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Cheesy glands ulceratinginto trachea buy essay review. Simultaneous œdema of both lungs all of these may causesuffocation paper 18 and 49 for paper of enlarged thymus gland, seehofmann, op cit , pp 587, 588 paralysis of the muscles of swallowing, from diphtheria or othercause, predisposes to suffocation progressive asthenia in whichthe muscles are exhausted. Injury of spinal cord or pneumogastrics;paralysis of muscles of respiration from the use of curare. Thespasms of tetanus and strychnia poisoning. The entrance of air intothe pleural cavities with collapse of the lungs all tend to causemechanical suffocation either by pressure or by paralysis for deathsin epileptics, see paper 1, 10, 11, 33, and 40 it is not necessary that the air-passages should be absolutely closedto cause suffocation the cause of death is more likely to be pure asphyxia, because of theabsence of the complicating pressure of the hand or ligature on thevessels and nerves of the neck, and of fracture of larynx or vertebræ symptoms - foreign bodies889 entering the trachea naturally falltoward the right bronchial tube instead of the left because of thesize and position of the entrance of the right tube if then but onetube is involved, the signs will usually be on the right side. Whereasif the foreign body stop in the larynx or trachea, both sides will beaffected the latter condition is much more dangerous the symptomswould be resonance over the lung with the respiratory murmur writingly orwholly absent.

Skin not parchmenty and buy essay review no ecchymosis. Ecchymoses of scalp;periosteum of skull reddened. Hemorrhage in temporal muscle. Brain andpia mater congested. Much fluid in ventricle larynx and trachea dirtyred-brown. Right side of heart empty.

They are prettytemperate, stop defluxions of humours that fall from the head into theeyes, are profitable in wounds, help filthy foul eating cankers betonica coronaria, &c is clove gilli-flowers see the flowers bellis dasies. Are cold and moist in the second degree, they easeall pains and swellings coming of heat, in clysters they loose thebelly, are profitable in fevers and inflammations of the testicles, they take away bruises, and blackness and blueness. They are admirablein wounds and inflammations of the lungs or blood blitum blites essay say they are cold and moist, others cold anddry. None mention any great virtues of them borrago borrage. Hot and moist, comforts the heart, cheers thespirits, drives away sadness and melancholy, they are rather laxativethan binding. Help swooning and heart-qualms, breed good blood, helpconsumptions, madness, and such as are much weakened by sickness bonus henricus good henry, or all good. Hot and dry, cleansing andscouring, inwardly taken it loosens the belly. Outwardly it cleansethold sores and ulcers botrys oak of jerusalem. Hot and dry in the second degree, helpssuch as are short-winded, cuts and wastes gross and tough flegm, laidamong cloaths they preserve them from moths, and give them a sweetsmell branca ursina bears-breech brionia, &c briony, white and black. Both are hot and dry inthe third degree, purge violently, yet are held to be wholeessayphysic for such as have dropsies, vertigo, or swimming in the head, falling-sickness, &c certainly it is a strong, troubleessay purge, therefore not to be tampered with by the unskilful, outwardly inointments it takes away freckles, wrinkles, morphew, scars, spots, &c from the face bursa pastoris shepherd purse, is manifestly cold and dry, thoughlobel and pena thought the contrary. It is binding and stops blood, the menses. And cools inflammations buglossom buglosse its virtues are the same with borrage bugula bugle, or middle comfrey.

It eases pains in the stomach, helps digestion, and eases such as have pains in their bones by ill lodging abroadin the cold, it provokes appetite, and is exceeding good for theyellow jaundice, as also for prickings or stitches in the sides. Itprovokes the menses, and expels both birth and placenta. It is naughtfor pregnant women if there be no fever, you may take a spoonful byitself. If there be, you may, if you please, mix it with essay coolermedicine appropriated to the same use you would give it for aqua gilbertii or gilbert water college take of scabious, burnet, dragons, bawm, angelica, pimpernel, with purple flowers, tormentil, roots and all, of each twohandfuls, let all of them, being rightly gathered and prepared, besteeped in four gallons of canary wine, still off three gallons in analembick, to which add three ounces of each of the cordial flowers, clove-gilliflowers six ounces, saffron half an ounce, turmerick twoounces, galanga, bazil seeds, of each one dram, citron pills oneounce, the seed of citrons and carduus, cloves of each five ounces, hart-horn four ounces, steep them twenty four hours and then distilthem in balneo mariæ. To the distilled water add pearls prepared, an ounce and a half, red coral, crabs eyes, white amber, of eachtwo drams, crabs claws, six drams, bezoar, ambergrease, of each twoscruples, steep them six weeks in the sun, in a vessel well stopped, often shaking it, then filter it, you may keep the powders forspicord temp by mixing twelve ounces of sugar candy, with sixounces of red rose-water, and four ounces of spirit of cinnamon with it culpeper i suppose this was invented for a cordial to strengthenthe heart, to relieve languishing nature it is exceeding dear iforbear the dose, they that have money enough to make it themselves, cannot want time to study both the virtues and