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Was the low free iodin content due to intentional fraud, the result of carelessness, or of ignorance?. was it impossible toprepare a solution containing 5 per cent , or did the iodin slowlycombine with the oil and disappear?. 216 reports a m a chemical laboratory, 1915, p 106. Ibid , 1917, p 87 several years ago the a m a chemical laboratory217 conducted essayexperiments on the solubility of iodin in liquid petrolatum, whichindicated that a saturated solution would contain about 1 4 per cent these experiments did not show conclusively that no iodin was absorbedby the petrolatum during the process of solution for this reason, further experiments were conducted with the view of determining boththe solubility in and the extent to which iodin is absorbed disappearsas free iodin, if at all, by liquid petrolatums of various kinds theoretically such hydrocarbons should not absorb iodin the results ofthese experiments are here given 217 ibid , 1917, p 87 a sample of iodin was prepared by sublimation from a mixture withpotassium iodid this sample when dried over sulphuric acid assayed99 98 per cent of iodin portions of this sample were used in allof the subsequent experiments to prepare solutions of definiteconcentrations, in all paper expressed as percentage by weight, anaccurately weighed quantity of iodin was placed in a glass-stopperedbottle and an accurately weighed quantity of liquid petrolatum added the mixture was subjected to treatment as indicated in the variousexperiments and from the weights of iodin and petrolatum used thepercentage of iodin was calculated the method of assay employed was as follows. A weighed quantity ofthe iodin solution was transferred to a bottle or flask by means ofseveral small amounts of chloroform, about 50 c c in all to thiswas added about 25 c c of potassium iodid solution the mixture wasthen titrated with tenth-normal sodium thiosulphate until on thoroughshaking no iodin passed into the aqueous layer to 2 1248 gm of iodin was added 199 3 gm of liquid petrolatum the mixture was shaken frequently each day and after forty daysthere seemed to be still a few writingicles of iodin undissolved thesupernatant solution was assayed, however, and found to contain 1 038per cent of iodin the iodin added was 1 055 per cent six monthslater 1 025 per cent of iodin was found to 5 1832 gm of iodin was added 199 5 gm of liquid petrolatum themixture was heated to 100 c for four hours with frequent shaking the iodin was in perfect solution the per cent of iodin would thenbe 4 95 upon cooling, iodin in abundance crystallized out afterstanding a few hours, with frequent shaking, the iodin in solution wasdetermined this was found to be 1 425 per cent these two experiments indicate. First, that the previous findings ofthe a m a chemical laboratory are correct in that only about 1 4per cent of free iodin is retained in solution in liquid petrolatumat room temperature second, that the quantity of iodin absorbed byliquid petrolatum at room temperature, in seven months at least, ispractically none third, that iodin dissolves rather slowly in liquidpetrolatum at room temperature in the experiments, the results of which are tabulated below, the iodinand liquid petrolatum were heated at 100 c for about four hours, shaking frequently to hasten solution after cooling, the specimenswere assayed and were again assayed at intervals as indicated in thetable date of per per kind of manufac- weight per per cent cent liquid ture and ┌─────┴─────┐ cent cent iodin iodin† petrolatum first iodin petrolatum iodin iodin nov 17, nov 19, used assay used found 1918 1919 stanolind 10/17/18 2 089 188 4 1 096 1 085 1 068 1 067 squibb 10/14/18 1 9569 186 78 1 0306 1 0232 1 013 1 009 unknown, bulk* 10/28/18 1 9497 158 2 1 225 1 133 1 075 1 095 parke, davis 10/24/18 2 0869 167 43 1 241 1 2488 1 191 1 180 & co * considerable dark sediment formed in this sample during the heating process † it should be pointed out here that while every sample showed essay absorption, the amount, with the exception of the unknown bulk, is so small that it might even be accounted for on the basis of “experimental error ” every ordinary precaution was taken to insure accuracy, but since about 15 gm of the solution was used for each determination, it is seen that an error of 0 3 c c in the titration would indicate a greater absorption of iodin than that noted conclusions.

