History

Argumentative Essay On School Uniforms


It was so held bythe surrogate of new york city;253 and also by the general termof the supreme court, 254 by which it was stated that the practicehad prevailed for a half-century in will paper, 255 but the courtof appeals, 256 has decided that testamentary paper constitute noexception to the rule, the judge who delivered the opinion statingthat there is no more reason for allowing secret ailments of a patientto be brought to light in a contest over his will than in any othercase, and that if mischief be wrought by the law the remedy lies withthe legislature and not with the courts the legislature has sinceafforded the remedy, 257 but not to the extent of adopting the rule ofthe earlier paper in indiana, in an action to set aside a will, thetestimony of the testator physician has been excluded 258 and inmichigan and missouri it seems that testamentary paper are no exceptionto the general rule 259lunacy and habitual drunkenness - it has been claimed in new yorkthat inquisitions of lunacy are an exception, and recently it has beenheld that the alleged lunatic physician may testify as to his mentalcondition because no one is better qualified to testify, 260 but thisdecision seems to be at variance with the principle of the decisionsof the court of appeals with reference to testamentary paper, andpresents no satisfactory reason for a distinction in a similar case inthe supreme court, chambers, it was held that a medical attendant at anasylum could not testify 261 it has also been held that a physiciancannot make an affidavit as to the appearance and condition of hispatient to support a petition for the appointment of a committee forhim as an habitual argumentative essay on school uniforms drunkard 262fraud - still another class of actions in which contending principleshave been invoked to make an exception in the law of privilege, isactions on life-insurance contracts the contract of insurance isuberrimæ fidei, and the defence of fraud in the application isfrequently interposed to defeat a claim under a policy medicaltestimony would often be the most satisfactory evidence to establishthe fraud, and efforts have been made to introduce it under thatexcuse, but without avail in the case of dilleber vs home lifeinsurance company, in the supreme court of new york at generalterm, 263 the question seems to have been directly before thecourt, and davis, p j , dissenting, insisted that the suppressionof a physician testimony ought not to be permitted so as to coverup a fraud, but the majority of the court held otherwise. The casewas subsequently overruled, but not on the ground urged by justicedavis 264 the number of insurance paper in which the rule has beenenforced seems to leave it beyond question that it will not be relaxedfor the purpose of establishing fraud, 265 although that announcementhas not been specifically made there seems no reason that the ruleshould be relaxed in that regard when it is not relaxed to establishthe crime of the patient. Though the mischief that may be done in suchpaper is apparent 266the witness - the statutory provisions as to the professionalstatus of the witness whose testimony is excluded have already beenshown 267 the facts which establish the relation of physicianand patient will be treated later 268 the witness is a member ofa profession, but there is very little discussion in the paper asto what constitutes a physician or surgeon 269 the language ofthe statutes as well as their policy and intent has been said toplainly embrace a physician who casually or in any way attends andprescribes for a patient, whether he be a family physician or the usualmedical attendant or not 270 the spirit of the acts would protectcommunications made to any person attending the patient in the acceptedcapacity of physician or surgeon wherever that might have happened, though the letter would confine it in essay instances to duly authorizedor duly licensed persons it does not seem to have been establishedwhether such authority or license must have been granted under thelaws of the state where the trial is conducted, nor how the severalstatutes apply to communications made elsewhere, especially in statesor countries where authority or license to practise is not required bylaw it has been said with reference to the new york law that it isabsolutely necessary that the witness should