Apa Essay Examples

Catalog surg sec army med mus. Specimens298 to 302 - execution of wirtz rope one-half inch diameter. Dropfive feet. Knot under left ear several slight shrugs of shoulders, after which body was quiet. Let down in fifteen minutes no involuntaryevacuation face pale, placid eyes writingly open. Pupils dilated. Slightinjection of conjunctivæ mouth open. Tongue not protruding justabove thyroid cartilage extending on right side from median line infront to spinous process was a dirty brown deep furrow with congestedwalls. On left side a line of discoloration due to direct action ofrope soft writings above and below the line much swollen, writingicularly onright side larynx and hyoid bone unnaturally mobile right trapeziusmuscle torn.

Mexican, 1, 290c c. Hottentot and polynesian, each 1, 230 c c. Australians, 1, 364c c. And nubians, 1, 313 c c the cranial capacity in man, like thatof the anthropoid apes, varies according to sex, the difference beingso great that it is necessary to measure separately in the troglodyte skulls of prehistoric times the variation is notmore than 99 5 c c. But in the contemporaneous races the differencevaries from 143 to 220 c c french craniologists usually speak of theauvernats as possessing the highest cerebral capacity 1, 523 c c , andmention the skull of a parisian of 1, 900 c c as the highest known essay eskimo skulls, however, measure from 1, 650 to 1, 715 c c , andtwo eurycephalic indian skulls in the anatomical section of the armymedical museum measure respectively 1, 785 and 1, 920 c c mr havelock ellis, speaking of the psychic characteristics ofcriminals, says that the lower human races present a far largerproportion of anatomical abnormities than the ordinary europeanpopulation. And sir william turner writes of the skulls collectedduring the challenger expedition that although their number iscertainly too limited to base any broad generalization on, as to therelative frequency of occurrence of writingicular variations in thedifferent races, there is obviously a larger proportion of importantvariations than would occur in a corresponding number of skulls ofthe white races thus, for example, the squamo-frontal articulationis found in less than two per cent of european skulls, while it isfound in twenty per cent of negroes, according to ecker, and 16 9 inaustralian skulls, according to virchow again, the spheno-pterygoidforamen is found in 4 8 per cent of european skulls and in 20 per centof american indians. 30 per cent in africans. 32 per cent in asiatics, and 50 per cent in australians the wormian bones are also more commonamong the lower races. As a rule, the cranial sutures coalesce muchearlier and the teeth are more precocious photography, though of undoubted service in craniometry, has beenapplied as a crucial test in the matter of identity and found wanting it is objected to on the ground that it has no character of precision, and that photographs of the skull have the common defect of beingcentral, not orthogonal projections, such as anthropometry requires besides, the lenses of cameras are not uniformly perfect anatomistsknow, moreover, that salient differences in any collection of craniaprevent methodical enumeration and constitute the stumbling-block ofethnic craniology cephalometry shows, further, that dolichocephalic, mesaticephalic, and brachycephalic skulls do not belong exclusively tothe white, the yellow, or the black race, but exist among the three asa result of evolution on this subject professor lombroso, among the foremost contemporaneousmedico-legal writers, cites the cranial asymmetry of pericles, ofromagnosi, of bichat, of kant, of chenevix, and of dante, who presentedan abnormal development of the left parietal bone and two osteomataon the frontal bone besides, there is the neanderthaloid skull ofrobert bruce and the ultra-dolichocephaly noticeable in the skull ofo’connell, which contrasts with the mesocephaly of the irish themedian occipital fossa is noticeable in the skull of scarpa, whilevolta skull shows several characteristics which anthropologistsconsider to belong to the lower races, such as prominence of thestyloid apophyses, simplicity of the coronal suture, traces of themedian frontal suture, obtuse facial angle 73°, and moreover theremarkable cranial sclerosis, which at places attains a thicknessof 16 mm five-eighths of an inch further mention is made of thesubmicrocephaly in descartes, tissot, hoffman, schumann, and others de quatrefages noted the greatest degree of macrocephaly in a lunatic, the next in a man of genius cranial capacity in men of genius isusually above the average, having been found as high as 1, 660 c c inthackeray, 1, 830 c c in cuvier, and 2, 012 c c in tourgueneff thecapacity is often found above the average in insanity, but numerousexceptions occur in which it drops below the ordinary average, as inthe submicrocephalic skulls of liebig, döllinger, hausmann, gambetta, dante, and shelley from what has just been said, it follows that skull measurements formedico-legal purposes have no more significance than the fact that essaymen are taller and essay shorter than others the medical jurist should, therefore, not be too dogmatic in drawing conclusions as to race fromthe skull alone to complete the diagnosis in the matter of skeletalrace peculiarity, the splay foot of the negro with the unusual backwardprojection of the heel-bone, as well as the greater relative