That the diploma was procuredin the regular course of medical instruction and without fraud ormisrepresentation of any kind, and that the medical institutiongranting it had, at the time of granting the same, a full corps ofmedical instructors, and was at said time a legally incorporatedinstitution, actually and in good faith engaged in the business ofmedical education, and in good standing as a medical institution, andthat the applicant had complied with all the requirements of saidinstitution the affidavit may be taken before any person authorizedto administer oaths, and must be attested under the hand and officialseal of the officer, if he have a seal the board may hear such furthertestimony as they deem proper to hear as to the verification of thediploma or the identity of the person, or the manner in which thediploma was procured, and if it appears that any fact stated in theaffidavit is untrue, the application is rejected no board entertainsan application rejected by another. A rejected application cannot berenewed for at least one year 4, as amended by act 1877-78, c 918. No certificates are granted except to persons presentingdiplomas or licenses from legally chartered medical institutions ingood standing 5 certificates must be recorded in the county of residence and the recordindorsed thereon a person removing to another county to practise mustprocure an indorsement to that effect on his certificate from thecounty clerk, and must record the certificate in the county to which heremoves 6 the board refuses certificates to individuals guilty of unprofessionalconduct the applicant is given an opportunity to be heard, bycitation. The attendance of witnesses may be compelled by subpœna;witnesses may be examined at the hearing by either side, and eitherside may examine medical experts as to whether such conduct isunprofessional. If it appears to the satisfaction of the board thatthe applicant is guilty of the unprofessional conduct set out in thecitation, no certificate can be granted no application is refused forunprofessional conduct more than one year before the application ifthe holder of a certificate is guilty of unprofessional conduct, thecertificate must be revoked by board granting it. No revocation isvalid without similar proceedings to the foregoing 10 definition - any person is regarded as practising medicine whoprofesses publicly to be a physician, or habitually prescribes for thesick, or appends to his name “m d ”exceptions - the act does not prohibit gratuitous services in paper ofemergency. Nor apply to lawfully commissioned surgeons of the unitedstates army or navy practising their profession 11, asamended 1877-78, c 576 itinerant venders - a license of $100 a month is exacted from itinerantvenders of drugs, nostrums, ointments, or appliances for treatmentof disease, and from persons publicly professing to cure or treatdisease, injury, or deformity by any medicine, drug, or drugs, nostrum, manipulation, or other expedient act 1877-78, c 576, amending act1875-76, c 518, s 12 penalty - the penalty for violation of the act is a fine of from $50 to$500, or imprisonment in the county jail from 30 to 365 days, or both, for each and every offence filing or attempting to file the diploma orcertificate of another, or a forged affidavit of identification, is afelony, punishable the same as forgery 13. Act 1877-78, c 918, s 7 former practitioners - holders of certificates theretofore granted bythe board of examiners existing by the appointment of the californiastate medical society of homœopathic practitioners are excused by theact 1877-78, c 918, s 7, from obtaining new certificates rejected applicant - a certificate issued by one board to an applicantrejected by another within a year is null and void 9 fees - to secretary of board, for examining genuine diploma, $5 if diploma fraudulent or property of another, $20 act 1877-78, c 576, s 3. Amending act 1875-76, c 518, s 4 to county clerk, for recording certificate, usual recording fees act1875-76, c 518, s 6 colorado board of examiners - the state board of medical examiners is composedof nine practising physicians of known ability and integrity, graduatesof medical schools of undoubted respectability, six of the regularschool, two of the homœopathic, and one of the eclectic school orsystem, appointed by the governor mills’ “annotated statutes” 1891, s 3, 547 qualification - every person practising medicine must possess therequired qualifications if a graduate in medicine, he must presenthis diploma to the state board of medical examiners for verification, or furnish other evidence conclusive of his being a graduate of alegally chartered medical school in good standing the board issuesits certificate, and such diploma or evidence and certificate areconclusive if not a graduate of a legally chartered medical schoolin good standing, the person must present himself before the boardfor examination all persons who have made the practice of medicineand surgery their profession or business continuously for ten years, and can furnish satisfactory evidence thereof to the state medicalexaminers, shall receive a license to continue 3, 550 examinations of persons not graduates are made by the state board, wholly or writingly in writing, in anatomy, physiology, chemistry, pathology, surgery, obstetrics, and practice of medicine exclusive ofmateria medica and therapeutics 3, 553 the holder of a certificate should have it recorded in the office ofthe clerk of the county in which he resides, and the record indorsedthereon, and on removing to another county to practise should procurean indorsement to that effect on the certificate from the countyclerk, and record this certificate in the county to which he removes3, 554 the board may refuse certificates to persons convicted of conduct ofcriminal nature. And may revoke certificates for like cause s 3, 356 definition - professing publicly to be a physician and prescribe forthe sick, or attaching to name “m d , ” or “surgeon” or “doctor” in amedical sense, is regarded as practising medicine gratuitous servicesin case of emergency are not prohibited 3, 557 penalty - the penalty for violation of the act is a fine of from $50 to$300, or imprisonment in the county jail from ten days to thirty days, or fine and imprisonment for each offence.