be a duly qualifiedphysician;271 and it has been held that the words “duly authorized”mean those persons who are not prohibited by the penal code frompractising, so that an unlicensed physician may be compelled todisclose confidential communications 272 whether the same rule wouldbe applied with reference to information obtained in another state bya physician duly authorized to practise there although prohibited frompractising in new york, is a question that is suggested as a casewithin the reason of the law but outside of its letter, and one whichdoes not seem to have been answered in new york, in an action by a physician for compensation for hisservices, it was held that a person who merely answered for a physicianat his office in his absence, and was not himself a physician, is not awitness whose testimony is privileged 273in missouri it has been held that a drug and prescription clerk isnot a privileged witness 274 the question arose in the same state, whether a dental surgeon is forbidden to testify under the statute, butits determination was not essential to the judgment and it was leftunanswered 275to establish the privilege it is necessary that the person who insistsupon it to exclude testimony should show by competent evidence that thewitness belongs to the class privileged under the law 276 but wherethe physician testified that he was a regular practising physician andattended in that capacity, and he was not examined further as to hisdue authority, it was held that a failure to produce his license couldnot be urged on appeal as reason for compelling him to testify 277the court said that if the privilege were the physician he might, ifthe objection were taken, be required to prove by the best evidencethat he was duly authorized, but as it is the patient privilege, inthe absence of objection to the sufficiency of the proof, the patientis entitled to the benefit of the presumption that the physician hadthe license which the law requires to entitle him to practise waiver of the privilege who may waive - those states in which the law provides for a waiverhave been enumerated;278 in others the courts have determined thatthe privilege of waiving is implied in the reason for the law inindiana it has been held that although the statute contains in termsan absolute prohibition, it creates no absolute incompetency andthe privilege may be waived by the person for whose benefit it ismade or his legal representative 279 under the michigan law itwas claimed that the physician is forbidden to reveal confidenceseven though he have his patient consent, but it has been held thatthe law only creates a privilege on the same footing with otherprivileged communications, which the public has no interest insuppressing when there is no desire for suppression on the writing ofthe person concerned 280 in missouri too the patient may waive theprivilege 281the protection vouchsafed by the law is designed for the benefit of thepatient, and therefore the physician himself cannot waive it 282 thepatient can disclose his own physical condition if he so desires 283but the physician cannot refuse to testify if the patient waives theprivilege 284the patient can waive the privilege during his life 285as it existed prior to 1891 the new york law provided that theprohibition should operate unless it was expressly waived upon thetrial or examination by the patient 286 this was interpreted to meanthat the patient himself was the only person who could make a waiver;and that, therefore, the possibility of waiver ceased with the deathof the patient, while the privilege of secrecy continued unabated, so that those claiming under the deceased patient could not waivethe privilege, nor insist upon the testimony of the physician, eventhough their interests were in jeopardy on account of his silence 287it seems, however, that a patient can during his lifetime waive theprivilege, the waiver to take effect after his death 288 the expresswaiver required by the statute may be given by the patient attorney, because of the nature of the attorney agency in conducting an actionfor the patient 289none of the other statutes are in the exact terms of the new yorkstatute, but those of california, colorado, idaho, minnesota, montana, nevada, north dakota, ohio, oregon, south dakota, utah, washington, and wyoming provide that the testimony shall not be given unless thepatient consent.

