History

Act Essay Prompt


For, as all pagans, according to thechristian conception, were in the power of evil spirits, these demonswere to be thoroughly driven out before each baptism, and thus theinstitution of a special church officer, whose duty it was to drive outdemons, became absolutely necessary, especially after exorcism had alsobeen introduced, during the fourth century, in the baptism of children it may be stated, incidentally, that catholic clergy of the third minororder are even to-day called “exorcists ”the christian exorcists, in conjuring, only made use of prayer and ofthe name of christ. These two factors were considered sufficient tocure the patient of his delusions, and they actually did so why theyaccomplished a cure has been explained very strikingly by harnack hesays. “it is not the prayer that cures, but the praying person. Not theformula, but the spirit.

The house of the act essay prompt moon is cancer. Rats are of the same naturewith mice, but they are a little bigger. Mars receives his fall incancer, ergo, wormwood being an herb of mars, is a present remedyfor the biting of rats and mice mushrooms i cannot give them thetitle of herba, frutex, or arbor are under the dominion of saturn, and take one time with another, they do as much harm as good. If anyhave poisoned himself by eating them, wormwood, an herb of mars, cureshim, because mars is exalted in capricorn, the house of saturn, andthis it doth by sympathy, as it did the other by antipathy wheals, pushes, black and blue spots, coming either by bruises or beatings wormwood, an herb of mars, helps, because mars, as bad you love him, and as you hate him will not break your head, but he will give youa plaister if he do but teach you to know yourselves, his courtesyis greater than his discourtesy the greatest antipathy between theplanets, is between mars and venus. One is hot, the other cold. Onediurnal, the other nocturnal. One dry, the other moist. Their housesare opposite, one masculine, the other feminine. One public, the otherprivate. One is valiant, the other effeminate. One loves the light, theother hates it. One loves the field, the other sheets.

Mud, cotton, rags, corn, meat, beans, pepper, potatoskins, the fang of a tooth, artificial teeth, buckles, shells, flint, buttons, screws, crusts of bread, bones, fruit, stones, heads of grass, coins, slate pencils, nuts, nut-shells, shot, penholders, worms, fish, etc see paper 6 and 55 taylor885 states that there wereeighty-one deaths in one year in england and wales from food in theair-passages should an inspiration occur in the act of vomiting, the vomitus maypass into the air-passages. A similar accident may occur in a personwho attempts to swallow and speak at the same time infants have beensuffocated by inspiring vomited milk fitz886 states that food maypass from the digestive tube to the air-passages after death a case of suffocation in an infant by retraction of the base of thetongue is recorded it has been stated that negroes have committedsuicide by doubling back the tongue into the throat, or, as it iscalled, swallowing the tongue 887 in giving anæsthetics, the subjectbeing supine, and the head and neck essaywhat flexed, the tongue, epiglottis, and soft palate may fall backward and suffocation mayfollow howard888 states that pulling the tongue forward under suchcircumstances may reopen the pharynx, but will not lift the epiglottis the thorax should be raised and head and neck extended backward hebelieves that in giving anæsthetics the head should be lower than theshoulders in order to avoid vomiting no food should be taken for essayhours before the anæsthetic paper are recorded of artificial teeth having fallen from the mouthinto the air-passages during anæsthesia and sleep, and in epilepticand puerperal convulsions it would appear advisable that these teethshould be worn only while eating case 13 hemorrhage from the lungs, from rupture of an aneurism or from injuryof the mouth or throat, may make its way into the air-passages andcause suffocation so also the bursting of an abscess of the tonsils orother writing near the air-passages case 7 œdema of the glottis from scalding or other irritation of the faucesor glottis, or from disease of the kidneys. Tumors pressing on essayportion of the air-passages. Rapid, profuse bronchial secretion ininfants. Acute double pleuritic effusion. Cheesy glands ulceratinginto trachea. Simultaneous œdema of both lungs all of these may causesuffocation paper 18 and 49 for paper of enlarged thymus gland, seehofmann, op cit , pp 587, 588 paralysis of the muscles of swallowing, from diphtheria or othercause, predisposes to suffocation progressive asthenia in whichthe