History

Ap English Synthesis Essay


Nor does it prevent any womanfrom giving the necessary aid in paper of confinement as heretoforeaccustomed act 1881, c 19, s 36 examination - all persons who subsequent to the passage of the actpass the examination prescribed by the council of physicians andsurgeons, or presenting approved credentials, certificates, or diplomasequivalent to such examination, are entitled to register and receive alicense to practise 38 physicians in army or navy - a person while employed in actual servicein her majesty naval or military service as a physician or surgeon, may practise physic, surgery, or midwifery with registry or license39 non-residents - non-resident registered practitioners of medicineresiding in the state of maine or in the province of quebec or novascotia near the boundary line of this province whose regular practiceextends into any town, parish, or county in new brunswick may registerunder the act 44 no other non-resident practitioner of medicine is entitled to register act 1884, c 17, s 1 exceptions - the act does not extend to clairvoyant physicianspractising at the time of its passage in the province, nor to midwives act 1881, c 19, s 45 students - the act establishes a uniform standard of matriculation orpreliminary examinations sched b oaths - any oath or affidavit required by the medical act may be takenbefore any justice of the peace or person by law authorized to take anyoath or affidavit act 1882, c 30, s 6 fees - to the registrar, for registration under secs 12 and 13, $10 act 1881, c 19, s 12 and 13 to the registrar, for the registration of an additional qualification, such fee as the council may demand act 1881, c 19, s 23 to the registrar, or his deputy, annual fee from each practitioner, tobe fixed by the council, not more than $2 nor less than $1 act 1882, c 30, s 5 each registered medical practitioner must, if required by the council, pay to the registrar, or a person deputed by him, an annual feedetermined by the council, not less than $1 nor more than $2, payablejanuary 1st each year, and recoverable as a debt with costs in the nameof the council act 1882, c 30, s 5 if any practitioner omit to pay the registration fee before theregistrar causes the register to be printed in the royal gazette, theregistrar shall not cause the name of such practitioner to be printed, and he shall thereupon cease to be deemed a registered practitioner;but afterward, on paying such fee, he shall be entitled to all hisrights and privileges as a registered practitioner from the time ofpayment act 1884, c 17, s 2 newfoundland medical board - there is a board composed of seven regularly qualifiedmedical practitioners of not less than five years’ standing, appointedas provided in the act, and known as the “newfoundland medical board, ”whose duties relate, among other things, to the making and enforcing ofmeasures necessary for the regulation and the practice of medicine act1893, c 12, s 2, 3, 19 the board is authorized to appoint examiners and fix times ofexaminations 5 the secretary of the board is the registrar 7 register, evidence - it is the duty of the registrar on or beforejanuary 1st in each year to cause to be published in the royalgazette of newfoundland a list of the names of all persons appearingon the register at that date, with their places of residence, titles, diplomas, and qualifications as conferred by any college or body, withthe date 8 such register is called the medical register, and a copy thereofis prima facie evidence that the persons therein specified areregistered according to the act. And the absence of a name therefrom isprima facie evidence that such person is not so registered s 9 qualification - the members of the board form a body of medicalexaminers of diplomas and degrees, whose certificate shall be the onlylicense permitting the practice of medicine, surgery, or midwifery, except as hereinafter provided, provided the applicant for such licenseshall previously have obtained a medical diploma from a recognizedcollege or university, or as hereinafter provided 10 every person is entitled to have his name entered on the registeron satisfying the board that he holds a degree or diploma from essayregular university or school of medicine in good standing, and he shallthen receive from the board a license bearing its seal, on the paymentto the registrar of $5, and shall have his name entered on the register11 no such licensed practitioner shall be entitled to practise in any yearwithout taking out from the board, before the 1st of january in everyyear, a certificate of practice for which he shall pay $1 s 12 students - the act provides the requirements for entering on the studyof medicine, surgery, or midwifery in the colony 13, 14, 17 duties of board - the board is required to examine all degrees andother credentials produced or given in evidence under the act forthe purpose of enabling the owners to practise, and, if it be deemednecessary, to oblige the owner to attest on oath or affidavit that heis the person whose name is mentioned therein, and that he has becomepossessed of the same by lawful means 16 the board is required to cause every member of the professionpractising in newfoundland to enter his name, age, place of residence, date of license or diploma and where it was obtained, on the register18 neglect to register - a person entitled to be registered, who neglectsor omits to apply, is not entitled to any of the rights or privilegesconferred by the act so long as the neglect or omission continues25 additional qualification - a person registered who obtains a higherdegree or diploma is entitled to have it inserted in the register inaddition to or in substitution for those previously registered s 26 rights of registered persons - a person properly registered under theact is entitled to practise medicine, surgery, and midwifery in anywriting of the colony, and to demand and recover reasonable charges forprofessional aid or advice with the cost of medicine or other medicaland surgical appliance supplied by him 27 unregistered persons - no person whose name is not registered under theact is entitled to recover any fees for any medical or surgical advice, or for any services whatsoever rendered in the capacity of a medicalman, nor to