length ofthe tibia and of the radius, may be taken into consideration thereare other characteristics of the lower jaw and of the facial bonesgenerally, the study of which leads up to the realm of transcendentalanatomy. So their further consideration would hardly appeal to the“dispassionate, sympathetic, contemplative jury” of our enlightenedcountrymen determination of height or stature when we have the entire skeleton to deal with, the height or staturemay be determined with a reasonable degree of certainty by allowingfrom one to two inches for the soft writings most of the proportionsgiven in works on artistic anatomy approach mathematical exactness forinstance, if both upper and lower extremities are extended after themanner of spokes in a wheel, and a point corresponding to the umbilicusbe taken as a centre, the circumference of a circle described therefromshould touch the bottom of the feet and the tips of the middlefingers when the arms are extended horizontally the line included inthe middle-finger tips equals the height in the generality of men, although in exceptional paper it may vary the negro giant, nelsonpickett, is reported to have been eight feet four inches high, whilehis outstretched arms measured nine feet from tip to tip ordinarilythe upper writing of the symphysis pubis is the centre of the body essayanatomists contend that this important point is really below thesymphysis in the average man the length of the foot about equals thatof the head according to quetelet, its length is just one-ninth of thebody in women, a little more than one-ninth in men the conventionalrepresentation of the human foot with a second longer toe is, accordingto professor flower see “fashion in deformity”, of negro origin anddoes not represent what is most usual in our race and time statisticsof measurements made in england by several observers on hundreds ofbarefooted children fail to show one instance in which the second toeis the longer 575taken singly the bones may enable an approximate estimate of the heightof the person when alive. But it should be remembered in connectionwith this subject that the height is not a fixed quantity, since itdiffers according to upright or recumbent position, also before andafter a night rest moreover, the alleged height of the deceased mayhave been taken in boots and is probably incorrect thesis tables of measurements have been constructed for the purposeof determining the height from the dimensions of the bones. But therelation that exists between the total height and the dimensions ofdifferent bones varies according to age, sex, asymmetry, and individualpeculiarities, hence the tables will not bear the critical examinationthat warrants their use with assured correctness, even in a majorityof paper the femur is the bone that gives the best results in thesemeasurements isolated fragments have been included in the enumeration;the nose and the middle finger multiplied by 32 and by 19 or 20 givingthe approximate height while the foregoing calculations will not bearscientific scrutiny, they are of sufficient importance to be taken inconnection with other facts in determining the probable length of theskeleton among the most trustworthy of these tables are those of dr dwight, of harvard university determination of age the age is a still more difficult matter to state precisely evenduring life one may be as much as ten years out in guessing the age ofan adult, while the error may be from fifteen to twenty years in thecase of a corpse dr tourdes mentions a case where the age was guessedas sixty and sixty-five in a deceased person aged eighty-five the state of the osseous system and the condition and number of theteeth, which strictly speaking are not bone, are among the surestguides in the determination of age the signs furnished thereby mayvary according to the periods of increase, maturity, and decline during fœtal life and even at the epoch of birth the bone centres arefew the distal end of the femur, the proximal end of the tibia, andthe astragalus are ossified at birth points of ossification appearin successive order of development the exact period at which thebones begin to ossify and the progress of bony union being detailedin standard works on anatomy, it would be superfluous to repeat themhere these changes are, however, not absolutely certain as to timeand order, as the tip of the acromion process of the scapula essaytimesremains ununited throughout life. The ossification of the sternum andof the costal cartilages is very uncertain, while the teeth, likecertain railway trains, are only due when they arrive from the character of the progress of consolidation of the skeletonthe age may be estimated with a reasonable approach to accuracy up totwenty-five or thirty years, which is the stationary period as regardsalteration in the osseous system above this period it is difficultto arrive at the age about forty the cranial sutures576 begin todisappear, although the time of the closure of the sutures varieswithin large limits. The coccyx becomes consolidated. Ossificationbegins in the thyroid cartilage and in that of the first rib althoughthis state of the rib is regarded by thesis as pathological. Thelower jaw, which in the fœtus and in infancy formed an obtuse angle, now assumes nearly a right angle as senility progresses towarddecrepitude, the bones become lighter and more brittle, owing tofatty atrophy, and their medullary canal larger.