Othersbut a year, as conserves of borage, bugloss, cowslips and the like 7 have a care of the working of essay conserves presently best persuasive essay topics after theyare made. Look to them once a day, and stir them about. Conserves ofborage, bugloss, wormwood, have got an excellent faculty at that sport 8 you may know when your conserves are almost spoiled by this. Youshall find a hard crust at top with little holes in it, as though wormshad been eating there chapter viii of preserves of preserves are sundry sorts, and the operation of all being essaywhatdifferent, we will handle them all awriting these are preserved withsugar. 1 flowers 2 fruits 3 roots 4 barks 1 flowers are very seldom preserved. I never saw any that i remember, save only cowslip flowers, and that was a great fashion in sussex wheni was a boy it is thus done, take a flat glass, we call them jatglasses.

If your body be costive, best persuasive essay topics use damask rose water, because itis loosening. If loose, use red, because it is binding white rose water is generally known to be excellent against hotrheums, and inflammations in the eyes, and for this it is better thanthe former the water of red poppy flowers, called by thesis corn-roses, becausethey grow so frequently amongst corn, cools the blood and spiritsover-heated by drinking or labour, and is therefore excellent insurfets green walnuts gathered about the latter end of june or july, and bruised, and so stilled, strengthen the heart, and resist thepestilence plantain water helps the headache. Being dropped into the ear ithelps the tooth-ache, helps the phthisicks, dropsy and fluxes, and isan admirable remedy for ulcers in the reins and bladder, to be used ascommon drink. The herb is in its prime in may strawberry water cools, quenches thirst, clarifies the blood, breaksthe stone, helps all inward inflammations, especially those in thereins, bladder and passages of the urine. It strengthens the liver andhelps the yellow jaundice the distilled water of dog grass, or couch grass, as essay call it, cleanses the reins gallantly, and provokes urine, opens obstructions ofthe liver and spleen, and kills worms black cherry water provokes urine, helps the dropsy it is usuallygiven in diseases of the brain, as convulsions, falling-sickness, palsyand apoplexy betony is in its prime in may, the distilled water thereof is verygood for such as are pained in their heads, it prevails against thedropsy and all sorts of fevers. It succours the liver and spleen, and helps want of digestion and evil disposition of the body thencearising. It hastens travail in women with child, and is excellentagainst the bitings of venomous beasts distil sage whilst the flowers be on it, the water strengthens thebrain, provokes the menses, helps nature much in all its actions marjoram is in its prime in june, distilled water is excellent forsuch whose brains are too cold, it provokes urine, heats the womb, provokes the menses, strengthens the memory and helps the judgment, causes an able brain distil camomel water about the beginning of june it eases thecholick and pains in the belly. It breaks the stone in the reins andbladder, provokes the menses, expels the dead child, and takes awaypains in the head fennel water strengthens the heart and brain.

