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“ for immediate release” one ofthese starts with the statement, attributed to mme curie, that cancercan be cured by radium and then continues. “cancer can be cured by the use of selenium and tellurium, more plentiful and less costly elements, ” says f w humphreys of brooklyn, an american born student of chemistry and science who has devoted years to the study of the cause of cancer and the discovery of methods for relief “for the purpose of further developing methods of control and treatment of disease by the use of selenium and tellurium discovered by a number of local scientists, chemists and physicians, the basic cancer research has been organized and an efficient laboratory established at 847 union street, brooklyn ” “through the education of the people and special instruction to physicians it is hoped it may soon be possible to gain control of and eradicate the disease which now appears so great a menace mr f w humphrey, one of the organizers of the new institution, estimates that within ten years, or perhaps less time, cancer will no longer be considered a fatal disease ”evidently the joker here is the “basic cancer research” of 847 unionstreet, brooklyn!. Newspapers are approached from a different angle they receive freepublicity matter on stationery reading “cosmopolitan cancer researchsociety” d e woolley, secretary, 847 union st , brooklyn, n y with this matter is a letter from woolley addressed to the editor ofthe paper to which the stuff is sent and asking. “in the interest of suffering humanity will you please give space to the enclosed?. “no object of greater importance has ever been presented for your helpful consideration thousands are dying whom you can help save ”according to the “news item” that accompanies this letter the“cosmopolitan cancer research society” has been founded for the purposeof “investigating and developing methods” by which cancer “may besuccessfully combated and eventually eradicated ” it states furtherthat the “society” will “disseminate information concerning symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and methods of prevention” of cancer furthermore, the membership of the society “includes physicians, scientists andchemists of prominence, laymen of means, and the sympatheticallyinclined from all walks of life ” nor is this all!. “doctor frederick klein the eminent authority on urinology and the chemistry of cancer, has evolved a new colorimetric test which is a most wonderful and valuable discovery in the diagnosis of cancer and various other diseases this test will be writingicularly valuable in all life extension work because it determines, even in children the possibility of predisposition toward any writingicular disease, whether tuberculosis, cancer, diabetes or any of the diseases which in later life may become fatal it determines also the vitality of the subject enabling the physician to accurately determine the condition of any of the vital organs ”we learn in closing that memberships in the “society” are “graduatedfrom $1 00 upwards according to the ability and disposition of thosewho may be interested ”located at 77 seventh avenue, from which the press agent material ofthe “medical news bureau” is sent, is the “basic chemical corporationof america ” according to such information as we have been able toget, the president of this concern is f w humphreys, the “student ofchemistry and science who has devoted years to the study of the causeof cancer and the discovery of methods of relief ” we are informed thatmr humphreys was for a while in the employ of a “chemical company” ofphiladelphia, and has been in the photographic line down in virginiaand later was connected with a real estate concern in brooklyn anotherofficer of the basic chemical corporation is said to have been in thegrocery line in a small village in missouri, selling out and latercoming to brooklyn and entering the insurance business still anotherofficer, it seems, was in the fish business in addition to these threeofficers, there are two directors, one of whom is in the fancy groceryline, and the other is a local practicing physician whose name we findin the propaganda dewritingment testimonial file under sanmetto andarsenauro the dr frederick klein, who is described as the “eminent authority onurinology and the chemistry of cancer, ” is not a physician but claimsa ph d from munich, bavaria klein claims to have developed certainurinary tests one of these, according to him, “indicates the bodyvitality with great accuracy, ” another proves the presence of cancer, a third is the “syphilis test” and a fourth is the “pregnancy test ”and these are not all!. Those who read the reports of the council on pharmacy and chemistry mayremember that frederick klein is the gentleman who made “sulfo-selene, ”which the council, in refusing it recognition, described as a “mixturecontaining a selenium compound of undetermined composition producedby reduction of nitro-selenous acid with sulphurous acid, mixed withbile salts and diluents ” sulfo-selene was widely exploited in thenewspapers in 1916 