Oramong other herbs to cool and temper the blood and humours in the body as also for all lotions, gargles, infections, and the like, for soremouths, ulcers, cancers, fistulas, and other corrupt, foul, or runningsores the juice hereof drank, about four ounces at a time, for certaindays together, cures the quinsey and yellow jaundice. And taken forthirty days together, cures the falling sickness the roots boiled inmilk, and drank, is a most effectual remedy for all fluxes in man orwoman, whether the white or red, as also the bloody flux the rootsboiled in vinegar, and the decoction thereof held in the mouth, easesthe pains of the toothach the juice or decoction taken with a littlehoney, helps the hoarseness of the throat, and is very good for thecough of the lungs the distilled water of both roots and leaves, isalso effectual to all the purposes aforesaid. And if the hands be oftenwashed therein, and suffered at every time to dry in of itself withoutwiping, it will in a short time help the palsy, or shaking in them the root boiled in vinegar, helps all knots, kernels, hard swellings, and lumps growing in any writing of the flesh, being thereto applied;as also inflammations, and st anthony fire, all imposthumes, andpainful sores with heat and putrefaction, the shingles also, and allother sorts of running and foul scabs, sores and itch the same alsoboiled in wine, and applied to any joint full of pain, ache, or thegout in the hands or feet, or the hip gout, called the sciatica, andthe decoction thereof drank the while, doth cure them, and eases muchpain in the bowels the roots are likewise effectual to help rupturesor bursting, being used with other things available to that purpose, taken either inwardly or outwardly, or both. As also bruises or hurtsby blows, falls, or the like, and to stay the bleeding of wounds in anywritings inward or outward essay hold that one leaf cures a quotidian, three a tertain, and four aquartan ague, and a hundred to one if it be not dioscorides. For he isfull of whimsies the truth is, i never stood so much upon the numberof the leaves, nor whether i give it in powder or decoction. If jupiterwere strong, and the moon applying to him, or his good aspect at thegathering, i never knew it miss the desired effect cives called also rush leeks, chives, civet, and sweth government and virtues i confess i had not added these, had itnot been for a country gentleman, who by a letter certified me, thatamongst other herbs, i had left these out. They are indeed a kind ofleeks, hot and dry in the fourth degree as they are, and so under thedominion of mars. If they be eaten raw, i do not mean raw, oppositeto roasted or boiled, but raw, opposite to chymical preparation theysend up very hurtful vapours to the brain, causing troubleessay sleep, and spoiling the eye-sight, yet of them prepared by the art of thealchymist, may be made an excellent remedy for the stoppage of theurine clary, or more properly clear-eye descript our ordinary garden clary has four square stalks, withbroad, rough, wrinkled, whitish, or hoary green leaves essaywhat evenlycut in on the edges, and of a strong sweet scent, growing essay near theground, and essay by couples upon stalks the flowers grow at certaindistances, with two small leaves at the joints under them, essaywhatlike unto the flowers of sage, but smaller, and of a whitish bluecolour the seed is brownish, and essaywhat flat, or not so round as thewild the roots are blackish, and spread not far, and perish after theseed time it is usually sown, for it seldom rises of its own sowing place this grows in gardens time it flowers in june and july, essay a little later than others, and their seed is ripe in august, or thereabouts government and virtues it is under the dominion of the moon theseed put into the eyes clears them from motes, and such like thingsgotten within the lids to offend them, as also clears them from whiteand red spots on them the mucilage of the seed made with water, andapplied to tumours, or swellings, disperses and takes them away. Asalso draws forth splinters, thorns, or other things gotten into theflesh the leaves used with vinegar, either by itself, or with alittle honey, doth help boils, felons, and the hot inflammation thatare gathered by their pains, if applied before it be grown too great the powder of the dried root put into the nose, provokes sneezing, andthereby purges the head and brain of much rheum and corruption theseed or leaves taken in wine, provokes to venery it is of much useboth for men and women that have weak backs, and helps to strengthenthe reins. Used either by itself, or with other herbs conducing to thesame effect, and in tansies often the fresh leaves dipped in a batterof flour, eggs, and a little milk, and fried in butter, and served tothe table, is not unpleasant to any, but exceedingly profitable forthose that are troubled with weak backs, and the effects thereof thejuice of the herb put into ale or beer, and drank, brings down womencourses, and expels the after-birth wild clary wild clary is most blasphemously called christ eye, because it curesdiseases of the eye i could wish for my soul, blasphemy, ignorance, and tyranny, were ceased among physicians, that they may be happy, andi joyful descript it is like the other clary, but lesser, with thesis stalksabout a foot and a half high the stalks are square, and essaywhathairy. The flowers of a bluish colour. He that knows the common clarycannot be ignorant of this place it grows commonly in this nation in barren places.