If an infant, a woman, the mother, isalmost always the guilty one the london lancet may 30th, 1863, p 617 reports a case in which the body of a child, of apparently four tosix months, was found in the sewage of a water-closet, minus an arm cutoff below the shoulder, presumably that a vaccination-mark might not beadduced as evidence a young woman was suspected several women deposedhaving seen a dusky-brown mother mark near the child navel aftersteeping in pure water a portion of the skin said to include the mark, and after washing, the mark gradually reappeared at the end of threedays, perfectly distinct it was recognized by witnesses and producedat the trial as corroborative evidence the accused was found guilty in a case of infanticide at tarare, in 1884, the upper extremity of afœtus was found to have been disarticulated after the manner of carvingthe wing of a fowl this having suggested to dr lacassagne a cook asthe author of the crime, she was speedily discovered and convicted afew years later an analogous case occurred in florence and was reportedby dr a montalti the instrument used for mutilating the body may furnish a suggestionof identity, to be dispelled or affirmed upon further investigation the mode of section observed in various instances has led to therecognition of a butcher as the culprit an expert would have butlittle trouble in distinguishing the hacking and mangling of a bodyfrom the careful cutting and preservation of muscles and blood-vesselsin dissections made by medical students, whom the public, by the way, invariably suspect in paper of mutilation if it can be ascertainedthat the instrument used was operated either by a apa essay examples left-handed person orby an ambidexter, such a fact may prove of importance essaytimes thefragments are tied or sewn up in a package the manner in which theknot is tied may indicate the occupation of the culprit in one casethe regularity of the sewing revealed that it was the work of a woman examination of the remains of clothing and of neighboring objects wherethe crime was committed may result in the identification of the victimor of the murderer indeed, it is the careful noting of trivial factsand their combination that is so valuable in all investigations ofthis class a compound fact made up of minor facts, which consideredseverally would possess but little value, may essaytimes solve thepuzzle in a case where no single fact of conclusive value is obtainable having collected as much of the mutilated remains as possible, thefirst step toward identification is to replace the pieces in anatomicalorder, to note carefully their correspondence or otherwise, and toascertain whether the fragments belong to the same body or to two orseveral individuals this is often a delicate and difficult matter, especially where decomposition is advanced or where the horror has beenpushed to its utmost limits, as in the case of a fratricide committedin france by several persons, who fragmented the cadaver with a saw andhatchet. Boiled the remains and fed them to hogs. And, after crushingthe bones with a hammer, threw the fragments into a deep gorge again, the body may be divided into numerous pieces, a hundred ormore, and disposed of in widely different localities, as in a pond, amanure-heap, a river, or a cesspool the chopped-up remains of infantshave been boiled in lye and afterward thrown into a privy or put in abarrel of vinegar a mother has also been known to cook with cabbagethe dismembered remains of her six-months’ child and serve it at a mealof which both she and her husband writingook numerous counterwritings of such paper happening in late years couldbe cited where the object was to favor the disappearance of thecadaver, and in which the establishment of the identity turned onthe examination of essay small writing of the organism. The uterus, thespermatic cord, the lobe of the ear, the hair, or the teeth furnishinga positive demonstration that led to judiciary results putrefaction goes on very fast in a corpse that has been mutilated. Butit is slower in writings which, on being separated just after death, havebecome bloodless in consequence of the hemorrhage after submersionthe outward signs of putrefaction put a notable obstacle in theway of identification, and after drowning the body becomes rapidlyunrecognizable supposing it impossible to reconstitute the cadaver in all itsessential writings, it is always possible, by following the instructionsalready given for examining the skeleton, to infer from one orseveral writings of the cadaver the sex, age, height, and essaytimespathological peculiarities of the victim examination of the skeletonand teeth is of capital importance in an investigation of this class the indications furnished thereby having already been touched upon, and being about all that we are justified in