History

Apush Long Essay Rubric


B any member of the college of physicians and surgeons of theprovinces of manitoba, ontario and quebec upon producing satisfactoryevidence of the same and of identification. C any person who shall produce from any college or school ofmedicine and surgery in the dominion of canada requiring a four-years’course of study and sic a diploma of qualification. Provided hefurnish to the council satisfactory evidence of identification, andpass if deemed necessary, before the members thereof, or such examinersas may be appointed for the purpose, a satisfactory examinationtouching his fitness and capacity to practise as a physician andsurgeon, upon payment to the registrar of fifty dollars 34, as substituted by ord 14, 1890, amended by ord 9, 1891-92 powers of council - the members of the council are required to makeorders, regulations, or by-laws for the regulation of the register andthe guidance of examiners, and may prescribe subjects and modes ofexamination, and may make all regulations in respect of examinations, not contrary to the ordinance, that they may deem expedient andnecessary 36 the council may by by-law delegate to the registrar power to admit topractice and to register any person having the necessary qualificationsentitling him to be registered by the council ord 24, 1892, s 4 the council may direct the name of any person improperly registeredto be erased from the register and such name shall be erased by theregistrar ord 24, 1892, s 5 forfeiture of rights - if a medical practitioner be convicted of anyfelony or misdemeanor or after due inquiry be judged by the council tohave been guilty of infamous conduct in any professional respect, thecouncil may, if it sees fit, direct the registrar to erase the name ofsuch practitioner from the register, and the name shall be erased ord 5, 1888, s 37, as substituted by ord 24, 1892, s 1 rights of registered persons - every person registered under theordinance is entitled to practise medicine and surgery, includingmidwifery, or any one of them, as the case may be, and to demand andrecover with costs his reasonable charges for professional aid, advice, and visits, and the cost of medical or surgical appliances rendered orsupplied by him to his patients 38 limitation - a period of one year after the term of professionalservice is established as a limitation to actions for negligence ormalpractice against members of the college 39 register, evidence - the registrar, under the direction of the council, is required to publish a register of the names and residences andthe medical titles, diplomas, and qualifications conferred by anycollege or body, of all persons appearing on the register on the dayof publication the register is called “northwest territories’ medicalregister, ” and a copy for the time being, purporting to be so printedand published, is prima facie evidence that the persons thereinspecified are registered according to the act the absence of a namefrom such copy is prima facie evidence that such person is not soregistered in case a person name does not appear on such copy, a certified copyunder the hand of the registrar of the entry of the name of such personon the register is evidence that such person is registered s 40 neglect to register - a person neglecting to register is not entitledto the rights or privileges conferred and is liable to all penaltiesagainst unqualified or unregistered practitioners 4 offences and penalties - to practise or profess to practise withoutregistration, for hire or reward, is punishable with a penalty of $10042 to wilfully or falsely pretend to be a physician, doctor of medicine, surgeon, or general practitioner, or assume any title or descriptionnot actually possessed and to which the person is not legally entitledunder this ordinance, is punishable with a penalty of from $10 to $5043, as amended by ord 24, 1892, s 2 to take or use a name or description implying or calculated to leadpeople to infer registration or recognition by law as a physician, surgeon, or licentiate in medicine or surgery is punishable with apenalty of from $25 to $100 44 unregistered persons - no person is entitled to recover for any medicalor surgical advice or attendance or the performance of any operationor medicine which he may have prescribed 45. Nor to beappointed as medical officer, physician, or surgeon in any branch ofthe public service or in any hospital or other charitable institutionnot supported wholly by voluntary contributions, unless registered46 no certificate required from a physician or surgeon or medicalpractitioner is valid unless the signer is registered 47 costs - in prosecutions, payment of costs may be awarded in addition tothe penalty, and in default of payment the offender may be committed tothe common jail for not more than one month 48 burden of proof - in prosecutions, the burden of proof as toregistration is upon the person charged 49 proof - the production of a printed or other copy of the register, certified under the hand of the registrar, for the time being issufficient evidence of all persons registered.

