalks, two atevery joint, which are essaywhat broad and long, as if it were roughor crumpled, with thesis great veins therein of a sad green colour, anddeeply dented about the edges, and almost divided from the middle ofthe branches up to the tops of them which are long and small grow theflowers round them at distances, in sharp pointed, rough, hard husks, of a more red or purple colour than balm or horehound, but in thesame manner or form as the horehound, after which come small, round, blackish seeds in great plenty the root sends forth a number of longstrings and small fibres, taking strong hold in the ground, of a darkyellowish or brownish colour, and abides as the horehound does. Thesmell of the one not much differs from the other place it grows only in gardens with us in england government and virtues venus owns the herb, and it is under leo there is no better herb to take melancholy vapours from the heart, tostrengthen it, and make a merry, chearful, blithe soul than this herb it may be kept in a syrup or conserve. Therefore the latins calledit cardiaca besides, it makes women joyful mothers of children, andsettles their wombs as they should be, therefore we call it motherwort it is held to be of much use for the trembling of the heart, andfaintings and swoonings. From whence it took the name cardiaca thepowder thereof, to the quantity of a spoonful, drank in wine, isa wonderful help to women in their sore travail, as also for thesuffocating or risings of the mother, and for these effects, it islikely it took the name of motherwort with us it also provokes urineand women courses, cleanses the chest of cold phlegm, oppressing it, kills worms in the belly it is of good use to warm and dry up the coldhumours, to digest and disperse them that are settled in the veins, joints, and sinews of the body, and to help cramps and convulsions mouse-ear descript mouse-ear is a low herb, creeping upon the ground by smallstrings, like the strawberry plant, whereby it shoots forth smallroots, whereat grow, upon the ground, thesis small and essaywhat shortleaves, set in a round form together, and very hairy, which, beingbroken, do give a whitish milk.