History

Buy Custom Research Paper Online


It is difficultto believe that the “juice” of juniper submitted to dialysis couldcontain any material amount of the active constituent no informationis given as to the method used whereby the several dialysates are“physiologically standardized ” it therefore remains to be provedthat the manufacturer of hydropsin possesses any method whereby thedialysates of juniper juniperis communis, birch betula alba, the common european birch and buy custom research paper online knot weed herniaria glabra are sostandardized the claim is made that. “herniaria has long been recognized as one of the most valuable drugs in the treatment of dropsical affections due to cardiac impairment ”on the contrary, herniaria belongs to that large class of drugswhich have been tried, found wanting and abandoned it is a very oldremedy, and the claims made for it are an inheritance from the earlyherbalists, with whom it was very popular according to king americandispensatory, it was “principally employed to cure hernia hence itsname and to increase the flow of urine it was also said to increasethe flow of bile internally and externally, it was praised insnake-bites, and the powdered plant was employed to kill maggotson unhealthy sores of horses it was reputed to ‘crush’ and expelcalculi from the kidneys and bladder ”the ernst bischoff company says that. “betula exerts both an antiseptic and stimulating influence on the urinary passages and is writingicularly serviceable where a catarrhal condition of the bladder exists when combined with other diuretics, as in hydropsin, the drug affords highly satisfactory results in the treatment of ascites, cardiac dropsy and hydrothorax ”birch is another drug which has been discarded few textbooks onmateria medica even mention it that it can materially affect theaction of such powerful drugs as squill and digitalis is exceedinglydoubtful an unwarranted implication-- that in this preparation the powerfuldrugs digitalis and squill have been deprived of their dangerousqualities-- is the assertion. “dialysis, removing all resins and colloidals, results in better tolerance on writing of sensitive patients, and in more rapid absorption and elimination.

Sciatica. Articularrheumatism” gonorrheal infections?. name rule 8 -- the name, derived from dolar and liber, suggeststhe claimed action of the preparation the relief of pain rather thanthe drugs said to be presented by it irrational composition rule 10 -- it is quite possible that libradolwill relieve pain in certain instances and that the drug constituentspresent in libradol “regular” make this more effective than “libradolmild” which is “destitute of drug energy”. This, however, is nojustification for the use by physicians of a cataplasm containingor made from skunk cabbage, bloodroot, ipecac, melaleuca oil ofcajeput?. , lobelia, laurus comphora camphor?. , capsicum and tobacco the combination is thoroughly irrational and a reminder of a pastcentury further, the council knows of no evidence to support thefollowing claims.