“this is what i accomplish “remove all wrinkles and traces of age from the forehead, or about the eyes and mouth lift sag from cheeks and chin “round out hollow cheeks “remove depressions and defects from the chin “build up the neck and shoulders “build up and enlarge the bust “round out and give symmetry to unshapely arms and remove the lines of age from the hands “correct thesis of the defects not mentioned here, but which may be possessed by exceptional paper ”illustration. Reproduction reduced of essay advertising matterissued in 1914 when edward percy robinson was specializing in “facialcontouring ”still another advertising leaflet purports to be a reprint of an“editorial” from the mercantile and financial times of march11, 1914 it is a pretentious puff of robinson, telling about his“scientific attainments” and his marvelous secret preparations usedin “youthifying the face ” the mercantile and financial times isan utterly discredited sheet run for the purpose of selling whatappear to be editorial comments such “editorial” puffs are paid forthrough the purchase of a certain number of copies of the paper bythe writingy who desires the publicity the associated advertising clubsof the world exposed this publication in a special bulletin issuedin june, 1919, and described it as an “example of publications thatserve as convenient tools of fake promoters ” in 1911 the mercantileand financial times published an “editorial” endorsement of theconsumption cure “nature creation ” it has done the same for a fakishdevice known as the “ideal sight restorer ” it published a puff on the“oxypathor, ” a swindle so preposterous that the exploitation of this“gaspipe” fake was debarred from the u s mails and its exploiter wassent to the federal penitentiary illustration. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - | the jean downs co , | | new york | | | | my dear mrs downs, | | | | the package of your “get slim” remedy for obesity has | | been given to a patient of mine with beneficial results | | | | in observing the action of the remedy i noted no laxative | | effect on the bowels, or any disturbance of the stomach | | | | in fact there were no physical sensations that any | | remedy had been taken, and there was a very satisfactory | | reduction in weight | | | | “get slim” remedy, being a purely vegetable combination | | is not fraught with any risk to the individual health, | | and may be safely given | | | | i would not hesitate to prescribe it for a child | | suffering from obesity | | | | this statement is based on the fact that i am acquainted | | with the ingredients entering into its manufacture | | | | i would add that this remedy for obesity might be intro- | | duced to the regular physicians with essay advantage to | | you | | | | yours truly, | | e p robinson m d | | 1402 broadway | -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- - reproduction reduced of a testimonial for an obesity cure fake, “get slim ” the a m a chemists reported that this “vegetable combination” consisted of baking soda and pink-tinted tartaric acid and sugar we also find in our files a testimonial signed e p robinson, m d , 1402 broadway edward percy robinson address in 1912, extollingthe virtues of a foolish piece of quackery, the obesity cure “getslim ” this nostrum was exposed in the journal essay years ago andwas also exposed by dr wiley in good housekeeping the “get slim”concern sued good housekeeping for libel but a jury decided thatgood housekeeping had told the truth in the “get slim” testimonialrobinson is quoted as saying that he is “acquainted with theingredients entering into its manufacture” and he describes it, as didthe “get slim” concern, as “a purely vegetable combination ” the factis the association chemists found this “purely vegetable combination”to consist of sugar and tartaric acid, each colored pink, and bakingsoda and this is the gentleman who claims to have discovered the cause of, and offers for sale a cure for, one of the most baffling scourges knownto modern medicine-- cancer except for the articles that have beenpublished during the past three years in the medical record, we areunable to find anywhere in representative medical literature anythingto indicate that edward percy robinson can lay any claim to specialknowledge of, or skill in the treatment of, cancer what we do find areadvertisements describing edward percy robinson alleged abilitiesas a “face beautifier, ” puffs from utterly uncritical or discreditedsources and a testimonial to the value of a preposterous “fat cure”fake with the best brains of the world at work on the problem of cancer, itis reasonable to assume that any man who has found out even a littlemore than has previously been discovered or is able to accomplisheven a little better results than the average in the treatment of thisdreaded disease, would be well known to scientific medicine * * * * *after this article was in type physicians began sending in no 3 april, 1921 of therapeutic leaves this is still another reprintof nos 1 and 2, with minor changes in the first two, tekarkin isdescribed as “a solution of potassium nitrate of special strength;” inno 3 it becomes “a special solution containing potassium nitrate ”in nos 1 and 2, robinson described an alleged case of “cancer of therectum treated with tekarkin ” in no 3 this becomes “medicinaltreatment cures cancer of the rectum ” in no 3 the names of theeditors, assistant editor and general manager are eliminated illustrationthe inside back cover of no 3 contains an advertisement of tekarkin, in which physicians are warned that “cancer of the lung may presentdiagnostic signs of tuberculosis ” it contains the further startlinginformation that the writingicular micro-organism responsible forpulmonary tuberculosis is the klebs-loeffler bacillus!. thus. “the klebs-loeffler bacillus may find a suitable habitat in a malignant area of lung tissue and thrive therein the presence of the bacillus does not necessarily exclude the presence of cancer a chronic cough with blood-streaked sputum may be the result of tuberculosis and cancer ”-- from the journal a m a , may 28, 1921 tyree antiseptic powder again the “ethical and commercial requirements” of the drug business“i am fond of the retail drug business and follow it every day ofmy life i know and observe to the fullest extent its ethical andcommercial requirements ” this from a circular letter recently receivedby physicians, and signed j s tyree, who asks that he be forgiven forwriting you personally, but there are several reasons why he thinksthe circumstances warrant it all of which is preliminary to callingattention to an enclosure, which accompanies the circular letter, andis described as a “short memorandum” submitted for “your consideration ”the “memorandum” is a four-page leaflet of which three pages aredevoted to “tyree antiseptic powder ” one of these three pagesis a reproduction of a letter on the stationery of the surgeongeneral office of the war dewritingment, and signed “w m gray, m d , microscopist, army medical museum.

