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And gave thedecoction thereof with myrrh or pepper, or used to apply the leavesoutwardly against the stranguary and diseases of the reins and bladder he used it also for sore and watering eyes, and for the deafness andpains in the ears, by dropping the juice thereof into them, and bathingthem afterwards in white wine the decoction thereof made with waterand a cock chicken, is a most safe medicine against the hot fits ofagues it also cleanses the breast and lungs of phlegm, but a littleoffends the stomach the juice or distilled water snuffed up into thenostrils, purges the head and eyes of catarrhs and rheums essay use todrink two or three ounces of the distilled water, with a little sugarput to it, in the morning fasting, to open and purge the body of gross, viscous, and melancholy humours matthiolus saith, that both the seedof the male and female mercury boiled with wormwood and drank, curesthe yellow jaundice in a speedy manner the leaves or the juice rubbedupon warts, takes them away the juice mingled with essay vinegar, helpsall running scabs, tetters, ringworms, and the itch galen saith, thatbeing applied in manner of a poultice to any swelling or inflammation, it digests the swelling, and allays the inflammation, and is thereforegiven in clysters to evacuate from the belly offensive humours the dogmercury, although it be less used, yet may serve in the same manner, tothe same purpose, argument essay thesis to purge waterish and melancholy humours mint of all the kinds of mint, the spear mint, or heart mint, being mostusual, i shall only describe as follows:descript spear mint has divers round stalks, and long but narrowishleaves set thereon, of a dark green colour the flowers stand in spikedheads at the tops of the branches, being of a pale blue colour thesmell or scent thereof is essaywhat near unto bazil. It encreases by theroot under ground as all the others do place it is an usual inhabitant in gardens. And because it seldomgives any good seed, the seed is recompensed by the plentiful increaseof the root, which being once planted in a garden, will hardly be ridout again time it flowers not until the beginning of august, for the mostwriting government and virtues it is an herb of venus dioscorides saithit hath a healing, binding and drying quality, and therefore the juicetaken in vinegar, stays bleeding. It stirs up venery, or bodily lust;two or three branches thereof taken in the juice of four pomegranates, stays the hiccough, vomiting, and allays the choler it dissolvesimposthumes being laid to with barley-meal it is good to repress themilk in women breasts, and for such as have swollen, flagging, orgreat breasts applied with salt, it helps the biting of a mad dog;with mead and honeyed water, it eases the pains of the ears, and takesaway the roughness of the tongue, being rubbed thereupon it suffersnot milk to curdle in the stomach, if the leaves thereof be steepedor boiled in it before you drink it briefly it is very profitable tothe stomach the often use hereof is a very powerful medicine to staywomen courses and the whites applied to the forehead and temples, it eases the pains in the head, and is good to wash the heads of youngchildren therewith, against all manner of breakings-out, sores orscabs, therein it is also profitable against the poison of venomouscreatures the distilled water of mint is available to all the purposesaforesaid, yet more weakly but if a spirit thereof be rightly andchymically drawn, it is much more powerful than the herb itself simeonsethi saith, it helps a cold liver, strengthens the belly, causesdigestion, stays vomits and hiccough.