muscles are exhausted. Injury of spinal cord or pneumogastrics;paralysis of muscles of respiration from the use of curare. Thespasms of tetanus and strychnia poisoning. The entrance of air intothe pleural cavities with collapse of the lungs all tend to causemechanical suffocation either by pressure or by paralysis for deathsin epileptics, see paper 1, 10, 11, 33, and 40 it is not necessary that the air-passages should be absolutely closedto cause suffocation the cause of death is more likely to be pure asphyxia, because of theabsence of the complicating pressure of the hand or ligature on thevessels and nerves of the neck, and of fracture of larynx or vertebræ symptoms - foreign bodies889 entering the trachea naturally falltoward the right bronchial tube instead of the left because of thesize and position of the entrance of the right tube if then but onetube is involved, the signs will usually be on the right side. Whereasif the foreign body stop in the larynx or trachea, both sides will beaffected the latter condition is much more dangerous the symptomswould be resonance over the lung with the respiratory murmur writingly orwholly absent. Less mobility. Puerile breathing on the unaffected side in either case there may at first be little disturbance, especiallyif the shape of the foreign body is such as not to greatly interferewith the access of air.

Age of specimensfirst -- the specimens of lactopeptine examined by the second refereewere old the dates of manufacture corresponding to the several batchnumbers are supplied by the manufacturers as follows act essay prompt. 2275 powder september, 1908 2301 powder june, 1909 2312 powder december, 1909 2348 powder october, 1911 2352 powder december, 1911 2364 powder july, 1912 2374 powder march, 1913 2383 powder october, 1913 1638 tablets october, 1911the manufacturers assert that they do not understand how specimens ofthese ages could have been purchased on the open market in 1913 and1914, inasmuch as their agents are and long have been instructed totake up from the druggist all lots of lactopeptine which, as indicatedby the batch numbers, have attained “any appreciable age ” the age ofthe specimens, the manufacturers declare, deprives the table in thesecond referee report of “all significance or interest ”as previously stated, however, the specimens of lactopeptine examinedwere purchased on the open market in various localities in unbrokenpackages, in december, 1913, and january, 1914 they thus representstock used in filling physicians’ prescriptions or sold to thepublic neither the referees nor any one connected with the councilhad any means of knowing the age of the specimens until the dates ofmanufacture were furnished by the new york pharmacal association thefirst tests of the second referee were made in february, 1914, onspecimens 2374 and 2383, which were then, it would appear, about oneyear old and four months old, respectively the council has repeatedlyurged that pharmaceutical substances which are subject to deteriorationshould be dated by the manufacturer, and a similar suggestion hasbeen made by the bureau of chemistry of the u s dewritingment ofagriculture concerning mixtures containing enzymes notwithstandingthe instructions which the new york pharmacal association claims tohave given its agents, the market supply of lactopeptine in december, 1913, and january, 1914, was not composed of new stock, and untilthe manufacturers adopt the practice of dating packages, there canbe no assurance that it will be fresh in this connection, it is ofinterest to note that the bureau of chemistry of the u s dewritingmentof agriculture has issued a warning that it will judge such products bythe degree of their activity when they reach the consumer, i e , asthey are found on the market reports of other chemistssecond -- the new york pharmacal association cites the work of severalchemists, who have examined lactopeptine and report the presence oftryptic activity dr s r benedict in december, 1913, reported tothe council “distinct” tryptic activity digestion in twelve hours bylactopeptine of 4 2 times its weight of fibrin containing 50 per cent moisture in specimens examined by him these specimens were numbered2382, and were therefore probably manufactured in october, 1913;compare the dates furnished by the manufacturer for the specimens usedby the second referee no tests against other preparations possessingtryptic activity are reported, and dr benedict expressly disclaimsany opinion as to the therapeutic value of the preparation 27 dr p b hawk, whose report was submitted by the manufacturers, found inlactopeptine by fermi method one-fifth tryptic activity of that ofmerck pancreatin, and