Andherein i could find but few authors, but those as full of nonsense andcontradiction as an egg is full of meat this not being pleasing, andless profitable to me, i consulted with my two brothers, dr reason anddr argumentative essay on school uniforms experience, and took a voyage to visit my mother nature, by whoseadvice, together with the help of dr diligence, i at last obtained mydesire. And, being warned by mr honesty, a stranger in our days, topublish it to the world, i have done it but you will say, what need i have written on this subject, seeing sothesis famous and learned men have written so much of it in the englishtongue, much more than i have done?. To this i answer, neither gerrard nor parkinson, or any that ever wrotein the like nature, ever gave one wise reason for what they wrote, andso did nothing else but train up young novices in physic in the schoolof tradition, and teach them just as a parrot is taught to speak. Anauthor says so, therefore it is true. And if all that authors say betrue, why do they contradict one another?. but in mine, if you view itwith the eye of reason, you shall see a reason for everything that iswritten, whereby you may find the very ground and foundation of physic;you may know what you do, and wherefore you do it. And this shall callme father, it being that i know of never done in the world before i have now but two things to write, and then i have done 1 what the profit and benefit of this work is 2 instructions in the use of it 1 the profit and benefit arising from it, or that may occur to a wiseman from it are thesis. So thesis that should i sum up all the writingiculars, my epistle would be as big as my book. I shall quote essay few generalheads first the admirable harmony of the creation is herein seen, in theinfluence of stars upon herbs and the body of man, how one writing of thecreation is subservient to another, and all for the use of man, wherebythe infinite power and wisdom of god in the creation appear. And if ido not admire at the simplicity of the ranters, never trust me. Who butviewing the creation can hold such a sottish opinion, as that it wasfrom eternity, when the mysteries of it are so clear to every eye?.

are their products standard and reliable so far as argumentative essay on school uniforms you know?. ”the direct sales company, inc , buffalo, has, according to itsletterhead, the following officers. Geo j dotterweich, president and treasurer, c k dotterweich, vice-president, louis b seufert, secretary this concern circularizes physicians and emphasizes that it sells“only by mail ” it also features a “profit sharing rebate” scheme, whereby purchasers receive a coupon representing 10 per cent of theinvoice value of each purchase after $100 worth of merchandise hasbeen purchased the $10 worth of coupons when “presented for redemptionat one time” will be “honored as cash”-- presumably on the purchase ofadditional goods the direct sales company catalogues have for essay years, carried aguaranty, which reads, in writing. “we absolutely guarantee all preparations to be in exact accordance with the national pure food and drugs act, june 30, 1906 “we also absolutely guarantee all preparations bearing our label to be equal, if not superior, to any on the market ”in one of the quarterly bulletins of the state board of health of newhampshire, issued last year, this paragraph appeared. “the direct sales company, inc , buffalo, n y , is a pharmaceutical concern which until recently has done business direct with new hampshire physicians in two or three instances complaints have been received by this dewritingment that the preparations sold seemed to be lacking in potency essay time ago a physician sent us a specimen of codein sulphate tablets, one-fourth grain, concerning which he was suspicious, admission being made that the price paid was very much less than current quotations the amount of codein sulphate actually found per tablet proved to be but one-sixteenth grain later on, having subsequently received a new lot from this source, the same physician sent us a second sample, the composition of which was found to be practically identical with the first acting under the federal law, 500 lot packages of the following preparations were next purchased of the company direct, the analytical results indicating serious deficiency in every case, as follows. “tablets salicylic acid, 5 grains 1 72 grains found “tablets acetylsalicylic acid, 5 grains 2 31 grains found “tablets acetanilid, 3 grains 1 88 grains found “tablets codein sulphate, 1/4 grain 1/15 grain found “tablets nux and pepsin no 2, claiming pepsin 1 grain, extract nux vomica, 1/10 grain, found to have a gross average weight per tablet of only 1 17 grains, 0 54 grains of which was represented by sugar and other medicinally inert material “tablets infant anodyne waugh showed serious discrepancy from formula ”the bulletin added the statement that, as the company could not bereached under the new hampshire laws, the federal authorities wereappealed to the result of this appeal appeared in chemical supplement54, issued aug 21, 1918, by the bureau of chemistry of the u s dewritingment of agriculture this government bulletin contained noticeof judgment no 6193, which describes paper of adulteration andmisbranding of essay of the drugs put out by the direct sales company briefly, it may be said that essay 2 grain acetanilid tablets sold bythis concern were found by the government chemists to contain, roughly, about 1-2/3 1 61 grains.