In 2, changes in the skin, deeper writings, and hyoid bone apush long essay rubric or larynx. In 3, changes in the skin and hyoid bone or larynx, or both in 14 of the 50 paper the hyoid bone was fractured. In 20 the larynx.

Tongue not noticed. Front of neck belowswollen writing showed two dark-brown hard marks and slight marks also ofpressure. On incision the vessels were engorged blood, fluid. Brain, congested there were no vesications from the burns and no sign ofinflammation 19 alguie. “étude méd and exp de l’homicide réel ou simulé parstrangulation, relativement aux attentats dont maurice roux a étél’objet, ” montpellier, 1864, p 121 - this essay contains the reportsof thesis interesting experiments on animals and the cadaver hisconclusions in this case were that the victim had first been struck onthe neck by a club. Then a ligature was placed on the neck, with thesisturns, tied tightly, but the knots did not remain tight the markswere visible four months afterward the assailant then tied the limbs the victim recovered with temporary loss of voice, memory, etc 20 gatscher. Mittheil d wien med doct colleg , 1878, iv , p 45 - a man found hanging the examiner declared that he had hunghimself eight years afterward, suspicion of violence a commissionappointed the protocol had shown the blood fluid. A red-brown dryfurrow around the neck. Ecchymoses in connective tissues of same;the entire back and posterior writings of limbs showed post-mortemsuggillation the commission declared that the man had been strangled, had lain for at least three hours on his back, and then been hung up the murderer confessed 21 ibid , p 46 - woman, age 50, found dead in bed blood fluid. Twoecchymoses size of beans in crico-thyroid muscles of each side. Patchof hepatization size of fist, in lung. Injury of body the examinerdeclared that she had been strangled by compression of larynx with twofingers, but he could not say how long the pressure had continued, thatis, whether she had died of the strangulation or of the pneumonia theassailant stated that he had choked her and when she seemed to be dead, had left her the woman lived alone 22 waidele. Memorabilien, 1873, xviii , pp 161-167 - husband andwife quarrelled and fought. He stated that he choked her with herneck handkerchief, and as she turned round toward him, then chokedher with his hand until she died the examiner declared that she diedof asphyxia. There was a brownish-red dry streak on each side of theneck in the laryngeal region corresponding to the handkerchief, andalso two small abrasions of skin which might have been made by thehands. He concluded, however, that she had been choked to death by thehandkerchief, because there were no ecchymoses 23 rehm. Friedreich blätter f ger med , 1883, xxxiv , pp 325-332 - woman, age 37 choked by the hand on the neck, and at thesame time assailant knee pressed against her abdomen, pressing heragainst a wall, causing hemorrhage around the pancreas death stated asdue to asphyxia 24 schüppel. Vier ger öff med , xiii , 1870, pp 140-156 - woman, just delivered of child, and boy ten years old, were burnt to death ina fire which consumed their house examination of the bodies showedupon the neck of the boy a groove, and his tongue protruded thehusband was charged with murder, was imprisoned, and committed suicide 25 weiss.