recover the payment of charges for any medicine or medicalor surgical appliance which may have been both prescribed and suppliedby him this clause is not intended to interfere with the practice ofmidwifery by competent females as hereinafter provided 28 offences and penalties - except as hereinafter provided, if a personnot registered or licensed under the act practises medicine, surgery, or midwifery for hire, gain, help sic or reward, or wilfully andfalsely pretends to be a physician, doctor of medicine, surgeon, orgeneral practitioner, or takes or uses any name, title, addition ordescription, implying or calculating sic to deceive or lead thepublic to infer that he is registered under this act, or who proposesby public advertisement, card, circular, or otherwise, to practisemedicine, surgery, or midwifery, or give advice therein, or in anywiselead people to infer that he is qualified to practise medicine, surgery, or midwifery, he shall forfeit $20 for each day that he sopractises or leads people to infer that he is a practitioner, or shallsuffer imprisonment not exceeding twelve months 29 persons violating the above regulations are subject to the penalties ofthe act, and in all paper the burden of proof as to qualification isupon the defendant or practitioner 30 expulsion of member - the newfoundland medical board may try and expelany member of the profession for acts of malpractice, misconduct, orimmoral habits, provided five-sevenths of the whole number record theirsignatures to such a measure 32 exceptions - the act does not prevent private persons from giving thenecessary medical or surgical aid in times of urgent need, providedsuch aid or attention is not given for gain or hire, nor the giving ofit made a business or a way of gaining a livelihood 34 every person residing in the colony and who shall have practisedmedicine, surgery, and midwifery for five years consecutively in onelocality previous to the passage of the act, on the proof of the same, shall have his name registered and receive a license to practise underthe act. Provided, the board may grant a license to any person who mayhave practised for a shorter period, on being satisfied by examination, or inquiry, that such person is reasonably competent and fit.

Argyrol, 1 147 at 20 c , andis not very viscid viscosity, 1 25 a 1:1, 000 solution of silvol isclear and about 50 per cent deeper in color than a solution of argyrolof the same strength silvol differs from argyrol mainly in that its solutions yield a fineprecipitate with egg albumin under suitable conditions, while argyrolis nonprecipitant. And in that silvol solutions are not so effectivelydecolorized by lloyd reagent the manufacturers did not reply to an inquiry with regard to thebasis for the claims made for silvol see appendix the referee wastherefore obliged to deduce these claims from the firm advertisingmatter about the same claims are made for the local use of silvol asare generally made for argyrol these may be accepted without detailedevidence in view of the similarity of the two preparations its usefulness, as suggested in the advertising, when given by mouth“in the treatment of acute or chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer, orgastro-enteritis, ” or the efficacy of very dilute solutions 0 2 percent against dysentery, etc , is doubtful and requires substantiationby evidence the claims that silvol is astringent, though nonirritantand noncoagulant, that it is a “powerful germicide” or even that itis a “powerful antiseptic, ” and that it may be used with advantagewherever “a silver salt is indicated, ” need substantiation there is noproof of the assertions that silvol is “the most efficacious of silversalts”. “the most efficient antiseptic, ” and “the most remarkableorganic silver compound ”as the manufacturers have not presented any evidence for their highlyimprobable claims, and as they have not signified any intention ofmaking their claims agree with substantiated facts, it is recommendedthat silvol be declared inadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies the council adopted the report of its referee and authorized itspublication appendixthe following letter from the secretary of the council was sent toparke, davis & company, march 20, 1917 no reply to it has beenreceived. The referee of the council who is conducting an investigation of silver preparations asked me to inquire if you are willing to submit your evidence for the following claims which are made in your circulars for silvol. 1 how it is possible for the solution to be astringent, and at the same time nonirritant and noncoagulant?. 2 that intestinal irrigation with a silvol solution containing 10 to 15 grains to the pint is sufficiently bactericidal to “be used in the abortive treatment of such infectious processes as dysentery, cholera infantum, and colitis ” 3 what evidence have you as to the degree of antiseptic and germicidal power of silvol solutions?. 4 what evidence have you as to the degree of antiseptic and germicidal power of 5 per cent silvol ointment?. A reply to the above questions and any other information in regardto silvol will receive careful consideration -- from the journala m a , july 13, 1918 katharmon report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryfollowing inquiries, the council took up “katharmon” for considerationand authorized publication of the following report w a puckner, secretary the katharmon chemical company of st louis in advertising itskatharmon appeals especially to a profession whose members, shouldthey live up to their ethical code, could not prescribe it 124 in1893 when the publication of “a formula” for proprietary preparationswas thought to satisfy the requirements of scientific medicine anadvertisement in the journal of the american medical association gavethe following “formula” for katharmon:124 “ it is equally unethical to prescribe or dispense secretmedicines or other secret remedial agents, ” sec 6, art i, chapterii, principles of medical ethics “hydrastis canadensis, phytolacca decandra, acid salicylous c p from oil of wintergreen, acid boric c p , mentha arvensis, thymus vulgaris, dist ext hamamelis virg conc ”in 1907 an advertisement in the kansas city medical index-lancetdeclared that. “katharmon represents