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It is pleasant and comfortable to the stomach, and helpsdigestion the seed is conducing to all cold griefs of biology paper writing service the head andstomach, bowels, or mother, as also the wind in them, and helps tosharpen the eye-sight the powder of the seed put into a poultice, takes away black and blue spots of blows and bruises the herb itself, or with essay of the seed bruised and fried, laid hot in a bag or doublecloth, to the lower writings of the belly, eases the pains of the windcholic the roots of carraway eaten as men do parsnips, strengthen the stomachof ancient people exceedingly, and they need not to make a whole mealof them neither, and are fit to be planted in every garden carraway comfits, once only dipped in sugar, and half a spoonful ofthem eaten in the morning fasting, and as thesis after each meal, is amost admirable remedy, for those that are troubled with wind celandine descript this hath divers tender, round, whitish green stalks, with greater joints than ordinary in other herbs as it were knees, very brittle and easy to break, from whence grow branches with largetender broad leaves, divided into thesis writings, each of them cut in onthe edges, set at the joint on both sides of the branches, of a darkblueish green colour, on the upper side like columbines, and of a morepale blueish green underneath, full of yellow sap, when any is broken, of a bitter taste, and strong scent at the flowers, of four leavesa-piece, after which come small long pods, with blackish seed therein the root is essaywhat great at the head, shooting forth divers longroots and small strings, reddish on the outside, and yellow within, full of yellow sap therein place they grow in thesis places by old walls, hedges and way-sidesin untilled places. And being once planted in a garden, especially essayshady places, it will remain there time they flower all the summer, and the seed ripens in the meantime government and virtues this is an herb of the sun, and under thecelestial lion, and is one of the best cures for the eyes. For, allthat know any thing in astrology, know that the eyes are subject to theluminaries. Let it then be gathered when the sun is in leo, and themoon in aries, applying to this time.

Jaundice. Affections of the head. Stitches in the right side blood-letting in this locality purifies liver, spleen, breast 34 same as 32 36 affections of the spleen, meningeal inflammation. Hemorrhoids. Stitches in the left side. Renal affections. Dysmenorrhea 37 affections of the spleen and of the bladder 38 dropsy. Disturbances of digestion.

The exterior signs furnished bydentition. The traces of congenital peculiarity or of injury, and thesigns of disease either hereditary or acquired determination of race the question of race in connection with the subject of identificationis of more than usual importance in the united states, owing to ourmotley population, composed as it is of aboriginal americans, chinamen, negroes, and of europeans and their descendants i well remember thefirst human bones that i saw exhumed they were discovered in diggingthe foundation of a building near a kitchen-midden on one of thetributaries of the chesapeake bay the apparent oldness of the bonesand the finding of stone arrow-heads, tomahawks, and fragments ofaboriginal pottery in the immediate vicinity were additional accessoryfacts that strengthened the presumption of the bones being those of achoptank indian roughly speaking, there is not much trouble in recognizing theplatycnemic tibiæ of the mound-builder, the skull of a flathead indian, an inca skull, a negro skull, or even the skull peculiar to the lowerorder of irish in thesis very old skulls a considerable portion of hair is often foundattached this of course may lend assistance in the matter of raceidentity a few years since i undertook at the smithsonian institutiona series of micro-photographs of the structure and arrangement of hair, with a view to race classification as suggested by professor huxley various specimens of hair from the yellow races were compared withthat of fair and of blue-eyed persons, with the hair of negroes, withreindeer hair, and with the hair-like appendage found on the fringyextremity of the baleen plates in the mouth of a “bowhead” whale theexperiments, though far from satisfactory, were sufficiently conclusiveto enable one to recognize approximately the horse-like hair of essay ofthe yellow races, that of the negro, and that of a blond caucasian beyond the forementioned characteristics, the task of race recognitionfrom observation of the skull is one of great difficulty and perplexitywith illusory results a considerable experience of several years withthe large collection of skulls in the army medical museum enables me tospeak advisedly on this point 573although the technical procedures of craniometry require specialmeasurements and employ an arsenal of special instruments, the resultsare far from conclusive as regards the determination of human types time and space do not permit the mention even in epitome