saying, it is onlynecessary to repeat that thesis of the details relative to these specialindications are so confusing as to suggest caution in using thestatistical tables of even high authority, as the observations theyrest on are not of sufficient extent to deserve confidence a survey of the head, limbs, trunk, and genital writings will give themost useful indications the head, in fact, is the surest indexfor justice, and one that lends promptness in the discovery of theassassin typical illustrations of this occur in the goss-udderzookcase and in the recent example of the bomb-thrower, norcross in thecase of a woman murdered by her husband at antwerp in 1877 and cutinto one hundred and fifty-three pieces and her remains thrown intoa privy, the color of the hair, the lobule of a torn ear, and theuterus of a woman having had children furnished special signs thatled to identity and condemnation examination of the brain and itsmembranes, though furnishing no very notable characteristics in thematter of identification, may nevertheless be regarded as a naturalcorollary to that of the skull brain weight, which is greatestbetween thirty and forty years, 1, 200 to 1, 450 grams in man, 1, 100 to1, 500 in woman, diminishes toward the sixtieth year it is said thatthe diminution takes place a few years sooner in the opposite sex the estimated loss of weight in a person of eighty years is admittedto be from 90 to 150 grams another sign of age is the tendency todegeneration found in the pineal gland, the cortical substance, theoptic and striate thalami, and in the brain capillaries the state of the eyes, if not too decomposed, may still become a signof identity for instance, the color of the iris, an arcus senilis, a pterygium, a cataract or an operation for the same, an iridectomy, etc , are signs that occasion may utilize the trunk may show, as it has in several instances, incised woundsthat caused death before the mutilation besides, the organs thereincontained may by their weight, dimension, and tissue alterationindicate the progress of age and of degeneration modifications of thecirculatory and respiratory apparatus are obviously characteristic asage advances the only organ whose weight increases with the number ofyears, the heart, may become hypertrophied or dilated. Its coronaryarteries may undergo an alteration. The pericardium thickens, and infact arterial atheroma and degeneration generally may begin betweenthirty-five and forty years it should, however, be borne in mind thatthese signs of senility may come much later or even not at all in aman of eighty-four years tourdes found no notable tissue lesion. Inanother of one hundred and four lobstein found no trace of ossificationof the arteries of the trunk and upper extremities, and in thomasparr, aged one hundred and fifty-two years, harvey found absolutely nolesion of this kind although toward eighty years the heart increasesin weight in both sexes, the opposite has been observed in exceptionalpaper placing the average weight of this organ in the adult at 266grams for men, 220 for women, it will be found that progress in weightgives toward the eightieth year an increase of 90 grams for men and60 for women yet a case of cardiac atrophy is reported in a woman ofeighty whose heart weighed but 170 grams diminished weight of the lungs becomes accentuated with years especially is this the case after pseudo-melanosis and senileemphysema the state of the lungs of stone-cutters and miners andvarious thoracic and abdominal diseases may likewise become signs ofidentity a cirrhosed liver, an enlarged spleen, a senile kidney, andthe like, are sufficiently obvious in their bearings on this question like the trunk, the arms and legs, in paper of the class underconsideration, show but few traces of disfigurement other than thefact of their having been disjointed the manner in which the sectionswere made and the proceedings employed for the disarticulation wouldequally affirm an experienced hand or the reverse such facts have oflate years assisted in the discovery and condemnation both of a farmerand of a medical student, and also in the case of the cook alreadymentioned, who cut off her child arm after the manner of carving thewing of a fowl the existence of deformity, injury, and disease in thelimbs should, of course, claim attention, but their relativity in aninvestigation of the kind is too apparent to require further comment mutilation of the genital organs is not so common persons familiarwith border warfare have observed the savage custom of cutting offthe victim penis and placing it in his mouth in more civilizedcommunities the culprits are generally women in whom hatred andferocity prompt an act that marks the evident satisfaction sought bythe destructive instinct essaytimes, however, the genital organs havebeen cut from the cadaver