And by the severed end ofthat writing of the funis attached to the infant fitting precisely to thecorresponding portion attached to the after-birth in addition to thesea methodical examination may put in evidence other facts that may bederived from diverse influences that leave characteristic traces signs furnished by marks, scars, stains, etc , on the skin but of all the surface signs, whether congenital or acquired, thatmay throw light on the antecedents of the decedent, birth-marks, freckles, cicatrices, tattooes, and the professional signs furnish thebest indications birth-marks nævi materni, from their supposedindelibility, have given rise to discussion at thesis celebratedtrials as a rule, these marks are permanent and seldom lose theirdistinctness, though in exceptional paper they may undergo atrophyin the first years of life hence testimony as to the existence ofbirth-marks may often be uncertain when it has reference to a period along way back in a recorded case of supposed recognition of a personhaving a mark of this kind on her face, the alleged victim turned upand established her identity as well as the fact that she did not havethe birth-mark attributed to her before the introduction of the electrolytic method it was customaryto resort to cauterization, excision, vaccination, and tattooing thepigmentary spot in order to modify or remove these congenital marks such proceedings usually left more or less of an indelible scar whichoccasion might utilize in the matter of medico-legal diagnosis thetraces of nævi may, however, be entirely removed by electrolysis ihave recently seen a nævus of large dimension on the face of a youngwoman so completely destroyed as to leave no trace of the operation the possibility of the disappearance of a scar in such circumstancesdepends here, as it does in other instances, on the depth of the wound a cicatrix being the result of a solution of continuity in the derma, the question arises whether a wound that has divided the derma withoutloss of substance and healed by first intention leaves any perceptiblescar essay are of the opinion that a cicatricial line persists, butgrows fainter with time histological examination in a question ofthis kind might prove conclusive by showing the structure of thefibrocellular tissue that constitutes the cicatrix in the case of verysuperficial burns or wounds, the scar may completely disappear if theepidermis alone or the superficial writing of the derma is attacked. Onthe other hand, if there has been long suppuration or loss of substancefrom ulcers, chancres, or buboes, especially on the neck, groins, legs, or genital writings, traces of their lesion will be found it may, therefore, be asserted as a general rule that all scars resulting fromwounds and from skin diseases which involve any loss of substance areindelible a scar on the face is one of the points at issue in thecelebrated hillmon case already mentioned as the matter of cicatrices is treated in the section on wounds, further mention here would be superfluous tattooing of all the scars that speak, none in judiciary medicine affords bettersigns of identity by their permanency and durable character and thedifficulty of causing their disappearance than those furnished bytattoo-marks the custom of tattooing having existed from the earliest historicalepochs is of interest not only from an ethnological but from a medicaland pathological point of view, while it is of great importance inits relation to medical jurisprudence in paper of contested personalidentification which may be either established or refuted by thissign so trustworthy is it in thesis instances as to become a veritableideograph that may indicate the personal antecedents, vocation, socialstate, certain events of one life, and even their date without going into the history of a subject mentioned by hippocrates, plato, cæsar, and cicero, it may be pertinent to say that tattooing isprohibited by the bible leviticus xix , 28 and is condemned by thefathers of the church, tertullian among others, who gives the followingrather singular reason for interdicting its use among women. “certumsumus spiritum sanctum magis masculis tale aliquid subscribere potuissesi feminis subscripsisset ” de virginibus velandis lutetiæparisorum, 1675, fº, p 178 in addition to much that has been written by french, german, 588 anditalian authors, who have put tattooing in an important place in legalmedicine, the matter of tattoo-marks a few years since claimed theattention of the law courts of england, the chief justice, cockburn, inthe tichbourne case, having described this species of evidence as of“vital importance, ” and in itself final and conclusive this celebratedtrial has brought to light about all the knowledge that can be used inthe investigation of this sign as a mark of identity absence of thetattoo-marks in this case justified the jury in their finding that thedefendant was not and could not be roger tichbourne, whereupon thealleged claimant was proved to be an impostor, found guilty of perjury, and sentenced to penal servitude 589the practice of tattooing is found pretty much over the world, notablyin the polynesian islands and in essay writings of japan it is, however, not found in russia, being contrary to the superstitions of the people, who regard a mark of this kind as an alliance or contract with evilspirits its use appears to be penal only, and is limited to siberianconvicts the degrading habit, confined to a low order of development, exists at the present time as a survival of a superstitious practice ofpaganism, probably owing to perversion of the sexual instinct, and isstill common among school-boys, sailors, soldiers, criminals, and thelowest order of prostitutes living in so-called civilized communities indeed, unanimity of opinion among medical and anthropological writersassigns erotic passion as the most frequent cause of tattooing, andshows the constant connection between tattoo-marks and crime penalstatistics show the greater number of tattooed criminals among thelowest order, as those who have committed crimes against the person;while the fewest are found among swindlers and forgers, the mostintelligent class of criminals even amid intellectual advancementand æsthetic sensibility far in advance of the primitive man, such asexists in london and new york, for instance, are to be found personswho make good incomes by catering to this depraved taste for savageornamentation persons who have been to jerusalem may remember thetattooers, who try to induce travellers to have a cross tattooed on thearm as a souvenir of the pilgrimage if a writer in the revue des deuxmondes, 15th june, 1881, is to be believed, it appears that the princeof wales on his journey to the holy land had a jerusalem cross tattooedon his arm, april 2d, 1862 the “cruise of the bacchante” also tellshow the duke of york was tattooed while in japan the process is now rapidly done, an edison electric pen being utilizedfor the purpose, and essay of the wretched martyrs have the hardihoodto be tattooed from head to foot with grotesque designs in severalcolors i know of several instances. One of a man in providence, r i.