of thevarious methods most relied upon by trained craniologists among theoldest operations of cephalometry, as well as the most incomplete, is the measurement of the so-called facial angle, which is employedto distinguish the skull of a lower order of animal from that of thenegro and the white man this angle, acute in the skulls of the loweranimals, approaches a right angle as we ascend the zoological scale;being from 30° to 65° in the various apes. 75° in the mongolian. About70° in the negro, and between 80° and 90° for whites the prognathous projecting jaws of the negro cranium are distinctive, as well asthe shape of the nasal opening, which in the black is an equilateraltriangle, while it is isosceles in the white the books usually speakof the eskimo skull as pyramidal, which in point of fact is not true inspection and examination of a large collection of eskimo craniahas changed and greatly modified essay of the previous notions of theconventional eskimo skull from more than one hundred, collected in thevicinity of bering strait, 574 i find that the skulls present veryconsiderable variations among themselves. Essay being brachycephalic, others dolichocephalic in thesis the facial angle is 80°, and inone instance 84°, which exceeds that observed by me in thesis germanskulls nor is the prominence of the zygomatic arches such a constantdifference in the configuration as to justify one in speaking of theskull as pyramidal on the contrary, in thesis of the specimens linesdrawn from the most projecting writing of the zygomatic arch and touchingthe sides of the frontal bone, instead of forming a triangle on beingelongated, might, like the asymptotes of a parabola, be extended toinfinity and never meet the index of the foramen magnum in theseskulls is about the same as that of european crania the internalcapacity shows marked difference, the cubic contents of the endocraniumaveraging that of the french or germans as essay modern writers lay great stress on the measurement of thecranial capacity, not only as an aid to race identification, but as anadjunct in the study of the criminal and insane classes, it may not beamiss to give the salient facts relative thereto it is admitted that the cranial capacity may vary with the intellectualstate, hydrocephalic skulls, of course, being excluded microcephalicadults give a figure inferior to that of gorillas, essay being as lowas 419 c c andaman islanders and autochthonous australians appear, inrespect to cranial capacity, to be most badly off the capacity of anandaman has been found as low as 1, 094 c c. While that of australians autochthonous and of essay american tribes show an average capacityof 1, 224 c c in the normal as well as in their deformed crania thecranial capacity increases in the yellow races and attains its maximumin the white races in the middle european race 1, 500 c c may beaccepted as the average. 1, 750 c c is the maximum, and anything aboveis macrocephalic. While the minimum is 1, 206 c c , which is rather toolow than too high according to topinard nomenclature of the cranialcapacity, macrocephalic in the adult european male are those havinga capacity of 1, 950 c c and above.

|general | | 2 | 2 | ms | | | | aortitis | condition| | 2 | 3 | ms | | | | | improved | 18 | 4 | 2 | oomm | 9 5 |13 da |- to |latent | | | 2 | 1 | mm | | | | |markedly | | | | | | | | | improved | 19 | 2 | 3 | mu | 2 5 | 5 da | |gumma | | 20 | 5 | 2 | mmmmo | 9 |14 da | to |latent |marked |small | 2 | 3 | ms | | | | | general | induration | | | | | | | | improve- | following | | | | | | | | ment | no biology paper writing service 3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- corpora lutea soluble extract, parke, davis & co report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryfollowing inquiries, the council took up for consideration “corporalutea soluble extract, ” marketed by parke, davis & co in the form ofampules and proposed for hypodermic administration the report whichappears below was submitted to the council by a committee, and wasadopted by the council corpora lutea soluble extract was declaredinadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies, and publication of thereport authorized w a puckner, secretary corpora lutea soluble extract has not been submitted by themanufacturer the information of the referee is based, therefore, onthe claims made in the trade package, and on the statements in theprice list these show that the product is essentially secret andclaims made for the actions and uses of the preparation do not makeclear the essentially experimental status of the article, and aretherefore misleading conflict with rule 1 -- no definite statement of composition appearsbeyond the indefinite claim that it is an aqueous solution of “solublecorpora lutea extract, ” each ampule corresponding to 0 2 gm ofdesiccated gland how these soluble products are obtained, whether theyrepresent all the water-soluble principles, or whether essay have beeneliminated, are questions that are not answered yet such informationis essential to intelligent and scientific