in chemical combination the active principles of hydrastis canadensis, gaultheria procumbens, hamamelis virginica, phytolacca decandra, mentha arvensis, thymus vulgaris, with two grains c p boric acid to each fluid drachm ”now the advertisements which appear in essay medical journals state. “katharmon represents in combination hydrastis canadensis, thymus vulgaris, mentha arvensis, phytolacca decandra, 10-1/2 grains acid borosalicylic, 24 grains sodium pyroborate to each fluid ounce of pure distilled extract of witch hazel ”a comparison of these so-called formulas shows that they have not onlyvaried from time to time, but that in no instance was a quantitativestatement with regard to all the asserted ingredients given the chemical laboratory of the a m a reports. Katharmon has analkaline reaction and therefore cannot contain boric acid, salicylicacid or “borosalicylic acid” the latter is unknown to medicalliterature except as loosely applied to a simple mixture of boric andsalicylic acids the solution gives tests for sodium, borate, andsalicylate and therefore probably contains sodium borate and sodiumsalicylate examined by the methods used for the determination ofhydrastin in goldenseal preparations, a residue giving only a fainttest for alkaloid was obtained. If present at all, hydrastis canadensis goldenseal is there only in very small amounts a circular wrapped with the trade package of katharmon contained thefollowing, palpably unwarranted, claims. “internally it is very useful in acute indigestion, gastric catarrh, diarrhoea and cholera infantum ” “ it has demonstrated its remarkable curative effects, not only in preventing unhealthy conditions of fresh wounds, but also in correcting the decaying of putrefactive processes peculiar to the body under certain circumstances it has, further, a remarkable efficacy in surface inflammations, whether produced by accident or disease, and is an indispensable remedy in the affections of the mucous membranes of the nose, mouth, stomach, bowels, vagina, uterus, urethra, bladder and rectum ”katharmon is in conflict with rules 1 and 4 of the council on pharmacyand chemistry because of its indefinite and secret composition andthe method of advertising it indirectly to the public. It is inconflict with rules 10, 6 and 8, in that it is an irrational shotgunmixture sold under unwarranted therapeutic claims and under a namenondescriptive of its composition -- from the journal a m a , aug 10, 1918 iodinized emulsion scott and creosotonic scott report of the council on pharmacy and chemistry“iodinized emulsion scott” and “creosotonic scott” are proprietarypreparations of the dawson pharmacal company, dawson springs, ky thelatter preparation used to be known as “iodinized emulsion scott withhypophosphites, guaiacol and creosote ” in 1907 these preparations wereconsidered by the council and found inadmissible to new and nonofficialremedies examination of the preparations having been again requested, the council considered them anew because the composition and claimshad been changed essaywhat and because at the previous consideration noreport was published the reports which appear below were sent to the dawson pharmacalcompany for comment before publication in reply the company offered torevise its claims for the preparations the council replied that thereport sent explained that both preparations are irrational mixtures, and hence a revision of the claims would not make them eligible for newand nonofficial remedies it advised that publication of the reportwould be withheld sixty days and that it would be revised if newinformation or evidence was submitted permitting such revision afterexpiration of the stipulated postponement, the dawson pharmacal companywrote that no new advertising matter had been prepared, but that theold circulars were not being sent out as these irrational preparations were still sold and advertised to themedical profession and presumably used by essay physicians, the councildirected publication of its report with this explanation w a puckner, secretary iodinized emulsion scottthe label for iodinized emulsion scott declares. “each fluidram contains.

The same is excellently good to be taken inwardlyfor the king ap english synthesis essay evil it helps agues of all sorts, and the yellowjaundice, as also the bots in cattle. When kine are bitten on the udderby any venomous beast, do but stroke the place with the decoction ofany of these, and it will instantly heal them clove gilliflowers it is vain to describe an herb so well known government and virtues they are gallant, fine, temperate flowers, of the nature and under the dominion of jupiter. Yea, so temperate, that no excess, neither in heat, cold, dryness, nor moisture, can beperceived in them. They are great strengtheners both of the brain andheart, and will therefore serve either for cordials or cephalics, asyour occasion will serve there is both a syrup and a conserve made ofthem alone, commonly to be had at every apothecary to take now andthen a little of either, strengthens nature much, in such as are inconsumptions they are also excellently good in hot pestilent fevers, and expel poison germander descript common germander shoots forth sundry stalks, with smalland essaywhat round leaves, dented about the edges the flowersstand at the tops of a deep purple colour the root is composed ofdivers sprigs, which shoots forth a great way round about, quicklyoverspreading a garden place it grows usually with us in gardens time and flowers in june and july government and virtues it is a most prevalent herb of mercury, and strengthens the brain and apprehension exceedingly when weak, andrelieves them when drooping this taken with honey saith dioscoridesis a remedy for coughs, hardness of the spleen and difficulty of urine, and helps those that are fallen into a dropsy, especially at thebeginning of the disease, a decoction being made thereof when it isgreen, and drank it also brings down women courses, and expels thedead child it is most effectual against the poison of all serpents, being drank in wine, and the bruised herb outwardly applied. Used withhoney, it cleanses old and foul ulcers. And made into an oil, and theeyes anointed therewith, takes away the dimness and moistness it islikewise good for