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Argumentative Essay Thesis


Or advertisementsof medical business in which untruthful and improbable statements aremade. Or advertising any medicine or means whereby the monthly periodsof women can be regulated, or the menses re-established if suppressed;or the conviction of any offence involving moral turpitude. Or habitualintemperance 4 in case of a refusal or a revocation of a license, the board isrequired to file a brief and concise statement of the grounds andreasons thereof in the office of its secretary, which, with thedecision of the board in writing, shall remain of record in saidoffice before a license can be revoked for unprofessional ordishonorable conduct, a complaint of essay person under oath must befiled in the office of the secretary of the board, charging the actsof unprofessional or dishonorable conduct and the facts complainedagainst the accused in ordinary and concise language, and at least tendays prior to the hearing the board shall cause to be served upon theaccused a written notice and a copy of such complaint containing astatement of the time and place of the hearing the accused may appearat the hearing and defend in person or by counsel, and may have thesworn testimony of witnesses taken and present other evidence in hisbehalf, and the board may receive arguments of counsel 5 in case of refusal or revocation of a license by the board, there isa right of appeal within thirty days after the filing of the decreein the office of the secretary, to the superior court in and for thecounty in which was held the last general meeting of the board priorto the refusal of the license, in case of refusal. And to the superiorcourt in and for the county in which the hearing was had upon whichsuch license was revoked, in case of revocation the person desiringto appeal must serve or cause to be served on the said secretary awritten notice of appeal containing a statement of its grounds, andmust file in the said secretary office an appeal bond with a goodand sufficient surety to be approved by the secretary of the stateof washington, conditioned for the speedy prosecution of such appealand the payment of such costs as may be adjudicated against him uponsuch appeal said secretary must within ten days after service of saidnotice and filing, and the approval of the said appeal bond, transmitto the clerk of the court to which the appeal is taken a certifiedcopy, under the seal of the board, of the decision and the grounds, incase of refusal, and in addition a certified copy under said seal ofthe complaint, in the case of revocation, with the bond and notice ofappeal the clerk must thereupon docket such appeal causes and theystand for trial in all respects as ordinary civil actions, and likeproceedings are had thereon on appeal the cause is tried de novo either writingy may appeal from a judgment of the superior court to thesupreme court in like manner as in civil actions within sixty daysafter the rendition and entry of such judgment if the judgment be infavor of the writingy appealing from the decision of the board, and theexamining board does not appeal within sixty days, in that case at theend of sixty days the board shall immediately issue to the successfulwritingy the usual license, and in addition reinstate upon its recordsthe name of such successful applicant, in case of revocation in caseof appeal to the supreme court by the board, no such license shall beissued nor re-instatement required until the final determination of thecause in case the final decision of the supreme court be against theboard, then the said court shall make such order as may be necessaryand the board shall act accordingly no appeal bond can be required ofthe board, nor any costs adjudged or taxed against the same s 6 filing authority - the person receiving a license must file it, or acopy, with the county clerk of the county where he resides, and thecounty clerk is required to file said certificate or copy and entera memorandum thereof, giving its date and the name of the person towhom it was issued, and the date of filing, and on notice to him of achange of location or the death of a person licensed or of revocation, the county clerk is required to enter a memorandum of said fact atthe appropriate place in the record in case of removal into anothercounty, the person licensed must procure from the county clerk acertified copy of the said license, and file it with the county clerkof the county to which he shall remove, with like effect as an originallicense 7 penalty, definition - to practise medicine or surgery without a licenseor contrary to this chapter is a misdemeanor punishable with a fine offrom $50 to $100, or imprisonment in a county jail from ten to ninetydays, or both any person is regarded as practising who appends theletters “m d ” or “m b ” to his name, or for a fee prescribes, directs, or recommends for the use of any person any drug or medicine or agencyfor the treatment, care, or relief of any wound, fracture, or bodilyinjury, infirmity, or disease.