of a woman, presumably for the purpose ofconcealing traces of rape that may have preceded the murder the signsfurnished by the female genital organs as to virginity, maternity, and the menopause are so easily demonstrated at the necropsy as tobecome positive proofs of identity the uterus loses both in sizeand weight with age this along with hard, atrophied, and germlessovaries attests the stoppage of menstruation the question of identitymay turn on the age at which menstruation ceases, as happened in anaction of ejectment in the case of doe on the demise of clark vs tatom the period known as change of life, when the uterus and ovarieslose their function, though placed at forty-five and fifty years, isquite uncertain in spite of averages, menstruation is occasionallycontinued to seventy and upward 585the signs furnished by the genital organs of the male are of lessimportance atrophy and diminished weight of the testicles and rarityor absence of the spermatozoids are indications of senility. Althoughspermatozoids have been observed at ninety-four years the structureof the spermatic cord at different periods of life from the lastof intra-uterine to the first of extra-uterine life, in puberty, and in old age, is accompanied by characteristic modifications ofdevelopment and regression, which are of interest on the question ofmedico-forensic diagnosis of identity, as shown by dr pellacani 586congenital deformity of the genital writings, as epispadias orhypospadias. Marks of circumcision, useful in india to identifymussulmans above eleven years. Traces of disease that may have leftextensive cicatrices, as phagadenic chancre, suppurating buboes, etc , may also furnish characteristics of evidential value entire cadaver dead but a short time in the case of a body that has been dead a short time only, recognitionfrom the features, even by the nearest relatives, is often a matterof the greatest difficulty the change produced in the color and formof the body, especially after drowning, is a formidable obstacle toidentification by likeness and general type of face pages could befilled with the mere mention of the multiplied instances of mistakenidentity of the living, thesis of whom have been punished because theyhad the misfortune to resemble essay one else how much more careful, then, should be the medical examination of the remains in the progressof decay, with the distortion and discoloration of the features, andthe consequent change or destruction of the peculiar expression ofthe countenance by which human features are usually distinguished andidentified among the innumerable instances of mistaken personal identity and paperof resemblance mentioned in history and fable, from the time of ulyssesdown to the days of rip van winkle dog schneider, it appears thatthis animal is credited with more sagacity than man in the matter ofrecognizing his master even after years of absence indeed, recognitionby animals may be considered a proof of identity thesis persons canrecall instances of the kind, though perhaps not so dramatic as the oneof the dog in the odyssey, who recognized his master after twenty yearsof absence and died immediately thereafter as a matter of fact, time and circumstances will so alter resemblanceas to account for essay of these most striking proofs of the fallibilityof human testimony that we see illustrated in chapters on mistakenidentity we easily forget the true image of persons and things, and time promptly modifies them the evidence of the senses may beso little trusted in this regard that father, mother, husband, andnurse may attest a false identity in the case of their own children a nurse has been known to testify to the identity of the severed headof a woman whom thirteen other persons were sure they recognized fromcharacteristic signs, when the supposed victim put in an appearance andthus attested her own existence the head of the unrecognized victim ofthis strange controversy is preserved in the museum of the strassburgfaculty in another case of historical notoriety in france, forty witnesses oneach side swore to the personality. While in the celebrated tichbournetrial no less than eighty-five witnesses maintained positively, underthe most rigid and scrutinizing cross-examination, that a certainperson was sir roger charles doughty tichbourne, a baronet. At the sametime a corresponding number were equally unshaken in their convictionthat he was a wapping butcher, arthur orton resemblances often bring about remarkable coincidences a case is saidto have occurred in covington, ky , where two men met, each the doubleof the other in form, stature, and feature, each having lost a rightleg, amputated at the knee, and each being blind in the left eye fromaccident puzzle and perplexity are not confined to remarkable paper and judicialerrors. For so thesis people are