the pains in the sides and cramps the decoctionthereof taken for four days together, drives away and cures bothtertain and quartan agues it is also good against all diseases of thebrain, as continual head-ache, falling-sickness, melancholy, drowsinessand dullness of the spirits, convulsions and palsies a dram of theseed taken in powder purges by urine, and is good against the yellowjaundice the juice of the leaves dropped into the ears kills theworms in them the tops thereof, when they are in flowers, steepedtwenty-four hours in a draught of white wine, and drank, kills theworms in the belly stinking gladwin descript this is one of the kinds of flower-de-luce, havingdivers leaves arising from the roots, very like a flower-de-luce, butthat they are sharp-edged on both sides, and thicker in the middle, of a deeper green colour narrower and sharper pointed, and a strongill-scent, if they be bruised between the fingers in the middlerises up a reasonably strong stalk, a yard high at least, bearingthree or four flowers at the top, made essaywhat like the flowers ofthe flower-de-luce, with three upright leaves, of a dead purplishash-colour, with essay veins discoloured in them. The other three do notfall down, nor are the three other small ones so arched, nor cover thelower leaves as the flower-de-luce doth, but stand loose or asunderfrom them after they are past, there come up three square hard husks, opening wide into three writings when they are ripe, wherein lie reddishseed, turns black when it hath abiden long the root is like that ofthe flower-de-luce, but reddish on the outside, and whitish within, very sharp and hot in the taste, of as evil a scent as the leaves place this grows as well in upland grounds, as in moist places, woods, and shadowy places by the sea-side in thesis places of this land, and is usually nursed up in gardens time it flowers not until july, and the seed is ripe in august orseptember, yet the husks after they are ripe, opening themselves, willhold their seed with them for two or three months, and not shed them government and virtues it is supposed to be under the dominion ofsaturn it is used by thesis country people to purge corrupt phlegm andcholer, which they do by drinking the decoction of the roots. And essayto make it more gentle, do but infuse the sliced roots in ale. And essaytake the leaves, which serve well for the weaker stomach. The juicehereof put up, or snuffed up the nose, causes sneezing, and draws fromthe head much corruption. And the powder thereof doth the same thepowder thereof drank in wine, helps those that are troubled with thecramps and convulsions, or with the gout and sciatica, and gives easeto those that have griping pains in their body and belly, and helpsthose that have the stranguary it is given with much profit to thosethat have had long fluxes by the sharp and evil quality of humours, which it stays, having first cleansed and purged them by the dryingand binding property therein the root boiled in wine and drank, dotheffectually procure women courses, and used as a pessary, works thesame effect, but causes abortion in women with child half a dram ofthe seed beaten to powder, and taken in wine, doth speedily cause oneto make water abundantly the same taken with vinegar, dissolves thehardness and swellings of the spleen the root is very effectual in allwounds, especially of the head. As also to draw forth any splinters, thorns, or broken bones, or any other thing sticking in the flesh, without causing pains, being used with a little verdigrease and honey, and the great centaury root the same boiled in vinegar, and laid uponan eruption or swelling, doth very effectually dissolve and consumethem. Yea, even the swellings of the throat called the king evil;the juice of the leaves or roots heals the itch, and all running orspreading scabs, sores, blemishes, or scars in the skin, wheresoeverthey be golden rod descript this rises up with brownish small round stalks, two feethigh, and essaytimes more, having thereon thesis narrow and long darkgreen leaves, very seldom with any dents about the edges, or any stalksor white spots therein, yet they are essaytimes so found divided at thetops into thesis small branches, with divers small yellow flowers onevery one of them, all which are turned one way, and being ripe, doturn into down, and are carried away by the wind the root consists ofthesis small fibres, which grows not deep in the ground, but abides allthe winter therein, shooting forth new branches every year, the old onelying down to the ground place it grows in the open places of woods and copses, on bothmoist and dry grounds, in thesis places of this land time it flowers about the month of july government and virtues venus claims the herb, and therefore tobe sure it respects beauty lost arnoldus de villa nova commends itmuch against the stone in the reins and kidneys, and to provoke urinein abundance, whereby also the gravel and stone may be voided thedecoction of the herb, green or dry, or the distilled water thereof, is very effectual for inward bruises, as also to be outwardly applied, it stays bleeding in any writing of the body, and of wounds. Also thefluxes of humours, the bloody-flux, and women courses. And is noless prevalent in all ruptures or burstings, being drank inwardly, andoutwardly applied it is a sovereign wound herb, inferior to none, both for the inward and outward hurts. Green wounds, old sores andulcers, are quickly cured therewith it also is of especial use in alllotions for sores or ulcers in the mouth, throat, or privy writings of manor woman the decoction also helps to fasten the teeth that are loosein the gums gout-wort, or herb gerrard descript it is a low herb, seldom rising half a yard high, havingsundry leaves standing on brownish green stalks by three, snippedabout, and of a strong unpleasant savour. The umbels of the flowersare white, and the seed blackish, the root runs in the ground, quicklytaking a great deal of room place it grows by hedge and wall-sides, and often in the border andcorner of fields, and in gardens also time it flowers and seeds about the end of july government and virtues saturn rules it neither is it to be supposedgout-wort hath its name for nothing but upon experiment to heal thegout and sciatica.