“they would be named were it not that pulvane requires special technique in its preparation and administration our medical directors do not consider it advisable to identify them here because of the possibility of incompetent hands attempting their use the medical directors, however, will be glad to name every ingredient of pulvane for any reputable member of the profession pulvane laboratories reserve only the method of compounding ”presumably, therefore, if physicians desire to know what pulvane is, the pulvane laboratories, inc , “will be glad to name every ingredientof pulvane ” it is worth noting that nothing is said about quantities it is also worth remembering that “peruna” and essay other “patientmedicines” have for years printed on the label the names of thealleged ingredients how much longer is the medical profession going tobe fooled with the trick of nostrum exploiters pretending a franknessthat means nothing?. From a recent issue of a des moines newspaper we learn that the pulvanelaboratories are about to establish a sanatorium where the pulvanetreatment can be given this announcement is said to be made by john p mosher, the alleged discoverer of pulvane mosher is not a physician the newspaper article states, further, that mosher experiments weretried out “under the observation of major sharpe, ” commander at fortdes moines it appears also that an ex-newspaper reporter is connectedwith the pulvane laboratories the value of having a good publicityman is obviously recognized there also seems to be connected with theconcern a dr harry p hall we find in the records reference to oneharry p hall who was graduated by the medical dewritingment of drakeuniversity of des moines, iowa, in 1894, and was licensed in iowa in1896 our records indicate that he has not been in practice for essayyears we also find in our files essay newspaper clippings regarding adr harry p hall who, in 1914, pleaded guilty to a charge of using themails to defraud and was fined in the federal courts whether there isany connection between these two names, we do not know reverting to the claims made by the pulvane laboratories that pulvanewas “developed in a united states army general hospital by officersof the medical dewritingment” the following statement has recently beenreceived by the journal from surgeon-general ireland of the unitedstates army. “it has been brought to my attention that a concern in des moines, iowa, known as the pulvane laboratories, has issued a pamphlet in which statements are made which would naturally lead medical men to believe that the experiments, etc , referred to therein were made with the approval of and more or less under the direction of the medical dewritingment of the army i wish to say that this is not so. That the medical dewritingment had nothing whatever to do with the matter and that it thoroughly disapproves of the methods used by the promoters of this concern -- from the journal a m a , march 11, 1922 sal hepaticasal hepatica is a saline laxative sold by the bristol-myers company ofnew york little information is given, or, apparently, ever has beengiven, concerning the composition of this product thesis years ago thestock medical journal advertisement contained this statement.

Provokes sleep, resistsdrunkenness, and takes away the ill effects, of it. Cools the blood, quenches thirst, breeds milk, and is good for choleric bodies, and suchas have a frenzy, or are frantic it is more wholeessay eaten boiledthan raw logabus, herba leporina a kind of trefoil growing in france andspain let them that live there look after the virtues of it lavendula lavender. Hot and dry in the third degree. The templesand forehead bathed with the juice of it. As also the smell of theherb helps swoonings, catalepsis, falling-sickness, provided it be notaccompanied with a fever see the flowers laureola laurel the leaves purge upward and downward. They are goodfor rheumatic people to chew in their mouths, for they draw forth muchwater laurus bay-tree the leaves are hot and dry, resist drunkenness, they gently bind and help diseases in the bladder, help the stinging ofbees and wasps, mitigate the pain of the stomach, dry and heal, openobstructions of the liver and spleen, resist the pestilence lappa minor the lesser burdock lentiscus mastich-tree both the leaves and bark of it stop fluxes being hot and dry in the second degree spitting and evacuations ofblood, and the falling out of the fundament lens palustris duckmeat.

Hence itwould never occur to a pharmaceutical chemist to try to ascertain thecomposition of such a mixture as tyree elixir by “quantitative andqualitative analysis of the finished product, ” much less to determinethe “active principle strength” of each ingredient, for no methods areknown by which this can be done it is claimed that, because of the care exercised in making tyreeelixir “ the results derivable from it are absolutely uniform ”a moment reflection, however, must compel any physician to attributethis statement, on the most charitable construction, to sheerignorance of course, even a definite chemical principle, such asquinin, does not exert uniform clinical action, for clinical conditionsvary, and accordingly the patient may or may not be cured it is simplypreposterous to claim that the clinical results obtained from suchsubstances as hops, pareira brava, buchu and uva ursi are absolutelyuniform a peculiarly vicious claim is that the elixir renders the mucoussurfaces of the genito-urinary tract “hostile to the multiplication ofthe gonococci ” since infection with the gonococcus produces the direstresults, any claim which