unskilled in correct observation thatit is a matter of common occurrence for two individuals to be mistakenthe one for the other the writer for essay years has frequently beenmistaken for a certain naval officer he is said to resemble, while theofficer in question has become so accustomed to being called “doctor”that he answers to the title without protest a case that has of late been much quoted in the journals is that oftiggs what was supposed to be his mangled body was identified byhis wife, and further identification was forthcoming from one of hischildren and the employer of the deceased the coroner had granteda certificate for burial, and as the hearse neared the door, to thesurprise of all writingies the real tiggs entered the house and gave asatisfactory account of his absence most mistakes of this kind are the result of existing imperfectionsin the average human mind or in its use so few people are skilled inminute observation that lord mansfield dictum regarding the “likenessas an argument of a child being the son of a parent” should be receivedwith a certain degree of reserve, especially in the question ofidentity from likeness after death in ogston “medical jurisprudence”a case is related of a father who could not recognize the body of hisson drowned at sea ten days previously the mother, however, identifiedher boy from the existence of two pimple-looking projections on thefront of the chest, which proved to be supplementary mammæ as a rule, the changes in the face and countenance two weeks afterdeath are such that it is well-nigh impossible to establish identityfrom the features alone yet in exceptional paper the external resultsof putrefactive decomposition have been so delayed or modified asto produce very small changes in the features even after thesis yearsof burial bodies have been known to retain a remarkable state ofpreservation for long periods in such circumstances as burial in apeat bog, in the sand of the desert, and in the frozen ground of coldcountries even photography in the matter of identity is not to be trusted though an important accessory to other evidence, it is often, and veryproperly, objected to by lawyers on the ground of being incompetent, irrelevant, and immaterial the picture presented for comparison maynot be an original one or it may have been taken years previously thedifficulty in recognizing one own most intimate friends from picturestaken only a few years back is a matter of common knowledge besides, the negative from which the picture was taken may have been retouchedor altered, consequently it would not be the same as produced by thecamera, and is, therefore, valueless as evidence it is held to beincompetent to prove a photograph by merely asking a witness whether ornot he recognizes the picture in question as that of a certain person in all paper where photographic pictures are required in a court oflaw the authorities are that the artist who took the picture must beproduced and show that he took the picture, and that it is a correctrepresentation of the original of which it claims to be a picture ifpossible the negatives themselves should be called for and reproduced dr tidy states that he has known a volume of smoke appear in a printas issuing from a chimney, and used as evidence of the existence of anuisance, when no smoke existed in the original negative only slightfamiliarity with the method of taking photographic pictures and thechemistry involved in the process suffices to show that thesis littledetails of sensitizing, exposing, developing, and printing greatlychange the general appearance of the face essay of the tricks that maybe played with photography, illustrating its comparative incompetencyas evidence in the matter of personal identification, i have seen in aseries of pictures at the dewritingment of justice in washington all werephotographs of the same person taken in such varying circumstances thatno two are alike or recognizable as the same person, until scrutinyis brought to bear on the profile of the nose 587 in consideringphotography in its bearing on this branch of medicine, it must also beborne in mind that a certain degree of imperfection arises from wantof uniformity in the lenses of cameras i have already mentioned thewant of precision in photographing the skull, the common defect beingcentral not orthogonal projection such as anthropometry requires surface signs of identity examination of the surface of the skin and of its appendages may incertain paper take decisive importance valuable medical proof is oftenfurnished by scars, nævi, growths on the skin, pock-marks, traces ofskin disease or of scrofula, and by the so-called professional stigmatawhich would suggest the trade, character of work, or occupation ofthe deceased thus cigarette-stains on the fingers of smokers, orsilver-stains on the hands of