An oil made thereof by setting in the sun, withessay laudanum argumentative essay thesis added to it, provokes sweating the ridge of the backbeing anointed therewith, and thereby drives away the shaking fits ofthe ague it will not abide any long boiling, for it loseth its chiefstrength thereby. Nor much beating, for the finer powder provokesvomits and urine, and the coarser purgeth downwards the common use hereof is, to take the juice of five or seven leaves ina little drink to cause vomiting. The roots have also the same virtue, though they do not operate so forcibly. They are very effectual againstthe biting of serpents, and therefore are put as an ingredient bothinto mithridite and venice treacle the leaves and roots being boiledin lye, and the head often washed therewith while it is warm, comfortsthe head and brain that is ill affected by taking cold, and helps thememory i shall desire ignorant people to forbear the use of the leaves. Theroots purge more gently, and may prove beneficial to such as havecancers, or old putrified ulcers, or fistulas upon their bodies, totake a dram of them in powder in a quarter of a pint of white winein the morning the truth is, i fancy purging and vomiting medicinesas little as any man breathing doth, for they weaken nature, norshall ever advise them to be used, unless upon urgent necessity ifa physician be nature servant, it is his duty to strengthen hismistress as much as he can, and weaken her as little as may be asparagus, sparagus, or sperage descript it rises up at first with divers white and green scalyheads, very brittle or easy to break while they are young, whichafterwards rise up in very long and slender green stalks of the bignessof an ordinary riding wand, at the bottom of most, or bigger, orlesser, as the roots are of growth. On which are set divers branches ofgreen leaves shorter and smaller than fennel to the top. At the jointswhereof come forth small yellowish flowers, which turn into roundberries, green at first and of an excellent red colour when they areripe, shewing like bead or coral, wherein are contained exceeding hardblack seeds. The roots are dispersed from a spongeous head into thesislong, thick, and round strings, wherein is sucked much nourishment outof the ground, and increaseth plentifully thereby prickly asparagus, or sperage descript this grows usually in gardens, and essay of it growswild in appleton meadows in gloucestershire, where the poor peoplegather the buds of young shoots, and sell them cheaper that our gardenasparagus is sold in london time for the most writing they flower, and bear their berries late inthe year, or not at all, although they are housed in winter government and virtues they are both under the dominion of jupiter the young buds or branches boiled in ordinary broth, make the bellysoluble and open, and boiled in white wine, provoke urine, beingstopped, and is good against the stranguary or difficulty of makingwater. It expelleth the gravel and stone out of the kidneys, andhelpeth pains in the reins and boiled in white wine or vinegar, it isprevalent for them that have their arteries loosened, or are troubledwith the hip-gout or sciatica the decoction of the roots boiled inwine and taken, is good to clear the sight, and being held in the moutheaseth the toothache the garden asparagus nourisheth more than thewild, yet hath it the same effects in all the afore-mentioned diseases the decoction of the root in white wine, and the back and belly bathedtherewith, or kneeling or lying down in the same, or sitting thereinas a bath, has been found effectual against pains of the reins andbladder, pains of the mother and cholic, and generally against allpains that happen to the lower writings of the body, and no less effectualagainst stiff and benumbed sinews, or those that are shrunk by crampsand convulsions, and helps the sciatica ash tree this is so well known, that time would be misspent in writing adescription of it.