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But the chapter does not apply todentists regulations - the board has authority to prescribe and establish allneedful rules and regulations to carry this chapter into effect s 9 former practitioner - all persons licensed under sec 2, 289 of the lawsof washington territory, 1881, or having complied with its provisions, are to be taken and considered as licensed under this act, and thesecretary of the board is required to enter the names of such personsupon the register kept by him, as licensed physicians and surgeons ontheir written application 10 fee - to the treasurer of the board, for examination, $10 s 3 west virginia qualification - the following persons and no others are permitted topractise medicine:1 graduates of a reputable medical college in the school of medicineto which the person desiring to practise belongs such person mustpresent his diploma to the state board of health, or the two membersthereof in his congressional district, and if it be found to be genuineand was issued by such medical college as hereinafter mentioned, andthe person presenting it be the graduate therein named, the board orsaid two members, as the case may be, must issue and deliver to hima certificate to that effect, and such diploma and certificate shallentitle the person named in the diploma to practise medicine in all itsdewritingments 2 persons not graduates in medicine who had practised medicine in thisstate under a certificate issued by the state board of health prior tothe passage of the act are authorized to practise medicine in all itsdewritingments 3 a person not a graduate of medicine and who has not practisedmedicine in this state under a certificate must be examined by thestate board of health, or the two members thereof in the congressionaldistrict where he resides, or if he resides out of the state by thetwo members in the congressional district nearest to his place ofresidence, who, together with a member of the local board of health whois a physician, if there be such a member of the local board of healthof the county in which the examination is held, shall examine him andif upon a full examination they find him qualified to practise medicinein all its dewritingments, they, or a majority of them, shall grant hima certificate to that effect, and thereafter he shall have the rightto practise medicine in the state to the same extent as if he had thediploma and certificate above mentioned the members of the state boardof health in each congressional district must, by publication in essaynewspaper printed in the county in which their meeting is to be held, or if no such paper is printed therein, in essay newspaper of generalcirculation in such district, give at least twenty-one days’ notice ofthe time and place of their meeting for the examination of applicantsfor permission to practise medicine, published at least once a week forthree consecutive weeks before the day of such meeting this section does not apply to a physician or surgeon called fromanother state to treat a writingicular case or to perform a writingicularsurgical operation in the state, or who does not otherwise practise inthe state code of w va , 1891, c 150, s 9 every person holding a certificate must have it recorded in the officeof the secretary of the state board of health, and the secretary isrequired to indorse on said certificate the fact of such recordationand deliver the same to the person named therein or his order the state board of health may refuse certificates to individuals guiltyof malpractice or dishonorable conduct, and may revoke certificates forlike causes. Such revocation being after due notice and trial by thesaid board, with right of appeal to the circuit court of the county inwhich such individual resides. But no such refusal or revocation shallbe made by reason of his belonging to or practising in any writingicularschool or system of medicine 10 the examination fee is not retained if a certificate is refused, butthe applicant may again, at any time within a year after refusal, beexamined without an additional fee, and if a certificate be againrefused he may, as often as he sees fit, on payment of the fee, beexamined until he obtains a certificate 11 examinations may be wholly or writingly in writing, and shall be of anelementary and practical character, embracing the general subjects ofanatomy, physiology, chemistry, materia medica, pathology, pathologicalanatomy, surgery, and obstetrics, but sufficiently strict to test thequalifications of the candidate as a practitioner of medicine, surgery, and obstetrics the chapter does not apply to females practisingmidwifery 12 definition, exceptions - any person is regarded as practising medicinewho professes publicly to be a physician, and to prescribe for thesick, or who appends to his name “m d ” this act also applies toapothecaries and pharmacists who prescribe for the sick it does notapply to commissioned officers of the united states army and navy andmarine hospital service 13 itinerant physician or vender - any itinerant physician or itinerantvender of any drug, nostrum, ointment, or appliance of any kindintended for the treatment of disease or injury, or who shall bywriting or printing or in any other method publicly profess to cureor treat diseases, injuries, or deformities by any drug, nostrum, manipulation, or other expedient, shall before doing so pay to thesheriff of every county in which he desires to practise a special taxof $50 for each month or fraction of a month he shall so practise insuch county, and take his receipt in duplicate therefor he shallpresent said receipts to the clerk of the county court of such county, who shall file and preserve one of them in his office and indorse onthe other, “a duplicate of this receipt has been filed in my office, ”and sign the same for such a person to practise or attempt to practisein any county without having paid such tax and filed such receipt andobtained such indorsement, or to practise or attempt to practise fora longer time than that for which he has paid a tax, is a