For until it be about two years old, it is morebinding than cordial, and after that, more cordial than binding essayof the younger conserve taken with mithridate mixed together, is goodfor those that are ap english synthesis essay troubled with distillations of rheum from the brainto the nose, and defluctions of rheum into the eyes. As also forfluxes and lasks of the belly. And being mixed with the powder ofmastich, is very good for the gonorrhea, and for the looseness of thehumours in the body the old conserve mixed with aromaticum rosarum, is a very good cordial against faintings, swoonings, weakness, andtremblings of the heart, strengthens, both it and a weak stomach, helps digestion, stays casting, and is a very good preservative inthe time of infection the dry conserve, which is called the sugar ofroses, is a very good cordial to strengthen the heart and spirits. Asalso to stay defluctions the syrup of dried red roses strengthens astomach given to casting, cools an over-heated liver, and the bloodin agues, comforts the heart, and resists putrefaction and infection, and helps to stay lasks and fluxes honey of roses is much used ingargles and lotions to wash sores, either in the mouth, throat, orother writings, both to cleanse and heal them, and to stay the fluxesof humours falling upon them it is also used in clysters both tocool and cleanse the cordial powders, called diarrhoden abbatis andaromaticum rosarum, do comfort and strengthen the heart and stomach, procure an appetite, help digestion, stay vomiting, and are very goodfor those that have slippery bowels, to strengthen them, and to dryup their moisture red rose-water is well known, and of familiar useon all occasions, and better than damask rose-water, being coolingand cordial, refreshing, quickening the weak and faint spirits, usedeither in meats or broths, to wash the temples, to smell at the nose, or to smell the sweet vapours thereof out of a perfuming pot, or castinto a hot fire shovel it is also of much good use against the rednessand inflammations of the eyes to bathe them therewith, and the templesof the head. As also against pain and ache, for which purpose alsovinegar of roses is of much good use, and to procure rest and sleep, if essay thereof, and rose-water together, be used to smell unto, orthe nose and temples moistened therewith, but more usually to moistena piece of a red rose-cake, cut for the purpose, and heated betweena double folded cloth, with a little beaten nutmeg, and poppy-seedstrewed on the side that must lie next to the forehead and temples, and bound so thereto all night the ointment of roses is much usedagainst heat and inflammations in the head, to anoint the foreheadand temples, and being mixt with unguentum populneum, to procurerest. It is also used for the heat of the liver, the back and reins, and to cool and heal pushes, wheals, and other red pimples rising inthe face or other writings oil of roses is not only used by itself tocool any hot swellings or inflammations, and to bind and stay fluxesof humours unto sores, but is also put into ointments and plaistersthat are cooling and binding, and restraining the flux of humours thedried leaves of the red roses are used both inwardly and outwardly, both cooling, binding, and cordial, for with them are made botharomaticum, rosarum, diarrhoden abbatis, and saccharum rosarum, each of whose properties are before declared rose leaves and mint, heated and applied outwardly to the stomach, stays castings, and verymuch strengthen a weak stomach. And applied as a fomentation to theregion of the liver and heart, do much cool and temper them, and alsoserve instead of a rose-cake as is said before to quiet the over-hotspirits, and cause rest and sleep the syrup of damask roses is bothsimple and compound, and made with agaric the simple solutive syrupis a familiar, safe, gentle and easy medicine, purging choler, takenfrom one ounce to three or four, yet this is remarkable herein, thatthe distilled water of this syrup should notably bind the belly thesyrup with agaric is more strong and effectual, for one ounce thereofby itself will open the body more than the other, and works as much onphlegm as choler the compound syrup is more forcible in working onmelancholic humours. And available against the leprosy, itch, tetters, &c and the french disease. Also honey of roses solutive is made of thesame infusions that the syrup is made of, and therefore works the sameeffect, both opening and purging, but is oftener given to phlegmaticthan choleric persons, and is more used in clysters than in potions, as the syrup made with sugar is the conserve and preserved leaves ofthose roses are also operative in gently opening the belly the simple water of damask roses is chiefly used for fumes to sweetenthings, as the dried leaves thereof to make sweet powders, and fillsweet bags. And little use they are put to in physic, although theyhave essay purging quality.