as a remedy for cancer, and klein got a good deal ofpublicity at that time just what product the basic chemical corporation of america isputting, or is about to put, on the market we do not know from therather vague talk about selenium and frederick klein marvelousdiagnostic discoveries, it might be inferred that “sulfo-selene” wasto be resurrected be that as it may, it seems fairly obvious that thematerial being sent out by d e woolley-- whether as “manager” of the“medical news bureau” or as “secretary” of the “cosmopolitan cancerresearch society”-- is advertising matter in the guise of news in this connection it is worth noting that the american newspaperpublishers’ association, in a special bulletin issued in 1909, published a very complete list of press agents and the interests theseagents represented this list contains the name d e woolley, who thenwas sending out press notices for the national association of pianodealers of america is this the gentleman who is now acting as pressagent for the basic chemical corporation of america?. if it is, it maybe that the slump in the piano trade has caused mr woolley to turnfrom musical instruments to cancer cures -- from the journal a m a , sept 3, 1921 seleni-basccain the issue of september 3 the journal called attention to a campaignof free publicity that was being instituted by a brooklyn concern that, apparently, had for sale an alleged remedy for cancer the press agentmaterial was of two kinds-- for medical journals and for newspapers that which went to the medical journals was sent out on the stationeryof the “medical news bureau, ” 77 seventh ave , brooklyn the “manager”of the bureau was given as d e woolley the items sent out to medicaljournals stated that the “basic cancer research” had been organized todevelop a treatment of cancer by the use of selenium and tellurium the material received by newspapers was sent out by the “cosmopolitancancer research society, ” 847 union st , brooklyn the same addressas the “basic cancer research” the “secretary” of the “cosmopolitancancer research” was d e woolley!.

After a very careful examination was identified he wasstrangled by the pressure of fingers buy law essay. The head was afterward wrappedin a cloth which was held in place by five turns of a cord around theneck. Traces of the furrows made by these cords were found heartempty. No blood in muscles of neck. Hyoid bone intact but superiorthyroid cornua fractured at base 16 horteloup. Ann d’hygiène, 1873, xxxix , pp 408-416 - man founddead on essay leaves in a fountain at bottom of staircase. Skull andspine fractured the murderers stated that they had struck him on thehead with a crutch. Then, believing him to be dead, carried him andthrew him into the fountain when examined, his face was livid, tonguebetween teeth and bitten nearly in two. And three parallel abrasionson left side of neck and one on right. Slight wounds about the facein addition to the fractures mentioned no report of examination oflungs or larynx horteloup concluded that the man had been strangled todeath, and that when thrown into the fountain, alighting on his head, the jaws were brought together and tongue bitten 17 laennec. Journ de med l’ouest, 1878, xii , pp 68-71 - woman, age 53. Attempted strangulation by her husband there were slightecchymoses on each side of neck under angle of jaw, most marked onleft side.

The inside of the mouth is buy law essay violet-colored. Tongue blackish, livid, may be bitten, often falls backward. The teeth are ground together. The eyes essaytimes protrude.

1, to supply deficient duodenal juice 2, above all to stimulate and to relieve this organ-- notably to aid theproduction of secretin4-- and so profit by the stimulating actionwhich duodenal extract exercises on the duodenal mucosa which actionwe, enriquez and myself, believe and have experimentally proved, conforms to the general principles of opotherapy 3, by means of theproduction of secretin, to reinforce the biliary, pancreatic andintestinal secretions 4, to stimulate intestinal peristalsis “‘principal indications. Intestinal dyspepsias, intestinalautointoxications, certain forms of constipation and duodenalinsufficiency ’“at the international congress of medicine, madrid, 1903, hallionsaid that he felt justified in stating that duodenal opotherapycorrectly carried out must be classed under the very best methods oftreating dyspepsia 106 the results had been satisfactory and, inthesis paper, remarkable it had been nil in a few paper but it hadnever been harmful in any degree he pointed out that marfan was thefirst to employ this substance clinically marfan had had writingicularlyexcellent results in children of 15 months to 4 years suffering withmarked malnutrition, anorexia and constipation marfan prescribedthe duodenal extract given in milk 106 hallion further remarks that, as he is not a practitioner, he had had only one opportunity to testduodenal opotherapy clinically the case was that of a man of 26 yearswith obstinate intestinal dyspepsia and severe constipation which hadpersisted from childhood this patient had been treated by