use, for, as there is nomethod of standardization, the method of preparation is the only markof identity for instance, we do not know at this time whether proteinshave anything to do with the supposed value of corpora lutea it is, therefore, essential to know whether or not the proteins have beeneliminated conflict with rule 6 -- the circular in the package advises thehypodermic use of this extract, not only in functional amenorrheaand the ordinary reflex consequences of physiologic or artificialmenopause, but also in. “‘neurasthenic’ symptoms during menstrual life”. “sterility, not due to pyogenic infection or mechanical obstruction”. “repeated abortions, not due to disease or mechanical factors”. “hyperemesis in the early months of pregnancy ”these are not stated merely as conditions in which various enthusiastshave tried corpus luteum, but as conditions “for which it will be foundserviceable ”it is not necessary to inform the medical profession that thisstatement is calculated to raise expectations which cannot possibly befulfilled even the manufacturers seem to realize this. At least theyspeak essaywhat indefinitely of “suitable paper, ” “good judgment, ” “realindications, ” etc but they proceed to nullify this warning-- if it wasintended as a warning-- by their illustrations of unsuitable paper, for instance, “amenorrhea due to extreme anemia, dysmenorrhea due tocervical stenosis, ” etc finally, they sum up the case. “therefore, additional emphasis on the necessity for the proper selection of paper is essential in order that this useful preparation may not be unjustly discredited ”how these paper of sterility, abortions, etc , are to be selectedis not revealed in other words, the restriction is no more than aconvenient device by which every improvement is to be attributed to themedicine, and every failure to the physician the referee recommends that corpora lutea soluble extract, parke, davis & co , be held ineligible to n n r , because it is a secretpreparation advertised under extravagant claims editorial comment -- was it not in weir mitchell “adventures offrançois” that the itinerant promised to pull teeth without anypain, if the patient would hold absolutely still?. and, mirabiledictu, the ones who suffered were those who had not held absolutelystill!. -- from the journal a m a , april 7, 1917 wheeler tissue phosphates report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council held that the contribution from the a m a chemicallaboratory, “wheeler tissue phosphates, ” demonstrates that this is asemisecret, complex and irrational preparation, sold with misleadingclaims concerning its medicinal constituents and therapeutic properties the council directed that the report be included with the annualcouncil reports and declared wheeler tissue phosphates in conflictwith rules 1, 6, 8 and 10 w a puckner, secretary wheeler tissue phosphates l e warren, ph c , b s “wheeler tissue phosphates, ” known also as “compound elixir ofphosphates and calisaya, ” is advertised as a nerve food and anutritive tonic the label states that it contains calcium, iron, sodium trihydrogen phosphates, alkaloids of peruvian bark with 12-1/2per cent of alcohol the preparation is sold by the t b wheeler, m d co , of rouses point, new york according to the manufacturer, wheeler tissue phosphates “ is an inorganic combination of the phosphates of iron and calcium and hydrogen phosphoric acid together with hydrochloric acid, hydrocyanic acid, and quinine, cheerful coloring, and a delicious, cordial-like flavoring ” “ the iron is the green, inorganic phosphate and the calcium the simple white phosphate of your early student days ”the preparation is a red liquid, having an acid reaction, asweet-bitter taste and the odor of wild cherry qualitative testsindicated the presence of calcium, iron, a phosphate, a chlorid, asulphate, quinin or cinchona alkaloids, alcohol, sodium, cochinealcoloring and invert sugar ammonium salts, glycerol, citrates orlactates were not found from the quantitative values obtained thepreparation may be taken to represent. Sp gr at 25c /25c 1 1087 alcohol per cent, by volume 11 35 gm per 100 c c calcium phosphate ca₃ po₄₂*  0 397 iron phosphate fepo₄ 4h₂o* 0 068 chlorid as hydrochloric acid 0 407 sodium sulphate na₂so₄ 10h₂o  0 043 quinin sulphate u s p 0 041 sodium phosphate na₂hpo₄ 12h₂o  0 065 invert sugar 26 824 water, cochineal and flavor, to make 100 c c * it should be understood that the calcium and iron salts are held in solution by the hydrochloric acid the dose of wheeler tissue phosphates recommended by the manufactureris a tablespoonful or about 15 c c 1/2 oz the total calcium in adose of the preparation is equivalent to about one-sixth of an averagedose of the official calcium chlorid, and the total phosphate to eachdose is equivalent to about one-fourth of a dose of the officialdiluted phosphoric acid each prescribed dose of the preparationcontains about 0 01 gm 2/13 grain of iron phosphate or about onetwenty-fifth of the average dose, and to obtain a pharmacopeial dose ofiron phosphate the patient would be