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Such revocation being after due notice and trial by ap english synthesis essay thesaid board, with right of appeal to the circuit court of the county inwhich such individual resides. But no such refusal or revocation shallbe made by reason of his belonging to or practising in any writingicularschool or system of medicine 10 the examination fee is not retained if a certificate is refused, butthe applicant may again, at any time within a year after refusal, beexamined without an additional fee, and if a certificate be againrefused he may, as often as he sees fit, on payment of the fee, beexamined until he obtains a certificate 11 examinations may be wholly or writingly in writing, and shall be of anelementary and practical character, embracing the general subjects ofanatomy, physiology, chemistry, materia medica, pathology, pathologicalanatomy, surgery, and obstetrics, but sufficiently strict to test thequalifications of the candidate as a practitioner of medicine, surgery, and obstetrics the chapter does not apply to females practisingmidwifery 12 definition, exceptions - any person is regarded as practising medicinewho professes publicly to be a physician, and to prescribe for thesick, or who appends to his name “m d ” this act also applies toapothecaries and pharmacists who prescribe for the sick it does notapply to commissioned officers of the united states army and navy andmarine hospital service 13 itinerant physician or vender - any itinerant physician or itinerantvender of any drug, nostrum, ointment, or appliance of any kindintended for the treatment of disease or injury, or who shall bywriting or printing or in any other method publicly profess to cureor treat diseases, injuries, or deformities by any drug, nostrum, manipulation, or other expedient, shall before doing so pay to thesheriff of every county in which he desires to practise a special taxof $50 for each month or fraction of a month he shall so practise insuch county, and take his receipt in duplicate therefor he shallpresent said receipts to the clerk of the county court of such county, who shall file and preserve one of them in his office and indorse onthe other, “a duplicate of this receipt has been filed in my office, ”and sign the same for such a person to practise or attempt to practisein any county without having paid such tax and filed such receipt andobtained such indorsement, or to practise or attempt to practise fora longer time than that for which he has paid a tax, is a misdemeanorpunishable with a fine of from $100 to $500 any person who shalltravel from place to place and by writing, printing, or otherwisepublicly profess to cure or treat diseases, injuries, or deformitiesis deemed an itinerant physician subject to the taxes, fines, andpenalties of this section 14 penalty - to practise or attempt to practise medicine, surgery, orobstetrics without complying with sec 9 is a misdemeanor punishable, for every offence, with a fine of from $50 to $500 or imprisonment ina county jail from one month to twelve months, or both to file orattempt to file as his own a diploma or certificate of another, ora false or forged affidavit of identity, or wilfully swear falselyto any question propounded to him on examination or to any affidavitrequired to be made and filed, is punishable with confinement in thepenitentiary from one to three years or imprisonment in a county jailfrom six to twelve months, and a fine of from $100 to $500 s 15 fee - to the state board of health, or its examining members, forexamination, $10 11 wisconsin prohibition - no person practising physic or surgery, or both, shall have the right to collect in any action in any court fees orcompensation for the performance of any medical or surgical service, or to testify in a professional capacity as a physician or surgeon, unless he shall have received a diploma from essay incorporated medicalsociety or college or shall be a member of the state or essay countymedical society legally organized in this state. Provided that in allcriminal actions the court may in its discretion and in the furtheranceof justice receive the testimony of any physician or surgeon withoutrequiring proof of the incorporation of the medical society or collegefrom which he graduated r s , 1878, s 1, 436, as amended c 131, 1887 no person practising physic or surgery, or both, prohibited by theabove section from testifying in a professional capacity as a physicianor surgeon, shall assume the title of doctor, physician, or surgeon bymeans of any abbreviation or by the use of any other word or words, letters of the alphabet of the english or any other language, or anydevice of whatsoever kind, printed, written, or painted, or exhibitedin any advertisement, circular, handbill, letter, or other instrument, nor on any card, sign, door, or place whatsoever penalty, exceptions - a violation of this act is a misdemeanorpunishable with a fine of from $25 to $100, or imprisonment in a countyjail from ten days to sixty days for each offence s 1, c 256, 1881, as amended c 40, 1882 on complaint in writing under oath before any magistrate or justice ofthe peace charging the commission of an offence against the provisionsof this act in his county, it is the duty of the district attorney toprosecute the offender, and in all such prosecutions the burden ofproof shall be upon the defendant to establish his right to use suchtitle under the provisions of this act 2 any person prohibited by sec 1 from assuming the title of doctor, physician, or surgeon who shall practise or pretend to practisephysic or surgery, or both, is not exempted from any, but is liableto all, of the legal penalties and liabilities of malpractice, andignorance shall be no excuse for a failure to perform or for neglector unskilfully performing or attempting to perform any of the dutiesrequired by law of practising physicians or surgeons the act does notprevent students from practising under the direction of a qualifiedpreceptor, nor women from practising midwifery, nor veterinarians frompractising in their special dewritingment 3 wyoming qualification - no person can lawfully practise medicine, surgery, orobstetrics who has not received a medical education and diploma fromessay regularly chartered medical school having a bona fide existencewhen the diploma was granted r s , 1887, s 1, 925 every physician, surgeon, or obstetrician must file for record withthe register of deeds of the county in which he is about to practiseor where he practises, a copy of his diploma, exhibiting the original, or a certificate from the dean of the medical school of which he is agraduate certifying to his graduation 1, 926 when filing a copy of his diploma or certificate of graduation, he mustbe identified as the person named in the paper about to be filed by theaffidavit of two citizens of the county, or his affidavit taken beforea notary public or commissioner of deeds for the state, which affidavitmust be filed in the office of the