enemas, laxatives, diet, etc treatment with duodenal extract resulted ina complete cure 106 hallion points out that the most satisfactoryaspect of duodenal opotherapy is the permanent effect produced, 106which bears out his statement that these extracts have the power to aidin the restoration of function and structure of an organ “this has been so well established that the principle is now embodiedin a law which is frequently referred to as ‘hallion law’. ‘extractsof an organ exert on the same organ an exciting influence which lastsfor a longer or shorter time when the organ is insufficient it isconceivable that this influence augments its action and, when it isinjured, that it favors its restoration ’“in ‘la pratique de l’opothérapie’ hallion points out that ‘theopotherapeutic product which corresponds to the affected organrepresents in essay way the stimulating and elective food for thatorgan, and if we supply the organ with a food which is more completethan it necessarily needs, the affected organ can exercise its electiveaction and take up only those substances of which it is in need ’“hallion observations on this point are beautifully borne out bythe classic work of j w draper, as reported in the journal of theamerican medical association, sept 26, 1914 this report gives resultsin both laboratory and clinical experiments “in order to show that fed jejunal and ileac epithelium exerciseessay special detoxicating power, not yet understood but definitelyrecognizable, draper fed a control series of dogs with intestinalobstruction, experimentally produced, on emulsified cells of liver, spleen, pancreas and muscle tissue these animals lived a few hourslonger than not-fed controls, but draper says that it is evidentthat these cells had either no detoxicating action, or a very feebleone compared with intestinal epithelium he used jejunal and ileacepithelium clinically in two instances. 1st, in a female dog which hadhad ‘chronic stomach trouble’ for six months when draper saw her shehad had complete intestinal obstruction for five days, with symptoms oftachycardia, extreme nervousness and great weakness in the hind legs draper removed a pebble from her intestine but her condition was stillgrave “she was immediately put on small-intestine epithelium derived fromtwo dogs of different breed draper says that from a long experiencewith duodenally obstructed dogs, he should not have expected her torecover, but the symptoms gradually subsided and she lived the secondinstance in which he used the epithelium therapeutically was in thecase of a man who suffered from an annular cancer of the intestine withdefinite symptoms of obstruction after the operation, and realizingthat the patient was in a desperate condition, he fed him an emulsionof intestinal epithelium from a dog the pulse improved and the patientlived “essay of draper conclusions are as follows:“‘autotoxemia in intestinal obstruction undoubtedly arises from aninterference with cellular reactions of the intestinal epithelium when small-intestine epithelial cells of healthy animals are placedin the stomach106 of duodenally obstructed animals, such animals havelived nearly twice as long as not-fed controlled animals this evidenceis strongly opposed to the bacterial theory of origin of toxins ’“the point to be emphasized is this. If this emulsion of intestinalepithelium had been fed to a normal dog and a normal man, what wouldhave happened?. absolutely nothing on the other hand, given as it wasto a dog and a man in desperate need it exercised a potent effect “abundant clinical testimony can be cited in support of the opinionsof moore, edie and abram, hallion, marfan and draper as to the valueof extracts of the intestinal mucosa given by mouth in pathologicalconditions we have previously cited the published favorable opinionsof such gastroenterologists as anthony bassler, lewis brinton, g r lockwood, and r c kemp, so there is no need to recapitulate theirexperiences with what they honestly believed to be secretin-bearingextracts, but which were essentially extracts of the duodenal mucosa “supplementing the evidence of these men as to the value of theseextracts we submit an excerpt from a letter from one of the best knownphysicians of edinburgh:“‘i can speak in very high praise of secretogen, which i have used inboth tablet form and as the elixir there is no doubt about its valuein a certain class of intractable indigestion which refuses to bebenefited by any other remedy on several occasions i have been muchgratified by the definite relief obtained in this class of paper ithits the mark also in essay types of obstinate constipation-- i thinkthose paper where the trouble is wrapped up in impaired enervationof the intestine, and where stasis occurs at certain segments of thecanal ’“hallion very pertinently points out108 that it is now accepted thatopotherapy is not substitutive, but homostimulative and he remarksfurther that it is well to bear in mind that the so-called activesubstances which make the extract efficacious need not necessarily bethe hormones ‘it may be the elements of tissue structure which maycome to