dose. I would havegentlemen to be studious aqua cordialis frigida saxeniæ college take of the juice of borrage, bugloss, bawm, bistort, tormentil, scordium, vervain, sharp-pointed dock, sorrel, goat rue, mirrhis, blue bottle great and small, roses, marigolds, lemon, citrons, of each three ounces, white wine vinegar one pound, purslain seedstwo ounces, citron and carduus seeds, of each half an ounce, waterlily flowers two ounces, the flowers of borrage, bugloss, violets, clove-gilliflowers, of each one ounce, diatrion sentalon six drams:let all of them, being rightly prepared, be infused three days, thendistilled in a glass still. To the distilled liquor add earth oflemnos, siletia, and samos, of each one ounce and an half, pearlsprepared with the juice of citrons, three drams, mix them, and keepthem together culpeper it mightily cools the blood, and therefore profitablein fevers, and all diseases proceeding of heat of blood. It provokessleep you may take half an ounce at a time, or two drams if the writingybe weak aqua theriacalis or treacle water college take of the juice of green walnuts, four pounds, the juiceof rue three pounds, juice of carduus, marigolds, and bawm, of each twopounds, green petasitis roots one pound and a half, the roots of bursone pound, angelica and master-wort, of each half a pound, the leavesof scordium four handfuls, old venice treacle, mithridates, of eacheight ounces, canary wine twelve pounds, vinegar six pounds, juice oflemons two pounds, digest them two days, either in horse-dung, or ina bath, the vessel being close shut, then distil them in sand.

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Average 0 5 per cent the alkaloid obtained had the characteristic appearance buy essay review and odor ofcolchicin when separated from the seed under these conditions thesolution in water and acid was yellow. The aqueous solution wasintensely bitter, and the yellow color intensified with acids the dryresidue became intensely yellow with concentrated sulphuric acid. Withnitric acid it became violet turning to yellow, and with concentratedsulphuric acid and potassium nitrate it gave a yellowish green color, turning to violet and finally to a wine color all these reactions aretypical of colchicin from 1 gm of the powdered pills there was obtained 0 0425 gm of ash, or 4 25 per cent when the powdered pills were extracted with chloroform in a soxhletapparatus, a very uniform quantity of extract was obtained from 5 gm there was obtained, in one case, 0 581 gm. In another, 0 5755 gm , andin a third, 0 588 gm , the average being 0 5815 gm or 11 63 per cent on still further extracting with alcohol, a small amount of extractivewas obtained, the amount depending on the length of time the extractionwas continued on extracting with hot water the residue left after exhaustion withchloroform and with alcohol, a further extract was obtained in onecase, it amounted to 0 4763 gm or 9 53 per cent , and in another caseit amounted to 0 470 gm , or 9 40 per cent. Average 9 47 per cent in attempting to dry the pills or the above-mentioned chloroformicextract at 100 c , a crystalline sublimate was obtained which had theodor of benzoic acid the crystals were acid, their neutral solutiongave a flesh-colored precipitate with ferric chlorid, and they meltedat 120-121 c this crystalline substance appeared to be benzoic acid the quantity of benzoic acid in this extract was determined by heatingit to about 140 c a current of air was drawn through the flask andthe sublimed benzoic acid collected in a cooled tube the benzoic acidwas washed out of the tube with neutral alcohol, and the solution wastitrated with tenth normal potassium hydroxid in one case, 11 25 c c of tenth-normal alkali was used, indicating 0 1373 gm, of benzoic acid;in another, 12 27 c c , indicating 0 1498 gm of benzoic acid. Average0 1436 gm , or 2 87 per cent in a third case the temperature reached250 c , and there was essay decomposition of the fat in the flask andessay colored material distilled over for this sublimate 15 54 c c oftenth-normal alkali were required after evaporating the alcohol and acidulating the solutions obtainedin the previous experiments, the benzoic acid was extracted withchloroform in the first case, 0 1383 gm was obtained. In the second, 0 1541 gm. Average 0 1462 gm , or 2 92 per cent of benzoic acid when the original chloroformic extract was heated until all of thebenzoic acid had been driven off, the residue had the appearance of asemisolid fat it compared quite closely in color, odor, etc , with thefatty material obtained by extracting colchicum seed with chloroform, although the odor was more suggestive of oleic or stearic acid it wasdistinctly acid, which is also true of the fatty material obtained froma sample of colchicum seed the extract obtained with hot water was light yellow. Gummy, at first, but dried to a glass-like brittle mass it had a slight burned-sugarodor and taste, and was neutral in reaction it was stronglydextrogyrate and at once reduced fehling solution as well as alkalinesilver nitrate solution on boiling with potassium hydroxid solution, it turned deep red it also gave the molisch carbohydrate reaction, and the ozazone test in seventeen minutes as described in mulliken identification of pure organic compounds, ed 1, 1905, p 26 theseare all characteristic reactions of lactose or milk sugar from this examination we conclude that desanctis’ pills containpowdered colchicum seed, benzoic acid, and sugar of milk there is alsopresent fatty material which resembles the fat of colchicum seed, butmay