by grützner method an activity of 18 percent of the pancreatin a test for the production of tryptophan wasreported positive the new york pharmacal association also submitteda report from dr a w balch, who found pepsin, rennin, trypsin, steapsin, amylopsin and lactic acid present in lactopeptine. Alsoan amount of combined hydrochloric acid in 1 gm the equivalent of1 05 c c tenth normal solution or 0 00383 gm hydrochloric acid hereports digestion in twenty-four hours by lactopeptine of 25 times itsown weight of fibrin “an active extract of pancreas reacted exactlylike the lactopeptine solution ” the serial numbers of the specimenstested by hawk and balch are not given, but no doubt they were fresh 27 dr benedict personal communication to a member of the councilis as follows:“in the report of the council upon lactopeptine which you sent to me, i find the following statement. ‘careful examination failed to showthe presence of either diastase or pancreatin ’ in this connectioni will cite to you the following experiment carried out by myself:a package containing a 1-ounce bottle of lactopeptine powder withseal unbroken was purchased in the open market and opened in thislaboratory the label bore the special number 6 2382 two hundredmilligrams of this product was dissolved in 50 c c of a 0 25 per cent solution of sodium carbonate in water this solution was divided intotwo portions of 25 c c each one of these portions was boiled at once, and after cooling was added to 1 gm of moist fibrin contained in aflask the other portion unboiled was also added to 1 gm of moistfibrin contained in a flask both flasks after addition of 5 c c of toluene to each were stoppered and placed in an incubator at 37degrees, and left there for twelve hours examination of the two flasksat the end of this period showed that the one to which the unboiledsolution of lactopeptine powder had been added contained much lesssolid protein than did the other although this fact was obvious tothe naked eye, the exact extent of digestion in the two flasks wasdetermined by heating both to boiling, acidifying with acetic acid, diluting to definite volume, filtering and determining the nitrogen inthe filtrate by kjeldahl method subtracting the trace of nitrogencontained in the filtrate of the control flask, the results showedthat 42 per cent of the original fibrin present had been dissolvedby the unboiled lactopeptine solution this can be ascribed only totryptic activity under the conditions of this experiment furthermore, this is not simply a ‘trace’ of activity, but is at least sufficientlymarked to warrant a statement that this sample showed a distincttryptic activity inasmuch as i have obtained exactly similar resultswith two other samples of lactopeptine powder these being the onlyones i have examined, i am inclined to question the correctness ofthe council statement regarding the absence of trypsin from thispreparation as noted above, a fresh preparation was used -- ed “may i again add that i am making no statement regarding therapeuticvalue of preparation, and that i have no opinion upon that matter oneway or the other?. my work was undertaken solely out of interest tosee whether trypsin could exist in the powder which gives a markedlyacid solution when dissolved in water the elixir lactopeptine couldtheoretically show no tryptic activity, nor have i found any trace ofsuch activity in one sample of the elixir examined “in making use of any of the contents of my letters kindly include thestatement that my work upon lactopeptine was done without remunerationof any kind, and was done only for the scientific interest attached tothe question ” conclusionsthe new york pharmacal association demanded that the referee reexaminelactopeptine, making use of fresh specimens the council held that thiswas unnecessary, for the following reasons:1 the previous finding of the council, that specimens of lactopeptinefound on the open market are essentially weak saccharated pepsins, isnot to be refuted by examination of fresh specimens even if it beassumed that all old specimens of lactopeptine have been withdrawnfrom the market since the last purchase of specimens for the use ofthe council referee, there can be no assurance that the stock willbe constantly kept fresh unless the manufacturers date their product, physicians cannot know that their prescriptions are filled with freshmaterial nor is it reasonable to ask that the council examine themarket supply of any given proprietary at a time selected by themanufacturers 2 without entering into all questions of detail in the analyses, the council is willing to accept the reports of drs benedict andhawk as representative of fresh lactopeptine