misdemeanorpunishable with a fine of from $100 to $500 any person who shalltravel from place to place and by writing, printing, or otherwisepublicly profess to cure or treat diseases, injuries, or deformitiesis deemed an itinerant physician subject to the taxes, fines, andpenalties of this section 14 penalty - to practise or attempt to practise medicine, surgery, orobstetrics without complying with sec 9 is a misdemeanor punishable, for every offence, with a fine of from $50 to $500 or imprisonment ina county jail from one month to twelve months, or both to file orattempt to file as his own a diploma or certificate of another, ora false or forged affidavit of identity, or wilfully swear falselyto any question propounded to him on examination or to any affidavitrequired to be made and filed, is punishable with confinement in thepenitentiary from one to three years or imprisonment in a county jailfrom six to twelve months, and a fine of from $100 to $500 s 15 fee - to the state board of health, or its examining members, forexamination, $10 11 wisconsin prohibition - no person practising physic or surgery, or both, shall have the right to collect in any action in any court fees orcompensation for the performance of any medical or surgical service, or to testify in a professional capacity as a physician or surgeon, unless he shall have received a diploma from essay incorporated medicalsociety or college or shall be a member of the state or essay countymedical society legally organized in this state. Provided that in allcriminal actions the court may in its discretion and in the furtheranceof justice receive the testimony of any physician or surgeon withoutrequiring proof of the incorporation of the medical society or collegefrom which he graduated r s , 1878, s 1, 436, as amended c 131, 1887 no person practising physic or surgery, or both, prohibited by theabove section from testifying in a professional capacity as a physicianor surgeon, shall assume the title of doctor, physician, or surgeon bymeans of any abbreviation or by the use of any other word or words, letters of the alphabet of the english or any other language, or anydevice of whatsoever kind, printed, written, or painted, or exhibitedin any advertisement, circular, handbill, letter, or other instrument, nor on any card, sign, door, or place whatsoever penalty, exceptions - a violation of this act is a misdemeanorpunishable with a fine of from $25 to $100, or imprisonment in a countyjail from ten days to sixty days for each offence s 1, c 256, 1881, as amended c 40, 1882 on complaint in writing under oath before any magistrate or justice ofthe peace charging the commission of an offence against the provisionsof this act in his county, it is the duty of the district attorney toprosecute the offender, and in all such prosecutions the burden ofproof shall be upon the defendant to establish his right to use suchtitle under the provisions of this act 2 any person prohibited by sec 1 from assuming the title of doctor, physician, or surgeon who shall practise or pretend to practisephysic or surgery, or both, is not exempted from any, but is liableto all, of the legal penalties and liabilities of malpractice, andignorance shall be no excuse for a failure to perform or for neglector unskilfully performing or attempting to perform any of the dutiesrequired by law of practising physicians or surgeons the act does notprevent students from practising under the direction of a qualifiedpreceptor, nor women from practising midwifery, nor veterinarians frompractising in their special dewritingment 3 wyoming qualification - no person can lawfully practise medicine, surgery, orobstetrics who has not received a medical education and diploma fromessay regularly chartered medical school having a bona fide existencewhen the diploma was granted r s , 1887, s 1, 925 every physician, surgeon, or obstetrician must file for record withthe register of deeds of the county in which he is about to practiseor where he practises, a copy of his diploma, exhibiting the original, or a certificate from the dean of the medical school of which he is agraduate certifying to his graduation 1, 926 when filing a copy of his diploma or certificate of graduation, he mustbe identified as the person named in the paper about to be filed by theaffidavit of two citizens of the county, or his affidavit taken beforea notary public or commissioner of deeds for the state, which affidavitmust be filed in the office of the register of deeds 1, 927 penalty - to practise without complying with this chapter is amisdemeanor punishable with a fine of from $50 to $500 or imprisonmentin a county jail from thirty days to six months, or both, for eachoffence to file or attempt to file as his own a diploma or certificateof another, or a forged affidavit of identification, is a felonysubject to a fine and imprisonment in the penitentiary s 1, 928 it is the duty of the police, sheriff, or constable to arrest allpersons practising medicine, surgery, or obstetrics without complyingwith these provisions 1, 929 exceptions - this chapter does not apply to persons in emergencyprescribing or giving advice in medicine, surgery, or obstetrics ina section of country where no physician, surgeon, or obstetricianresides, or where no physician, surgeon, or obstetrician resideswithin a convenient distance, nor to persons prescribing in their ownfamilies, nor to persons claiming to practise medicine, surgery, orobstetrics in any section of the state where no physician or surgeonhaving a diploma or a certificate resides 1, 930 evidence - on the trial of persons charged with the violation ofthis chapter it shall be sufficient for the prosecution to show thatdefendant has practised medicine, surgery, or obstetrics within thecounty where the indictment is found at any time since the passage ofthe act 1876, and the defendant shall not after proof be entitled toacquittal until he shows by the testimony of essay competent witnessupon oath that the defendant has received a medical education, and agenuine diploma from essay regularly chartered medical school.