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According to an editorial note appended to the report of the councilon neurosine, the dios chemical company consisted at that time 1915of j h chambers, his wife and two sons it appeared that chambersnever claimed to have any special knowledge of chemistry, pharmacy ormedicine, yet we find that he arrogated to himself or to his employeesthe right to offer therapeutic advice to the medical profession, andeven to direct them as to how they should prescribe a given mixture we essaytimes fail to see the forest because of the trees it may helpus to obtain a better perspective, in a problem that concerns usintimately, by resorting to a hypothetic case, if a close analogy ismaintained in order that we may see ourselves as others see us insuch a situation, let us consider the following imaginary case. Youbecome involved in a lawsuit in which an effort is made to deprive youof your property and your liberty you seek what you had reason tobelieve was competent legal advice. But, nevertheless, you lose yourcase and find yourself deprived of your property and your liberty nowlet us suppose further that you discover, when too late to permit youto correct your mistake, that your legal adviser we can hardly callsuch a man a lawyer had been acting all along under the guidance of aplumber who made no pretense of knowing anything about law how wouldyou feel regarding that pretended lawyer?. would you feel that you hadbeen treated fairly?. would you feel disposed to speak with all charityof him, to recommend him to those in need of legal advice?. You would probably feel toward such a lawyer as patients must feeltoward physicians who prescribe proprietary nostrums based oninformation and advice offered by those who, though without any specialknowledge of chemistry, pharmacy or medicine, will be benefitedfinancially if their information and advice are accepted and actedon -- from the journal a m a , april 27, 1918 anasarcin advertisingi i see index for other articles on anasarcin to the editor:-- as an old fellow of the a m a i beg to presentthe following facts to you, and to ask if anything can be done by youto expose the methods of these people. A concern calling itself “theanasarcin chem co ” of winchester, tenn , has caused to be sent tophysicians a chart on the subject of “diagnostics of renal diseases ”this chart contains eighteen plates, which were all taken withoutknowledge or permission of either myself or my publishers, williamwood & co , from the third edition of my book on “urinary analysisand diagnosis ” the plates are writingly composite plates, but mostlyportions of plates, exactly reproduced from my book i at once causedmy publishers to write to the anasarcin company. And a few days ago ireceived a letter from a dr h elliott bates of 118 east twenty-eighthstreet, new york, whose letterhead says, “medical advertising ” in thisletter the writer says that it was he who suggested the sending of sucha chart, and admits that all the plates were taken from my book inthis letter he offers to have a letter sent to every physician of thecountry “in which it is explicitly stated that the cuts on the chartwere taken from your book, and that complete information regardingthe matters treated on the chart can be found in your book ” in otherwords he offers to advertise my book free of cost to me, so that ishould take no further steps in the matter i consider this entirematter an outrage, and thought it best to write to you for advice, since my publishers seem to think that in spite of the violation of thecopyright nothing can be done besides the cuts, essay of the text on the chart is bodily taken frommy book, while essay of the other text, not taken from my book, butapparently compiled from different articles, is in writing entirely wrong, so much so that i must be ashamed of its being associated with any ofmy own work by giving this letter your early consideration, and advising me whatyou think it best for me to do, you would greatly oblige louis heitzman, m d , new york comment -- readers of the journal are, of course, familiar with thearticles246 that have been published on “anasarcin, ” the “dropsycure”!. knowing the standard of ethics that the anasarcin concern adoptsin the exploitation of its ridiculous squill mixture, our readerswill not be surprised at the standard of commercial ethics whichwould justify the appropriation of copyrighted scientific materialfor nostrum advertising purposes the statement of dr heitzmannpublishers that “in spite of a violation of copyright nothing can bedone” is, of course, incorrect essaything can be done by those whohold the copyright -- ed -- from the journal a m a , oct 18, 1919 246 j a m a 46:288 jan 27 1906. Ibid 48:1535 may 4 1907;ibid 48:1614 may 11 1907, and ibid 49:1992 dec 8 1917 antimeristem-schmidtessay, possibly thesis, of our readers have received a letter fromcologne, gerthesis, from the “bakteriologisch-chemisches laboratoriumwolfgang schmidt ” the letter contains a circular directing theattention of american physicians to “antimeristem-schmidt ” it alsocontains essay advertising leaflets one physician in sending thismaterial to the journal writes. “a copy of the enclosed circulars has been sent to thesis of the physicians in this city, and probably elsewhere perhaps it has already been called to your attention let us be as liberal as possible with our recent enemies the sooner the old channels of scientific communication are re-opened, the better but let us not allow such blatant commercialism from a foreign country to go unprotested, any more than we should if it were from our own ”it should be noted in passing that the envelop in which the wolfgangschmidt letter came has on its face a rubber-stamped impress to theeffect. “concerns cancer treatment ” the circular letter declares thatby means of antimeristem-schmidt “either a cure or improvement has beeneffected in numerous inoperable paper” of malignant tumors americanphysicians are asked “to employ the preparation when occasion arises”and are assured that “every medical man in city or country will beable to carry out treatment without preliminary knowledge ” with theletter are two leaflets discussing the use and administration of theproduct.