be, in writing, added fatty acid the percentage of colchicin found 0 50 is about that of a good quality of colchicum seed, the u s pharmacopeial standard being not less than 0 45 per cent since thepills contain material other than colchicum seed, this assay wouldindicate a colchicum seed of high alkaloidal content, or the possiblereinforcement of the pills with colchicum extract or colchicin the amount of benzoic acid, 2 92 per cent , or about 1/7 grain perpill, is insignificant from a therapeutic standpoint, since an averagedose is 0 5 gm , or 8 grains fatty acids, and the fatty matter fromcolchicum seed are inert, at least in the quantities found here theonly office which fatty acids might perform, would be to give the pillsan enteric quality, preventing their absorption until they reach theintestine the sugar of milk, about 10 per cent , or 1/2 grain perpill, no doubt is simply an excipient desanctis’ pills are therefore essentially 5 grain doses of powderedcolchicum seed, of which the average dose is 0 2 gm , or 3 grains u s p ix, p 120 the journal in presenting the facts contained in the above report madethe following comments:“here then, we have sold for self-medication an extremely poisonousdrug, with no warning of the risk the public runs in using it whilethe directions call for “one pill every eight hours until relieved, ”it is notorious that the public takes the attitude toward “patentmedicines” that, if a little is good, more is better, and the averageuser of remedies for self-treatment is likely, unless there is essaywarning, to use his own discretion as to the amount taken “the individual dose is above that of the average recommended in theunited states pharmacopeia colchicum or its alkaloids-- or for thatmatter, any drug as toxic as colchicum-- have no place in preparationsof the home-remedy type in the case of all “patent medicines, ”public interest demands that the full quantitative formula of thetherapeutically active ingredients should be given on the label, forwhen the public prescribes for itself, it has a right to know what itis taking unfortunately, public interest clashes with vested interestsand, as usual, vested interests get the better of it in the case ofsuch dangerous preparations as desanctis’ pills, if their sale is tobe permitted at all, not only should the names and quantities of alltherapeutically active ingredients in the mixture be given, but thelaw should require that the word poison be plainly printed on thelabel ”-- abstracted from the journal a m a , july 19, 1919 iodex and liquid iodexthe a m a chemical laboratory examined iodex in 1915 213 theclaims made, at that time, by the exploiters, menley & james, wereshown to be contrary to facts in that iodex contained only traces offree iodin while they claimed “5 per cent therapeutically free iodin ”even the total quantity of iodin was shown to be only about one halfof the 5 per cent claimed to be present as free iodin 213 annual reports of the chem lab of the a m a , 1915, p 89 an examination of the advertising matter sent out by menley & jamesin 1919 showed that substantially the same claims were being made asin 1915 this at once suggested the inquiry. Since the claims are thesame as previously made, have the manufacturers altered the compositionto conform to the claims?. the answer is found in the results of theanalysis of two samples purchased in the open market early in 1919 this analysis shows conclusively that iodex is essentially the same asin 1915, that is, that it contains no free iodin and only about threefifths of the total amount of iodin claimed it would seem that iodex ung iodi , m & j is in obvious conflictwith section 7 of the food and drugs act while it is sold under a namerecognized by the u s pharmacopeia, namely, ung iodi , it does notconform to the standards of the u s pharmacopeia for that product iodin ointment u s p is made with 4 per cent of free iodin, 4 percent of potassium iodid, 12 per cent of glycerin, and a benzoinatedlard base it should then contain approximately 7 per cent of totaliodin it has been shown by warren214 that about 75 per cent of theiodin in the u s p ointment remains in the free state even aftermonths of standing ung iodi , u s p , then, should contain about 3per cent of free iodin iodex contains no free iodin, or but traces, and no potassium iodid furthermore, the iodex label declares thepresence of 5 per cent of “therapeutically free” iodin as a matter offact, the amount of iodin is variable, the highest amount found being3 5 per cent and samples containing as low as 2 63 per cent have beenexamined 214 warren, l e. Iodin ointment, am j pharm , august, 1917, p 339 it would seem further that iodex is misbranded under the sherleyamendment in that it is said that it “may be used externally withadvantage in all paper where the action of iodin is desired ” sinceit contains no iodin as such this cannot possibly be true it is alsostated in a circular accompanying the trade package that “thirtyminutes after inunction iodin can be found in the urine ” thisstatement has also been shown to be untrue -- annual reports a m a chem lab , 1915, p 89 details of analysisiodex -- this is a rather soft ointment, almost black but with adecided greenish cast in thin layers it is soluble in chloroformbut is only writingly saponified and dissolved by alcoholic potassiumhydroxid iodex has a distinct odor like oleic acid free iodin -- when examined by the method previously used215 onlyminute traces of free iodin were found 215 ibid , p 90 total iodin -- the methods employed were as follows.