means in plain english that the remedy assistsin producing a cure or in preventing infection with that organismcannot be condemned too strongly uva ursi, to be sure, has essay slightantiseptic action but it is devoid of any curative action in gonorrheaand the minute amounts that are present in the tyree elixir are of nomore protective value against gonorrheal infection than a grain ofhexamethylenamin would be it is further claimed that the elixir is a “specific” for “inflammationof the bladder, bright disease, renal colic, suppurative nephritis, acute cystitis, urethritis, catarrh of the bladder it would beinteresting to know what distinction the manufacturer draws between‘inflammation of the bladder, ’ ‘cystitis’ and ‘catarrh of argument essay thesis thebladder’, acidemia, edema, vesical catarrh of old age, lithemia” andthat ascites and anasarca “can be reduced greatly to the satisfactionof the patient, and honor of the physician” by using a mixture oftyree elixir and infusion of digitalis such claims as these do notmerit serious discussion, for they carry their own refutation it is recommended that tyree elixir of buchu and hyoscyamus compoundbe held in conflict with rules 5, 6 and 10 and that publication ofthis report be authorized -- from reports of council on pharmacy andchemistry, 1915, p 167 hydroleine report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryhydroleine charles n crittenton company, new york is a cod liveroil emulsion said to contain 45 per cent of cod liver oil, a trace ofsalicylic acid and 18-1/2 grains of “pancreatin, etc , ” per ounce theadvertising claims are based largely on the theory that cod liver oilis “that writingicular fat which dietetic experience and physiologicalchemistry have proved to be most digestible ” as a matter of fact, while the superior digestibility of cod liver oil over other oils hasoften been asserted, neither “dietetic experience” nor “physiologicalchemistry” have “proved” this by definite observations the crittentoncompany claims that it is more readily split than other oils thisis probably not true, easy emulsification of the raw oil being oftenconfounded with easy splitting this latter claim, however, is offeredin justification of the name “hydroleine, ” which the crittenton companyinterprets as “hydrated oil ” a circular wrapped around the bottlecontains the assertion that “cod liver oil has long been held in highesteem by the medical profession for the treatment of a large number ofserious diseases ” this recommendation is likely to lead the public toplace undue reliance on hydroleine in the grave conditions mentioned the preparation is in conflict with the rules of the council inasmuchas its name does not indicate its composition, unwarranted therapeuticclaims are made for it, and the exploitation is likely to give thepublic unwarranted confidence in its value the council therefore heldhydroleine ineligible for new and nonofficial remedies -- from reportsof council on pharmacy and chemistry, 1915, p 171 curative vaccine, bruschettini report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrycurative vaccine, bruschettini, manufactured by a bruschettini, genoa, italy, is claimed to have the properties “of acting directly on thetubercular bacillus, bringing directly into the field and determining ahyperproduction of antibacillar and antitoxic substances ” the use ofthe preparation is said to be indicated in “all forms of tuberculosis ”a referee reported to the council that he had examined the availableinformation and believed that the use of this product had nosatisfactory experimental basis the method of preparation appears tobe based more on theoretical considerations than on experimental basis on the recommendation of the committee on serums and vaccines thecouncil voted that curative vaccine, bruschettini, be not acceptedbecause 1 the method used for the production of the vaccine was notsatisfactorily stated. 2 the theory on which its use is based has notbeen satisfactorily confirmed, and 3 the value of the product is notupheld by satisfactory clinical evidence the council findings, in accordance with its procedure, were sentto the manufacturers for comment his reply was considered by a newreferee who found that the matter presented did not warrant a revisionof the council conclusions accordingly the council directedpublication of its findings -- from reports of council on pharmacy andchemistry, 1915, p 176 stearns’ wine report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryfrederick stearns & co market a preparation known as “stearns’ wine, ”“stearns’ wine of cod liver ext with peptonate of iron, ” and as “vinumext morrhuae, stearns ” the constituents are said to be “concentratedextract of fresh cod livers, ” “peptonate of iron” and a “fine qualityof prime sherry wine” containing 18 per cent of alcohol this preparation was at one time marketed through the medicalprofession, but is now advertised direct to the public in typical“patent medicine” style the label on a recently purchased bottle ofstearns’ wine contains the following statements. “stearns wine is an ideal tonic for elderly people, for weak, pale and delicate children and convalescents “stearns wine has for thesis years been successfully prescribed in the treatment of general or nervous exhaustion, anemia, malnutrition, loss of appetite, loss of sleep, faulty circulation and impoverished blood supply ”the scope of the recommendations for the preparation is furtherindicated in a booklet accompanying the bottle, which begins. “stearns’ wine, what it is and why it is good for you ”the conclusion is. “stearns’ wine is