powder it is thereforeunnecessary for the council to make further experiments along thisline the results of these two chemists in no wise contradict theconclusions of the council referees, being comparable with thoseobtained by the referee on the fresher specimens used by them theexperiments of drs hawk and benedict show a degree of trypticactivity which, though chemically not negligible, is quite withoutsignificance practically, even if it could be assumed that the trypsinin the fresh lactopeptine escaped destruction in the stomach thefigures for tryptic activity given by dr benedict do not differmaterially from those of the first referee those of professorhawk show a tryptic activity of from 18 to 20 per cent of that ofcommercial pancreatin-- and commercial pancreatins ordinarily are oflow tryptic activity, if not inert see long and muhleman. Arch int med , february, 1914, p 314 the reports of these chemistspresent no reason for changing the conclusion that “it is a commercialimpossibility to market mixtures of pepsin, pancreatin and lactic acidso that they can display any material tryptic activity ”the results which dr balch obtained in a test for tryptic activityshow a marked discrepancy with those obtained by drs hawk andbenedict, not to mention the council referees, and also with thefact that only about 11 per cent of “pancreatin” is claimed in thepublished formula of lactopeptine the council is unable to accept dr balch result for trypsin or rennin as reliable his other results arewithout significance and call for no special comment 3 even if tryptic activity were conceded to lactopeptine, thepreparation, like all preparations containing pepsin and pancreatin, would still be, as previously stated, therapeutically irrational the council approved the report report of referee ain view of the manufacturer reiteration of the claims forlactopeptine powder, i have carried out further experiments todetermine its proteolytic and amylolytic power for the proteolytic test i used fresh, well washed fibrin and examinedsamples of lactopeptine powder numbered as follows:no 1 a writing of the english product examined and reported on lastspring no 2 -- a fresh bottle obtained at a chicago retail drug store indecember, 1913 no 3 a fresh bottle obtained at a chicago retail store in december, 1913 portions of 1 gm each of these samples were mixed with 5 gm fibrin, 100 mg of sodium carbonate and 50 c c of water in flasks a littletoluene was added to each flask, which was then closed with a tuftof cotton and the mixtures were incubated at 40 degrees throughtwenty-four hours at the end of that time there was no marked changein the quantity of the fibrin remaining in each flask, the larger writingby far being undigested as a control i used the sample of an active commercial trypsin, ofwhich i added 500 mg to the same quantity of water, fibrin and sodiumcarbonate this was digested in the same bath at the same time thedigestion was practically completed in less than ten minutes, onlyminute flakes of the fibrin remaining it is evident that the digestive power of the lactopeptine must beextremely low, and only a small fraction of that exhibited by acommercially good trypsin in an experiment with the english sample carried out through nineteenhours as above, using 2 gm of fibrin and 100 mg of ferment, it wasfound by nitrogen tests on the filtrate that about 12 2 per cent of the protein had been brought into solution, an amount which ispractically without importance in a digestion of such duration to test the starch digestive power i have made a large number ofexperiments in a series just completed i mixed 1 gm portions ofsamples 1 and 2 with water to make 100 c c volumes before makingup to the final volumes 0 5 c c of normal sodium hydroxid wasadded to neutralize the slight acidity of the ferment as shown byphenolphthalein of these mixtures 4, 6, 8 and 10 c c portions were mixed with 50 c c of 1 per cent starch paste and incubated at 40 degrees to find thecolorless end-point in the starch digestion, by the iodin test at the end of twenty-two hours the iodin reaction was as strong as atthe beginning, indicating no appreciable starch digestion to the flasks in which no digestion had taken place under theseconditions, 5 mg of a pancreas ferment was added this gave an almostimmediate conversion to the colorless end-point this ferment was asample of holadin which had been in the laboratory about a year the5 mg completed the reaction to the colorless end-point in less thanten minutes in a similar test i used 2 gm of lactopeptine no 3, made up to100 c c with 1 2 c c of normal alkali ten and 15 c c portions wereincubated with 50 c c of 1 per cent starch