register of deeds 1, 927 penalty - to practise without complying with this chapter is amisdemeanor punishable with a fine of from $50 to $500 or imprisonmentin a county jail from thirty days to six months, or both, for eachoffence to file or attempt to file as his own a diploma or certificateof another, or a forged affidavit of identification, is a felonysubject to a fine and imprisonment in the penitentiary s 1, 928 it is the duty of the police, sheriff, or constable to arrest allpersons practising medicine, surgery, or obstetrics without complyingwith these provisions 1, 929 exceptions - this chapter does not apply to persons in emergencyprescribing or giving advice in medicine, surgery, or obstetrics ina section of country where no physician, surgeon, or obstetricianresides, or where no physician, surgeon, or obstetrician resideswithin a convenient distance, nor to persons prescribing in their ownfamilies, nor to persons claiming to practise medicine, surgery, orobstetrics in any section of the state where no physician or surgeonhaving a diploma or a certificate resides 1, 930 evidence - on the trial of persons charged with the violation ofthis chapter it shall be sufficient for the prosecution to show thatdefendant has practised medicine, surgery, or obstetrics within thecounty where the indictment is found at any time since the passage ofthe act 1876, and the defendant shall not after proof be entitled toacquittal until he shows by the testimony of essay competent witnessupon oath that the defendant has received a medical education, and agenuine diploma from essay regularly chartered medical school. Providedthat the defendant may show such facts by depositions taken in the samemanner as depositions in civil paper 1, 931 the united kingdom of great britain and ireland medical acts - the act 21 and 22 victoria, c 90, and the amendmentsthereof and additions thereto, are generally spoken of as the medicalacts medical councils - there is a general council of medical education andregistration of the united kingdom, with branch councils for england, scotland, and ireland 21 and 22 vict , 1858, c 90, s 3, 6 members of the general council are chosen as provided in 49 and 50vict , c 48, s 7. Those representing the medical corporations must bequalified to register under this act 21 and 22 vict , c 90, s 7 the general council appoints a registrar for england, and the branchcouncils for scotland and ireland appoint respectively a registrar forscotland and ireland 10, 11 registrar - it is the duty of the registrars to keep their registerscorrect, and to erase the names of all registered persons who shallhave died, and from time to time to make the necessary alterations inthe addresses or qualifications of persons registered it is lawful forthe registrar to write a letter to any registered person, addressed tohim according to his address on the register, to inquire whether he hasceased to practise or has changed his residence, and if no answer bereturned within six months from the time of sending the letter, it islawful to erase the name of such person from the register, but it maybe restored by direction of the general council 14 qualification - persons possessed of one or more of the qualificationsdescribed in schedule a, on the payment of a fee not exceeding £5, areentitled to register on the production to the registrar of the branchcouncil for england, scotland, or ireland the document conferringor evidencing the qualification in respect whereof he seeks to beregistered, or upon transmitting by post to such registrar informationof his name and address, and evidence of his qualifications and of thetime or times at which they were obtained the several colleges andbodies mentioned in schedule a may transmit from time to time to theregistrar, under their respective seals, lists of the persons who bygrant of such colleges and bodies respectively, are for the time beingentitled to register, stating the qualifications and residences of suchpersons, and it shall be lawful for the registrar on the payment of thesaid fee to enter in the register the persons mentioned in such listswith their qualifications and places of residences as therein statedwithout other application 15 the general council is required to make orders for regulating theregisters from time to time 16 persons actually practising medicine in england before august 1st, 1815, were entitled to register under the act 17 any two or more of the colleges and bodies in the united kingdommentioned in schedule a may, with the sanction and under the directionof the general council, unite or co-operate in conducting theexaminations required for qualifications to be registered s 19, 37 and 38 vict , c 34 the privy council may suspend the right of registration in respect ofqualifications granted by any college or body 21 after such revocation, no person shall be entitled to register inrespect to any qualification granted by such college before revocation22 the privy council may issue an injunction directing any body entitledto grant qualifications to desist from imposing upon any candidatefor examination an obligation to adopt or refrain from adoptingthe practice of any writingicular theory of medicine or surgery as atest or condition of admitting him to examination or granting hima certificate. And in the event of their not complying, may orderthat such body cease to have the power of conferring a right to beregistered so long as they shall continue such practice 23 where any person entitled to be registered applies to the registrarof any branch council for that purpose, such registrar is requiredforthwith to enter in a local register the name and place of residence, and the qualifications in respect of which the person is so entitledand the date of registration. And in case of the branch council forscotland or ireland, to send to the registrar of the general council acopy of the entry, and the registrar of the general council is requiredto cause the same to be entered in the general register. And suchregistrar is required to cause all entries made in the local registerfor england to be entered in the general register 25 no qualification is entered on the register, on the first registrationor by way of addition to a regular name, unless the registrar besatisfied by proper evidence that the person claiming it is entitled toit any appeal from the decision of the registrar may be decided by thegeneral council or by the council for england, scotland, or ireland, asthe case may be any entry proved to the satisfaction of such generalcouncil or branch council to have been fraudulently or incorrectly mademay be erased from the register by an order in writing of such generalcouncil or branch council 26 medical register - the registrar of the general council is requiredto cause to be printed, published, and sold under the direction ofsuch council, every year, a correct register of the names with therespective residences and medical titles, diplomas, and qualificationsconferred by any corporation or