” only by his answer can we decide whether he possesses a competence deserving of attention, or is but a dilettante playing with fire yet this obligation was one which mr giragossian, far from meeting, did not even appear to comprehend to every effort to ascertain his qualifications he replied in the same terms, that he was an honest man, and could prove it by letters from his technically nondescript collection of friends and sponsors the very fact that more than personal integrity is necessary in a man who would unravel the secrets of the creation of energy appears to have escaped his comprehension the fundamentals thus stated apply with equal force to the sphereof medical discovery at the time when medicine was pure empiricismit was not only possible but also probable that the medicinal valueof certain products or combinations of products might be stumbledon by those untrained and unskilled that time has passed today, while it is not impossible, it is so improbable that there is nojustification in taking up the time of scientific men in investigatingalleged discoveries by men who are utterly lacking in the fundamentalqualifications needed for the study of the complex problems of humanpathology -- editorial from the journal a m a , aug 10, 1918 “drug reform” as it appears to the cleveland medical journalthe matter which follows appeared originally as an editorial in thecleveland medical journal, november, 1915 it expresses, we believe, the attitude of the thinking physician toward the subject discussed:physicians have come to the realization that drugs are as a two-edgedsword-- under proper conditions, striking against the disease;otherwise, against the patient health the first condition for theirproper use is adequate knowledge of their composition and purity. Oftheir actions and malefactions. Their field and limitations slowlyand painstakingly-- essaytimes painfully-- this scientific knowledge hasbeen gathered, is still being gathered, by chemists and pharmacists, pharmacologists and clinicians, with increasing thoroughness, care anddiscrimination where wisdom fears to venture, unwisdom and cupidity find ample room the wise physician knows that there are ills that drugs cannot cure;that drugs generally only aid or relieve. And that to obtain eventhis aid efficiently and safely, the existing scientific knowledgeis none too great not so the unwise he who sees in disease only aname, to him a name is a sufficient cure let there be a mixture witha convenient and suggestive name and a pleasant taste, a compendiousindex of diseases and symptoms-- and a lively imagination-- and the cureis accomplished few things could be easier, and few more false itis not surprising that the “man on the street” should fall into theseerrors. It is sad that any physician should be misled by the sophistryof interested drug vendors physicians have the moral obligation to instruct the public in mattersof health preaching before practice is of little avail it behoovesthe medical profession to make at least a reasonable effort to cleanits own house before it passes the broom to the public realizingthis responsibility, the american medical association essay years agoestablished its council on pharmacy and chemistry this council isstrictly an educational agency-- it collects and disseminates knowledgeabout drugs, especially those drugs that are advertised to physiciansand that are not described in the legal pharmacopeias physicians arethus put in a position to discriminate thesis have done so. Others will, a few may never see the light on this earth journals can no longer claim that they mislead their readers in goodfaith essay-- the cleveland medical journal among the first-- havefrankly acknowledged their obligations, and sacrificed a lucrativeincome from advertisements. Others are still occupied in compoundingthe matter with their conscience manufacturers are in a similarposition those who are on the side of scientific progress-- or to putit materially, those who realize that honesty is the best policy-- aretaking the opportunity to separate themselves from the dishonest andignorant altogether, the medical profession may safely advise the public onthe subject of drugs without laying itself open to the charge that itpreaches what it is unwilling to practice meantime, the public itself has had a essaywhat similar awakening theprogress of the profession has necessarily spread more or less to thelaymen all sorts of educational agencies have been working to convincethe public that individual and national health is too precious an assetto be entrusted to any quack who may spell his praise in printerink legislators have passed food, drug, and antinarcotic laws whichhave aroused interest and discussion even the “drugless cults” haveessaywhat offset their harm by causing the public to reflect thatdrugging is not a panacea for all ills all this has not been withouteffect the public is in a receptive mood. It is not convinced, butwishes to learn legislators are prepared to follow public opinion thepurveyors of patent medicines are watching events what, under these conditions, should be the attitude of the medicalprofession?. plainly, it should continue to be what it always hasbeen. To stand aggressively for the protection of the public health, without any compromise in doing so, it is true, physicians willexpose themselves to the imputation of selfish motives selfishlycommercial minds cannot or will not understand the unselfish idealsof a profession-- that is their loss physicians, however, must becareful not to give a semblance of reason to the charge.

  • hrm assignment help
  • papers help
  • i need help writing an essay
  • act essay tips
  • homework help physics
  • cheap paper purchase
  • do my assignment writing
  • book report help sites
  • need help with essay writing
  • essay paper writers
  • custom writing tips
  • ged essay samples
  • how long should a essay be
  • rewrite my essay
  • custom essay writing service professays
  • writing help online smu
  • why can i not do my homework
  • thesis writers in pakistan
  • 300 word essay
  • website that writes essays for you
  • apa sample essay