paste through twenty hoursat 40 degrees with no apparent result the holadin then added, 5 mg being used, completed the conversion in less than ten minutes this shows that the medium was a proper one for the test and that thelactopeptine must be extremely weak no sugar tests were made becausethe lactopeptine contains milk sugar to the extent of about 60 per cent similar results for both protein and starch digestives have beenobtained in a large number of experiments these here quoted showthat the ferment activity of the preparation is so low as to merit norecognition practically the digestion of a few milligrams of fibrin orstarch after thesis hours of contact, while being perhaps scientificallypossible, is of no value when we come to a consideration of the use ofsuch bodies as digestive ferments in medicine the amount of lactic acid or “loosely combined hcl” present inlactopeptine is very small, since the total acid which may be titratedby sodium hydroxid and phenolphthalein is measured by 0 5 c c ofthe normal hydroxid for 1 gm of the lactopeptine powder, in themean in different samples examined the range was found to be from0 41 c c to 0 6 c c tests with methyl orange, methyl red and otherindicators showed that the free acidity is but trifling. If the wholeof this acid, as measured by phenolphthalein, were calculated to hcl, the amount would be too small to have any appreciable physiologicactivity, in view of the daily dose recommended, 10 to 20 grains of thepowder report of referee bthe following table gives a summary of the results of my investigationson lactopeptine the numbers in the extreme left-hand column are themanufacturer identifying marks these, it is assumed, run serially, the higher numbers indicating fresher specimens table showing enzymic power of lactopeptine preparations amylase pepsin rennin trypsin lipase 2275 - - - 2301 - - - 2312 - - - 2348 - - - 2352 - - - 2364 - ?. - 2374 - - ?. 2383 - ?.

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Yet such as are binding, cold and thin in operation, aremost effectual your taste will find repulsives to be, tart, or sharp, or austere, act essay prompt witha certain binding which contracts the tongue use 1 their use is manifold, as in hot tumours, head-aches, or thelike use 2 by these in fevers are the vapours driven from the head, vinegar of roses is notable time of giving they are most commodious in the beginning andencrease of a disease, for then influxions most prevail but seeing that in the cure of tumours there are two scopes, 1 thatthat which flows to it may be repelled 2 that that which is alreadyin it may be discussed. Repulsives are most commodiously used in thebeginning, discussives in the latter end in the middle you may mix them, with this proviso, that repulsivesexceed in the beginning, discussives in the latter end caution 1 if the matter offending be of a venomous quality, eitherabstain from repulsives altogether, or use purging first, lest thematter fly to the bowels and prove dangerous, especially if the bowelsbe weak 2 also forbear repulsives, if the pain be great 3 lastly, have a care lest by repulsives you contract the pores somuch, that the matter cannot be removed by discussives chapter vii of cleansing medicines cleansing medicines can neither be defined by heat, nor coldness, because essay of both sorts cleanse a cleansing medicine, then, is of a terrene quality, which takes awaythe filth with it, and carries it out definition here, to avoid confusion, a difference must be madebetween washing and cleansing a thing which washeth, carries away by fluxion, as a man washeth thedirt off from a thing a cleansing medicine by a certain roughness or nitrous quality, carriesaway the compacted filth with it this also is the difference between cleansing and discussing medicines, the one makes thick humours thin, and so scatters them, but a cleansingmedicine takes the most tenacious humour along with it, without anyalteration besides, of cleansing medicines, essay are of a gentler nature, essay aremore vehement these are not known one and the same way. For essay are sweet, essaysalt, and essay bitter the use of cleansing is external, as the use of purges are internal they are used to cleanse the sanies and other filth of ulcers, yea, andto consume and eat away the flesh itself, as burnt alum, precipitate, &c when these must be used, not only the effects of the ulcers, but alsothe temperature of the body will tell you for if you see either a disease of fulness, which our physicians callplethora or corrupted humours which they call cacochyma youmust empty the body of these, viz fulness by bleeding, and corrupthumours, or evil state of the body, by purging