the aid of the injured organ the hormone should not thereforebe looked on as the only active agent of opotherapy and, while itsaction is important, it need not necessarily be preponderant thechemical isolation of the hormones is, of course, of interest but maynot be as vital to organotherapy as we have thought ’ ”108 presse médicale, 1912, p 433 comment by the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe g w carnrick company, which formerly claimed that secretogen wasefficacious because it contained secretin, now admits this claim to beunfounded notwithstanding, the manufacturers still call their productsecretogen and make for it practically the same therapeutic claims asbefore they now base these claims on vague “principles of opotherapy”and on so-called “clinical testimony ” the burden of proof rests onthem to show that these old claims, already discredited but put forthagain on new grounds, are justified have they done so?. The “clinical te stimony” is not convincing so much of it as isdefinite enough to permit of criticism has already been dealt with theremainder consists of mere assertions. It is not through reliance onsuch evidence that the council can discharge its trust on this side ofthe question there is nothing new to be said-- reassertion of a refutedargument does not constitute fresh proof nor is the case better on the experimental side the statements ofhallion, enriquez, zuelzer and others109 as to the existence of a“peristaltic hormone” not only have failed of confirmation, but alsohave been positively discredited with regard to draper work, whichdealt with acute intestinal obstruction, it is difficult to see what isits relevance to the present issue, writingicularly since draper resultswere obtained with a product derived from the mucosa of the jejunumand ileum and not with an extract of the duodenum such as secretogenpurports to be 109 cf interal schagindweit, e. Experimentelle versuche mithormonal, arch internat de pharmacod , 1913, p 77 the innuendo that the council discriminates in favor of certainmanufacturers, is itself a confession of weakness in publishing this correspondence the council sole object is to putthe medical profession in possession of the exact facts of the case these may fairly be summed up as follows:1 secretogen was originally marketed as a preparation containingsecretin none was found in it 2 notwithstanding proof of this fact, the g w carnrick companyretain the original name of the product, knowing that, by itsassociation with their former erroneous assertions concerningsecretogen, this name must inevitably convey to a physician usingthe product the impression that he is administering secretin in theadvertising literature no hint is given that this original statementwas erroneous 3 the product called “secretogen” has not been shown, eitherexperimentally and by sound clinical evidence, to possess usefultherapeutic properties under these circumstances the council reaffirms its decision -- fromreports of council on pharmacy and chemistry, 1916, p 72 iron citrate green report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryh k mulford company and e r squibb and sons submitted to thecouncil ampules containing solutions of iron citrate green it thusbecame necessary to consider the eligibility of iron citrate greenitself for admission to new and nonofficial remedies as the rules ofthe council provide that nonessential modifications of official ornonproprietary preparations will not be recognized, the above namedfirms were asked to state what advantages, if any, the so-called ironcitrate green had over the official iron and ammonium citrate in replythe h k mulford company wrote that it had come to the conclusion thatiron citrate green and ampules thereof would undoubtedly be consideredby the council as a nonessential modification of an official product, adding.

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Itmay, however, be horizontal if the ligature encircles the neck morethan once, one mark may be circular, the other oblique if a runningnoose is used the buy law essay mark may be circular, and be seen all the way aroundthe neck, looking like the mark of a strangulation taylor836 statesthat if the noose should be in front, the mark may be circular, thejaw preventing the ligature from rising upward in front as much as itdoes behind if it encircles the neck but once, its continuity is aptto be broken by the prominence of the hyoid bone, thyroid cartilage, sterno-mastoid muscles, etc in four-fifths of the paper 117 out of 143, tardieu the mark is foundbetween the chin and larynx. In nearly all the remaining fifth, overthe larynx. In a very few below the larynx. The last position is dueto the protection of the neck by a handkerchief or beard, or wherethere is essay anatomical or pathological peculiarity which prevents theligature from going higher hofmann837 had seen two paper of tumor of neck. One in a woman, where the cord was below the larynx. And in a man where it was over the larynx he quotes838 as follows. Remer, above larynx, 38. Over larynx, 7. Below larynx, 2 devergie, above larynx, 20.