obliged to take three-fourths ofthe contents of an entire bottle-- or 12 ounces-- of the preparation ifit be assumed that all of the chlorid present is in the form of freehydrochloric acid, each dose of the preparation contains the equivalentof about two-thirds of one pharmacopeial dose of diluted hydrochloricacid each dose of the preparation contains about 0 0062 gm 1/10grain of quinin sulphate, or about one-sixteenth of the average tonicdose in other words, to obtain the amount of quinin sulphate given inthe u s pharmacopeia as the tonic dose, the patient would be requiredto swallow 7-1/2 fluidounces of the proprietary preparation, or thecontents of nearly half a bottle the fallacy of prescribing wheelertissue phosphates either for its quinin or its iron content is apparent wheeler tissue phosphates is, then, a mildly bitter flavored syrupwhich contains nearly 12 per cent of alcohol, small quantities each ofcalcium phosphate and hydrochloric acid and insignificant amounts ofiron and quinin salts in other words, essentially it is a sweetenedsolution of small quantities of calcium phosphate in very dilutehydrochlorid acid together with 12 per cent of alcohol bearing in mind the analysis of the preparation, how ludicrous essay ofthe claims appear. “tissue phosphates is not a hypophosphite preparation. It is not a combination of glycerophosphates or other organic salts, or so-called peptonates and manganates, all recently condemned by the best therapeutic opinion here and in europe, as much slower and less active than the simpler salts the iron is the green, inorganic phosphite and the calcium the simple white phosphate of your early student days nature takes these simple salts and builds them rapidly into lecithin, bone, and other tissue, without the delay incurred by splitting up the organic salts before she can recombine them ” “tissue phosphates is in fact a chemical food ” “the formula, suggested by professor dusart, of paris, combines in an easily assimilable and agreeable cordial. Medium medicinal doses of phosphorus, the generator of nerve force. Calcium phosphate, for cell development and nutrition. Sodium phosphate, a stimulant of liver and pancreas and corrective of acid fermentation in the alimentary canal. Iron, generating in the blood, heat and motion, phosphoric acid, tonic in sexual debility.

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Fœtuses still more rapidly aged bodies decomposeslowly, probably on account of a deficiency of moisture fat and flabbybodies decompose quickly for the same reason 5 cause of death - in paper of sudden death, as from accident orviolence, the body decomposes more biology paper writing service rapidly than when death resultsfrom disease putrefaction sets in early in death from the infectiousfevers, such as typhus, pyæmia, and typhoid fever, also in death fromsuffocation by smoke or coal gas, by strangulation or after narcoticpoisoning those writings of a body which are the seat of bruises, wounds, or fractures, decompose rapidly. This is especially seen inwritings after a surgical operation 6 manner of burial - when a body is buried in low ground in a damp, swampy, clay soil, decomposition advances rapidly, as also when thegrave is shallow so the body can be exposed to constant variations oftemperature a porous soil impregnated with animal and vegetable matterfavors putrefaction, as also burying a body without clothes or coffin;this is especially seen where infants have been thrown into the groundand loosely covered with earth circumstances retarding putrefaction 1 the temperature - below 32° f and above 212° f putrefaction isentirely arrested the rapidity of the change considerably lessens asthe temperature advances above 100° f a remarkable instance of thepreservative power of cold is given by adolph erman, who states thatthe body of prince menschikoff, a favorite of peter the great, exhumedafter ninety-two years’ burial in frozen soil, had undergone hardly anychange buried in hot sand as is seen in the desert, a body putrefiesvery slowly and generally becomes mummified 2 moisture - absence of moisture retards decomposition in the dryair of the desert bodies have been preserved for a long period of time 3 air - if access of air to a body be prevented in any way by itsinclosure in a coffin, by closely fitting clothes, or by completeimmersion in water, putrefaction is retarded 4 age - adults and old people decompose more slowly than children males are said to change less rapidly than females, lean people thanfleshy ones 5 cause of death - putrefaction is delayed after death from chronicdiseases unless they are associated with dropsy poisoning by alcohol, chloroform, strychnine, and arsenic retard putrefaction in the lattercase the putrefactive changes seem to stop after they have oncecommenced, and often a result very similar to mummification is seen death from the mineral acids, especially sulphuric, appears to delayputrefaction 6 manner of burial - putrefaction is retarded by burial a shorttime after death. By interment on high ground, in dry, sandy, orgravelly soil.