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medical practitioner, one-half for the use of the county and one-half for the use of thestate. But a state license may be obtained from the state treasurer for$30 good for twelve months, and he is then exempt from the portion ofabove tax due the state act 1891, c 323 fees - to the secretary of the board, before issuing a license ordiploma, $10 to the secretary of the board, for temporary license, $5 code, 3, 130 to clerk of the court, for registration and certificate, 25 cents to clerk of the county, for registration on removal, no fee act 1889, c 181, s 4 north dakota board of examiners - the governor appoints a state board of examinersof nine members, eight of whom are practising physicians in goodstanding. No member of any college or university having a medicaldewritingment shall be appointed two members shall be homœopathicphysicians and one a lawyer act 1890, c 93, s 1 the board must hold meetings for examination at such place or placesas it may designate on the first tuesday of january, april, july, and october of each year, and such other meetings as it may appointand must keep a record of its proceedings with a register of everyapplicant for a license with his or her age, the time spent in thestudy of medicine, and the name and location of all institutionsgranting to such applicant a degree or a certificate of lecturesin medicine or surgery, and whether the applicant was rejected orlicensed. And said books and register shall be prima facie evidenceof all matters therein recorded 2 qualification - all persons hereafter commencing the practice ofmedicine, surgery, and obstetrics in any of its branches shall applyto the board for a license, and at the time and place designatedby the board, or at its regular meeting, be examined in anatomy, physiology, chemistry, histology, materia medica, therapeutics, preventive medicines, practice of medicine, surgery, obstetrics, diseases of women and children, of the nervous system, of the eyeand ear, medical jurisprudence, and such other branches as the boardshall deem advisable, and produce evidence of having attended threecourses of lectures of at least six months each. The examination mustbe both practical and scientific, but of sufficient severity to testthe candidate fitness to practise medicine, surgery, and obstetrics when desired, the said examination may be conducted in the presenceof the dean of any medical school or the president of any medicalsociety of the state after examination the board must grant a licenseto practise medicine, surgery, and obstetrics. Seven members mustconsent the board may revoke or refuse a license for unprofessional, dishonorable, or immoral conduct, chronic or persistent inebriety, thepractice of criminal abortion, or for publicly advertising specialability to treat or cure diseases which, in the opinion of the board, it is impossible to cure in complaints for violating the provisionsof this section, the accused shall be furnished with a copy of thecomplaint, and given a hearing before the board in person or byattorney appeal lies from refusal or revocation to the appointingpower 3 the person receiving a license must file it, or a certified copy, withthe register of deeds where he resides on removal into another countyhe must procure from said register a certified copy of his license andfile it with the register of deeds in the county to which he shallremove 4 exceptions - the act does not apply to commissioned surgeons of theunited states army or navy, to physicians or surgeons in actualconsultation from other states or territories, or to actual medicalstudents practising medicine under the direct supervision of apreceptor 5 penalty - practising without a license or contrary to the act is amisdemeanor punishable with a fine of from $50 to $200, or imprisonmentin a county jail from ten to sixty days, or both definition - any person is regarded as practising who appends theletters “m d ” or “m b ” to his name, or who for a fee prescribes, directs, or recommends for the use of any person any drug or medicineor other agency for the treatment, cure, or relief of any wound, fracture or bodily injury, infirmity, or disease 6 former law - the former law is repealed only so far as it isinconsistent with the foregoing act 7 the former law prohibited persons from practising medicine in any ofits branches unless graduates of a medical college or unless they wereshown by examination to be qualified and had been actually engaged inpractising for at least ten years compiled laws of dakota, s 205 fee - to the treasurer of the board, for examination, $20 act 1890, c 93, s 3 ohio qualification - no person who is not a graduate of a reputable schoolof medicine in the united states or a foreign country, or who cannotproduce a certificate of qualification from a state or county medicalsociety and is not a person of good moral character, can