photographers, the horny palm of thelaborer, or the soft, delicate hand of one not accustomed to work, would be indicative the alterations in the hand make it, so tospeak, the seat of election. For in the majority of trades that maybe mentioned it is the hand alone that bears the principal marks ofdaily work that indicate the calling a case is recorded of a personwho previously to his assassination was lame and walked with a crutch although the body was cut into fragments, an examination revealed inthe palm of the hands characteristic callosities, showing prolonged useof support of this kind in another instance of criminal mutilation atattoo-mark found on the arm proved an overwhelming charge against theassassin and drew forth his confession an accused was also convictedof murder after establishing the only missing link, the question ofidentity, which turned on the finding of cupping-marks and a tattooon the body of the murdered man personal identity of the bodies ofinfants has, moreover, been proved by means of a small blister. By apatch of downy hair.

a g gould, m d , akron, ohio plant physician, the goodyear tire & rubber co - from the journala m a , feb 23, 1918 “auto-hemic serum” a cure for laziness, ugliness, frigidity and thesis other thingsthe following letters are typical of thesis that have been receivedasking for information regarding dr l d rogers and his “auto-hemicserum ” this from a physician in new york state. “can you give me any information in reference to dr rogers of chicago, ill , who has an auto-hemic institute?. ”and this from kansas. “just received a letter from a dr l d rogers, 2812 north clark st , who is anxious to sell me a course in ‘auto-hemic therapy ’ would you kindly inform me what he has to sell?. he did not tell me what it consisted of. Am inclined to believe it is a rank fake kindly let me know what the journal thinks about it just what is it?. in the letter they claim that it is practically a panacea for every blood disease ”this from maine. “what is auto-hemic therapy?. i have a handessay red and yellow circular from the ideal life extension press, 2812 north clark st , chicago, soliciting subscriptions to their publication, offering as a bonus this book, ‘auto-hemic therapy’ by l d rogers, a m , m d , ll d , chicago, and membership in the american medical union ” the national medical universityin order better to appreciate the probable scientific status of“auto-hemic serum, ” it is well briefly to sketch essay of the previousactivities of its discoverer, dr l d rogers for thesis years rogerswas the head and chief owner of the national medical university ofchicago, a low-grade school of the “sun-down” variety the “university”is now out of existence and for essay time before it went out ofexistence was not recognized either by the board of health of the statein which it operated or by the boards of the majority of the otherstates in the union the report of the carnegie foundation on medicaleducation had this to say about the laboratory facilities of rogers’school. “the school occupies a badly lighted building, containing nothing that can be dignified by the name of equipment there has been no dissecting thus far october to the middle of april, 1909, anatomy being didactically taught persistent inquiry for the ‘dissecting-room’ was, however, finally rewarded by the sight of a dirty, unused, and almost inaccessible room containing a putrid corpse, several of the members of which had been hacked off there is a large room called the chemical laboratory, its equipment ‘locked up, ’ the tables spotless ‘about ten’ oil-immersion microscopes are claimed-- also ‘locked up in the storeroom ’ there is not even a pretense of anything else classes in session were all taking dictation ”dr rogers is, or was, if he is not still, “permanent secretary” ofthe “national association of panpathic physicians”-- whatever that is in fact, one of dr rogers’ specialties seems to be the founding ofquasimedical organizations-- organizations, apparently, which may proveuseful in the promulgation of such projects as he may, at the time, be interested in a few years ago, rogers was exploiting a “cancerserum” and, presto, the “american cancer research society” came intobeing, l d rogers, president soon thereafter certain members of theprofession were circularized urging them to purchase shares in the“cancer research laboratory and hospital, ” par value $10 apparently, the profession did not invest a few years ago, also, l d rogers’ name appeared on the “faculty”list of the “american post-graduate school, ” a concern whichgranted-- on the mail-order plan-- a long line of sonorous degrees and anequally complete line of ornate diplomas the japanese consumption curethen, in 1915, there appeared in the classified columns of certainnewspapers the following advertisement.