before you use cleansingmedicines to the ulcer, else your cure will never proceed prosperously chapter viii of emplasters by emplasters, here, i do mean things glutinative, and they are quitecontrary to things cleansing they are of a far more glutinous and tenacious substance they differ from things stopping because they do not stop the pores somuch, as stick to them like birdlime they have a certain glutinous heat, tempered both with coldness andmoisture from these plasters take their names their taste is either none at all, or not discernable whether hot orcold, but fat, insipid, or without taste, or sweet, and viscous infeeling their use is to stop flowing of blood, and other fluxes, to causesuppuration, to continue the heat, that so tumours may be ripened also they are mixed with other medicines, that they may the better bebrought into the form of an emplaster, and may stick the better to themembers chapter ix of suppuring medicines these have a great affinity with emolients, like to them intemperature, only emolients are essaywhat hotter yet is there a difference as apparent as the sun when he is upon themeridian, and the use is manifest for, emolients are to make hard things soft, but what suppures, rather makesa generation than an alteration of the humour natural heat is the efficient cause of suppuration, neither can it bedone by any external means therefore such things are said to suppure, which by a gentle heatcherish the inbred heat of man this is done by such medicines which are not only temperate in heat, but also by a gentle viscosity, fill up or stop the pores, that so theheat of the writing affected be not scattered for although such things as bind hinder the dissipation of the spirits, and internal heat, yet they retain not the moisture as suppuringmedicines properly and especially do the heat then of suppuring medicines is like the internal heat of ourbodies as things then very hot, are ingrateful either by biting, as pepper, or bitterness. In suppuring medicines, no biting, no binding, nonitrous quality is perceived by the taste, i shall give you bettersatisfaction both in this and others, by and by for reason will tell a man, that such things hinder rather than helpthe work of nature in maturation yet it follows not from hence, that all suppuring medicines aregrateful to the taste, for thesis things grateful to the taste provokesvomiting, therefore why may not the contrary be?. The most frequent use of suppuration is, to ripen phlegmonæ, ageneral term physicians give to all swellings proceeding of blood, because nature is very apt to help such cures, and physic is an art tohelp, not to hinder nature the time of use is usually in the height of the disease, when the fluxis stayed, as also to ripen matter that it may be the easier purgedaway chapter x of medicines provoking urine the causes by which urine is suppressed are thesis 1 by too much drying, or sweating, it may be consumed 2 by heat or inflammation of the reins, or passages whereby it passesfrom the reins, it may be stopped by compression urine is the thinnest writing of blood, separated from the thickest writingin the reins if then the blood be more thick and viscous than ordinary, it cannoteasily be separated without cutting and cleansing medicines this is for certain, that blood can neither be separated nordistributed without heat yet amongst diureticks are essay cold things, as the four greater coldseeds, winter-cherries, and the like although this seem a wonder, yet it may be, and doth stand with truth for cool diureticks, though they further not the separation of theblood one jot, yet they cleanse and purge the passages of the urine diureticks then are of two sorts:1 such as conduce to the separation of the blood 2 such as open the urinal passages the former are biting and are known by their taste very hot andcutting, whence they penetrate to the reins, and cut the gross humoursthere bitter things, although they be very hot, and cut gross humours, yetare they of a more dry and terrene substance than is convenient toprovoke urine hence then we may safely gather, that bitter things are not so moistnor penetrating, as such as bite like pepper chapter xi of medicines breeding flesh there are thesis things diligently to be observed in the cures of woundsand ulcers, which incur and hinder that the cure cannot be speedilydone, nor the separated writings reduced to their natural state viz fluxes of blood, inflammation, hardness, pain, and other thingsbesides our present scope our present scope is, to shew how the cavity of ulcers may be filledwith flesh such medicines are called sarcoticks this, though it be the work of nature, yet it is helped forward