The 63d year oflife, argumentative essay thesis as a period of 3 hebdomads i e , 3 × 21. 84 to 4 × 21. 105 5 × 21, etc the 49th year of life and the 56th year of life weresaid to be still more dangerous than these years obtained from theperiod of three hebdomads it is true, the cause of the danger is quiteobvious in the case of the 49th year. It was the ominous 7 × 7 whichhere gave rise to forebodings and it was not quite comprehensible whatcaused the bad reputation of innocent 56. Rantzau fails to give us asufficient explanation but the most dangerous climacteric year was the 63d, for this was madeup of 7 × 9 it was, therefore, an annus hebdomaticus and, at thesame time, also an annus enneaticus, for it belonged both to theclass of those climacteric years which were formed by the multiplier 7, as also to that which were obtained by the multiplier 9 it was mostnatural, therefore, that a period of life which from two sides wasfraught with danger, like the unfortunate 63d year of life, was boundto appear equally suspicious to the healthy and to the sick it isprobable that this year was, therefore, called androdas, because, asrantzau believes, it debilitates and breaks vitality it would appear, moreover, that the climacteric years enjoyed generalconsideration in ancient times as well as in the middle ages, forrantzau names a number of celebrated men who were said to haveexpressed themselves regarding the significance of these years, such asplato, censorinus, gellius, philo judæus, macrobius, cicero, boëtius, st ambrose, st augustine, bede, georgius valla, and others notsatisfied with this statement, rantzau also mentions in his cataloga multitude of prominent men who all dewritinged this life in their 63dyear, and thus, as he believes, had established the dangerousness ofthis year by their death it is probable, therefore, that the 63d birthday was celebrated withgreat apprehension during the entire middle ages, and the respectiveindividual did not draw an easy breath until after the ominous year hadbeen successfully passed however, the stars knew not only how to tell writingiculars regardingthe probable course and possible complications of diseases, but theyalso gave information regarding very special forms of affections itwas possible, thus, to learn from them at what time diseases of theeye were to be feared, when mental diseases were threatening, whenhemorrhages were to be expected, etc the astrologically trainedphysician was able to obtain prompt information from the starsregarding contingent surgical accidents. For there existed variousconjunctions of the celestial bodies, according to ptolemy, whichsurely pointed to wounds, fractures of bones, burns, concussions, andother lesions in fact, it was possible to see in advance, from thecelestial phenomena, what limbs would be exposed to forcible injury;thus, certain conjunctions of the planets were said to prognosticatewith certainty wounds of the head. Others, of the face. Others, again, of the hands and feet, of the fingers and toes, of the arms and legs, of the trunk and neck astrology, moreover, was not satisfied with theprognostic and diagnostic activity which we have just mentioned, but italso interfered in therapy, internal as well as external regarding, in the first place, internal medicinal treatment, theastrologer knew how to give positive information about the same. Forall terrestrial beings, of an organic as well as of an inorganicnature, were under the influence of the sun, the moon, of the planets, and of the signs of the zodiac the stars imwritinged certain powers tothe planets, to animals, and to all structures of the inorganic world if, therefore, it were known what stars happened to appear in thevault of heaven at the beginning of the disease or of its treatment, it was only necessary seriously to consider the organic and inorganicstructures under their supervision, and the remedies required for asuccessful control of the disease were presently at hand but if thehealer wished to be absolutely certain what medicaments to choose, thephases of the moon and the condition of the sun were also to be takeninto consideration essay remedies could be administered only when themoon was in a writingicular relation to certain planets or stars of thezodiac these remedies were principally emetics and purges similarly to the internal clinician, so also in surgery, the healerwas entirely dependent upon the conjunction of the stars the primevalbabylonian directed that the body must not be touched with iron duringcertain conjunctions of the stars, and this was also prescribed inall paper of astrologica medica it appears, however, that thisdirection obtained less general surgical recognition, but referredprincipally to blood-letting even to this limited extent it implieda high-handed interference with the art of the ancient as well as ofthe medieval physician. For venesection occupied an entirely differentposition among therapeutic measures during that period than it doesto-day whereas modern medicine does not consider blood-lettingnecessary, except in the rarest paper, ancient as well as medievalprofessors of medicine believed that they could under no circumstancesdispense with it. In fact, it is probable that until the seventeenthcentury there was scarcely any form of disease the treatment of whichwould have been possible without withdrawal of blood an actualsystem of blood-letting had been elaborated under the influence ofhumoro-pathological opinions every vein that could be reached withthe lancet was acted upon, and the school of