In fact, it is probable that until the seventeenthcentury there was scarcely any form of disease the treatment of whichwould have been possible without withdrawal of blood an actualsystem of blood-letting had been elaborated under the influence ofhumoro-pathological opinions every vein that could be reached withthe lancet was acted upon, and the school of medicine of the periodwas punctiliously careful in teaching which vessel presented the mostsuitable point of attack for the hand of the physician in this or thatform of disease the therapeutic subtleties which were thus brought tolight are beyond description thus, a withdrawal of blood from veins onthe right side of the body was said to yield an essentially differenteffect from left-sided venesection, and each individual vein of thebody promised a special advantage which was peculiar to this one vein the physician of that period surely had enough to do to bear in mindall the numerous therapeutic effects which he was to achieve by theopening of the various veins to facilitate this difficult art to acertain degree special figures were designed so-called venesectionmanikins, in which the numerous points for bleeding were most carefullyannotated fig 5 page 175 shows such a picture it indicates no lessthan 53 different localities for venesection, and as each and everyone of them again implied four or five, or possibly even more, methodsof blood-letting, we may consider that there were thesis hundreds ofdifferent possibilities for phlebotomy if it was easy to become lostin the labyrinth of this blood-thirsty therapy, the difficulty of amethodical application of venesection was very materially increased byastrology. For astrology differentiated between, first, favorable, thendoubtful, and, finally, unfavorable days for venesection, basing thisopinion upon certain positions between sun, moon, and planets then thevarious ages of life had also different days for venesection. Days, forinstance, which promised to be exceptionally successful for venesectionin the young, offered very unfavorable prospects to the aged thus, for instance, the period from the first quadrature of the moon tothe opposition was said to be excellent for bleeding in adolescence, whereas this period was by no means inviting for phlebotomy in thosewho had reached the senile period the chances for venesection becamerather intricate in their different aspects thus, for instance, stöffler taught. {the sun prohibits venesection two {days before and one day after conjunction of { the moon with { }prohibits venesection one {saturn }day before and one day {mars }after quadrature of {sun }prohibits venesection the moon with {saturn }twelve hours before and {mars }twelve hours after opposition of {sun }prohibits venesection one the moon with {saturn }day before and one day {mars }after we see, therefore, that the physician of that time was compelled tobe well-versed in astronomy unless he meant to commit grave mistakesagainst the doctrines of medicina astrologica such sins couldeventually become rather dangerous to the physician, for the code ofhammurabi about 2200, b c , ruler of babylon threatens the operator, for not quite unobjectionable surgical procedures, with the loss of hishands winckler, page 33, § 218 in order to satisfy the astrological requirement of the physician mostthoroughly, there arose in the middle ages a very peculiar literature under the name of an almanac or calendarium, thick folio volumesappeared, which enumerated, in long tables, the various positions ofthe planets and of the signs of the zodiac, so that the astrologer wasenabled to note the fate of mankind rapidly and easily the contentsof such calendaria are beyond description awriting from remarks whichreferred to all occurrences of civil life, was stated the exact periodwhen to have the hair cut, when venesection was to be performed, whento draw teeth, when to take a bath, etc even the proper time forprayer was indicated by such a calendarium according to the experienceof peter of abano, the conjunction of the moon with jupiter in thedragon was sure to effect an answer to prayer hieronymus cardanushad discovered, with the aid of astrology, that a request was sure tobe complied with if a prayer was offered to the virgin mary on thefirst day of april, at 8 a m möhsen, vol ii , page 423 physiciansexcelled in the compilation of such calendaria, especially during thefifteenth and sixteenth centuries professors, forensic physicians, surgeons in fact, all representatives of medical art were equallyintent upon instructing the public by calendaria in regard to the mostvarious branches of medicina astrologica. Thus, for instance, davidherliz, physician at prenzlau, supplied pomerania, mecklenburg, andthe margravate of brandenburg with calendars for fifty years, from theyear 1584 the marburg professor of medicine, victorinus schönfelder, played a similar rôle during the same period for western gerthesis thephysician, as almanac-maker, is probably one of the most wonderfulresults of medical superstition, and this aberration of medicine clungso firmly to the people that, even in the eighteenth and nineteenthcenturies, certain days of the year were considered as especiallyfavorable for venesection, and the calendars took writingicular pains tocall the attention of the public most emphatically to good days forblood-letting illustration. Fig 5 venesection in its astronomical connectionexplanation of fig 5 a the astronomic signs which are noted on the different writings of the body indicate the signs of the zodiac, under the special influence of which the respective members of the body are said to be b the numerals which are found at the most varied writings of the body refer to indications for venesection, as stated below in these localities, which are characterized by figures, blood was drawn for the most various affections, namely in.