a safe medicine for the young, middle-aged and old it is a safeguard to the family health ”it is not necessary to discuss either these all-embracing claims asto the therapeutic efficacy of the mixture or the fallacies presentedin favor of cod-liver extract and peptonate of iron the councilreaffirms the opinion that whatever therapeutic value cod liver mayhave resides chiefly, if not entirely, in its fatty constituents the journal, oct 9, 1909. Reports council pharm and chem , 1909, p 115 a confirmation of this opinion has recently been furnished bythe investigations of prof j p street the journal a m a , feb 20, 1915, p 638 of several cod liver cordials, one of which vinollike stearns’ wine, is described as a wine of cod liver extract withpeptonate of iron stearns’ wine is essentially an alcoholic stimulant it is not “asafe medicine for the young, middle-aged and old ” the unwarrantedtherapeutic claims and the recommendations for its indiscriminate usebring it into conflict with rules 4 and 6 the council voted thatstearns’ wine be held ineligible for inclusion in n n r -- fromreports of council on pharmacy and chemistry, 1915, p 177 protonuclein and protonuclein beta report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council had adopted the following report and authorized itspublication w a puckner, secretary protonuclein, with other products of reed and carnrick, was examinedby the council in 1907 and found ineligible for admission to new andnonofficial remedies according to the patent specifications, it isprepared “from the thyroid and thymus glands, brain pineal glandsand pituitary body, bone-marrow, pancreas, spleen, liver, salivaryglands, brunner glands, lieberkühn follicles and peptic glands ”these various glandular bodies, it is said, are dried at a temperaturebelow 130 f preferably between 100 and 110. The fat is removed byether, the dried glands disintegrated, the connective tissue removedby sifting and the resulting powder coated with an ether solution ofbenzoin and mixed with milk sugar the dose is three to ten tablets 9to 30 grains daily protonuclein beta is said to be produced by the addition toprotonuclein of an equal amount of nucleoplasm and protoplasm of thespleen the dose is from two cubes each 5 grains three times a day tothree cubes four times a day 30 to 60 grains daily special advantages over ordinary nuclein are attributed toprotonuclein, in which, it is claimed, certain unaltered cells remainthat are more easily assimilated by the leukocytes than are ordinaryproteins, thus leading to a multiplication of cells in the earlyadvertising protonuclein was claimed to be. “ an exact physiological product derived from the lymphoid structures of the body without the use of chemical agents so delicate is protonuclein that any chemical agent is liable to disturb its cellular activity ”after its examination of the product in 1907 the journal, oct 5, 1907, p 1198, the council concluded that any distinction betweenthe action of protonuclein and that of ordinary nuclein was purelyspeculative and highly improbable “if the active ingredients arereally so unstable that they are destroyed by all chemical agents, asclaimed, it seems impossible that the activity would be preserved whenprotonuclein is given by mouth and therefore subjected to the veryprofound changes of digestion ”at that time the importance of thyroid as an ingredient had not beenemphasized the following year, however, hunt and seidell the journala m a , oct 24, 1908 reported the results of an investigationwhich showed that protonuclein was a diluted thyroid preparation, asskilfully disguised as in the antifats rengo and marmola hunt laterpointed out the journal, feb 1, 1913, p 384 that the amount ofnuclein contained in a dose of protonuclein probably would not have theslightest effect, especially when given by mouth the following are extracts from the protonuclein advertising matter. “for cancer, infectious fevers measles, scarlet fever, typhoid and septicaemia and as a prophylactic ” “protonuclein.

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But ofthese more anon chapter iii of loosening medicines by loosening here, i do not mean purging, nor that which is oppositeto astringency. But that which is opposite to stretching. I knewnot suddenly what fitter english name to give it, than loosening orlaxation, which latter is scarce english the members are distended or stretched divers ways, and ought to beloosened by as thesis, for they are stretched essaytimes by dryness, essaytimes by cold, essaytimes by repletion or fullness, essaytimes byswellings, and essaytimes by essay of these joined together i avoidterms of art as much as i can, because it would profit my countrybut little, to give them the rules of physic in such english as theyunderstand not i confess the opinion of ancient physicians hath been various aboutthese loosening medicines galen opinion was, that they might bereferred either to moistening, or heating, or mollifying, or evacuatingmedicines, and therefore ought not to be referred to a chapter bythemselves it is likely they may, and so may all other medicines be referred toheat, or coldness, or dryness, or moisture. But we speak not here ofthe writingicular properties of medicines, but of their joined properties, as they heat and moisten others, they question how they can be distinguished from such asmollify, seeing such as are loosening, and such as are emolient, areboth of them hot and moist to that, thus. Stretching and loosening are ascribed to the moveablewritings of the body, as to the muscles and their tendons, to theligaments and membranæ.