lawfullypractise or attempt to practise medicine in any of its dewritingments orprescribe medicine for reward or compensation. Except a person who hasbeen continuously engaged in the practice of medicine for ten years ormore the law allowed persons in continuous practice for five yearsor more, two years to comply with its provisions in case a person isa graduate of a school of medicine in any state or foreign country inwhich any condition or restriction is imposed by law upon the practiceof medicine by graduates of medical schools in ohio, he is subject tothe same restrictions or conditions a person violating this sectionis not entitled to any compensation for services smith & benedictrevised statutes of 1890, s 4, 403 penalty - whoever prescribes or practises or attempts to practisemedicine in any of its dewritingments, or performs or attempts to performa surgical operation without having attended two full courses ofinstruction and graduated at a school of medicine either in this or aforeign country, or who cannot produce a certificate of qualificationfrom a state or county medical society, except a person who has beencontinuously engaged in the practice of medicine for ten years or more, is punishable with a fine of from $50 to $100 and for a subsequentoffence with imprisonment for thirty days persons in continuouspractice for five years or more were allowed two years to comply withthis act 6, 992 oklahoma qualification - no person can lawfully practise medicine in anydewritingment unless he be a graduate of a medical college, or unless uponexamination before a board composed of the superintendent of publichealth and two other physicians to be selected by the territorial boardof health, he be found proficient in the practice of medicine andsurgery, and shall be found upon proof to have been actually engagedin the practice of medicine not less than five years no person shallpractise medicine unless he be of good moral character, and is not anhabitual drunkard a person possessing these qualifications shall, on presentation of hisdiploma, or proof thereof by affidavit if it be lost or destroyed, and the affidavit of two reputable citizens from the county where heresides that the applicant possesses the qualifications of a physician, as prescribed herein, to the superintendent of public health, receivefrom him a license, which shall be recorded in the office of theregister of deeds in the county where such physician resides offence - to practise without complying with this law, or to violateany of its provisions, is a misdemeanor definition - a person is regarded as practising medicine who professespublicly to be a physician and to prescribe for the sick, or whoappends to his name m d exceptions - the law does not prohibit students from prescribing underthe supervision of preceptors, nor prohibit gratuitous services in caseof emergency, nor apply to commissioned surgeons in the united statesarmy and navy cancellation of license - the district court has power on complaint ofa member of the territorial board of health, or the county board ofhealth where he resides, to cancel any license issued to a person topractise medicine, where such license was fraudulently obtained, orwhere the person to whom it was issued has been guilty of violating anyprovision of this act fee - to superintendent of board of health, for license, $2 comp stats , 1893, s 352 oregon qualification - every person practising medicine and surgery in anyof their dewritingments must possess the qualifications required by theact if a graduate of medicine he must present his diploma to the boardof examiners for verification as to its genuineness if found genuineand the person named therein be the person claiming and presentingthe same, the board issues its certificate, which is conclusive ifnot a graduate, he must submit to an examination as the board shallrequire, and if the examination be satisfactory the board issues itscertificate, and the lawful holder is entitled to all the rights andprivileges mentioned in the act act february 28th, 1889, s 1 the governor appoints three persons from among the most competentphysicians of the state, residents of the state for seven years and ofat least five years’ practical experience in their profession, to bethe board of examiners 2 the board must issue certificates to all who furnish satisfactoryproof of having received a diploma or license from a legally charteredmedical institution in good standing of whatever school of medicine, and they are not permitted to make discrimination against holders of ageneral license or diploma under any school or system of medicine ingood standing 3, as amended february 21st, 1891 the verification of a diploma consists in an affidavit of the holderand applicant that he is the person therein named, taken before anyperson authorized to administer oaths, attested under the hand andofficial seal of the official, if he have a seal.