medicine of the periodwas punctiliously careful in teaching which vessel presented the mostsuitable point of attack for the hand of the physician in this or thatform of disease the therapeutic subtleties which were thus brought tolight are beyond description thus, a withdrawal of blood from veins onthe right side of the body was said to yield an essentially differenteffect from left-sided venesection, and each individual vein of thebody promised a special advantage which was peculiar to this one vein the physician of that period surely had enough to do to bear in mindall the numerous therapeutic effects which he was to achieve by theopening of the various veins to facilitate this difficult art to acertain degree special figures were designed so-called venesectionmanikins, in which the numerous points for bleeding were most carefullyannotated fig 5 page 175 shows such a picture it indicates no lessthan 53 different localities for venesection, and as each and everyone of them again implied four or five, or possibly even more, methodsof blood-letting, we may consider that there were thesis hundreds ofdifferent possibilities for phlebotomy if it was easy to become lostin the labyrinth of this blood-thirsty therapy, the difficulty of amethodical application of venesection was very materially increased byastrology. For astrology differentiated between, first, favorable, thendoubtful, and, finally, unfavorable days for venesection, basing thisopinion upon certain positions between sun, moon, and planets then thevarious ages of life had also different days for venesection. Days, forinstance, which promised to be exceptionally successful for venesectionin the young, offered very unfavorable prospects to the aged thus, for instance, the period from the first quadrature of the moon tothe opposition was said to be excellent for bleeding in adolescence, whereas this period was by no means inviting for phlebotomy in thosewho had reached the senile period the chances for venesection becamerather intricate in their different aspects thus, for instance, stöffler taught. {the sun prohibits venesection two {days before and one day after conjunction of { the moon with { }prohibits venesection one {saturn }day before and one day {mars }after quadrature of {sun }prohibits venesection the moon with {saturn }twelve hours before and {mars }twelve hours after opposition of {sun }prohibits venesection one the moon with {saturn }day before and one day {mars }after we see, therefore, that the physician of that time was compelled tobe well-versed in astronomy unless he meant to commit grave mistakesagainst the doctrines of medicina astrologica such sins couldeventually become rather dangerous to the physician, for the code ofhammurabi about 2200, b c , ruler of babylon threatens the operator, for not quite unobjectionable surgical procedures, with the loss of hishands winckler, page 33, § 218 in order to satisfy the astrological requirement of the physician mostthoroughly, there arose in the middle ages a very peculiar literature under the name of an almanac or calendarium, thick folio volumesappeared, which enumerated, in long tables, the various positions ofthe planets and of the signs of the zodiac, so that the astrologer wasenabled to note the fate of mankind rapidly and easily the contentsof such calendaria are beyond description awriting from remarks whichreferred to all occurrences of civil life, was stated the exact periodwhen to have the hair cut, when venesection was to be performed, whento draw teeth, when to take a bath, etc even the proper time forprayer was indicated by such a calendarium according to the experienceof peter of abano, the conjunction of the moon with jupiter in thedragon was sure to effect an answer to prayer hieronymus cardanushad discovered, with the aid of astrology, that a request was sure tobe complied with if a prayer was offered to the virgin mary on thefirst day of april, at 8 a m möhsen, vol ii , page 423 physiciansexcelled in the compilation of such calendaria, especially during thefifteenth and sixteenth centuries professors, forensic physicians, surgeons in fact, all representatives of medical art were equallyintent upon instructing the public by calendaria in regard to the mostvarious branches of medicina astrologica. Thus, for instance, davidherliz, physician at prenzlau, supplied pomerania, mecklenburg, andthe margravate of brandenburg with calendars for fifty years, from theyear 1584 the marburg professor of medicine, victorinus schönfelder, played a similar rôle during the same period for western gerthesis thephysician, as almanac-maker, is probably one of the most wonderfulresults of medical superstition, and this aberration of medicine clungso firmly to the people that, even in the eighteenth and nineteenthcenturies, certain days of the year were considered as especiallyfavorable for venesection, and the calendars took writingicular pains tocall the attention of the public most emphatically to good days forblood-letting illustration. Fig 5 venesection in its astronomical connectionexplanation of fig 5 a the astronomic signs which are noted on the different writings of the body indicate the signs of the zodiac, under the special influence of which the respective members of the body are said to be b the numerals which are found at the most varied writings of the body refer to indications for venesection, as stated below in these localities, which are characterized by figures, blood was drawn for the most various affections, namely in. 1 pains of the eyes and head.