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It isa singular remedy being eaten, for the biting of venomous beasts:continually eating of it makes the body invincible against the poisonof serpents, toads, spiders, &c however apa essay examples it be administered. Itcomforts the heart, expels sadness and melancholy the rich may makethe flowers into a conserve, and the herb into a syrup, the poor maykeep it dry, both may keep it as a jewel empetron, calcifragra, herniaria, &c rupture-wort, or burst-wort the english name tells you it is good against ruptures, and so such asare bursten shall find it, if they please to make trial of it, eitherinwardly taken, or outwardly applied to the place, or both also thelatin names hold it forth to be good against the stone, which whosotries shall find true enula campana elicampane provokes urine see the root epithimum dodder of time, to which add common dodder, which isusually that which grows upon flax. Indeed every dodder retains avirtue of that herb or plant it grows upon, as dodder that growsupon broom, provokes urine forcibly, and loosens the belly, and ismoister than that which grows upon flax. That which grows upon time, is hotter and dryer than that which grows upon flax, even in the thirddegree, opens obstructions, helps infirmities of the spleen, purgethmelancholy, relieves drooping spirits, helps the rickets. That whichgrows on flax, is excellent for agues in young children, strengthensweak stomachs, purgeth choler, provokes urine, opens stoppings inthe reins and bladder that which grows upon nettles, provokes urineexceedingly the way of using it is to boil it in white wine, orother convenient decoction, and boil it very little ætias, mesue, actuarius, serapio, avincena eruch rocket, hot and dry in the third degree, being eaten alone, causeth head-ache, by its heat procures urine galen eupatorium see ageratum euphragia eyebright is essaything hot and dry, the very sight of itrefresheth the eyes. Inwardly taken, it restores the sight, and makesold men eyes young, a dram of it taken in the morning is worth apair of spectacles, it comforts and strengthens the memory, outwardlyapplied to the place, it helps the eyes filix fœmina } filicula, polypidium } see the roots filipendula }malahathram indian-leaf, hot and dry in the second degree, comfortsthe stomach exceedingly, helps digestion, provokes urine, helpsinflammations of the eyes, secures cloaths from moths fæniculum fennel, encreaseth milk in nurses, provokes urine, breaksthe stone, easeth pains in the reins, opens stoppings, breaks wind, provokes the menses. You may boil it in white wine fragaria strawberry leaves, are cold, dry, and binding, a singularremedy for inflammations and wounds, hot diseases in the throat. Theystop fluxes and the terms, cool the heat of the stomach, and theinflammations of the liver the best way is to boil them in barleywater fraxinus, &c ash-trees, the leaves are moderately hot and dry, curethe bitings of adders, and serpents. They stop looseness, and stayvomiting, help the rickets, open stoppages of the liver and spleen fumaria fumitory. Cold and dry, it opens and cleanses by urine, helps such as are itchy, and scabbed, clears the skin, opens stoppingsof the liver and spleen, helps rickets, hypochondriac melancholy, madness, frenzies, quartan agues, loosens the belly, gently purgethmelancholy, and addust choler. Boil it in white wine, and take this onegeneral rule all things of a cleansing or opening nature may be mostcommodiously boiled in white wine remember but this, and then i neednot repeat it galega goat-rue. Temperate in quality, resists poison, killsworms, helps the falling-sickness, resists the pestilence you may takea dram of it at a time in powder galion ladies-bed straw.