university or by a doctorate of thearchbishop of canterbury, with the dates thereof, of all personsappearing on the general register as existing on january 1st in everyyear such register is called the medical register, and a copy ofthe medical register for the time being is evidence that the personstherein specified are registered according to the act, and the absenceof the name of any person from such copy is evidence, until thecontrary be made to appear, that such person is not so registered;provided, that in the case of any person whose name does not appearin such copy, a certified copy under the hand of the registrar of thegeneral council or a branch council of the entry of the name of suchperson on the general or local register shall be evidence that suchperson is so registered 27 if any college or body exercise any power it possess of striking offfrom its list the name of any one of its members, it shall signifyhis name to the general council and the said council may, if they seefit, direct the registrar to erase from the register the qualificationderived from such college or body in respect of which such member wasregistered, and the registrar shall note the same therein, but the nameof no person shall be erased from the register on the ground of hishaving adopted any theory of medicine or surgery 28 if any registered medical practitioner shall be convicted in england orireland of any felony or misdemeanor, or in scotland of any crime oroffence, or shall be after due inquiry judged by the general council tohave been guilty of infamous conduct in any professional respect, thegeneral council may, if they see fit, direct the registrar to erase thename of such medical practitioner from the register 29 every person registered who may have obtained any higher degree orother qualification is entitled to have it inserted in the registerin substitution for or in addition to his qualification previouslyregistered, on the payment of such fee as the council may appoint30 compensation - no person is entitled to receive for any medical orsurgical advice, or attendance, or for the performance of any operationor for any medicine which he shall have both prescribed and supplied, unless he prove upon the trial that he is registered under this act32, as amended 23 and 24 vict , c 7, s 3 definition - the words “legally qualified medical practitioner” or“duly qualified medical practitioner, ” or any words implying a personrecognized by law as a medical practitioner or member of the medicalprofession in any act of parliament, mean a person registered underthis act 34, as amended 23 and 24 vict , c 7, s 3 exemptions - if they so desire, registered persons are exempt fromserving on juries, and in all corporation, parish, ward, hundred, andtown offices, and in the militia 35 disqualifications - no unregistered person is permitted to hold anyappointment as a physician, surgeon, or other medical officer in themilitary or naval service, or in emigrant or other vessels, or in anyhospital, infirmary, dispensary, or lying-in hospital, not supportedwholly by voluntary contributions, or in any lunatic asylum, jail, penitentiary, house of correction or of industry, parochial or unionworkhouse or poor-house, parish union, or other public establishedbody or institution, or to any friendly or other society for affordingmutual relief in sickness, infirmity, or old age, or as a medicalofficer of health 36, as amended 23 and 24 vict , c 7, s 3 no certificate required by any act from any physician or surgeonlicentiate in medicine and surgery, or other medical practitioner, isvalid unless the signer be registered under this act 37, asamended 23 and 24 vict , c 7, s 3 penalty - wilfully procuring or attempting to procure one self to beregistered by making or producing or causing to be made or producedany false or fraudulent representation or declaration, or aiding orabetting therein, is a misdemeanor in england and ireland, and inscotland a crime or offence, punishable by fine or imprisonment theimprisonment cannot exceed twelve months 39 wilfully and falsely pretending to be or taking or using the nameor title of physician, doctor of medicine, licentiate in medicineand surgery, bachelor of medicine, surgeon, general practitioner, orapothecary, or any name, title, addition, or description implyingregistration under this act, or recognition by law as a physician orsurgeon or licentiate in medicine and surgery, or practitioner inmedicine, or apothecary, is punishable on summary conviction by apenalty not exceeding £20 40, 41 deceased physicians - every registrar of deaths in the united kingdom, on receiving notice of the death of any medical practitioner, isrequired to transmit to the registrar of the general council and theregistrar of the branch council a certificate of such death with thetime and place, and on the receipt of such certificate the medicalregistrar is required to erase the name of the deceased from theregister 45 exceptions - the general council was by the act empowered by specialorder to dispense with such provisions of this act or such writing of anyregulations made by its authority as to them should seem fit, in favorof persons at the time of its passage practising medicine or surgeryin any writing of her majesty dominions other than great britain andireland by virtue of any of the qualifications in schedule a, and infavor of persons practising medicine or surgery within the unitedkingdom on foreign or colonial diplomas or degrees before the passageof this act, and in favor of any persons who had held appointments assurgeons or assistant surgeons in the army, navy, or militia, or in theservice of the east india company, or who were acting as surgeons inthe public service, or in the service of any charitable institution, and in favor of medical students who commenced their professionalstudies before its passage 46 the qualifications specified in schedule a are as follows:1 fellow, member inserted 22 vict , c 21, s 4, licentiate, orextra licentiate of the royal college of physicians of london this isdeclared by 23 and 24 vict , c 66, s 1, to denote the corporation of“the president and college or commonalty of the faculty of physics inlondon” the act makes provision for a new charter with change ofname to “the royal college of physicians of england, ” or retention ofold name. S 47, as amended 23 and 24 vict , c 66, s 2 2 fellow, member inserted 22 vict , c 21, s 4, or licentiate ofthe royal college of physicians of edinburgh the act makes provisionfor the granting of a new charter to the royal college of physicians ofedinburgh, whereby its name is to be changed to “the royal college ofphysicians of scotland, ” or its old name may be retained. S 49, as amended 23 and 24 vict , c 66, s 2 3 fellow or licentiate of the king and queen college of physiciansof ireland the act makes provision for the granting of a new charterto this college, whereby its name is to be changed to “the royalcollege of physicians of ireland, ” or its old name may be retained.