Toprovoke urine, being stopped, if argumentative essay thesis it be drank. To clear the face andskin from spots and discolourings galen saith, the flowers have anadmirable faculty in drying up humours, being a medicine without anysharpness or corrosion. You may boil them in white wine, and drink asmuch as you will, so you drink not yourself drunk the bark works thesame effect, if used in the same manner, and the tree hath always abark upon it, though not always flowers. The burnt ashes of the barkbeing mixed with vinegar, takes away warts, corns, and superfluousflesh, being applied to the place the decoction of the leaves or barkin wine, takes away scurff and dandriff by washing the place with it it is a fine cool tree, the boughs of which are very convenient to beplaced in the chamber of one sick of a fever woad descript it hath divers large leaves, long, and essaywhat broadwithal, like those of the greater plantain, but larger, thicker, of agreenish colour, essaywhat blue withal from among which leaves rises upa lusty stalk, three or four feet high, with divers leaves set thereon;the higher the stalk rises, the smaller are the leaves.

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They are excellently good for a hot stomach, and hot liver;the unmeasurable use of them fills the body full of raw humours, and soindeed the unmeasurable use of any argumentative essay thesis thing else doth harm the face beingwashed with their juice, cleanses the skin, and is excellently good forhot rheums in the eyes. The seed is excellently good to provoke urine, and cleanses the passages thereof when they are stopped. There is nota better remedy for ulcers in the bladder growing, than cucumbersare. The usual course is, to use the seeds in emulsions, as they makealmond milk. But a far better way in my opinion is this. When theseason of the year is, take the cucumbers and bruise them well, anddistil the water from them, and let such as are troubled with ulcers inthe bladder drink no other drink the face being washed with the samewater, cures the reddest face that is. It is also excellently good forsun-burning, freckles, and morphew daisies these are so well known almost to every child, that i suppose itneedless to write any description of them take therefore the virtuesof them as follows government and virtues the herb is under the sign cancer, and underthe dominion of venus, and therefore excellently good for wounds inthe breast, and very fitting to be kept both in oils, ointments, andplaisters, as also in syrup the greater wild daisy is a wound herb ofgood respect, often used in those drinks or salves that are for wounds, either inward or outward the juice or distilled water of these, orthe small daisy, doth much temper the heat of choler, and refresh theliver, and the other inward writings a decoction made of them and drank, helps to cure the wounds made in the hollowness of the breast the samealso cures all ulcers and pustules in the mouth or tongue, or in thesecret writings the leaves bruised and applied to the privities, or toany other writings that are swoln and hot, doth dissolve it, and temperthe heat a decoction made thereof, of wallwort and agrimony, and theplaces fomented and bathed therewith warm, gives great ease to themthat are troubled with the palsy, sciatica, or the gout the same alsodisperses and dissolves the knots or kernels that grow in the flesh ofany writing of the body, and bruises and hurts that come of falls andblows. They are also used for ruptures, and other inward burnings, with very good success an ointment made thereof doth wonderfully helpall wounds that have inflammations about them, or by reason of moisthumours having access unto them, are kept long from healing, and suchare those, for the most writing, that happen to joints of the arms orlegs the juice of them dropped into the running eyes of any, doth muchhelp them dandelion, vulgarly called piss-a-beds descript it is well known to have thesis long and deep gashed leaves, lying on the ground round about the head of the roots. The ends of eachgash or jag, on both sides looking downwards towards the roots. Themiddle rib being white, which being broken, yields abundance of bittermilk, but the root much more.