withmedicines, that the blood may be prepared, that it may the easier beturned into flesh these are not medicines which breed good blood, nor which correct theintemperature of the place afflicted, but which defend the blood andthe ulcer itself from corruption in breeding flesh for nature in breeding flesh produceth two sorts of excrements, viz scrosus humours, and purulent dross those medicines then which cleanse and consume, these by drying aresaid to breed flesh, because by their helps nature performs that office also take notice that these medicines are not so drying that theyshould consume the blood also as well as the sanies, nor so cleansingthat they should consume the flesh with the dross let them not then exceed the first degree unless the ulcer be verymoist their difference are various, according to the writing wounded, whichought to be restored with the same flesh the softer then, and tenderer the place is, the gentler let themedicines be chapter xii of glutinative medicines that is the true cure of an ulcer which joins the mouth of it together that is a glutinative medicine, which couples together by drying andbinding, the sides of an ulcer before brought together these require a greater drying faculty than the former, not only toconsume what flows out, but what remains liquid in the flesh, forliquid flesh is more subject to flow abroad than stick to together the time of using them, any body may know without teaching, viz whenthe ulcer is cleansed and filled with flesh, and such symptoms ashinder are taken away for thesis times ulcers must be kept open that the sanies, or fords thatlie in them may be purged out, whereas of themselves they would healbefore only beware, lest by too much binding you cause pain in tender writings chapter xiii of medicines resisting poison such medicines are called alexiteria, and alexipharmaca, whichresist poison essay of these resist poison by astral influence, and essay physicians though but few can give a reason for it these they have sorted into three ranks:1 such as strengthen nature, that so it may tame the poison the easier 2 such as oppose the poison by a contrary quality 3 such as violently thrust it out of doors such as strengthen nature against poison, either do it to the bodyuniversally, or else strengthen essay writingicular writing thereof for thesis times one writingicular writing of the body is most afflicted bythe poison, suppose the stomach, liver, brain, or any other writing. Suchas cherish and strengthen those writings, being weakened, may be said toresist poison such as strengthen the spirits, strengthen all the body essaytimes poisons kill by their quality, and then are they to becorrected by their contraries they which kill by cooling are to be remedied by heating, and thecontrary. They which kill by corroding, are to be cured by lenitives, such as temper their acrimony those which kill by induration, or coagulation, require cuttingmedicines also because all poisons are in motion, neither stay they in one tillthey have seized and oppressed the fountain of life, therefore theyhave invented another faculty to stay their motion, viz terrene andemplastic for they judge, if the poison light upon these medicines, they embracethem round with a viscous quality also they say the ways and passages are stopped by such means, tohinder their proceeding. Take terra lemnia for one truly if these reasons be good, which i leave to future time todetermine, it may be done for little cost essay are of opinion that the safest way is to expel the poison out ofthe body, so soon as may be, and that is done by vomit, or purge, orsweat you need not question the time, but do it as soon as may be. For thereis no parlying with poison let vomiting be the first, purging the next, and sweating the last this is general but, if thou dost but observe the nature and motion of the venom, that willbe thy best instructor in the stomach it requires vomiting, in the blood and spirits, sweating, if the body be plethoric, bleeding, if full of evil humours, purging lastly, the cure being ended, strengthen the writings afflicted the project gutenberg ebook of medical jurisprudence, forensic medicineand toxicology - vol 1 of 4, by rudolph august witthaus and tracy chatfield beckerthis ebook is for the use of anyone anywhere in the united states and mostother writings of the world at no cost and with almost no restrictionswhatsoever you may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms ofthe project gutenberg license included with this ebook or online atgutenberg org if you are not located in the united states, you'll haveto check the laws of the country where you are located before using this ebook title.